ULwandle Oliphuzi

ulwandle oluphuzi

Ingxenye esenyakatho yoLwandle i-East China yaziwa njenge ulwandle oluphuzi. Ulwandle olubanzi olwalunendawo engaba ngamakhilomitha angama-417. Itholakala phakathi kwezwekazi laseChina nenhlonhlo yaseKorea. Igama livela ezinhlayiyeni zesihlabathi ezinikeza amanzi umbala ocishe ufane nophuzi. Ngumfula ophuzi ophethe ukondla lolu lwandle futhi ulunike lo mbala. Umfula ophuzi waziwa ngokuthi yiHuang he. Kuyaziwa futhi endaweni, eSouth Korea, njengoLwandle lwaseNtshonalanga.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ngazo zonke izici, ukwakheka kanye nemvelaphi yoLwandle Oluphuzi nomfula walo.

Izici eziyinhloko

i-delta yomfula ophuzi

I-Yellow Sea iwulwandle olungajulile olunayo kuphela ukujula okuphezulu kwamamitha ayi-105. Inetheku elikhulu elenza ngaphansi kolwandle futhi libizwa ngokuthi uLwandle iBohai. Leli theku kulapho kungena khona uMfula Ophuzi. UMfula Ophuzi uwumthombo oyinhloko wamanzi olwandle. Lo mfula wathululwa ngemuva kokuwela isifundazwe saseShandong nenhlokodolobha yaso, iJinan, kanye noMfula iHai owela iBeijing neTianjin.

Igama lolu lwandle aluveli emfuleni, kepha luvela enanini lezinhlayiya zesihlabathi se-quartz elihamba nalo ukuya emanzini futhi lilunike lo mbala othile. Lesi yisizathu esenza ukuthi sibe negama loLwandle Oluphuzi. Ulwandle olucebe kakhulu ulwelwe lwasolwandle, ama-cephalopods nama-crustaceans. Ngokuyinhloko singathola izinhlobo ze-algae eqenjini eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka okuvela ikakhulukazi ngenkathi yehlobo futhi okunomthelela kumbala wamanzi. Njengoba ungashoni kangako, umbala we-algae wawo unquma umbala ozoba nawo ngombono ojwayelekile.

Uwoyela oLwandle Oluphuzi

Ngo-2007 kwaba nokutholwa yiChina Oil and Gas Corporation, i-CNPC. Futhi ngukuthi insimu kawoyela ebaluleke kakhulu engamathani acishe ibe isigidigidi yatholakala. Lokhu kutholakala kutholakala kokubili ogwini nasethalafini yezwekazi loLwandle Oluphuzi. Itholakala esifundazweni saseHebei futhi inendawo ifinyelela kumakhilomitha-skwele angu-1570. Izingxenye ezimbili kwezintathu zalo lonke leli nani lamafutha zisendaweni yesikhulumi sogu lolwandle.

Izinhlobo zezilwane nezitshalo ziyanda njengoba sisondela eningizimu yolwandle. Yilapho futhi sithola khona izinhlanzi eziningi ezinkulu. Eminyakeni eyishumi edlule, iNorth Korea ibilokhu iqhuba izikhali zenuzi ezahlukahlukene ogwini loLwandle Oluphuzi. Ngalesi sizathu, ivunyelwe yi-UN, yize bekungabonakali ngathi ayinandaba naleli zwe lamakhomanisi.

Umthelela omkhulu woLwandle Oluphuzi

umsele wolwandle ophuzi

Siyazi ukuthi lolu lwandle luphakelwa nguMfula Ophuzi. Kungamanzi amaningi amade ahlanzekile avame ukubhekwa njengesisekelo sempucuko yaseChina. Ungumfula wesibili omude kunayo yonke iChina, ube ngumfula wesithathu omude kunayo yonke e-Asia nowesithupha ubude kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Kuyaziwa ngaleli gama ngobuningi bezidumbu obuzihambise oLwandle Oluphuzi futhi ulunika lo mbala.

Xhuma ezintabeni zeBayan Har ethafeni laseTibet ezindaweni eziphakeme ezingafika kumamitha angu-4.800 9. Ugeleza ngokungafanele ngendlela ebheke empumalanga unqamula ezifundazweni ezithile ezingama-XNUMX zaseChina uze uthele oLwandle Oluphuzi. Kule ndawo kukhiqiza i-delta yobukhulu obukhulu obukwenza kwaziwe kahle.

Ubude bomfula bungamakhilomitha angama-5,464, kanti umcengezi wawo we-hydrographic uhlanganisa indawo ecishe ibe yi-750,000-752,000 km2. Imvamisa ithululela ukugeleza olwandle okungamakhilomitha-skwele angama-2.571 XNUMX ngomzuzwana. Lunjalo umcengezi wawo wokuhambisa amanzi, okuyisithathu ngobukhulu eChina. Imifula emifushane eminingana inikela ngamanzi kulo mfula ngokuqhubekayo. Uma sihlaziya sonke isifundo, siyabona ukuthi sinezingxenye ezi-3: inkambo ephezulu, inkambo emaphakathi nenkambo ephansi.

Ingxenye yokuqala yenkambo yayo iqala ezintabeni kuya eTogtoh County, ngamakhilomitha angaphezu kuka-3,400 XNUMX. Kulapha lapho ithambeka lalo lithe cwaka nalapho ukuzalwa kwalo kuqala khona. Isifundo esiphakathi sisuka esifundeni siye eZhengzhou esifundazweni saseHenan. Kukulesi sigaba lapho i-current ithatha ngaphezu kwamaphesenti angama-90 wenzika. Ama-sediment izinsalela zesihlabathi nedwala ezihanjiswa futhi zihanjiswe zombili ngokulungiswa nangokugudluzwa nangokuqedwa. Ekugcineni, inkambo engezansi iqala eZhengzhou iphelele olwandle. Kakade kule ngxenye yolwandle lapho kulayishwa khona inani elikhulu kakhulu lentela.

Ukuqeqeshwa kanye nokuhlukahluka kwezinto eziphilayo

umfula ophuzi

Umfula uthola umbala ophuzi ophuzi njengoba ugeleza uhambisana namathani ezinhlayiya eziqinile ezinalo mbala. Ingxenye yenhlabathi yethafa laseTibetan lapho umfula uqala ukukhuphuka khona esengozini enkulu yokuguguleka ngenxa yesenzo somoya futhi yonke inhlabathi enhle iyagezwa emfuleni. Uma umfula ugcwele izinhlayiya ezinalo mbala, ziyathuthwa bese kuthi izidumbu ziphelele oLwandle Oluphuzi.

Kungumfula ongacebile kakhulu ezinhlobonhlobo zezinto eziphilayo, ngakho nolwandle alucebile kakhulu. Ulwandle, njengoba lungashoni kangako, alikwazi ukugcina inani elikhulu lezimbali nezilwane. Ezinye zezilwane ezaziwa kakhulu yi-Yangtze spoonbill nezinye izinhlobo ze-carp. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi sebebonke bangatholakala izinhlobo ezingaba ngu-150 zezinhlanzi kodwa isibalo sincane kakhulu namuhla. Esigodini kunezinhlobo eziningi zezilwane ezincelisayo ezifana nengwe nenyamazane ye-sica.

Phakathi kwezinyoni ezaziwa kakhulu sine-Great Bustard, i-Chinese Serreta ne-European Eagle. Lo mfula usetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza amandla kagesi kagesi futhi wenze yonke le ngxenye ichume. Kungokufanayo nangokufuywa kwezinhlanzi zasemanzini nezinhlanzi nezinye izilwane zasolwandle. Ngenye yezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu kwezomnotho ngaphandle kokukhishwa kukawoyela.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngoLwandle Oluphuzi nezimpawu zalo.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.