Ososayensi bafunda ngomthelela wokushintsha kwesimo sezulu kuDry Corridor

isomiso ngenxa yokuguquka kwesimo sezulu

Siyazi ukuthi ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu akuthinti zonke izindawo zomhlaba ngokulinganayo. Ngalesi sizathu, ososayensi bacwaninga ngemithelela yalesi simo ezingxenyeni ezahlukahlukene zomhlaba ukuze babike ngomonakalo futhi bakwazi ukuhlela nokwenza okuthile ukuze banciphise.

Kulokhu siya ocingweni Umhubhe Owomile WaseMelika Ephakathi (CSC) lapho ososayensi abavela eNyuvesi yaseCosta Rica bebephenya ngomthelela wokushintsha kwesimo sezulu kule ndawo ngokombono wezemvelo nowenhlalo. Iyini imiphumela?

Umhubhe Owomile

isomiso e-CSC

IDry Corridor ihlanganisa yonke le ndawo ngasogwini lwasePacific lwesifunda kusuka eGuanacaste eCosta Rica kuya enyakatho-ntshonalanga yeGuatemala.

Iphrojekthi yocwaningo iholwa ngu UDkt Hugo Hidalgo León, Umcwaningi nomqondisi weGeophysical Research Center ye-University of Costa Rica (CIGEFI). Imbangela yocwaningo inikezwa yisomiso i-CSC ehlupheka nezinye izinsongo ze-hydroclimatic ngenxa yokwehluka kwesimo sezulu ngenxa yokuguquka kwesimo sezulu.

Kwezinye izindawo ze-CSC kungabonakala ukuthi isomiso siguquka kanjani size sifinyelele ezimeni ezomile. Ngoba le ndawo isengozini enkulu ekushintsheni kwesimo sezulu, imithelela ye-geophysical kanye nenhlalo-mnotho ithinteka kakhulu yimiphumela yokufudumala komhlaba.

Endaweni yeDry Corridor bukhoma cishe abantu abayizigidi eziyi-10. Laba bantu badinga ukudla nendawo yokuhlala. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ukudla kuyancipha ngenxa yesomiso esiphindaphindayo nesithatha isikhathi eside. Isomiso siholela ezimeni zobuphofu obukhulu.

Abantu abahlala kule ndawo bavame ukwakha imindeni emincane futhi nezimpilo zabo zansuku zonke zisongelwa yilezi zimo zezulu ezimbi kakhulu. Ngokusebenzisa isibopho sokufuduka sisuka emaphandleni siye emadolobheni Kuyo yonke imingcele kazwelonke neyesifunda, ukungazinzi kwezenhlalo kanye nenkinga yababaleki engahle iqale ukuvela ngenxa yengxabano yenhlalo yezindawo nezinsizakusebenza.

Uhlelo Olubanzi LaseCentral American Dry Corridor

ichibi elomile

Ucwaningo olwenziwe ososayensi baseNyuvesi yaseCosta Rica lukwazile ukudala uhlelo oluphelele lweCentral American Dry Corridor (PICSC), okwenzelwe "umhlangano wokuqala wokuhlanganisa kanye ne-UCREA-PICSC Central American workshop".

Indawo yokusebenzela ibibanjelwe ehholo elincane le- Isikhungo Sokucwaninga SeGeophysical (CIGEFI) se-UCR. Bonke ababambiqhaza bezemfundo nabaphenyi abavela eMelika Ephakathi abasebenza ngalesi sihloko baya khona. Inhloso yokuhlanganisa abantu abafunda isihloko esifanayo kwezinye izindawo ukukwazi ukuqhathanisa imithelela ehlukene ukushintsha kwesimo sezulu okukuyo ngendawo nokuqoqa imininingwane eminingi yokuthi ingamiswa kanjani.

Ngesikhathi kwenziwa lo msebenzi, bobabili uDkt Hugo Hidalgo León, umphenyi oyinhloko wale phrojekthi, kanye nomcwaningi uDkt Yosef Gotlieb waseDavid Yellin College of Education kwa-Israyeli, baveza ubukhulu beprojekthi yocwaningo kanye ne-PICSC.

“Sineminyaka emihlanu senza ucwaningo kuwo wonke amazwe abambe iqhaza kwiCentral American Dry Corridor. Izimali ezinikezwe yiYunivesithi yaseCosta Rica zisivumela ukuthi sihlangane nozakwethu abavela kuwo wonke la mazwe. Iphrojekthi yile ukuhlangana, ukuhlangana, ukusebenzisana kwamazwe omhlaba”. UDkt Gotlieb wachaza.

Uhlelo lolu luhlose ukuqoqa lonke ulwazi oludingekayo mayelana nezici zemvelo zezinsizakusebenza zemvelo nezenhlalo nokuthi zithinteka kanjani ekuguqukeni kwesimo sezulu ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene ze-Central America, ngoba ushintsho kolunye lwazo lungadala ushintsho kwezinye. Zonke izinsizakusebenza kanye nemvelo ixhumekile.

Uhlelo lusebenza emazingeni amabili: ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukwelapha izinga lemvelo, lapho izinsiza ziphathwa futhi zigcinwa futhi, ngakolunye uhlangothi, umuntu, lapho kuxoxwa khona ngezinkinga zomphakathi nezomnotho ezithathwe ekuguqukeni kwesimo sezulu kanye nomthelela okudala.

Uhlelo luzoqala ngokwandisa umthamo wokuqapha wezinhlelo zomoya, umhlaba namanzi ukuhlinzeka ngohlelo lokuxwayisa kusenesikhathi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwenza ngcono ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi nomhlaba kuzokwandiswa kusetshenziswa ubuchwepheshe obuvela ezindaweni ezomile kakhulu. Ukonga amanzi, kuzosetshenziswa izingcindezi zezitshalo ezivumelana kangcono nezimo ezishintshayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.