Yayikhona nini i-aurora borealis eSpain?

Impi Yombango YaseSpain

Siyazi ukuthi ukukhanya kwasenyakatho kuyizigigaba ezenzeka ikakhulukazi engxenyeni engenhla yenkabazwe esenyakatho. Ezindaweni ezinjengeNorway, izibani ezisenyakatho ngokuvamile zenzeka ngezikhathi ezithile zonyaka. Noma kunjalo, kwakukhona izibani zasenyakatho eSpain phakathi nempi yombango eyashaqisa izwe lonke. Njengoba kulindelekile, umcimbi noma cha nhlobo okuvamile.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela lapho kwakukhona izibani ezisenyakatho eSpain nayo yonke imininingwane ngakho.

Yakha kanjani i-aurora borealis?

ukusa kwempi

Izibani zaseNyakatho zingabonakala njengokukhanya kwe-fluorescent okungabonakala ekugcineni. Isibhakabhaka sidayiwe ngombala futhi kubonakala kuyinto yomlingo ngokuphelele. Nokho, akuwona umlingo. Ubudlelwano obuqondile nomsebenzi welanga, ukwakheka koMhlaba kanye nezimpawu ezisemkhathini ngaleso sikhathi.

Izindawo zomhlaba lapho zingabonakala khona zingaphezu kwezigxobo zoMhlaba. Izibani ezisenyakatho zakhiwe ngenxa yokuqhuma kwamabhomu kwezinhlayiya ze-subatomic ezivela eLangeni komunye wemisebenzi yalo eyaziwa ngokuthi iziphepho zelanga. Izinhlayiya ezikhishwayo zinemibala eyahlukene kusukela kobomvana kuye kobomvu. Njengoba behamba emkhathini, bagijima baye endaweni kazibuthe yomhlaba bese bekhukhuleka. Lesi yisizathu esenza ukuthi ibonakale kuphela ezigxotsheni zoMhlaba.

Ama-electron avela kuwo Ukukhishwa kwemisebe yelanga eyinhlanganisela kukhiqiza ukukhishwa kwe-spectral lapho kuhlangana ne-magnetosphere. Ku-magnetosphere kukhona ukutholakala okukhulu kwama-molecule egesi futhi kungenxa yalolu ungqimba lomkhathi ukuthi ukuphila kungavikelwa. Umoya welanga ubangela ukuduma kwama-athomu akha ukukhanya esikubona esibhakabhakeni. I-luminescence isakazeka ize ihlanganise wonke umkhathizwe.

Akwaziwa kahle ukuthi iNorthern Lights ingenzeka nini, njengoba iziphepho zelanga aziqondi kahle. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi zenzeka njalo eminyakeni engu-11, kodwa isikhathi esilinganiselwe. Akwaziwa kahle ukuthi i-aurora borealis izokwenzeka nini ukuze ukwazi ukuyibona. Lokhu kuyisithiyo esikhulu uma kuziwa ekuboneni, njengoba ukuya ezigxotsheni kuyabiza futhi uma ungaboni i-aurora phezu kwalokho, kubi nakakhulu.

Yayikhona nini i-aurora borealis eSpain?

lapho kwakukhona izibani zasenyakatho eSpain empini

NgoJanuwari 25, 1938, manje eminyakeni engu-75 edlule, kwenzeka i-aurora borealis eyayingabonwa kulo lonke elaseYurophu. ISpain, phakathi nempi yombango, ibe nezenzakalo phakathi kokumangala, ukudideka nokwesaba.

Umoya oqhubekayo wezinhlayiya ukuthi kuphephethwa elangeni kushanela umjikelezo woMhlaba futhi kusakazekele ezindaweni ezikude zesimiso sonozungezilanga. Ngesikhathi somcimbi, ukuqhuma okunamandla kanye nokukhishwa kwe-coronal mass kwenzeka eLangeni, okwandisa kakhulu inani lezinto ezithwalwa yilo moya welanga. Lezi yizinhlayiya ezineshaji (ama-electron nama-proton) okuthi, lapho zifika emhlabeni wethu, zingene emkhathini ngezigxobo zilandela imigqa yamandla kazibuthe oMhlaba.

Njengoba zihamba emkhathini wethu, lezi zinhlayiya ezivela elangeni zingqubuzana nama-athomu nama-molecule emkhathini, zithuthe amanye amandla azo kulokho okwaziwa nge-physics ngokuthi "izimo ze-electronic ezijabulisayo." Njengoba wonke amasistimu ethambekele esimweni samandla aphansi kakhulu, ama-athomu nama-molecule asemkhathini akhulula amandla engeziwe ngokukhipha ukukhanya okunemibala. Ioksijeni ikhipha ukukhanya okuluhlaza, okuphuzi, nokubomvu, kuyilapho i-nitrogen ikhipha ukukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka.

Lokhu kukhanya kwenza esinye sezimanga zemvelo ezinhle kakhulu zesibhakabhaka ebusuku: Izibani ZaseNyakatho. Ngenxa yendlela ezakha ngayo, ama-aurora ayenzeka ezifundeni eziseduze nezigxobo zomhlaba, futhi ngokuvamile yakha emasongweni angavamile phakathi kuka-65 no-75 degrees latitude, ebizwa ngokuthi "izifunda ze-aurora"«. IGreenland, iLapland, i-Alaska, i-Antarctica ezinye zezindawo lapho ama-aurora avamile khona. Enyakatho nenkabazwe, ama-aurora abizwa ngokuthi "enyakatho" futhi "eningizimu" eningizimu.

I-Civil War Northern Lights

lapho kwakukhona i-aurora borealis eSpain

Amaringi e-Auroral anganwebeka aye ku-latitudes eduze nenkabazwe lapho ilanga lithola isikhathi somsebenzi omkhulu obangela ukuphuma okunodlame. I-Auroras ezindaweni eziphansi kangaka ayivamile, kodwa maningi amacala abhalwe kahle. I-aurora enhle yabonakala ivela eHawaii ngo-September 1859 futhi ivela eSingapore ngo-1909. Muva nje, Ngomhla zingama-20 kuLwezi, 2003, i-Northern Lights yabonwa engxenyeni enkulu yeYurophu. Futhi eSpain ama-aurora ayivelakancane kangangokuthi ambalwa kuphela angabonakala njalo ngekhulu leminyaka.

Ngo-January 25, 1938, phakathi neMpi Yombango, izibani zasenyakatho zazibonakala kuyo yonke le nhlonhlo. Ukukhanya okubomvu, okubangelwa ikakhulukazi i-helium nomoya-mpilo osemkhathini ophansi, kwafinyelela umkhawulo wakho omkhulu phakathi kuka-20:00 p.m. no-03:00 a.m. ngomhla ka-26.

OFakazi ngesikhathi kunezibani ezisenyakatho eSpain

Kukhona ofakazi abaningi. UPaco Bellido ubala abanye babo engosini yakhe ethi "El beso de la Luna" futhi ugqamisa incazelo kaJosé Luis Alcofar encwadini yakhe ethi "La aviation legionario en la Guerra Española". Ngokusho kuka-Alcofar, ukubonakala kwalezi zibani ezingavamile e-Barcelona ngemva kosuku lokuqhuma kwamabhomu okunamandla kwathinta kakhulu ukuziphatha kwamasosha. Kulesi sihloko, uJuan José Amores Liza ubhala ubufakazi obuningi obuqoqwe e-Alicante. Iphephandaba i-ABC libike ngomhla ka-26 ukuthi eMadrid bekucatshangwa ukuthi umlilo okude. Njengoba ukuphuma kwelanga kubonakala enyakatho-ntshonalanga yedolobha, kukholakala ukuthi izintaba zePardo ziyavutha. Kodwa ngokushesha kwatholakala ukuthi kwakuyisimo sezulu ngenxa yokuphakama nokwandiswa okukhulu kokukhanya.

Ubaba uLuis Rhodes, owayengumqondisi we-Ebro Observatory, washicilela inothi lencazelo kuyi-Herald yangomhla zingama-27, echaza i-aurora “njengesiphephetha-moya esikhulu sokukhanya esivuleka sibheke esibhakabhakeni... isibonisi esinamandla esigxile ku-zenith…”

Izibani zaseNyakatho kwenye indawo eYurophu

Kwezinye izindawo eziningi eYurophu, kusukela eParis kuya eVienna, kusukela eScotland kuya eSicily, ukubonakala kwe<em>aurora kuye kwabangela imibhalo eminingi engasho lutho. Ezindaweni eziningi izicishamlilo zaziswe ukuthi bekuwumlilo. Lesi sigameko sibonakale naseBermuda, lapho kukholakala ukuthi umkhumbi usha. E-United States, iziphepho zelanga zikhubaze ukuxhumana komsakazo we-shortwave.

Kwezinye izinkonzo zamaKhatholika, ukusa kwe-1938 kuhlotshaniswa nesiprofetho se-Our Lady of Fatima. Empicabadala yesibili, izingane zithi zayithola eNcasakazini ngoJulayi 13, 1917, futhi ingafundeka kanje: «Lapho ubona ubusuku obukhanyiswa ukukhanya okungaziwa, yazi ukuthi kungenxa yokuthi isibonakaliso Sakho esikhulu igama likaNkulunkulu elizojezisa umhlaba ngenxa yezono zawo ngezimpi, indlala... Yebo, abanye abantu babona isibonakaliso esikhulu e-aurora esamemezela iMpi Yezwe II, ngakho lesi siphepho selanga ngezinye izikhathi sibizwa ngokuthi "Isiphepho seFatima".

Ngaphandle kokuchazwa kwezinkolelo-ze nezincazelo zenkolo, ekuqaleni kuka-1938 kwaba ingqopha-mlando eMpini Yombango YaseSpain. Isiqephu esidlulayo esingenza umuntu abheke eZulwini, abanye bathatheke, abanye bethuke, futhi abaningi bakholelwa ukuthi ngisho neZulu licasulwe unyazi lwempi.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nokuthi kwakukhona izibani ezisenyakatho eSpain.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.