Iziphepho zikagesi

Iziphepho zikagesi

Kungenzeka ukuthi wake wahlangabezana nokuduma kwezulu kepha ungazi ngempela ukuthi kwenzeke kanjani nokuthi yini umonakalo ongaba khona. Ngokwencazelo yeNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, ngesifinyezo sayo esiNgisini), ukuduma kwezulu ngolunye olwenziwe uhlobo lwamafu cumulonimbus futhi okuhambisana nombani nokuduma kwezulu.

Kulesi sihloko sizochaza ngokujulile konke mayelana ukuduma kwezulu. Ngabe ufuna ukwazi ukuthi zakhiwa kanjani nokuthi zingadala muphi umonakalo? Qhubeka ufunde futhi uzofunda ngakho konke 🙂

Iziphepho zikagesi

Ukubuka konke kweziphepho zikagesi

Lezi zinhlobo zeziphepho ziyizimo zezulu kuthakazelisa impela futhi kwesatshwa iningi labantu. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi inamandla amakhulu engcuphe futhi ibanga umsindo omubi. Ngokuvamile, uma kuba nokuduma kwezulu kuhambisana nezimvula ezinkulu nezichichimayo. Ziletha nokuduma okukhulu kodwa okwesikhashana. Kukhona nalabo ababhekiwe esibhakabhakeni sedolobha.

Lapho umuntu ebuka eduze ukuduma kwezulu, bayabona ukuthi kwakheke njengendlwana. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amafu aphezulu ayisicaba. Futhi kungenxa yokuthi izivunguvungu zikagesi zingenzeka noma kuphi emhlabeni, inqobo nje uma kunezimo zokushisa nomswakama odingekayo.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi kukhona lokho okwaziwa njengesiphepho esinamandla. Lesi, yisimo esifana naleso esichaziwe, kepha sihambisana nokuwa kwamatshe esichotho asayizi afinyelela kuyintshi elilodwa noma ngaphezulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, Kunemimoya enamandla edlula u-92,5 km / h. Kwezinye izikhathi ungabona ukukhiqizwa kwe- isiphepho lokho kugcina konakalise yonke into esendleleni yayo.

Lezi zivunguvungu zivame kakhulu ezinyangeni zasentwasahlobo nasehlobo lapho kuqala ukuhwalala noma phakathi nobusuku.

Ukwakheka kwezulu

Kwenzeka kanjani ukuduma kwezulu

Ukuze kwenzeke isimo sezulu salobu bukhulu kangaka, kudingeka umswakama omningi, umoya okhuphukayo futhi ongazinzile futhi ophakamisa umoya odudula umoya. Inqubo eyakhiwe ngayo imi kanje:

  1. Okokuqala, kufanele kube khona umoya oshisayo ogcwele umhwamuko wamanzi.
  2. Lowo moya oshisayo uqala ukukhuphuka, kepha uhlala ufudumele kunomoya okuzungezile.
  3. Njengoba iphakama, ukushisa enakho kuyasuswa ebusweni bomhlaba kuya emazingeni aphakeme kakhulu omkhathi. Umphunga wamanzi uyaphola, ujiye futhi kulapho amafu aqala khona ukwakha.
  4. Ingxenye engenhla yefu ibanda kakhulu kunengxenye engezansi, ngakho-ke umhwamuko wamanzi phezulu uphenduka iziqephu zeqhwa ezikhula ngokuqhubekayo.
  5. Ukushisa ngaphakathi kwefu kuqala ukukhuphuka futhi kudalwa umusi omningi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, kuvunguza umoya obandayo kusuka phezulu efwini.
  6. Ekugcineni, iziqeshana zeqhwa ngaphakathi kwefu ziqhutshwa phezulu naphansi ngumoya. Ukushayisana phakathi kwezingcezu yilokho okukhiqiza izinhlansi ezigxumayo futhi ezakha izifunda ezinamandla amakhulu kagesi. Yilokhu kamuva okuvela njengombani.

Izinhlobo zokuduma kwezulu

Umbani lapho kuduma izulu

Ngoba alukho uhlobo olulodwa kuphela lokuduma kwezulu. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene ngokuya ngokuqeqeshwa kwabo kanye nezifundo zabo. Sifingqa izinhlobo lapha:

  • Iseli elilula. Lezi yiziphepho ezibuthakathaka ezinesikhathi esifushane. Bangakwazi ukukhiqiza imvula enamandla nombani.
  • Eziningi. Ziqukethe amaseli amabili noma ngaphezulu. Iyakwazi ukuhlala amahora amaningana futhi ingaveza imvula enamandla ehambisana nesichotho, imimoya enamandla, izivunguvungu ezifushane kanye nokulingana izikhukhula.
  • Umugqa we-squall. Uwumugqa oqinile noma oseduze wezivunguvungu ezisebenzayo ezihambisana nemvula enkulu nokuvunguza komoya okunamandla. Kububanzi obungamamayela ayi-10 kuye kwengama-20 (amakhilomitha ayi-16-32.1).
  • I-Arc echo. Lolu hlobo lokuduma kwezulu lususelwa kunceku eqondile yomugqa we-radar echookile. Umoya ukhula uqonde enkabeni.
  • I-Supercell. Lesi seli sigcina sonke isifunda esiphikelelayo sokuvuselelwa. Ihlala isikhathi esingaphezu kwehora futhi ingandulela izivunguvungu ezinkulu ezinodlame.

Umbani lapho kuduma izulu

Ukwakhiwa kweziphepho zikagesi

Esinye sezimo esenzeka ngesikhathi seziphepho umbani. Iziteleka zombani zimane nje zingukukhishwa okufishane kukagesi okwenzeka ngaphakathi kwefu, phakathi kwefu nefu, noma kusuka efwini kuya endaweni ethile phansi. Ukuze ugongolo lushaye phansi, kufanele luphakanyiswe futhi kube khona into evelele kokunye.

Amandla wombani aphakame ngokuphindwe kayinkulungwane kunamanje esinawo ekhaya. Uma sikwazi ukubanjwa ugesi ngokukhishwa kwepulaki, cabanga ukuthi umbani ungenzani. Kodwa-ke, kunamacala amaningi lapho abantu abashaywe umbani basindile khona. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ubude besigxobo bufushane kakhulu, ngakho-ke umfutho waso awubulali.

Yimisebe ekwazi ukusabalalisa cishe amakhilomitha ayi-15.000 ngehora futhi elinganisa cishe ikhilomitha ubude. Kufike emakhilomitheni amahlanu ubude imibani ebhalwe phansi kuziphepho ezinkulu kakhulu.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, siyaduma. Ukuduma wukuqhuma okubangela ukukhipha ugesi okwazi ukuduma isikhathi eside ngenxa yama-echoes akha phakathi kwamafu, umhlaba nezintaba. Uma amafu emakhulu futhi eminyene, kuba mkhulu ukwenanela okwenzeka phakathi kwawo.

Ngoba umbani uhamba ngokushesha ngenxa yejubane lokukhanya, sibona umbani ngaphambi kokuba sizwe ukuduma. Noma kunjalo, lokhu kwenzeka ngasikhathi sinye.

Imiphumela emibi nomonakalo odalekile

Ukulimala kwesiphepho sikagesi

Lolu hlobo lwesimo sezulu lubangela ukulimala okuningi. Uma ziqhubeka isikhathi eside zingaholela kwizikhukhula. Imimoya iyodwa iyakwazi ukudiliza izihlahla nezinye izinto ezinkulu. Ezikhathini eziningi, ugesi unqanyulwa ngenxa yokulimala kwezintambo zikagesi.

Lapho kufika iziphepho, izakhiwo zingabhidlizwa ngemizuzu embalwa nje.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, izivunguvungu zikagesi ziyizinto eziyingozi kakhulu okufanele uphephele kuzo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UTito Erazo kusho

    Sanibonani, incazelo ethokozisayo, mayelana neziphepho zikagesi, kepha ngifuna ukuhlanganyela nani, ukuthi ezweni lakithi i-Ecuador futhi ikakhulukazi eManabí, esifundazweni esisogwini, izivunguvungu zikagesi nazo ziyenzeka, ikakhulukazi ukuthi emafwini akhiwe, awekho izinhlayiya zeqhwa, uma kungenjalo umswakama oqukethe yakhiwa yizinhlayiya ezincane kakhulu zamanzi, nokuthi njengoba sazi lapho kuvunyelwa kwakheka amathonsi amakhulu ancibilika. Mhlawumbe esifundeni saseSierra sezwe lami, izivunguvungu zikagesi zenzeka futhi zichazwe kahle, ngoba kuyabanda futhi uma kuneqhwa. Ngiyabonga.