Yiziphi izintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo eMhlabeni?

Ichibi lentaba-mlilo yaseKilauea

Ichibi lentaba-mlilo yaseKilauea.

Izintaba-mlilo ziyizakhiwo ezingakholeki ukuthi ngendlela efanayo ezingakha ngayo amazwekazi wonke noma iziqhingi, zingabhubhisa konke ngovuko olulodwa. Eqinisweni, izazi zezintaba-mlilo zibheke iso le-supervolcano yaseYellowstone, ngoba lapho iqhuma (okuzokwenzeka, kungekudala noma kamuva), impilo eMhlabeni ngeke iphinde ifane.

Naphezu kwengozi, abayeki ukusimangaza. Ziwukubanjwa kusukela esikhathini esedlule, lapho iplanethi yayakhiwa. Izintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo zingumbukwane wemvelo othakazelisa kakhulu ukuzibona, kodwa ngaso sonke isikhathi ukude. Ungathanda ukwazi ukuthi iziphi ezikhona?

Izintaba-mlilo eziyinhloko ezisetshenziswayo emhlabeni

UBarcena

Isiqhingi saseSan Benedicto, eMexico

IBárcena yigama elinikezwe enye yezintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo eMexico. Itholakala esiqhingini iRevillagigedo, amakhilomitha angama-350 eningizimu yeBaja California Sur, eSan Benedicto Island, enye yezinto eziheha izivakashi ezweni.

Ukuqhuma kokuqala okurekhodiwe kwenzeka ngo-Agasti 1, 1952, usuku okwazalwa ngalo intaba-mlilo, kwaxoshwa ikholomu yomlotha eyayingaphezu kwamamitha angu-3000 XNUMX ukuphakama.

Eyjafjallajökull

Intaba-mlilo yase-Eyjafjallajökull

I-Eyjafjallajökull iyi-stratovolcano engamamitha ayi-1666 ukuphakama kwayo okugcwale iqhwa ingxenye enkulu yonyaka. Itholakala eningizimu ye-Iceland, futhi ibisebenza cishe iminyaka eyi-8.000U-2010 kube unyaka wakamuva kakhulu kwaqhuma.

Ephreli 14 kwaxoshwa cishe ama-cubic metres ayizigidi ezingama-250 omlotha wentaba-mlilo, ifinyelela ubude bamakhilomitha ayishumi nanye futhi isakazeka endaweni eyizinkulungwane zamakhilomitha-skwele, okuyiyo aphoqelelwe ukukhansela izindiza ezingaphezu kwezingu-20.000 XNUMX.

Etna

Kuqhuma intaba-mlilo i-Etna

I-Etna (ugu olusempumalanga yeSicily, e-Italy), iyintaba-mlilo ephakeme kunazo zonke eYurophu. Cishe ingu-3,329m ubude, futhi kukholakala ukuthi yaqala isigaba sayo sokuqhuma eminyakeni engu-500.000 edlule. Kuyamangaza, kangangoba i-UNESCO yamemezela njengeNdawo yamaGugu Omhlaba ngoJuni 2013, futhi yaphinde yafakwa phakathi kwezintaba-mlilo eziyishumi neshumi leminyaka yiNhlangano Yezizwe.

Kusukela ngo-1600 AD. Sekube nokuqhuma okungenani okungu-60 okulandelanayo nokungenakubalwa kule ngqungquthela, okwagcina ngo-2008. Kodwa-ke, kusukela ngo-1669 akubanga nankinga enkulu. Lowo nyaka kunalokho, phakathi nezinyanga zikaMashi kuya kuJulayi, ixoshe i-lava engalinganiselwa ku-830.000.000 m3, okwaphoqa ukuba lishiye idolobha laseNicolosi.

Imikhumbi

Intaba-mlilo iGaleras iqhuma

Intaba-mlilo iGaleras itholakala eColombia futhi inobude obungamamitha angu-4276. Ukuqhuma kwayo kwaqala ukubhalwa ngo-1580, futhi okwakamuva kakhulu ngo-1993. Kuyingozi enkulu, ngoba useduzane nedolobha elinabantu abaningi, iSan Juan de Pasto, enabantu abangama-450.815 (ngo-2017).

Eminyakeni yamuva nje kube nokuqhuma okuningi, okufana nalokho kwangoJuni 7, 2009. Lolo suku kube nokuxoshwa kwekholomu yomlotha cishe amakhilomitha ayisishiyagalombili ukuphakama. Kubikwe ukuqhuma okubili engxenyeni esentshonalanga nentaba-mlilo.

Isiqhingi sase-El Hierro

Intaba-mlilo engaphansi kwamanzi i-El Hierro (Canary Islands)

Intaba-mlilo engaphansi kwamanzi esiqhingini sase-El Hierro (Canary Islands, Spain) yadonsela ukunaka kososayensi ngo-2011 Ngenxa yokuqhuma kwayo, okudale ukuthi ikhiphe impahla yomlingo futhi edale uchungechunge lokuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla angaphansi kuka-5 esikalini sikaRichter.

Njengoba amanye amatshe ewa futhi bekulindelwe ukuthi ubukhulu nobuningi bokuzamazama komhlaba kuzokwanda, iziphathimandla zakhipha abantu abangamashumi amahlanu nantathu kusuka emadolobheni ase-El Lunchón, ePie Risco, eLos Corchos, ingxenye yeLas Puntas neGuinea kumasipala waseFrontera.

I-Kilauea

Ichibi lentaba-mlilo yaseKilauea

IKilauea (iHawaii) ingenye yezintaba-mlilo ezisebenza kakhulu eHawaii nasemhlabeni. Linganisa cishe amamitha ayi-1247. Kukholakala ukuthi iphakathi kweminyaka engama-300.000 nengama-600.000 ubudala, nokuthi yavela ebusweni bamanzi eminyakeni engaba ngu-100.000 XNUMX edlule.

Ukuqhuma kwamanje kwaqala kancane noma kancane ngo-1970, nge isigaba esibhubhisa kakhulu ngo-1990 lapho ukugeleza kodaka kwagcwala edolobheni eliseduze laseKalapanaNgaleso sikhathi, yayicekele phansi izindlu ezingaphezu kwekhulu ezinyangeni eziyi-100 kuphela.

Intaba iMerapi

IMount Merapi, e-Indonesia

IMount Merapi, eyaziwa ngeMount Fire, yintabamlilo etholakala e-Indonesia. Linganisa amamitha angu-2911 XNUMX, futhi ingenye yezinto eziyingozi kakhulu eMhlabeni. Kusukela ngo-1548 iqhume izikhathi ezingama-69.

Ngo-Okthoba 2010 ukuqhuma kwalo kwabangela ukuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla angu-7.7 kanye ne-tsunami eyabulala abantu abangu-272.

Intaba iNyiragongo

Ichibi lentaba-mlilo iNyiragongo

INtaba iNyiragongo, etholakala eVirunga National Park eDemocratic Republic of the Congo) ingenye yezindawo ezisebenza kakhulu emhlabeni. Linganisa amamitha angama-3470 ukuphakama futhi eminyakeni engu-150 edlule ibhalise ukuqhuma okungaphezu kwama-50. Ngokubambisana nentaba-mlilo iNyamuragira, kusolwa ukuthi kubangelwe ukuqhuma okungamaphesenti angama-40 okuqoshwe e-Afrika.

Lapho iqhuma, ikhipha udaka ngokushesha, olungafika emadolobheni aseduze ngokushesha okukhulu, ngejubane lama-60km / h. Ku-2002, abantu abangaba ngu-300.000 XNUMX kwadingeka basuswe.

INtaba iSanta Helena

IMount Saint Helena, e-United States

IMount Santa Helena iyi-stratovolcano engamamitha angu-2550 ukuphakama. Itholakala eSkamania County, esifundazweni saseWashington. Ingenye yezaziwa kakhulu eNyakatho Melika, kusukela ngo-May 1980 laqhuma kakhulu kangangokuthi kwaba sengathi amabhomu e-athomu ayi-500 alahlwa eHiroshima.

Futhi, kubangele ukuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla ayi-5.1 okwenze ukuthi udoti omkhulu kunayo yonke owake waqoshwa eMhlabeni, ngevolumu ephelele yamacube cubic metres azungeze i-3,3 billion.

Vesubio mont

INtaba iVesuvius, e-Italy

INtaba iVesuvius (e-Italy) ithathwa njengenye yezintaba-mlilo eziyingozi kakhulu emhlabeni ngenxa yendawo yayo, njengoba ingamakhilomitha ayi-9 kuphela ukusuka eNaples. Linganisa amamitha ayi-1281 ukuphakama, futhi ngo-79 BC kwaqhuma intaba yamboza amadolobha aseHerculaneum nasePompeii ngomlotha.

Ukube namuhla ibingaphinde iqhume futhi ngendlela efanayo, iningi labantu kuzodingeka lisuswe ngokushesha, nalabo abasalile, babezobona amadwala e-pumice amakhulu kakhulu kangangokuba ikholomu yegesi yayingakwazi ukuwabamba.

sakurajima

Intaba-mlilo iSakurajima, eJapane

ISakurajima ingamamitha ayi-1117 ukuphakama futhi isesiqhingini saseKyüshü (isifunda saseKagoshima, eJapan). NgoJanuwari 11, 1914, isixuku sazamazama komhlaba saxwayisa abantu baseziqhingini, abasuswa. Intaba-mlilo waxosha ikholomu yomlotha eyaphakama yafika kumakhilomitha ayisishiyagalombili phezulu. Ezinsukwini ezimbili kamuva, ukuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla kwabulala abantu abangama-35. Ngenxa yenani lodaka eyayixosha, yaqina yajoyina i-Peninsula yase -umi.

Yize bekulokhu kucishe ukulala kusukela ngo-1955, inani elikhulu le-magma eliqoqeka ngaphakathi kulo lisikisela lokho maduze uzovuka futhi.

Santa María

Kuqhuma intabamlilo yaseSanta Maria

Intaba-mlilo iSanta María, eseduze kwedolobha laseQuetzaltenango, entshonalanga yeGuatemala, ingamamitha angu-3772. Yize isesifundeni esinesimo sezulu esishisayo, ngenxa yokuphakama kwayo ingabonakala imbozwe yiqhwa. Ukuqhuma okunodlame kakhulu kwaba okwango-1902, okwabulala abantu abangu-XNUMX XNUMX.

Ngo-Ephreli 18 walowo nyaka, ukuzamazama komhlaba okunamandla kwabhubhisa idolobha laseQuetzatenango, kwathi ngo-Okthoba 24 intaba-mlilo yaxosha cishe i-5,5 km3 yemagma. Ukuqhuma bekukukhulu kakhulu kangangokuba kutholakale umlotha wentaba-mlilo ngisho naseSan Francisco, ngaphezu kwe-4.000km kude.

Ulawun

Intaba-mlilo i-Ulawun, ePapua New Guinea

Isithombe - Ibhulogi Yezokuvakasha Yezokuvakasha

Intaba-mlilo i-Ulawun, enamamitha angama-2334 ukuphakama, isesiqhingini saseNew Britain, esiqhingini saseBismarck (ePapua New Guinea), iqophe ukuqhuma okuphelele okungama-18 kusukela ngekhulu le-22, owokuqala wabo wawungo-1700.

Ingabe kukhona izintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo eSpain?

Intaba-mlilo iTeide, eTenerife

Intaba-mlilo iTeide, eTenerife

Yize eSpain kunezintaba-mlilo eziningana, njengeSanta Margarita (Olot), isigaxa sentaba-mlilo saseCalatrava, noma amadwala entaba-mlilo eCabo de Gata, iziqhingi zaseCanary zisengozini enkulu ngokuba yimvelaphi yentabamlilo. Kukhona intaba-mlilo iTeide (iTenerife) nentaba-mlilo iTeneguia (isiqhingi saseLa Palma), kanye nentaba-mlilo engaphansi kwamanzi eduzane nase-El Hierro njengoba sishilo ngaphambili.

Noma kunjalo, okwamanje ayikho ingozi engako njengoba ikhona eHawaii noma eJapane. I-El Teide yaqhuma okokugcina ngoNovemba 18, 1909, naseTeneguia ngo-1971. Futhi i-El Hierro ayizange idale monakalo.

Uyazi ezinye izintaba-mlilo ezisasebenza njengamanje?


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   ANTHONY LOPEZ kusho

    UHLU LWAMANJE LWEVOLCANOES EZISEBENZAYO (NEZINGOZI ZAMANJE NE / NOMA EZINGALANDELAYO) -2.017-
    IYurophu ne-Atlantic Ocean:
    • IStromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy)
    E-Etna (eSicily, e-Italy)
    Ama-Sete Cidades (Azores, Portugal)
    ICampi Flegrei (Izizinda zeFlegrean) (e-Italy)
    I-Iceland:
    IKverkfjöll (EMpumalanga ye-Iceland)
    • Katla (ENingizimu Iceland)
    I-Askja (enkabeni ye-Iceland)
    • IBárdarbunga (enkabeni ye-Iceland)
    • Intaba-mlilo iGrímsvötn (Iceland)
    I-Hekla (Iceland)
    I-Afrika ne-Indian Ocean:
    Indlebe (Australia, eningizimu ye-Indian Ocean)
    • U-Ol Doinyo Lengai (eTanzania)
    • U-Erta Ale (ukucindezelwa kukaDanakil, e-Ethiopia)
    Isiqhingi Esiyinyumba (i-Indian Ocean)
    INyiragongo (iDRCongo)
    IPiton de la Fournaise (La Réunion)
    • INyamuragira (iDRCongo)
    I-Indonesia:
    • ISinabung (iSumatra, Indonesia)
    IDukono (Halmahera, Indonesia)
    • Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia)
    • IGamalama (Halmahera, Indonesia)
    • ESemeru (eMpumalanga Java, Indonesia)
    I-Awu (eNyakatho yeSulawesi neziQhingi zaseSangihe, e-Indonesia)
    • IKarangetang (iSiau Island, iSangihe Islands, Indonesia)
    ILokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia)
    • IRinjani (Lombok, Indonesia)
    I-Sangeang Api (Indonesia)
    • I-Bromo (eMpumalanga Java, Indonesia)
    • IBatu Tara (iziQhingi zaseProbe, e-Indonesia)
    • IMerapi (Central Java, Indonesia)
    • IKrakatoa (iSunda Strait, Indonesia)
    • IKerinci (iSumatra, Indonesia)
    • IMarapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia)
    IGamkonora (Halmahera, Indonesia)
    • ISoputan (North Sulawesi, Indonesia)
    EMakian (Halmahera, Indonesia)
    I-Iya (Flores, Indonesia)
    E-Ebulobo (eFlores, e-Indonesia)
    • I-Egon (iFlores, i-Indonesia)
    ILewotobi (eFlores, e-Indonesia)
    • UPaluweh (uvaliwe eFlores Island, e-Indonesia)
    • EPapandayan (eNtshonalanga Java, e-Indonesia)
    • ITangkubanparahu (eNtshonalanga Java, e-Indonesia)
    • IBanda Api (iBanda del Mar, Indonesia)
    I-Slamet (Central Java, Indonesia)
    Iziqhingi zase-Aleutian, e-Alaska naseNyakatho Melika:
    • IBogoslof (i-United States, i-Aleutian Islands)
    I-Fort Selkirk (Canada)
    • I-Pavlov (i-Alaska Peninsula, e-United States)
    ECleveland (e-Aleutian Islands, e-Alaska)
    • I-Semisopochnoi (e-United States, e-Aleutian Islands)
    EMexico, eMelika Ephakathi naseCaribbean:
    Intaba-mlilo iPopocatépetl (Central Mexico)
    • ISanta María / iSantiaguito (eGuatemala)
    Umlilo (eGuatemala)
    I-Pacaya (Guatemala)
    • IMasaya (Nicaragua)
    Ama-Poas (Costa Rica)
    IColima (eNtshonalanga Mexico)
    • ISoufriere Hills (Montserrat, West Indies (UK))
    • ISan Miguel (i-El Salvador)
    ITelica (Nicaragua)
    ICerro Negro (eNicaragua)
    EMomotombo (eNicaragua)
    • URincon de la Vieja (eCosta Rica)
    • I-Turrialba (Costa Rica)
    • ISan Cristóbal (eNicaragua)
    IConcepción (eNicaragua)
    I-South America:
    • IVillarrica (Indawo Ephakathi NaseChile)
    I-Sangay (Ecuador)
    • ISabancaya (ePeru)
    E-Reventador (e-Ecuador)
    INevado del Ruiz (eColombia)
    I-Chaitén (i-Southern Chile ne-Argentina, i-Ningizimu Melika)
    Llaima (Central Chile nase-Argentina, eNingizimu Melika)
    ICopahue (eChile / Argentina)
    • INevados de Chillán (Indawo eseChile Ephakathi)
    ILascar (eNyakatho Chile)
    • Ubinas (ePeru)
    Isi-Tungurahua (Ecuador)
    USanta Isabel (eColombia)
    Imishini (eColombia)
    INevado del Huila (eColombia)
    I-Sotará (Colombia)
    IGaleras (eColombia)
    ICumbal (eColombia)
    ICerro Negro de Mayasquer (eColombia)
    • I-Cayambe (Ecuador)
    • I-Hudson (i-Southern Chile ne-Argentina, i-Ningizimu Melika)
    • ICalbuco (i-Southern Chile ne-Argentina, i-Ningizimu Melika)
    • ILaguna del Maule (Isifunda Esimaphakathi NaseChile)
    • I-Tupungatito (i-Central Chile ne-Argentina, i-Ningizimu Melika)
    • IGuallatiri (iNyakatho Chile, iBolivia ne-Argentina, iNingizimu Melika)
    ECotopaxi (e-Ecuador)
    • IGuagua Pichincha (e-Ecuador)
    Ezinye izifunda:
    I-Erebus (Antarctica)
    Isiqhingi saseBristol (yi-United Kingdom, iSandwich yaseNingizimu)
    UMichael (Yi-UK, iSandwich yaseNingizimu)
    I-Zavodovski (i-South Sandwich Islands (UK))
    Isigaxa (iMarie Byrd Land, i-Western Antarctica)
    I-Pacific Ocean:
    • I-Kilauea (eHawaii)
    • IBagana (Isiqhingi saseBougainville, ePapua New Guinea)
    ILangila (New Britain, Papua New Guinea)
    EManam (ePapua New Guinea)
    • I-Yasur (Isiqhingi saseTanna, eVanuatu)
    ILopevi (Vanuatu)
    I-Ambrym (Vanuatu)
    I-Ulawun (New Britain, iPapua New Guinea)
    IKarkar (ENyakatho-mpumalanga New Guinea, ePapua New Guinea)
    • I-White Island (eNew Zealand)
    I-Aoba (Vanuatu)
    • IMauna Loa (Isiqhingi Esikhulu, eHawaii)
    • I-Loihi (United States, Iziqhingi zaseHawaii)
    • IRabaul (iTavurvur) (iNew Britain, iPapua New Guinea)
    • eRuapehu (eNyakatho Island, eNew Zealand)
    • ITongariro (North Island, New Zealand)
    EMacdonald (e-Austral Islands,)
    I-Suretamatai (Banks Islands, Vanuatu)
    • ITinakula (iSanta Cruz Islands, iSolomon Islands)
    I-Ring of Fire (i-Kuril Islands iya ePhilippines):
    IShiveluch (Kamchatka)
    • I-Kliuchevskii (Kamchatka)
    • I-Chirinkotan (i-Northern Kuriles, iRussia)
    • ISakurajima (Kyushu, Japan)
    • ISuwanose-jima (iRyukyu Islands, Japan)
    • I-Nishino-shima (iVolcano Islands, Japan)
    • IBezymianny (Ukudangala Okumaphakathi KukaKamchatka, eKamchatka)
    IKarymsky (Kamchatka)
    • UZhupanovsky (eKamchatka, eRussia)
    I-Ebeko (Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands)
    I-Chikurachki (iParamushir Island, iziQhingi zaseKuril)
    • I-Chirpoi (i-Kuril Islands, eRussia)
    • Niigata-Yake-yama (Honshu, Japan)
    I-ASO (enkabeni yeKyushu, eJapane)
    I-Bulusan (Luzon Island, Philippines)
    I-Canlaon (Central Philippines, Philippines)
    • Gorelii (ENingizimu Kamchatka)
    • ISinarka (iziqhingi zaseCentral Kurile, eRussia)
    IKetoi (Kuril Islands, Russia)
    EMedvezhia (eKuril Islands, eRussia)
    • IGrozny (Iturup Island, Kuril Islands)
    • ITokachi (Hokkaido, Japan)
    I-Akan (Hokkaido, Japan)
    • U-Akita-Komaga-take (Honshu, Japan)
    • I-Zao (Honshu, Japan)
    I-Azuma (Honshu, Japan)
    • Kusatsu-Shirane (Honshu, Japan)
    I-Asama (Honshu, Japan)
    • I-Ontake-san (eHonshu, Japan)
    • I-MT Fuji (Honshu, Japan)
    I-Hakone (Honshu, Japan)
    • I-A-shima (Izu Islands, Japan)
    • IMiyake-jima (Izu Islands, Japan)
    IKirishima (Kyushu, Japan)
    • IKikai (Iziqhingi zaseRyukyu, eJapane)
    • I-Kuchinoerabu-jima (iRyukyu Islands, Japan)
    I-Iwo-Tori-shima (Iziqhingi zaseRyukyu, eJapane)
    I-Taal (Luzon, Philippines)
    IMayon (iLuzon Island, Philippines)

     = ukuqhuma okukhulu = ukuqhuma = umsebenzi omncane / isexwayiso sokuqhuma = ukuphazamiseka
    (IZIKHALA)