Izinsimbi zezulu nomsebenzi wazo

Isiteshi sezulu esisebenza ngobuchwepheshe, esinye sezinsimbi zomlilo ezisetshenziswa kakhulu

Uma unentshisekelo nge-meteorology, ngokuqinisekile ucabanga ukuthola enye yezinsimbi eziningi zezulu ezikhona noma Isiteshi Sezulu, iqiniso? Kunamamodeli amaningi, kepha kukhona amanye aphelele kakhulu kunamanye, ngokuya ngaphezu kwakho konke ngentengo yawo. Eqinisweni, okubiza kakhulu yilawo angalinganisa okuguquguqukayo kwesimo sezulu futhi, ngakho-ke, afanele kakhulu kulabo abafuna ukwazi ngokujulile isimo sezulu esikhona endaweni yabo, kuyilapho eshibhe kakhulu senzelwe labo abavumelana. ngokwazi izinga lokushisa elirekhodwe emini futhi mhlawumbe ngokwazi umswakama oqondile.

Kuya ngokuthi uzoyisebenzisela ini, kuzothakazelisa ukwazi yiziphi izinhlobo zezinsimbi zezulu ezikhona nokuthi yimuphi umsebenzi wazo ngamunye. Ngakho-ke, kuzoba lula kakhulu kuwe ukuthi ukhethe imodeli efaneleke kakhulu kuwe.

I-thermometer, enye yezinsimbi zesimo sezulu esinazo sonke 

I-thermometer ye-Mercury

Uma kufanele sikhethe enye yezinsimbi zezulu ngokwenza kahle, sonke sizothatha i-thermometer. Iyithuluzi elisetshenziswa kakhulu ngoba ngenxa yalo singazi yiliphi izinga lokushisa elirekhodwayo lapho silibuka. Noma kunjalo, kungenzeka ukuthi uthole ezinye ezikala kuphela izinga lokushisa eliphakeme (phakathi kuka -31'5ºC kanye no-51'5ºC) kanye nezinye ezikala ubuncane (phakathi kuka -44'5ºC no-40'5ºC), yize okuvame kakhulu ukuthi bobabili babonakala esikrinini esifanayo esiteshini.

Kunezinhlobo eziningi zama-thermometer: igesi, ukumelana, imitholampilo… kepha ama-mercury nedijithali asetshenziswa ku-meteorology.

I-thermometer ye-Mercury

Kuyishubhu yengilazi evaliwe ene-mercury ngaphakathi. Umthamo wayo uyashintsha njengoba nokushisa kushintsha. Le nsimbi yasungulwa nguGabriel Fahrenheit ngo-1714.

I-digital thermometer

Esesimanjemanje kakhulu. Basebenzisa amadivayisi we-transducer (njenge-mercury) asetshenziswa amasekethe kagesi ukuguqula ukuhlukahluka kwamandla amancane okutholwe ezinombolweni. Ngale ndlela, izinga lokushisa elirekhodiwe lizovela kwisibonisi.

Igeji yemvula yesimo sezulu

Igeji yemvula yesimo sezulu

Lezi zinsimbi zesimo sezulu ilinganisa inani lamanzi eliwele endaweni lapho libekwe khona. Imilimitha ngayinye imele ilitha elilodwa, futhi ngezinsuku lapho imvula ingayeki ukuna, kunconywa kakhulu ukuthi uyihlole njalo ngama-4-6h (kuya ngobukhulu bayo namandla wegeji yethu yemvula) ukuze irekhodi linembe kangako kungenzeka.

Izinhlobo zezilinganiso zemvula zezulu

Kunezinhlobo ezimbili zezilinganiso zemvula zezulu: imanuwali namathotho.

  • Manual: yizona ezishibhile. Zimane nje zisiqukathi se-cylindrical esenziwe ngepulasitiki ngokujwayelekile siluhlaza ngombala ngesikali esiphothuliwe esilinganiswa ngamamilimitha.
  • Amathotho: ukulinganisa izilinganiso zemvula zezulu kuthuthukisa ukunemba, njengoba zakhiwa ngofanele futhi opharetha oqopha amanzi awayo njalo emahoreni ayi-12.

I-Hygrometer

I-Hygrometer

I-hygrometer izosiza kakhulu ukwazi iphesenti lomswakama ohlobene emoyeni yini endaweni yangakithi. Imiphumela ivezwe phakathi kuka-0 no-100%. Leli nani limelela iphesenti lenani lomhwamuko wamanzi okhona emoyeni.

Izinhlobo zama-hygrometer

Lezi zinsimbi zesimo sezulu zihlukaniswa ngokuya ngokuthi ziyi-analog noma yidijithali.

  • I-Analog: ivelela ngokunemba okukhulu, ngoba babona ushintsho kumswakama emvelweni cishe ngokushesha. Kepha kwesinye isikhathi kufanele uzilinganise, ngakho-ke abavamisile ukuthengisa kakhulu.
  • digital: izinombolo zamanani nazo zinembile, yize zincane kancane. Azidingi sondlo, futhi zilungele ukusetshenziswa ngemuva kokuthenga.
I-athikili ehlobene:
Konke odinga ukukwazi ngama-hygrometer

I-Barometer

I-Barometer

I-barometer yinye leyo ulinganisa isisindo somoya ngaphezu koqweqwe lomhlaba, eyaziwa ngegama lengcindezi yasemkhathini. Owokuqala wasungulwa ngusosayensi uTorricelli ngo-1643 ngemuva kokwenza isivivinyo esilula:

Into yokuqala ayenza ukugcwalisa ishubhu lengilazi nge-mercury ebelivaliwe ngakolunye uhlangothi, waliguqula ebhakedeni elaligcwele ne-mercury. Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi ikholomu ye-mercury yehle ngamasentimitha ambalwa, imi ngxi cishe ngo-76cm (760mm) ubude. Ngakho-ke kwavela i-millimeter ye-mercury noma i-mmHg.

Kepha kukhona okunye okunye: ingcindezi ejwayelekile yomkhathi olwandle ngu-760mmHg, ngakho-ke ungaba nale datha eyisithenjwa ukwazi ukuthi isimo sezulu sizoba sihle noma cha. Kanjani? Kulula kakhulu. Uma lehla kakhulu uzokwazi ukuthi isiphepho sisondela; Ngokuphambene nalokho, uma sikhuphuka kancane, ungagcina isambulela sigcinwe ezinye izinsuku ezimbalwa.

I-Anemometer

I-Anemometer

Ngenxa yalezi zinsimbi zesimo sezulu singazi ukuthi isivinini somoya. Ezisetshenziswa kakhulu yilezi ezibizwa ngamawindlass. Balinganisa ijubane nge-km / h.

Lapho umoya 'ushaya' iphini elincane, liyajika. Ukuphenduka okunikezayo kufundwa yikhawunta noma kuqoshwe esiqeshini sephepha uma kuyi-anemograph.

I-Heliograph

I-Heliograph

I-heliograph ingenye yezinsimbi zezulu ukuthi kusivumela ukuthi silinganise isikhathi se-insolation. Kufanele ilungiswe ngokuya ngobubanzi bezindawo nangokwesikhathi sonyaka okuso, ngoba ilanga liyahluka ngokuphakama njengoba unyaka udlula.

Eyaziwa kakhulu yiCampbell-Stokes heliograph, equkethe umgudu wengilazi oziphatha njengelensi eguqukayo. Lapho imisebe yelanga idlula, irejista yamakhadi 'ishisiwe' futhi singazi amahora okukhanya kwelanga abekhona ngalolo suku.

I-Nivometer

I-Nivometer ukwazi inani leqhwa

I-nivometer isetshenziselwe linganisa inani leqhwa eliwele ngesikhathi esithile. Kunezinhlobo ezimbili: i-laser, okumele ishayelwe emhlabathini ukuze irekhode, ne-acoustic, okuthi, ngenxa yesamukeli se-ultrasonic wave transmitter, esingadingi ukuxhumana neqhwa.

Ngokuvamile, uma kubiza kakhulu isiteshi sezulu, kuzoba banzi kakhulu. Kuya ngokusetshenziswa kwakho ofuna ukukunikeza, kungahle kungadingeki ukuthi usebenzise imali eningi ngoba mhlawumbe ngemali eshibhile uzohlala kuyo. Futhi, kunalokho, uma wazi ukuthi uzofuna ukwazi okwengeziwe, unganqikazi ukuyothenga eyodwa, engahle ibe nenani eliphakeme kakhulu, kepha ngokuqinisekile ungayijabulela kakhulu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-29, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   sofia clara gonzales kusho

    Lokhu kungihambela kahle kakhulu ngoba esikoleni siyakupha ngiyabonga

    1.    mariangel kusho

      Nami ngenza kahle kakhulu. ngiyabonga

      1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

        Ngiyajabula ukuthi ilusizo nakuwe, mariangel 🙂.

  2.   mariangel kusho

    Ngiyayithanda imeteorology.

  3.   UHANAH kusho

    INGABE UYAYAZI I-INSTRUMENT ESETSHENZISWA UKULINGANISA UKUHAMBA KOMOYA

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Sawubona uHannah.
      Ithuluzi elisetshenziselwa ukukala ukuqondiswa umoya yi-vane vane yesimo sezulu.
      A ukubingelela.

  4.   ngishintshe noma bekuyirobhothi kusho

    Incazelo enhle ingikhonze kakhulu

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Ngiyajabula ukuthi bekulusizo kuwe. Sanibonani

  5.   lindokuhle_ kusho

    uthango lolwazi oluhle ngiyaluthanda 😀

  6.   lindokuhle_ kusho

    ngendlela leyo i-endometer leyo YOSIZO YAMI !!!

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Sawubona Hector.
      Ngiyajabula ukuthi kube nentshisekelo kuwe.
      I-endometer angazi ukuthi iyini, ngiyaxolisa. Bengilokhu ngifunisisa i-inthanethi ukubona ukuthi ngithole okuthile futhi akukho okuvelayo; igama elithi endometrium kuphela, elingahlangani neze nesimo sezulu (yisicubu esihlanganisa indawo lapho kutholakala khona isibeletho).
      A ukubingelela.

  7.   lindokuhle_ kusho

    kulungile ngiyabonga monica sanchez nami ngiyitholile leyo endrometrium noma kufanele ukuthi iyaluma kabi kepha ngiyabonga futhi ngiyabingelela futhi 😀

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Ngiyabingelela kuwe 🙂

  8.   i-burgos kusho

    Sawubona, ngiyaxolisa, ngifuna ukwazi nge-anemocinemographer ????

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Sawubona Isai.
      Kuyithuluzi elihlanganisa i-vane vane (ukukala ukuqondisa komoya), i-anemometer (ukukala isivinini somoya), enophiko oluphakathi olucubungula futhi lurekhode imininingwane.
      Sanibonani.

  9.   UJuan Manuel kusho

    Sawubona Unjani Nginombuzo okufanele ngiwubuze. Ngabe kuyiqiniso ukuthi ama-hygrometer edijithali alinganiselwa ukuphakama olwandle? Isibonelo, uma nginamamitha angama-500 ngaphezu kogu lolwandle, ingabe ukufundwa lapho i-hygrometer enganginika khona kunembile?

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu kusengaphambili!

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Sawubona uJuan Manuel.
      Yebo, impela: ama-hygrometer edijithali alinganisa ingcindezi yomoya.
      A ukubingelela.

  10.   UJose Manuel Carrasco Nalvarte kusho

    sawubona monica wayefuna ukwazi ukuthi isimo sezulu sibalulekile ngani ??

    1.    UMonica sanchez kusho

      Sawubona uJosé Manuel.
      I-meteorology ibalulekile ngoba isivumela ukuthi sazi ukwehluka kwamazinga okushisa, indlela eya kuyo kanye nesivinini somoya, izimo ezahlukahlukene zezulu, njll., Nokuthi konke lokhu kuyithinta kanjani imvelo eyahlukene.
      A ukubingelela.

  11.   hhjhhhh kusho

    sawubona yini leyo divayisi yesimo sezulu engaphezulu kwemibhoshongo yensimbi

  12.   coral kusho

    imininingwane emihle kakhulu, yabafana, kuthiwani ngamanye amavidiyo, kungaba kuhle

  13.   UCamila damian kusho

    Ngiyithandile, ngiyabonga kakhulu, izinto ezinhle kakhulu zingisizile kakhulu

  14.   CARLOS kusho

    Sawubona IGAMA LAMI NGINGU-CARLOS NGIYAQHUBEKA NGAPHAKATHI EPERU NGIFUNA UKWAZI UKUTHI UNGANGISIZA KANJANI EKWAKHENI IZITOLO ZEMETEOROLOGY ZENDAWO ENGIHLALA KUYO, NGITHANDA KUNINGI UKWAZI NGESIMO SEZULU.

    1.    uJesu kusho

      ubomvu nami ngivela ePeru, ngiyabingelela uma ngingakusiza

  15.   Franco kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngolwazi

  16.   UVictor M Lopez B kusho

    Kufanele ucacise ukuthi u-1 (one) mm wamanzi awayo umele inani lelitha elilodwa lamanzi endaweni eyimitha elilodwa lesikwele (m1)

  17.   uFrancis alejandra lameda molleda kusho

    Sawubona namhlanje ngifunde nezingane zami konke okuphathelene nesimo sezulu abaningi

    Ngiyabonga, sesivele sinakho ukuthi i-thermometer ngayinye isetshenziselwa ini

  18.   UCarlos Daniel kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ukuthi kungisebenzele kakhulu futhi okuningi ngoba siyakubona esikoleni sami

  19.   I-Celtuky kusho

    Kuhamba kahle kakhulu kimi ngoba siyinikeza esikoleni esiphakeme futhi angilayishi ikhadi ledijithali kwi-IPad kababamkhulu (lena) futhi amakhadi anikezwa kusasa ngakho-ke angikwazi ukuwabheka namuhla.
    Ngiyabonga kakhulu nemikhonzo kunoma ngubani oyifakile.