Izinhlobo zeziphepho

iziphepho

Iziphepho zingesinye sezimo zezulu ezibhubhisa kakhulu ezikhona. Isikhathi sonyaka lapho zivame ukuvela khona ngoSepthemba. Kunezinhlobonhlobo izinhlobo zeziphepho kuye ngamandla, umsuka kanye nesimo.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi yiziphi izinhlobo ezihlukahlukene zeziphepho ezikhona, izici zazo, izimbangela nemiphumela.

Yini isiphepho

izinhlobo zeziphepho

Okokuqala nje ukwazi ukuthi yini isiphepho nokuthi sakhiwe kanjani. Isiphepho yisimo sezulu esizibonakalisa njengesivunguvungu esinamandla esibonakala yimimoya enamandla kakhulu kanye nomfutho womoya ophansi kakhulu phakathi nendawo. Lezi zinhlelo zesimo sezulu, ezaziwa nangokuthi iziphepho ezishisayo noma izishingishane ezindaweni ezahlukene zomhlaba,ziyakwazi ukubangela imithelela eminingi ehlukahlukene, kodwa ingqikithi yawo isekushubeni kwemimoya nokujikeleza okuzungezayo okukuzungezile.

Zakhiwa kanjani

izinhlobo zeziphepho ezikhona

Iziphepho zakha kusukela ochungechungeni lwezimo ezithile olwandle nasemkhathini. Ukuze kwakheke isiphepho, amanzi olwandle anamazinga okushisa okungenani angama-26 degrees Celsius noma ngaphezulu ayadingeka. Amanzi afudumele anikeza amandla adingekayo ukuze aphembe isiphepho, njengoba ukushisa kwamanzi kuyahwamuka bese kudedelwa emkhathini.

Umkhathi kufanele uqukathe inani elibalulekile lomswakamo ukuze kufinyeleliswe umhwamuko wamanzi. Lapho umoya omanzi ukhuphuka, uyaphola futhi ujiye ube amaconsi amancane amanzi, ukhiphe ukushisa okucashile okushayela uhlelo. Kudingeka umoya ozolile emazingeni aphakathi nendawo ukuze kuthuthuke uhlelo. Imimoya enamandla kakhulu noma izinguquko ezingazelelwe esivinini somoya zingavimbela ukwakheka kwesiphepho.

Imvamisa, indawo enomfutho womoya ophansi noma igagasi elishisayo isebenza njengendawo yokuqala yokwakheka kwesiphepho. Lokhu kuphazamiseka kokuqala kusebenza njengendawo okugxilwe kuyo lapho uhlelo lungathuthuka khona.

Ukuzungeza komhlaba, okwaziwa ngokuthi umphumela we-Coriolis, kubalulekile ekwakhekeni kwesiphepho. Lo mphumela ubangela ukuba umoya onyakazayo uphambuke uye kwesokudla enyakatho nenkabazwe nakwesokunxele endaweni eseningizimu nenkabazwe. okudala ukuzungezisa okudingekayo kwesishingishane sasezindaweni ezishisayo.

Lapho umoya ofudumele, onomswakama ukhuphuka usuka olwandle, udala indawo yokucindezela okuphansi phezulu. Umoya ozungezile udonselwa kule ndawo yokucindezela okuphansi futhi uqala ukuzungeza ngokuphambene newashi engxenyeni esenyakatho yenkabazwe noma ngokwewashi eningizimu nenkabazwe.

Izinhlobo zeziphepho

ukwakheka kwesishingishane

Izinhlobo zeziphepho ezikhona zihlukaniswa ngezigaba ezinhlanu eziyinhloko ngokwesilinganiso sokuqina esaziwa ngokuthi i-Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale. Isigaba ngasinye simelela izinga elihlukile lokushuba futhi sinezici ezithile kanye nemiphumela. Lezi yizinhlobo zeziphepho ezikhona nezici zazo:

  • Isigaba 1 (Imimoya engu-119-153 km/h: Kulesi sigaba, imimoya inamandla ngokwesilinganiso. Isivunguvungu sesigaba 1 sibhekwa uma imimoya yaso eqinile ifinyelela isivinini sika-119 kuya ku-153 km/h. Ukulimala ngokuvamile kuncane kulesi sigaba. Ukulimala uphahla, izihlahla, nezintambo zikagesi kungenzeka. Izikhukhula zasendaweni kanye nokukhuphuka kweziphepho kungenzeka, kodwa ngokuvamile azicekeli phansi njengezigaba eziphakeme.
  • Isigaba 2 (Imimoya engu-154-177 km/h: Imimoya yeSigaba 2 inamandla kakhulu kuneSigaba 1. Imimoya eqinile isukela ku-154 kuya ku-177 km/h. Kulesi sigaba, umonakalo ungaba olinganiselwe. Imimoya enamandla Ingehlisa izihlahla, yonakalisa izakhiwo kanye kubangela ukuphela kukagesi.Izikhukhula zasogwini kanye neziphepho ezinamandla kakhulu, zandisa ingozi yezikhukhula.
  • Isigaba 3 (Imimoya engu-178-208 km/h): Iziphepho zesigaba sesi-3 zibhekwa njengeziphepho "ezinkulu" ngenxa yokuqina kwazo. Ivunguza imimoya esukela ku-178 kuya ku-208 km/h. Kulesi sigaba, umonakalo ungaba mkhulu. Imimoya ingabangela umonakalo omkhulu ezakhiweni nasezakhiweni, kanye nezikhukhula ezinamandla ngenxa yokuqhuma kwesiphepho. Ukuphuma kwabantu kuvamile ukuze kuvikelwe izimpilo.
  • Isigaba 4 (Imimoya engu-209-251 km/h): Iziphepho zeSigaba 4 ziyingozi kakhulu. Imimoya yayo eqinile isuka ku-209 iye ku-251 km/h. Kulesi sigaba, umonakalo uyinhlekelele. Imimoya ingacekela phansi amakhaya nezakhiwo, futhi izikhukhula zingakhukhula izindawo ezisogwini kanye nemiphakathi yonke. Ukukhipha amathumbu kubalulekile, futhi kudingeka ukulungiselela ngokucophelela.
  • Isigaba 5 (Imimoya engaphezu kuka-252 km/h noma ngaphezulu): Iziphepho zeSigaba 5 yizona ezinamandla kakhulu neziyingozi kakhulu. Imimoya yayo eqinile idlula ku-252 km/h. Umonakalo kulesi sigaba uyinhlekelele. Izakhiwo zingakhukhuleka, futhi izikhukhula zingabulala. Ukuhlasela kwesiphepho kungangena phakathi nezwe amamayela. Ukulungiselela kanye nokuphuma kubalulekile ekusindiseni izimpilo.

Isikhathi seziphepho nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu

Isikhathi seziphepho siyahlukahluka kuye ngokuthi senzeka kuphi; Isikhathi sesiphepho saseNyakatho Atlantic senzeka kakhulu ngo-Agasti, Septhemba no-Okthoba, njengasePacific, lapho amazinga okushisa ekhulu futhi namanzi efudumele. Nokho, eningizimu nenkabazwe inkathi iqala ngo-October futhi iphela ngoMeyi.

Iziphepho zithola igama lomuntu ukuze zihlonzwe (kungaba namagama amaningana ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukusatshalaliswa komonakalo ngomshuwalense, isixwayiso kubantu ...), kunemithetho ehleliwe yokusabalalisa kwabo, isibonelo bayashintshana. Amagama abesilisa nabesifazane: Ngokwesibonelo, njengoba iSiphepho u-Irma noJosé sasisebenza ngesikhathi esisodwa, eminye imithetho ihlanganisa, ngokwesibonelo, ukuthi isivunguvungu sokuqala eminyakeni eyinqaba-izinombolo sithola igama lesifazane futhi isiphepho sokuqala eminyakeni eyinombolo sithola igama lesilisa.

Nakuba okuphawuleka kakhulu ngesiphepho umoya waso onamandla, ingozi yaso incike ngaphezu kwakho konke enanini lemvula esilethwayo. Lezi zimvula zidala izikhukhula ezinkulu kanye nokukhuphuka kwamazinga olwandle, okubangela izikhukhula. Kuhlanganiswe namagagasi, kungakhiqiza iziphepho ezibulalayo zasogwini, kuyilapho imimoya imelela u-5% kuphela wabantu abafayo.

Izinga lokushisa lolwandle nomkhathi kungenye yezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu ekunqumeni uhlobo kanye nohlobo lweziphepho ezakhayo, ngakho-ke kwezinye izimo ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu okubangelwa abantu kubangela ukwanda kwamazinga okushisa olwandle. Ukubuka kwakamuva kubaluleke kakhulu kangangokuthi kuphakamisa ukuthi amandla okubhubhisa eziphepho aya ngokuya kuba mabi kakhulu (isikhathi eside futhi evame kakhulu).

Abanye ababhali baye baqaphela ukuthi, nakuba inani lesigaba 1 kuya kweziphepho ze-3 kubonakala sengathi lehlile kule minyaka eyishumi edlule, Inani leziphepho zesigaba esiphakeme linyukile.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nezinhlobo zeziphepho nezici zazo.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.