Izikhukhula e-Brazil 2024

idolobha eligcwele izikhukhula

Ukuze uhlole imiphumela yezomnotho yezikhukhula eRio Grande do Sul, eBrazil, bheka isenzakalo esifanayo phesheya, njengomonakalo owabangelwa iSiphepho uKatrina e-United States ngo-2005. Izikhukhula eBrazil ngo-2024 ziba yinhlekelele.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana imiphumela yezikhukhula eBrazil ngo-2024.

Izikhukhula zaseBrazil zango-2024

izikhukhula ezimbi kakhulu

Ngokusho kukasomnotho uSergio Vale, osebenza kwa-MB Associados, inkampani yezokubonisana egxile ekubhekeni imiphumela yezomnotho yezehlakalo zesimo sezulu, iBrazil njengamanje ibhekene nezinga elingakaze libonwe lokuwohloka komnotho. Izikhukhula zakamuva zidale umonakalo omkhulu, okwedlula izigameko ezedlule ezithinta isimo sezulu emlandweni wezwe.

Umthelela weSiphepho uKatrina emnothweni waseLouisiana kuphumele ekuncipheni ngo-1,5%, ukuchezuka okuphawulekayo ekukhuleni okucatshangwayo okungu-4% walowo nyaka e-United States.

NgokukaMB Associados, umnotho waseRio Grande do Sul kulindeleke ukuthi wehle ngo-2%, okuwushintsho olukhulu ukusuka ekukhuleni ngo-3,5% obe nakho ezinyangeni eziyi-12 ngaphambi kuka-Ephreli.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, imiphumela yezwe lonke cishe izoba mikhulu kakhulu uma iqhathaniswa nomthelela owabonwa ngesikhathi uKatrina e-United States, uma kubhekwa ukuthi umnotho wase-Rio Grande do Sul umele cishe u-6,5% we-GDP yase-Brazil.

Ngokuka-MB Associados, i-Brazil ekuqaleni bekulindeleke ukuthi ibe nezinga lokukhula elifinyelela ku-2,5% kulo nyaka wamanje. Nokho, ngemva kwesigameko esingesihle e-Rio Grande do Sul, ukuqagela kokukhula kwabuyekezwa kwaba ngu-2%.

Ezinye izinkinga eBrazil

Izikhukhula zaseBrazil zango-2024

Kuwo wonke umlando wayo, iBrazil ibhekane nezinkinga ezinkulu ezimbalwa ezibe nomthelela omkhulu ekuthuthukisweni komnotho wayo.

Kwesinye isigameko, ngo-2001, isomiso sabamba iqhaza enkingeni yokulinganiselwa kukagesi nasekucinyweni kukagesi okwalandela. Ngokungafani nokukhula Kusukela ku-4,4% ngonyaka odlule, umnotho wezwe wehle kakhulu, wafinyelela kuphela ku-1,4%. Nakuba isomiso sibambe iqhaza, inkinga enkulu ngemuva kwenhlekelele ka-2001 yayingahlobene nesimo sezulu. Kunalokho, kwakubangelwa ikakhulukazi izithiyo ezinkundleni zokuxhumana zokusabalalisa amandla, ezavimbela ukusatshalaliswa kahle kwamandla ezweni lonke.

Inhlekelele yakamuva e-Rio Grande do Sul, eshiye inani elibi lokufa okungenani abantu abangu-149, kulindeleke ukuthi ithinte izici eziningi zomnotho waseBrazil, okuhlanganisa ukukhula kwe-GDP, umkhakha wezolimo kanye nama-akhawunti omphakathi.

Umonakalo wezikhukhula

izikhukhula eBrazil

Ngokusho kosomnotho kanye nocwaningo, umthelela oqondile wezomnotho wezimvula eziqhubekayo ngeke ulinganiswe ngokunembile ngalesi sikhathi, njengoba izimvula zisaqhubeka futhi nokuhlolwa okuphelele komonakalo bekungakakwenziwa.

Ukungacaci kahle lapho kuchazwa isimo nakho kunemiphumela yezepolitiki. Iziphathimandla zikhulume ngezinyathelo ezimbalwa kanye nokwabiwa kwezinsiza ze-Rio Grande do Sul, kodwa imininingwane yalolu sizo isadingidwa, okushiya izibalo zingaqinisekile.

Ngokocwaningo olukhishwe yiFederation of Industries of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Fiergs) NgoMeyi 14, izikhukhula zathinta kakhulu u-94,3% wemisebenzi yezomnotho e-Rio Grande do Sul.

Ngokuka-Arildo Bennech Oliveira, umongameli wesikhashana wakwaFiergs, izikhungo zezimboni ezinkulu zaseRio Grande do Sul ziphakathi kwezindawo ezithinteke kakhulu, ezithinta imikhakha ebalulekile yomnotho wezwe.

Umsebenzi wezomnotho waseBrazil uthola umnikelo obalulekile wezigidigidi ezingama-R220 (amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-42,83) ovela ezifundeni ezintathu ezinkulu, okuyiMetropolitan Region yasePorto Alegre, iVale dos Sinos kanye neSerra. Isamba sezimboni ezingu-23.700 zigxile kulezi zifunda ezintathu Baqasha abasebenzi abangu-433.000.

Isifunda saseSierra, esaziwa ngamadolobha aso afana neCaxias do Sul, iBento Gonçalves kanye neFarroupilha, sesithole ukuhlonishwa ngeqhaza laso elibalulekile ezimbonini zensimbi nezefenisha, ikakhulukazi ekukhiqizeni izimoto, imishini nemikhiqizo yensimbi.

Ngaphezu kokwenziwa kwezinto zensimbi njengezimoto, izingxenye zezimoto nemishini, isifunda sasePorto Alegre Metropolitan sinomkhakha ophumelelayo wokukhiqiza uwoyela nemikhiqizo yokudla. Okwamanje, Isifunda sase-Vale dos Sinos sesizuze udumo ngokukhiqiza izicathulo ezingavamile.

Umthelela emnothweni

Umthelela wenkinga yezomnotho usabalale wadlula imboni eyodwa. Imikhakha efana nogwayi namakhemikhali nayo yaba nemiphumela ebalulekile. Ngokocwaningo olwenziwe yi-Bradesco, inkinga yase-Rio Grande do Sul inamandla okubangela ukwehla kokukhula kwe-GDP kazwelonke cishe ngamaphesenti angu-0,2 kuya kwangu-0,3.

Ngokuphambene, phakathi nonyaka umbuso wahlaselwa yisiphepho ngo-2008, ukukhula kwe-GDP yombuso kwakungama-2,9%. kanti izinga lokukhula kweBrazil lilonke liqoshwe ku-5,1%.

I-National Confederation of Municipality yenze ucwaningo olwengeziwe oluphakamisa ukuthi ukulahlekelwa kwezimali okubangelwe yizikhukhula kudlule amaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingu-8,9 (okulingana no-$1,732 million).

Ngokusho kwe-CMN, ukulahlekelwa okuphelele kubalelwa ezigidini ezingu-1.730 zamaRandi, lapho izigidi ezingu-467 zithinta umkhakha womphakathi, izigidi ezingu-370 umkhakha wokukhiqiza wangasese kanye nenani elibalulekile lamaRandi ayizigidi ezingu-895 kuthiwa libangelwa ukucekelwa phansi kwezindlu. Umkhakha wezolimo nawo uthinteke kakhulu.

Ngaphakathi komkhakha wezolimo waseBrazil, i-Rio Grande do Sul inamandla amakhulu, imele u-12,6% we-GDP yezwe yezolimo. Ngokusho kukaBradesco, lezi zikhukhula zizoba nomthelela omkhulu kwezolimo zaseBrazil, okuzoyenza ibe ngomunye wemikhakha ethinteke kakhulu kwezomnotho.

Ngokombiko ovela esikhungweni sezimali, imiphumela engaba khona yalezi zici kungase kubangele ukwehla ngo-3,5% ku-GDP yezolimo yase-Brazil, okudlula isilinganiso sangaphambilini sokwehla ngo-3%. Umthelela ebhizinisini lezolimo ungabhebhethekiswa nakakhulu izinselele zokuhlela, ezivimbela ukuthuthwa kwezitshalo ezivuniwe ngokushelelayo kanye nokufika ngesikhathi kwezinsiza ezidingekayo. Kubonakala sengathi lolu daba lukhathaza kakhulu izimboni zobisi nenyama.

E-Brazil, i-Rio Grande do Sul inesibopho sengxenye ebalulekile yokukhiqizwa kwezolimo yezwe, okuhlanganisa u-70% wokukhiqizwa kwerayisi, u-15% wenyama (inkukhu engu-12% kanye nengulube engu-17%), u-15% kabhontshisi wesoya kanye no-4% wokukhiqizwa kommbila.

Ngesonto eledlule, izikhukhula zibe nomthelela kwamanye amanani omhlaba: Intengo kabhontshisi wesoya eChicago Stock Exchange inyuke ngo-2%. EBrazil, izindleko zelayisi sezivele zinyukile, okwenza uhulumeni amemezele ukungenisa kwalokhu kudla okuyisisekelo ukuze kuncishiswe umthelela ongaba khona. Kunokukhathazeka ngokuthi amanani enkukhu nawengulube azolandela okufanayo esikhathini esizayo esiseduze.

Ngenhlanhla, ukuvunwa kuka-70% wesivuno sikabhontshisi wesoya kanye nama-80% wesivuno serayisi kwase kuqediwe. Kusele imibuzo emibili manje: ukuthi izikhukhula zibe nomthelela kangakanani esitshalweni esisele kanye nokuthi okusanhlamvu kwase kuqoqwe futhi kwagcinwa ezisele kuphazamisekile yini noma kwahlala kungashintshile.

Uma izimo ezimbi kakhulu ziba yiqiniso, uBradesco ubikezela ukuthi cishe u-7,5% wokukhiqizwa kwerayisi kanye no-2,2% wokukhiqizwa kukabhontshisi wesoya eBrazil angase abhekane nokuphazamiseka okungenzeka.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nezikhukhula e-Brazil ngo-2024 nemiphumela yazo.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.