Imibala yoThingo

Imibala yoThingo

Ayikho into enhle njengokuvuka ekuseni ubone ifayili le- imvula, iqiniso? Lesi simo singesinye sezinto ezithakazelisa kakhulu, ikakhulukazi uma kubhekwa ukuthi senzeka kuphela kuVenus nalapha emhlabeni.

Kwakhiwa kanjani? Yikuphi Imibala yoThingo futhi ahleleke kanjani? Kusuka kulokhu nokunye okuningi Sizokhuluma lapha, kulokhu okukhethekile, ngesinye sezimo zezulu esihehe kakhulu futhi esisathumba isintu namuhla.

Iso lomuntu, elikwazi ukubona izinto ezimangazayo

I-spectrum ekhanyayo ebonakalayo

Ukuqonda ukuthi yini, yakhiwa kanjani nemibala yothingo ebonwayo, angithandi ukuqala i-athikili ngaphandle kokukutshela okuncane indlela amehlo ethu abona ngayo. Ngale ndlela, kuzoba lula kuwe ukuyiqonda futhi, ngokuqinisekile, ngesikhathi esizayo lapho uyibona futhi, uzokujabulela kakhulu.

Kukholwe noma ungakukholwa, iso lomuntu lingenye yemisebenzi emihle yemvelo (yebo, noma ngabe kufanele ugqoke amalensi wokuxhumana). Amehlo ethu azwela kakhulu ekukhanyeni (okuyinto, ngasendleleni, emhlophe, okungukuthi, yakhiwe ngemibala ebomvu, eluhlaza okotshani nokuhlaza okwesibhakabhaka), kepha okubonakala kithi njengombala owodwa empeleni kungomunye. Kungani? Ngoba zimunca ingxenye yokukhanya ekhanyisa into, bese ikhombisa enye ingxenye encane; Ngamanye amagama, uma sibona into emhlophe, esikubona ngempela yimibala eyisisekelo ye-spectrum exubekile, ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma sibona into imnyama, kungenxa yokuthi imunca yonke imisebe ye-electromagnetic ye-spectrum ebonakalayo.

Yini i-spectrum ebonakalayo? Akukona okungaphezu kwe- i-spectrum kagesi lapho iso lomuntu likwazi ukuyibona. Le radiation yaziwa njengokukhanya okubonakalayo, futhi yilokho esikubonayo noma esikuhlukanisayo. Iso elijwayelekile elinempilo lizokwazi ukuphendula kuma-wavelengths kusuka ku-390 kuye ku-750nm.

luyini uthingo?

Lesi simanga esihle senzeka lapho imisebe yelanga idlula ezinhlayiyaneni ezincane zamanzi ezimiswe emkhathini., Ngaleyo ndlela kwakha i-arc yemibala esibhakabhakeni. Lapho i-ray ibanjwa ngethonsi lamanzi, liyayiphula ibe yimibala ye-spectrum ebonakalayo, futhi ngasikhathi sinye, iyayiphambukisa; Ngamanye amagama, imisebe yelanga ikhishwa kokubili lapho ingena kudrophu nalapho isuka. Ngalesi sizathu, ugongolo luphinde luhambe ngendlela efanayo yokufika. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ingxenye yokukhanya ekhanyisiwe njengoba ingena kudonsa ibonakala emuva kuyo, iphinde ikhishwe uma isishiya.

Iconsi ngalinye libheka umbala owodwa, ngakho-ke labo ababonwa ngakho, baqoqelwe ukudala esinye sezibuko ezinhle kakhulu zemvelo.

Iyini imibala yothingo lwenkosazana?

I-Los Imibala yoThingo kukhona ayisikhombisa, futhi umbala wokuqala uthingo lubomvu. TOzivela ngale ndlela:

  • I-Rojo
  • I-Naranja
  • Amarillo
  • Okuluhlaza okotshani. Okuhlaza kubeka indlela kulokho okuthiwa imibala ebandayo.
  • Azul
  • I-Indigo
  • I-Violet

Lapho kwenzeka?

Uthingo Zenzeka ngezinsuku lapho lina (imvamisa kuvame ukuba namafu kancane), noma lapho umswakama osemkhathini uphakeme kakhulu. Kuzo zombili izimo, inkanyezi yenkosi iyabonakala esibhakabhakeni, futhi sizohlala sinayo emuva kwethu.

Kungaba khona uthingo oluphindwe kabili?

Imibala yoThingo

Uthingo lwemvula olubili aluvamile kakhulu, kodwa luyabonakala ngezikhathi ezithile. Akhiwa ngemisebe yelanga engena engxenyeni engezansi yedonsa bese ebuyiselwa emuva kokunikeza izikebhe ezimbili zangaphakathi. Ngokwenza njalo, imisebe iyawela bese iphuma kudonsi ngokulandelana, kuphakamisa imibala engu-7 kothingo, kepha iguqulwe. Lesi sesibili sibukeka sibuthakathaka kunaleso sokuqala, kodwa sizobukeka singcono kunesesithathu uma kunezimbiza ezimbili zangaphakathi zintathu.

Isikhala esibonakala phakathi kwamakhothamo sibizwa ngokuthi ¬ĽIndawo Emnyama ka-Alejandro".

Ilukuluku mayelana nothingo

Uthingo olubonwe kusuka olwandle

Lesi simo besilokhu senzeka kwizigidi nezigidi zeminyaka, kepha iqiniso yilokho kuze kube amakhulu amathathu eminyaka edlule akekho owake wazama ukumnika incazelo yesayensi. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, kwakuthathwa njengesipho uNkulunkulu asinikeza abantu ngemuva kukaZamcolo Womhlaba Wonke (ngokweTestamente Elidala), sasibonakala futhi njengomgexo owawuzokhumbuza uGilgamesh ngozamcolo (ngokwe "The Epic of Gilgamesh"), nakumaGriki wayengunkulunkulukazi wesithunywa phakathi kwezulu nomhlaba obizwa ngo-Iris.

Muva nje, ngo-1611, u-Antoinius de Demini wabeka umbono wakhe, kamuva owacwengisiswa uRené Descartes. Kodwa akubona labo abadalula imfundiso esemthethweni yokwakheka kothingo, kodwa u-Isaac Newton.

Lo sosayensi omkhulu ukwazile ukukhombisa ngosizo lwe-prism ukuthi ukukhanya okumhlophe okuvela elangeni kuqukethe imibala ebomvu, e-orenji, ephuzi, eluhlaza, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, i-indigo ne-violet. Imibala yothingo lwenkosazana.

Wake walubona uthingo olumbili? Usuyazi vele ukuthi yimiphi imibala yothingo lwenkosazana?

Thola amafu kaPíleo, obunye ubuhle obunemibala yothingo:

I-athikili ehlobene:
Amafu ePíleo, obunye ubukhulu besibhakabhaka

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-4, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel √Āngel Gat√≥n
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   nontobeko kusho

    ! kuhle kanjani

  2.   U-Beatriz Bermudez kusho

    Yeka ukuthi kuhle kanjani ukwazi okungaphezu kothingo oluhle olubonisa imibala emihle njenge-violet noluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka noma indandatho ... .. njengoba ikhiqizwa ngokuxazulula ithonsi ngemisebe

  3.   UYaqob Mizrahim Zarza. kusho

    Futhi ngifunda i-hermeneutics, futhi indaba yemibala iyangimangaza, into engokwemvelo yelanga ngamaconsi emvula kanye nencazelo yalo yesayensi. ngiyabonga.

  4.   UYaqob Mizrahim Zarza. kusho

    Kuyathakazelisa ukwazi ngendlela yesayensi, ukwenza imibala kumbala kothingo.