inyanga halo

inyanga halo esibhakabhakeni

Ngezikhathi ezithile, sibona into ebizwa ngokuthi i-halo ezungeze inyanga noma ilanga, ngokuvamile ebonisa i-disc ekhanyayo ezungeze isiyingi esingaphandle senkanyezi ngayinye. Ngokuvamile, lesi simo sivamile ezindaweni ezibandayo zomhlaba, njenge-Antarctica, iGreenland, i-Alaska neSiberia, kodwa futhi ingabonakala kwezinye izindawo ezinezimo zezulu ezifanele. I inyanga halo Ingeza ukukhombisa izimo ezithile.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke okudingeka ukwazi mayelana ne-halo yenyanga, izici zayo, imvelaphi nokuthi kusho ukuthini.

Iyini i-halo yenyanga

inyanga halo

Ezimweni ezimaphakathi zomkhathi lapho Lesi simo singabonwa ezindaweni ezipholile, amafu alula acwebezeliswe amakhaza, abizwa ngokuthi amafu e-cirrus, angakhiqizwa. Lesi simo somkhathi senzeka lapho izinhlayiya zeqhwa ezincane zilenga emoyeni ngokuqondile ku-troposphere, futhi lezi zinhlayiya ziyaphikiswa lapho zithola ukukhanya kwelanga, zenze i-spectrum ezungeze inyanga noma ilanga.

Enye yezimfanelo zokwakheka kwendandatho esingayigqamisa ukuthi iyakhazimula, yenza umphumela kube sengathi inokwako "ukukhanya", okuhlanganisa okubomvu (ngaphakathi kweringi) nokucwebezela ngaphandle kweringi. Lokhu. Nokho, ngezinye izikhathi kubonakala sengathi uthingo lonke luyakha.

Umbala ovame ukubonakala umhlophe, ngezinye izikhathi ufinyelela ku-hue ephaphathekile ngokuphelele ngenxa yokukhanya okungemuva okukhiqizwa umbala wesibhakabhaka. Izimo zomzimba ezenza lokhu kwenzeke kukhona ukubonakaliswa kanye nokuphikisa kumakristalu eqhwa.

Lezi zivame ukwakha emafwini aphakeme kakhulu angakha emkhathini, okuthiwa uKoresi, Bangafinyelela ubude obungamamitha angu-20.000. Ukubuyela emuva endabeni yama-halos, enye ye-halos evamile kakhulu evame ukukhiqizwa i-halo eyakhiwe inqubo ye-refractive, eyenza ukukhanya kudlule kumakristalu angama-hexagonal.

Izinhlobo ze-lunar halo

halo yenyanga

Lesi simo sivame ukwenzeka ku-troposphere, ungqimba oluphansi kakhulu lomkhathi nalapho izimo zezulu eziningi eMhlabeni zenzeka khona. Njengokungathi lokho akwanele, eziningi zezinhlobo ezahlukene zezendlalelo zamafu ezikhona zivame ukwakheka futhi zinqwabelane kulolu sendlalelo.

Eminyakeni yamuva nje, lolu ungqimba lomkhathi womhlaba luye lwaba nezinguquko ezithile, luya ngokuya lubanda ezindaweni eziningi ezinwetshiwe (10 km ukuphakama), ukufinyelela -65º ezindaweni eziningi. Ngenxa yalokhu, izinhlayiya zothuli namakristalu eqhwa kuvame ukunqwabelana kulolu ungqimba, isithako esibalulekile ekwakhekeni kwalezi zinhlobo zamafu.

Endabeni ye-halo, indandatho yakheka lapho ukukhanya kwenyanga kukwazi ukuhlehla ngamakristalu amancane eqhwa. Kodwa-ke, uma siziqhathanisa nama-halos elanga, kukhona umehluko oyinhloko, ngoba lolu hlobo lwe-halo lubonakala kuphela lapho amafu ephakeme ngokwanele (eduze nesathelayithi).

Ukube zonke lezi zici bezikhona, ikristalu yeqhwa elijwayelekile eliyi-hexagonal lingakheka, lichezukise ukukhanya kwenyanga nge-engeli yokutsheka engu-22°, ngaleyo ndlela yenza indandatho ephelele enobubanzi obungu-44 °.

Esinye isici okumelwe sibe isibopho ukuze ukwazi ukubona lesi senzakalo ukuthi inyanga kumelwe ibe sesikhathini senyanga egcwele, njengoba kunzima ukubona i-halo lapho isathelayithi ikwezinye izigaba.

Umsuka nokwakheka

ingxenye yeNyanga

Kuyaziwa ukuthi noma iyiphi i-iris halo, i-halo, noma indandatho iwumphumela wokubona okhiqiza idiski noma indandatho ezungeze inyanga (noma ilanga) enohlamvu oluyi-iridescent ohlangothini olungaphandle lwediski yokubonisa, okungukuthi, iphimbo lokukhanya. Iyashintsha ngokuya nge-angle yokubuka, lo mphumela ufana nalokho okubonakala kuma-CD, ama-DVD asetshenziswa kakhulu namuhla.

Umthelela ocijile we-iridescent ubangelwa izindawo eziningi ezikhanyayo lapho izinguquko zesigaba kanye nokuphazamiseka okuvela ekuphikiseni ukukhanya okubonakala, kunwetshwe noma kufinyezwe ubude begagasi kuye nge-engeli nebanga lesibukeli ngasinye ukusuka entweni.

Ukukhanya okuveziwe kulo mphumela wothingo kuyashintshwa noma kuthweswe iziqu ngendlela eyodwa noma enye ngenxa yokuphazamiseka okwenzeka lapho ukukhanya kudlula, futhi kuye nge-engeli yokubuka, imibala ehlukene izovezwa ngokuqina okuphezulu noma okuphansi, okukhiqiza umphumela ochaziwe. Banjalo, njengoba sekushiwo, inqubo efana nokubukeka kothingo.

Izindawo ezinhle kakhulu zokubuka i-lunar halo yi-Alaska, i-Atlantis, iGreenland nenyakatho yeScandinavia, kanye nezifunda ezisenyakatho yeRussia neCanada. (eduze neNorth Pole). Nokho, ngokwesayensi, lesi simo singabonakala noma kuphi, inqobo nje uma izimo zomkhathi ezihambisanayo zikhona. Nalapho kunezivunguvungu.

Izinhlayiya zeqhwa emafwini, esifundeni se-troposphere, uma zimisiwe zenza uhla lwemibala ezungeze iNyanga noma iLanga kuye ngesimo. Imvamisa, amathoni abomvu abonwa endaweni engaphakathi kwendandatho futhi eluhlaza noma eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka endaweni engaphandle. Ngandlela-thile, kungase kube njengothingo olugcwele, okungukuthi, eliyindilinga.

Ama-halos enyanga avame kakhulu anombala ophuzi futhi, kwezinye izimo, amhlophe. Yakhiwe isuka ezindaweni eziwumhlaba, noma kwamanye amaplanethi anomkhathi. Umphumela we-optical uwukubonakaliswa nokuphindwa kokukhanya, ngokusebenzisa amakristalu amancane asevele akhonjisiwe, akha amafu aphakeme kakhulu ohlobo lwe-cirrus (okungukuthi, lawo mafu aphakeme anamakristalu amancane).

Izimo zokuthi kwenzeke i-lunar halo

Kunoma ikuphi, i-halo imele into ekhanyayo engavamile njengoba izimo ezimbalwa kufanele kuhlangatshezwane nazo, njengokuthi kufanele kube nomoya obandayo kanye ne-iridescent, kanye namakristalu anele ukuchezukisa ukukhanya.

Ukuqina kokukhanya kwenyanga, kuye ngokuthi ukuma kwayo, kuyanda noma kuncipha, okuchaza ukuthi kungani umuntu ngamunye obukele ebona isithombe esihlukile endaweni akuyo, umuntu ngamunye. Ukuchezuka kokukhanya uma kudlula noma kushaya ingilazi sfuthi iveze ngezindlela eziningi, futhi ukuqoqwa kwakho konke lokhu kuchezuka kwenza iringi ebonisiwe.

Amazinga okushisa aphansi adingekayo ukuze kwakhiwe i-halo ngokunengqondo athinta isimo sezulu ngezinga elithile, ngakho kuchazwa ukuthi i-halo ibonisa ushintsho endaweni ezungezile. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, imininingwane efanayo yomkhuhlane ovamile ingabonisa imiphumela ethile empilweni yabanye abantu, ukukwazi ukukhiqiza izifo zokuphefumula noma okufanayo.

Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana ne-halo yenyanga kanye nezici zayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.