umlando womhlaba

Umlando woMhlaba

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngomlando woMhlaba nemvelaphi yawo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

ukuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo i-etna

Intaba-mlilo i-Etna

Sikutshela ngokuningiliziwe zonke izici, ukuqhuma kanye nelukuluku lentaba-mlilo i-Etna. Yazi intaba-mlilo esebenza kakhulu eYurophu ngokujula.

stromatolites ukubaluleka

Ama-stromatolites

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngama-stromatolites nezici zawo. Funda kabanzi mayelana nokwakhiwa kwamatshe.

san andres iphutha ukuzamazama komhlaba

Iphutha likaSan Andrés

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nephutha leSan Andrés nezici zalo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

Umfula iCongo

I-Río Congo

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana noMfula iCongo kanye nezici zawo. Funda kabanzi ngalo mfula lapha.

yini idwala

Liyini idwala

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela ukuthi liyini idwala, ukuthi lakhiwa kanjani nezici zalo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

igebe lebhubesi

IGulf of lion

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngeGulf of Lion nezimpawu zayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

amagagasi okuzamazama komhlaba

Kuyini ukuzamazama komhlaba

Kule ndatshana sikutshela ukuthi kuyini ukuzamazama komhlaba, yini izimbangela nemiphumela yakho. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

izintaba ze-caucasus

Izintaba ZaseCaucasus

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezintaba zaseCaucasus nezici zazo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

umcengezi we-hydrographic we-ebro

Isigodi sase-Ebro

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nesigodi se-Ebro, ukuma kwaso nokwakheka kwaso. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

yini isiqhingi

Siyini isiqhingi

Sikutshela ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi siyini isiqhingi, sakhiwa kanjani nokuthi yiziphi izinhlobo nezici esinazo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

uhla lwezintaba

Uhlelo lwe-Betic

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngohlelo lwe-Betic nezimpawu zalo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha

vakashela umhosha omkhulu

Umhosha waseColorado

Yazi ngokujula konke odinga ukukwazi ngeColorado Canyon. Funda ngalesi simangaliso semvelo.

I-Altai massif idume ngamathafa

U-Altai Massif

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-Altai massif. Funda kabanzi ngenye yezindawo ezinomlingo kakhulu emhlabeni.

izinguzunga zeqhwa ezintabeni

Izintaba zaseScandinavia

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-Scandinavia Alps nezici zayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

ukungcola komfula ohlukanisa iLondon

UMfula iThames

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana noMfula iThames nokubaluleka kwawo. Funda kabanzi ngalo mfula odumile.

i-petrogenesis

I-Petrogenesis

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-petrogenesis nokubaluleka kwayo. Funda kabanzi nge-geology lapha.

uhla lwezintaba ze-arctic

Uhla lwezintaba zase-Arctic

Yazi ngokujula izici, ukwakheka komhlaba nokubaluleka kwentaba yase-Arctic. Lapha sikutshela konke ngokuningiliziwe.

ukwakheka kwamatshe sedimentary

I-Sedimentology

Sikutshela ukubaluleka kwe-sedimentology njengegatsha le-geology. Yazi ngokujula lolu daba.

intaba-mlilo ngokugcwele

Izingxenye zentaba-mlilo

Sichaza ngokuningiliziwe ingxenye ngayinye yezintaba-mlilo nokuthi iyini imisebenzi yayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

i-petrology namatshe

I-Petrology

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-petrology nezici zayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

namathafa ase-pyrenees

Ama-pyrenees

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana namaPyrenees nezici zawo. Funda kabanzi ngalezi zintaba.

igebe laseCalifornia

IGulf of california

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngeGulf of California, izici zayo kanye nokuhlukahluka kwezinto eziphilayo. Funda konke ngakho lapha.

iqhwa nezinguzunga zeqhwa

I-Mont Blanc

Kulesi sihloko sikukhombisa konke odinga ukukwazi ngeMont Blanc nezici zayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

amakristalu amatshe ayigugu

Amatshe ayigugu

Sikutshela zonke izici nezindawo zamatshe ayigugu. Yazi ngokujula ukuthi liyini inani lalo nokuthi lenzelwe ini.

imibala yentaba

Vinicunca

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nentaba iVinicunca eyaziwa njengentaba yemibala eyi-7. Funda kabanzi lapha.

izinguzunga zeqhwa

Mount pheka

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngeMount Cook nezimpawu zayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

isigubhu

IDrumlin

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nedrumlin nokuqeqeshwa kwakhe. Funda ukuthi le geology yeqhwa ikhiqizwa kanjani.

izici zamatshe angenalutho

Amatshe agneous

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngamatshe angenalutho nokwakheka kwawo. Funda kabanzi ngokuhlukaniswa kwamatshe.

ijika lezinga

Imephu yesimo sendawo

Sikutshela zonke izici nezinto zemephu yesimo sendawo. Funda kabanzi ngokusetshenziswa kwayo lapha.

amadwala sedimentary

Amatshe aseSedimentary

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezici nemvelaphi yamatshe ase-sedimentary. Funda kabanzi lapha.

izingqimba zomhlaba

I-gradient ye-geothermal

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-gradient geothermal nokubaluleka kwayo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

Izifundo

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-lithology, igatsha le-geology. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

umhlaba wonke ndawonye

I-Pangea

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezwekazi elikhulu elibizwa ngePangea. Funda kabanzi ngokuvela kweplanethi yethu.

i-orthophoto nezinhlelo zokusebenza

I-Orthophoto

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi nge-orthophoto nezimpawu zayo eziyinhloko. Yazi ukuba usizo kwalezi zithombe ezisemoyeni.

izimbangela zokuguguleka kolwandle

Ukuguguleka kolwandle

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngokuguguleka kolwandle, ukuthi kwakha kanjani nokuthi kunamiphi imiphumela ekukhululekeni kwasogwini.

rock formations

Ingozi yendawo

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nokuthi kuyini ukwakheka komhlaba kanye nezici zawo. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

ukukhuphuka kwentaba

K2

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela zonke izici, ukwakheka, izimbali nezilwane zeNtaba iK2. Funda kabanzi ngale ntaba.

Himalaya

Everest

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezici, ukwakheka, isimo sezulu, izitshalo nezilwane ze-Everest.

umjikelezo wedwala

Umjikelezo wedwala

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi ngomjikelezo wedwala nezici zalo. Funda ngakho lapha.

Vesubio mont

Vesubio mont

Sikutshela zonke izici, ukwakheka nokuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo iVesuvius, enye yezinto eziyingozi kakhulu.

Ulwandle lweCaribbean

Ulwandle lwaseCaribbean

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela zonke izici, i-geology nokwakheka koLwandle lweCaribbean. Funda kabanzi ngale ndawo yasezulwini.

Ugwadule iSahara

Ugwadule iSahara

Kule ndatshana sikukhombisa zonke izici, izimbali nezilwane zasogwadule lwaseSahara. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

Alps

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela zonke izici, imvelaphi, i-geology, izitshalo nezilwane ze-Alps. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

intaba-mlilo yetambora kanye ne-caldera yayo

Intabamlilo yaseTambora

Kulesi sihloko sizokukhombisa izici, ukwakheka nokuqhuma kwentabamlilo iTambora. Funda kabanzi mayelana nenye yezintaba-mlilo ezidume kakhulu.

Mauna loa

Mauna loa

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela zonke izici, ukwakheka nokuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo iMauna Loa. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

I-Crystallography

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela zonke izici nezindawo zokutadisha i-crystallography. Funda kabanzi ngaleli gatsha lesayensi.

Osimende bezinganekwane

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela zonke izici nemvelaphi yezinganekwane zezinganekwane. Yazi konke ngalezi zakhiwo zokwakheka komhlaba.

I-Kilimanjaro

Sikutshela zonke izici, ukwakheka nokuqhuma kweKilimanjaro. Funda kabanzi ngentaba-mlilo edume kakhulu e-Afrika.

UNaranjo de Bulnes

Sikutshela zonke izici, i-geology nokubaluleka kweNaranjo de Bulnes. Funda kabanzi mayelana nale ntaba lapha.

ukuzinza kwemithambeka

Imithambeka

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi yimiphi imithambeka nokuthi yiziphi izici zayo. Funda kabanzi mayelana nokwakheka komhlaba.

Ukudidizela komhlaba

Kule ndatshana sikukhombisa ukuthi ukuzamazama komhlaba kukalwa kanjani nokuthi i-seismogram iyini. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

IKerch Strait

Sikutshela zonke izici nokubaluleka kokuma nokwakheka kweKerch Strait. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

INtaba iFuji

INtaba iFuji ibhekwa njenge-volcano esebenzayo futhi ingenye yezindawo ezibaluleke kakhulu zokuvakasha eJapane. Yazi konke lapha.

Izinhlobo zokuqhuma

Izinhlobo zokuqhuma

Sichaza zonke izici nezinhlobo zokuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo. Funda kabanzi mayelana nezintaba-mlilo nokuqhuma.

Ulwandle lwamafu e-Teide Volcano

Intaba-mlilo iTeide

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokutshela zonke izici, ukwakheka, izintshisakalo nokuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo iTeide. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

UMfula iMississippi

UMfula iMississippi

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikukhombisa zonke izici, ukwakheka, izimbali nezilwane zoMfula iMississippi. Funda kabanzi ngalo mfula odumile.

Ukwakheka komhlaba

Ukwakheka komhlaba

Sikutshela izici nokubaluleka kwe-geology yesakhiwo ekutadisheni kwamapuleti etektoni. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

Izici ze-geology yomlando

I-geology yomlando

Sichaza konke mayelana nokwakheka komhlaba kanye nokubaluleka esinakho ezingeni lesayensi. Funda kabanzi ngaleli gatsha lapha.

Okumbiwa phansi

Okumbiwa phansi

Kulesi sihloko sikufundisa konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-mineralogy. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngale sayensi.

Ukubeka amadwala

I-Geochronology

Sichaza ngokuningiliziwe konke odinga ukukwazi nge-geochronology. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngeplanethi yethu.

Ukwehlukaniswa kwezinto eziphilayo kweNeogene

Isikhathi seNeogene

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokutshela zonke izici, i-geology, isimo sezulu, izimbali nezilwane zesikhathi seNeogene. Funda kabanzi ngalesi sigaba sokuma komhlaba.

Oligocene

Konke odinga ukukwazi nge-Oligocene

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokutshela ngokuningiliziwe zonke izici, i-geology, isimo sezulu, imbali nezilwane ezazikhona enkathini ye-Oligocene. Ungaphuthelwa!

Ukushabalala kwezinhlobo

I-Paleocene

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sichaza konke odinga ukukwazi ngePaleocene. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngale nkathi yokwakheka komhlaba.

Biotite emadwaleni

Konke odinga ukukwazi nge-biotite

Sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi nge-biotite. Funda kabanzi ngalokhu okumbiwa phansi okusetshenziswa ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene ezimbonini lapha.

I-Hydrogeology

Yini i-hydrogeology futhi ifundani

Kulesi sihloko sizokufundisa ukuthi i-hydrogeology iyini njengesayensi nokuthi wenzani udokotela oyi-hydrogeologist. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi.

I-Pleistocene

I-Pleistocene

I-Pleistocene ihlukaniswa ngokuma komhlaba phakathi nesikhathi se-Quaternary. Faka lapha ukwazi lonke ulwazi ngakho.

I-Stratigraphy

Yini i-stratigraphy

Sizokutshela ukuthi yini i-stratigraphy njengegatsha le-geology. Faka lokhu okuthunyelwe ukuze wazi ukuthi le sayensi ilusizo kangakanani.

Amandla kazibuthe omhlaba

I-Geomagnetism

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi i-geomagnetism iyini nokuthi yenzani. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngakho.

Ukuziphendukela Kwemvelo

Ubungowokuma komhlaba

Kulesi sihloko sikufundisa konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezikhathi ze-geological. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngakho.

Ukumodeliswa kwe-Glacier

Ukumodeliswa kwe-Glacier

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela ukuthi kuyini ukumodeliswa kwe-glacier nokuthi kunamiphi imiphumela ekuguqulweni kwezwe. Funda kabanzi ngakho lapha.

Galena amaminerali

Konke mayelana ne-galena yamaminerali

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-mineral galena. Funda ngokusetshenziswa kwayo, izici zayo kanye nemvelaphi yayo lapha.

Amathangi afakiwe

Kuyini isidleke

Sikufundisa ukuthi ikuphi isidleke ku-geology. Ngalokhu okuthunyelwe ungathola imininingwane ukuthi iyiphi le datha enikeza ngale datha.

Indiza yeBenioff

Indiza yeBenioff

Funda kule ndatshana ukuthi iyini indiza yeBenioff nokuthi kubaluleke kangakanani ukuqonda umsebenzi wokuzamazama komhlaba.

Izici eziphakeme kakhulu

Izintaba ze-Andes

Kulesi sihloko sichaza izici eziyinhloko zezintaba ze-Andes, kanye nomsuka wazo, izitshalo nezilwane.

ufakazi gquma

Igquma loFakazi

Sikufundisa ukuthi igquma lofakazi likuphi ku-geology. Funda mayelana nokwakheka kokuthakazelisa kakhulu komhlaba emhlabeni wethu.

Ukugeleza koMfula iTigrisi

UMfula iTigrisi

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokutshela izici zoMfula iTigris. Funda lapha ngokubaluleka kwalo mfula, izitshalo nezilwane zawo. Ungaphuthelwa!

IPoljé de Zafarraya

Yini ipoljé

Sikutshela ukuthi iyini i-poljé nokuthi ibaluleke kangakanani kubantu nangenxa yokwakheka komhlaba. Funda ngakho lapha.

Izici zethiphu

Yini ikapa

Kule ndatshana sikutshela ukuthi iyini ikapa nokuthi ibaluleke kangakanani maqondana nemisinga yolwandle nokuzulazula. Funda ngakho lapha.

Yini umthelo

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nokuthi uyini umthelo nokuthi ubaluleke kangakanani. Funda ngakho lapha.

Ukwakheka kwe-Geological kunamagama ahlukile ngokuya nge-morphology yawo kanye nemvelaphi yawo.  Namuhla sizokhuluma ngesici sendawo esivela kumthombo owaziwa njenge-tombolo.  Kuyinto yokwakheka komhlaba okwakha ukuhlangana komhlaba phakathi kwesiqhingi nomhlaba, idwala elikude nezwe lasezweni, phakathi kweziqhingi ezimbili, noma phakathi kwamatshe amakhulu amabili.  Siyazazi izibonelo ze-tombolo ezifana ne-sandy isthmus ejoyina iDwala laseGibraltar nezwekazi.  Kulesi sihloko sizokhuluma ngezici zetombolo nokuthi yakhiwa kanjani.  Okujwayelekile Lezi zakhiwo zokwakheka komhlaba zenzeka ngoba iziqhingi zikhiqiza ukuhlehla ekuhambeni kwamagagasi.  Ngokuvamile, lokhu kuhoxiswa kwamagagasi kufaka isihlabathi namatshe endaweni lapho ephuka khona.  Njengoba izinga lolwandle likhuphuka, lifaka isandla ekuzimeni kwembotshana yazo zonke izinto ezifakwe amagagasi.  Lezi zinto ezisetshenziselwe phezulu zenza indlela efana nalezi esizibonayo ecaleni laseChesil Beach.  Le tombolo ixhuma i-Isle of Portland ne-Dorset ibika umqolo wamatshe ogwini.  Sizohlaziya ithuna leDwala laseGibraltar.  Leli dwala liseningizimu-ntshonalanga yeYurophu eNhlonhlweni Yase-Iberia.  Akuyona nje into eyinqwaba ye-limestone enobude obungamamitha angama-426.  Leli dwala laziwa kakhulu ngokusingathwa kwama-macaque angama-250, ama-primates okugcina endle eYurophu.  Futhi inenethiwekhi ye-labyrinthine yemigudu okuthi, kanye nama-macaque, bayenze ikhange izivakashi unyaka wonke.  Leli dwala libhekwa njengesiqiwu semvelo.  Amathuna lawo abizwa nangokuthi iziqhingi eziboshwe ngoba kubonakala sengathi azihlukaniswanga ngokuphelele nogu.  Lesi sakhiwo singabonakala sodwa noma sitholakala ngamaqembu.  Lapho siyithola ngamaqembu, izinti zesihlabathi zakha indawo ebiyelwe njengokungathi yitheku eliseduze nogu.  Lawa madamu awesikhashana ngoba nakanjani azogcwalisa inzika ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.  Idalwa kanjani i-tombolo Lokhu kudonsela ngasogwini kwenzeka lapho amagagasi edudula inzika.  Lesi simbi singakhiwa ngesihlabathi, udaka nobumba.  Lesi simbi siqoqana phakathi kolwandle nesiqhingi sakha indawo yokuqongelela engabonakala njengoba isiqhingi siboshelwe ezwekazini.  I-Littoral drift incike ekuqondeni komoya.  Ukuze umoya wakhe ngokuqhubekayo, ukuqondisa komoya kufanele kubheke esiqondisweni esivelele.  Ngaphandle kwalokho, ngeke ukwazi ukuqoqa inzika eningi ngendlela efanayo.  Kwesinye isikhathi, uma lezi zakhiwo zenzeka ngenxa yokukhukhuleka kogu, akubhekwa njenge-tombolo yangempela.  I-tombolo eyiqiniso yileso esakhiwa ngamagagasi ahlukaniswa ngamagagasi.  Imisebenzi ilandela amandla ashubile alawulwa amandla nokuqondisa komoya.  Le misila ibheke ngasogwini bese yehlisa ijubane njengoba ihamba emanzini angajulile.  Lokhu kwehla ngenxa yokushayisana kwamagagasi nomhlabathi.  La mandla okuxubana anciphisa ijubane igagasi elihamba ngalo kuze kufike ezingeni lokuthi liphule.  Yebo, lapho ifinyelela eziqhingini basondele ogwini, ngoba amagagasi ahamba kancane kunokujwayelekile, azungeza isiqhingi esikhundleni sokudlula kuso.  Ngenkathi amanzi ehamba kancane ukuzungeza isiqhingi, aqoqa indle endleleni.  Izidumbu zibekiwe futhi ziyaqhubeka nokuqongelela kuze kube kudala umgoqo wesihlabathi oxhuma isiqhingi necebo.  Ngokusobala, lokhu noma inqubo ende kakhulu ngesikhathi.  Ngamanye amagama, lokhu kuhlobene nesilinganiso sesikhathi se-geological (isixhumanisi).  Izimpawu ezidume kakhulu emhlabeni Okulandelayo, sizochaza izici eziyinhloko zezimpawu ezidume kakhulu emhlabeni.  Siqale ngaleyo eseChesil Beach.  Itholakala eDorset, eningizimu yeNgilandi.  Kubonakala ngokuba ngamamitha ayi-115 ukuphakama ngaphezu kogu lolwandle nokuba nebhishi elingamakhilomitha angama-29 ubude namamitha ayi-200 ububanzi.  Kunjalo-ke ukubaluleka kwale tomboy ukuthi iqanjwe njengeNdawo Yamagugu Omhlaba yi-UNESCO.  Enye i-tombolo edumile ileyo kaTrafalgar.  Lokhu kwakheka kungena olwandle futhi kulunikeze ukubukeka njengepheya eliyisihlabathi esihle.  Kwakha indawo enhle enamabhishi amakhulu endaweni enamadwala enikeza ukubukwa okuhle kwe-panoramic.  Intshisekelo kulokhu kwakhiwa kungenxa yokuthi ukuphela kwesibonelo se-tombolo ephindwe kabili e-Andalusia.  Kule ngozi yokwakheka komhlaba sithola ukuthi ufulawa ukhukhulwe amagagasi futhi kudale amathuna amabili ajoyine lesi siqhingi kanye nogu.  Le nyunyana ifake ngaphakathi kwayo ingcindezi encane egcwala lapho imvula iphakeme kunokujwayelekile.  Kodwa-ke, lokhu kudangala kunezinsuku zakho ezibaliwe njengoba izinto zizobe zingcwaba futhi zinciphise ukujula.  Lapho ulwandle luhlehla, umoya wakha uhlelo lwezindunduma emabhishi aseningizimu yalesi siqhingi.  Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ukuguguleka komhlaba kube nomthelela ekutholakaleni kwalokhu kungabaza.  Namuhla lonke lolu hlelo lwamagquma lumbozwe izitshalo ezinjengejunipha kanye nemastic.  Kumele futhi kubhekwe ukuthi izimila zisebenza ukulungisa isihlabathi.  Isibonelo, sithola izimbali ze-sea wallflower, ulwandle cargo nolwandle lily ezisiza ukulungisa isihlabathi futhi zenze ingubo enemibala.  Ezindaweni ezizinzile singathola izimpondo zasolwandle, i-sagebrush kanye ne-carnations.  Ngakolunye uhlangothi, endaweni enezikhukhula, sithola umhlanga osebenza njengomgcini wezihambi njalo wezinhlobo zezinyoni ezifana ne-seagull, inyoni yasolwandle enekhadi elibomvu kanye ne-patinegro tern.

Yini i-tombolo

Sikukhombisa izici eziyinhloko ze-tombolo nokuthi yakhiwa kanjani. Funda kabanzi ngalokhu kwakhiwa kwe-geological lapha.

Namathafa kanye iziqongo eziphakeme kakhulu

Izintaba ze-Apennine

Sikufundisa konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nezintaba i-Apennine. Yi-cordidella eyakha umgogodla wase-Italy.

I-Canchal

Yini iscree

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela ukuthi yini i-scree nokuthi sakhiwa kanjani. Yazi konke mayelana nokwakheka komhlaba okwenzeka ezintabeni.

isekisi leqhwa

Isekisi leqhwa

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nesekisi leqhwa. Funda ngezimpawu nokubaluleka.

Uchungechunge lwezintaba

Yini i-orography

Kule ndatshana sikukhombisa ukuthi i-orography yomhlaba iyini nokuthi kubaluleke kangakanani ukutadisha kwayo. Lapha ungathola imininingwane emihle.

Idwala elingenayo

Amatshe kaPlutonic

Kulesi sihloko sigxile ekukutsheleni ukuthi yiziphi izinhlobo eziyinhloko zamatshe e-plutonic nezici zawo. Funda konke ngakho lapha.

Njengoba kushiwo kwezinye izindatshana, iminyaka yoMhlaba kucatshangwa ukuthi iphakathi kweminyaka engu-4.400 no-5.100 billion.  Lo mbono unqunywa ngokusebenzisa amasu we-radiometric dating ngenxa yolwazi kanye nezinto ezingakhishwa kuma-meteorite.  Ubufakazi balokhu buyahambisana, ngakho-ke kungashiwo ukuthi lokhu kungumsuka woMhlaba.  Ukuze uchaze zonke izehlakalo ezenzeke kwiplanethi yethu, kusetshenziswa ubuqiniso.  Kungumthetho osuselwe enkolelweni yokuthi izehlakalo ezenzeke kuwo wonke umlando ziyefana ezenzeka esikhathini samanje.  Kulesi sihloko sizokhomba ukuthi yini i-actualism, ukuthi yiziphi izici zayo nokuthi ibaluleke kangakanani.  Kuyini umgomo okhishwe nguJames Hutton waphinde wakhuliswa nguCharles Lyell (isixhumanisi) lapho kutholakala khona ukuthi izinqubo ezenzeke kuwo wonke umlando woMhlaba ziyefana nalezi ezenzeka okwamanje.  Ngakho-ke le nkolelo ibizwa ngokuthi yiqiniso.  Lokhu kwangempela kubhekwa njengokuhlukumeza.  Ukuthi izici ze-geological zanamuhla zakhiwa ngokuzumayo esikhathini esedlule ngenxa yokuguqulwa nokuguquka.  Amanye amathuluzi abaluleke kakhulu okusebenza ngawo ubuqiniso nokufanisa ukukhipha imininingwane kusuka esikhathini sethu esedlule ukuphakanyiswa komugqa, ukulandelana kwezilwane kanye nokulandelana kwemicimbi esikhathini esedlule nasekuguqukeni kwamanje.  Lo mthetho waqinisekiswa ngekhulu le-XNUMX nasekuqaleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX.  Kwakungokwemvelo abakwazi ukuqinisekisa amaqiniso ngokuhlola ubuso bomhlaba.  Lezi zingcweti zemvelo zaziqinisekisa futhi zazisekela kula maqiniso ukuze ziqonde uhlobo lomhlaba nakho konke ukuvela kwalo.  Ngokunengqondo kunengqondo.  Kungani izinqubo zizoshintsha ngokuhamba kwesikhathi?  Amaphethini wezinguquko zomkhathi, inhlabathi, ama-geological agents (isixhumanisi), njll.  Yibo futhi laba abenze ekuqaleni kwento yonke.  Kumele uqaphele ukuthi ngaphambi komkhathi bekungekho ukwakheka okufanayo.  Kepha ngukuthi, kuze kube namuhla, ukwakheka kwayo nakho kuyashintshwa.  Mhlawumbe yisikali sesikhathi (isixhumanisi) sendawo yokwakheka komhlaba esisenza sicabange ukuthi ngaphambi kokuba kube nezinye izehlakalo zokwakheka komhlaba kunamanje.  Umoya, imisinga yolwandle, imvula, iziphepho, njll.  Futhi zenzeka lapho umhlaba wavela khona.  Ngalesi sizathu, lokho okuvikelwa yi-currentism ukuthi yile micimbi efanayo ebilokhu iguqula iplanethi futhi iyenza iguquke, kepha kuze kube namuhla, isasebenza futhi isebenza.  UGenesise Uhlobo lokwakheka komhlaba neziduli zachazwa ngale ndlela ngezenzo zamanzi, umoya namaza ababewaqaphile futhi ababekwazi ukukala imiphumela yawo nsuku zonke.  Labo abasekela inhlekelele, baphikisana nemibono yokuba ngokoqobo, ngoba bavikela ukuthi izigodi ezinkulu, ukwakheka kokuma komhlaba kanye nemicengezi yasolwandle kwenzeke ngokusebenzisa izinhlekelele ezihlaba umxhwele ezenzeka esikhathini esedlule.  Zingatholakala emibhalweni yezenkolo efana neBhayibheli noZamcolo walo ongachazwa njengobangela izingqimba ezinkulu ezinamanzi agcwala isigodi.  Ukufana nakho kunendawo kukho konke lokhu.  Kuyisayensi yokwakheka komhlaba imibono yayo ithi izinqubo ezikhona njengamanje zenzeke kancane kancane.  Ngaphezu kwalokho, bayimbangela yezici zokwakheka komhlaba iplanethi yethu enazo.  Okuvikela umfaniswano ukuthi lezi zinqubo zigcinwe kuze kube namuhla ngaphandle kwezinguquko.  Iqiniso lezinto eziphilayo Kuyisimiso esisekela ubudlelwano phakathi kwezidalwa eziphilayo zanamuhla nalezo zesikhathi esedlule.  Ngokuyisisekelo, okwenziwa yi-biologicalism yangempela kuqinisekisa ukuthi izinqubo ezenziwa yizinto eziphilayo namuhla nazo zenziwa esikhathini esedlule.  Ukuthi akukho kulokhu okuguqukile kuze kube manje.  Ukuze ikwenze kucace futhi kube lula ukuyiqonda.  Uma uhlobo luphefumula futhi luzala, kungenzeka kakhulu ukuthi lezi zinqubo zenze nezigidi zeminyaka eyedlule.  Ngakho-ke, uma sihlanganisa lokhu nezinqubo zokwakheka komhlaba, sizobe siqinisekisa ukuthi izinqubo ezifanayo bezilokhu zenzeka nokuthi akukho kulokho okuguqukile namuhla.  Kuyiqiniso ukuthi lezi zinqubo ziye zaba nokuqonda kwazo, uma kubhekwa ukuthi izidalwa eziphilayo kuye kwadingeka zivumelane nezimo nezimo ezintsha ezishintshiwe ngokwazo ngokwedlule.  Kodwa-ke, yize ama-nuances eshintsha, isisekelo senqubo siyahlonishwa, okungukuthi, siyaphefumula futhi bayazala.  Ubuqiniso bebhayoloji busebenza kuzinqubo ezinjengokukhiqiza nokuzala komzimba.  Izinto seziqala ukushintsha uma sikhuluma ngokuziphatha kwezidalwa eziphilayo.  Kulokhu, izinqubo ziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ukusebenzisa ubuqiniso bezinto eziphilayo.  Njengabantu abazivumelanisa nezimo ezintsha, asikwazi ukuqinisekisa ukuthi kungukuziphatha okufanayo abanakho ngaso sonke isikhathi.  Ngaphezu kwalokho, akunakwenzeka ukuthola ukuziphatha kwezinhlobo zezilwane ezingasekho nokwazi ukuthi ngabe bekufana yini nalezo zanamuhla, ezigidini nezigidini zeminyaka edlule.  Isibonelo, lapho ubhekene nesikhathi seqhwa (isixhumanisi), izidalwa eziphilayo kumele ziguqule indlela eziziphatha ngayo ukuze zivumelane nezimo futhi zisinde.  Ukufuduka kungenye yezindlela zokuziphatha ezigcinwe kukho konke ukuguquka kwezidalwa eziphilayo, ngoba kuyisifiso sokusinda ukufuna ukuthola indawo lapho bezala khona futhi babe nezimo zokuphila ezinhle.  Umlando we-Geological of actualism Ukuze kutholakale lonke ulwazi mayelana nokuthi kwenzekeni kuwo wonke umlando, kusetshenziswa ubunyoninco kanye ne-uniformitarianism, okuvikelwa ukulandelana komphefumulo, ukulandelana kwemicimbi kanye nokuphakanyiswa komugqa.  Ngokwemininingwane engatholwa kumucu wezinsalela ezahlukahlukene, sinalokhu okulandelayo: • Isimo ababenaso maqondana nezinga lolwandle • Izinga lokushisa ababehlala kulo • Izimbali nezilwane ezazikhona ngaleso sikhathi • Isikhathi lapho zazinkulu khona Ukunyakaza kwama-tectonic Njengoba ubona, isayensi izama ukuchaza ukuthi uMhlaba uguquke kanjani namuhla.

Okwangempela

Kulesi sihloko sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana neqiniso kanye nokuziphendukela komhlaba. Thola konke lokhu lapha.

Idamu laseLoess

Idamu laseLoess

Kule ndatshana sikukhombisa izici, ukwakheka nokubaluleka kwethangi leLoess. Funda konke ngakho lapha.

Amaminerali namatshe

Amaminerali namatshe

Kulesi sihloko sikukhombisa izici zamaminerali namatshe, kanye nokuhlukaniswa kwazo. Uma ungabaza ngakho, lokhu okuthunyelwe kwakho.

Izilwane ze-Ediacara

Izilwane ze-Ediacara

Kule ndatshana sikhuluma ukudalula izimfihlo zezilwane zase-Ediacara. Uma uthanda i-geology nokuziphendukela kwemvelo, lapha uzofunda ngakho.

Impela ngesinye isikhathi empilweni yakho uke wavakasha emgedeni.  Imihume iyindawo enhle, ekhangayo futhi eyingqayizivele emhlabeni lapho sine-ecosystem yendawo.  Emihumeni singakwazi ukwazisa ukwakheka okuthile kwemvelo okuhlaba umxhwele ngobuhle nangokuhluka kwabo.  Lezi zakhiwo zibizwa ngokuthi ama-stalactites nama-stalagmites.  Abantu abaningi babheka lezi zakhiwo ze-geological njengemisebenzi yangempela yobuciko bemvelo.  Kuyinto okufanele uyazi uma ungakaze uyibone phambilini, izokumangaza nakanjani.  Kepha ihluke kanjani i-stalactites ne-stalagmites?  Zakhiwa kanjani?  Yonke le mibuzo sizoyiphendula kuyo yonke le ndatshana.  Yini ama-stalactites nama-stalagmites? Yize enamagama afanayo, kukhona umehluko ophawuleka kakhulu phakathi kwawo.  Ukwakheka nokwakheka kwayo kwehlukile.  Ama-Stalactites nama-stalagmites anento eyodwa afana ngayo: angama-speleotomes.  Lo mqondo ubhekise eqinisweni lokuthi zingamadiphozi amaminerali akhiwa emihumeni ngemuva kokwakheka kwawo.  Ama-speleotomes aqhamuka ngenxa yemvula yamakhemikhali evela ngesikhathi kwakhiwa izakhi eziqinile ezivela kusixazululo.  Kokubili ama-stalactites nama-stalagmites avela kuma-calcium carbonate deposits.  Lezi zakhiwo zenzeka emihumeni yama-limestone.  Akusho ukuthi akunjalo lapho kungakhiwa kwezinye izimbotshana zokufakelwa noma ze-anthropic ezivela kwamanye amadiphozi ahlukahlukene.  Umehluko omkhulu phakathi kwalezi zinhlaka ezimbili indawo.  Ngayinye inenqubo ehlukile yokwakheka kunenye futhi, ngakho-ke, indawo yayo ngaphakathi komhume nayo iyashintsha.  Ake sikubhekisise lokhu, sichaze ukuthi yini ngayinye.  Ama-Stalactites Siqala ngokwakhiwa okuvela ophahleni.  Ukukhula kwayo kuqala phezulu komhume kuye ezansi.  Ukuqala kwe-stalactite iconsi lamanzi amaminerali.  Njengoba amaconsi ewa, ashiya imikhondo ye-calcite ngemuva.  I-calcite iyiminerali eyakhiwe nge-calcium carbonate, ngakho-ke iqhuma lapho ihlangana namanzi.  Eminyakeni edlule, ngemuva kokuwa kwamaconsi alandelana ngamaminerali, i-calcite eyengeziwe ifakwa futhi iqoqane.  Uma lokhu kugcwele, siyabona ukuthi kukhula kukhulu futhi kuthathe ubujamo obuhlukile.  Isimo esivame kakhulu ukwakheka kwesigaxa.  Okuvame kakhulu ukubona inani elikhulu lama-calcite cones ngamanzi ancipha ophahleni.  Ubukhulu bama-cone buxhomeke enanini lamaconsi amanzi abelokhu ejikeleza kuleyo ndawo nesikhathi lapho ukugeleza kwamaconsi bekuhudula i-calcite.  Kungashiwo ukuthi ama-stalactites ayizinhlobo zamadwala ezenziwe kusuka phezulu kuye phansi.  Maphakathi ne-stalactite, kunomsele lapho amanzi amaminerali aqhubeka nokujikeleza khona.  Yilesi sizathu esibahlukanisa nezinye izindlela zokwakheka komhlaba ezinokubukeka okufanayo.  Ama-stalagmites Manje siqhubeka nokuchaza ama-stalagmites.  Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kuyizakhiwo ezivela emhlabeni zikhule ziye phezulu.  Njengalezi ezedlule, ama-stalagmites aqala ukwakheka ngethonsi elenziwe ngamaminerali nge-calcite.  Lawa amathonsi awayo aqoqana ama-calcite deposit ngokulandelana.  Ukwakheka lapha kungahluka kakhulu njengoba kungenawo umzila ophakathi njengama-stalactites lapho amathonsi amanzi ajikeleza khona ngenxa yamandla adonsela phansi.  Umehluko owodwa ukuthi zikhulu kakhulu kunama-stalactites.  Ngenxa yenqubo yokwakheka, ama-stalagmites anomumo oyindilinga ngaphezulu kunesimo sesigaxa.  Kuyinsakavukela ukubona ezinye zinezindlela ezingajwayelekile.  Izimo ezijwayeleke kakhulu yilezo zimo eziqondile eziyizigaxa ezibizwa ngokuthi i-macaroni.  Okunye ukwakheka okuvamile ama-conulitos (anesakhiwo esifana nomgodi obaliwe), amaparele (anomumo oyindilinga ngaphezulu) nokunye okunye.  Ama-Stalactites nama-stalagmites ngokuvamile abhekene.  Kuvamile ukubona i-stalactite ngenhla futhi ngokungafani nayo kuyi-stalagmite.  Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amaconsi aqhamuka ku-stalactite anezinsalela ze-calcite ezibekwe phansi ukwakha i-stalagmite.  Kwakhiwa kanjani ama-stalactites nama-stalagmites Sizohlaziya inqubo yokwakheka kwawo womabili amadiphozithi.  Njengoba sishilo ngaphambili, akhiwa inqubo yemvula yamakhemikhali.  Lawa amaminerali ancibilikisayo ancibilikiswa emanzini.  Lezi zakhiwo zakhiwa ngoba i-CO2 encibilika emanzini emvula yakha i-calcium carbonate lapho ihlangana nedwala le-limestone.  Ngokuya ngombuso wemvula kanye nezinga lokungena kwamanzi, lezi zakhiwo zizovela kungekudala noma kamuva.  Amanzi emvula angena emhlabathini aqede itshe le- limestone.  Ngenxa yalokhu, la mathonsi enza ukwakheka kwalawa madiphozi.  ICalcium bicarbonate incibilika kakhulu emanzini futhi yilokho okwakhiwa ngemuva kokuthintana ne-CO2 elethwa amanzi emvula.  Le bicarbonate ikhiqiza indawo lapho i-CO2 iphunyuka khona okuthi uma isabela, ingene ngesimo se-calcium carbonate.  I-calcium carbonate iqala ukusungula ukuhlangana okuthile lapho kuzokwehla khona ukwehla.  Lokhu kwenzeka kuphela kuma-stalactites, njengoba amaconsi ewa ngenxa yamandla adonsela phansi abaphoqa ukuthi bawele phansi.  Ngakho-ke, amaconsi agcina echithekela phansi.  Ungazibona kuphi lezi zakhiwo Ngokuqinisekile uzothatheka uma ungakaze uzibone lezi zakhiwo ngaphambili (okungezona ezivame kakhulu).  Kodwa-ke, sizokutshela izindawo lapho ungathola khona ukwakheka okukhulu kwe-stalactite ne-stalagmite.  Ukuba ukwakheka okuhamba kancane, ukuze zikhule kuphela u-2,5 cm ubude, kuthatha cishe iminyaka engama-4.000 noma engu-5.000.  I-stalactite enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni ingatholakala emigedeni yaseNerja, etholakala esifundazweni saseMalaga.  Ingamamitha angama-60 ukuphakama namamitha ayi-18 ububanzi.  Ukuze yakhe ngokuphelele kuthathe iminyaka engama-450.000.  Ngakolunye uhlangothi, i-stalagmite enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni ingamamitha angama-67 ukuphakama futhi singayithola emhumeni waseMartín Infierno, eCuba.

Ama-Stalactites nama-stalagmites

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sichaza ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi ama-stalactites nama-stalagmites akhiwa kanjani nokuthi ungavakashela kuphi okukhulu kunakho konke emhlabeni.

umkhathi

umkhathi

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe ungathola konke okuhlobene nezici nokubaluleka kwe-geosphere. Faka lapha ukuze wazi ngakho.

UMfula iColorado

I-Río Colado

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana noMfula iColorado. Ngena lapha ukuthola izici ezithakazelisayo zalo mfula odumile.

Kule planethi kunezindawo lapho ingozi igcwele kakhulu kunezinye futhi, ngakho-ke, lezi zindawo zithola amagama ahlabayo ongacabanga ukuthi abhekise entweni eyingozi kakhulu.  Kulokhu sizokhuluma ngendandatho yomlilo yasePacific.  Abanye bayazi njengendandatho yomlilo yasePacific kanti abanye bayibhanti le-circum-Pacific.  Lawa magama onke abhekisa endaweni ezungeze lolu lwandle nalapho kukhona khona kokubili umsebenzi wokuzamazama komhlaba ophakeme kakhulu nentaba-mlilo.  Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi iyini indandatho yomlilo yasePacific, inezici ezinjani nokubaluleka kwayo ezifundweni nasolwazini lomhlaba.  Iyini i-Pacific Ring of Fire Kule ndawo emiswe okwehhashi esikhundleni sendilinga, amanani amakhulu womsebenzi wokuzamazama komhlaba nowentaba-mlilo ayarekhodwa.  Lokhu kwenza le ndawo ibe yingozi kakhulu ngenxa yezinhlekelele ezingadalwa.  Leli bhande linwebeka ngaphezu kwamakhilomitha angama-40.000 ukusuka eNew Zealand kuya kulo lonke ugu olusentshonalanga yeNingizimu Melika.  Ibuye iwele lonke ugu lwasempumalanga ye-Asia ne-Alaska futhi idlule enyakatho-mpumalanga yeNyakatho neMelika Ephakathi.  Njengoba kushiwo kuma-plate tectonics (isixhumanisi), leli bhande limaka imiphetho ekhona ku-Pacific plate kanye namanye amapuleti amancane we-tectonic akha lokho okubizwa ngokuthi yi-Earth's crust (link).  Njengoba iyindawo enomsebenzi ophakeme kakhulu wokuzamazama komhlaba nowentaba-mlilo, ibhekwa njengeyingozi.  Lakhiwa kanjani?  Indandatho yomlilo yasePacific yakhiwa ukuhamba kwamapuleti e-tectonic.  Amapuleti awalungiswa, kepha ahamba ngokuqhubekayo.  Lokhu kungenxa yemisinga ye-convection ekhona engubeni yoMhlaba.  Umehluko kokuminyana kwezinto kubangela ukuba bahambe futhi baholele ekuhambeni kwamapuleti etektoni.  Ngale ndlela, ukufuduka kwamasentimitha ambalwa ngonyaka kutholakala.  Asikuqapheli ngokwesilinganiso somuntu, kepha kuyakhombisa ukuthi sihlola isikhathi se-geological (isixhumanisi).  Phakathi nezigidi zeminyaka, ukuhamba kwala mapuleti kuye kwabangela ukwakheka kwendandatho yomlilo yasePacific.  Amapuleti ama-tectonic awahlanganisiwe ngokuphelele komunye nomunye, kepha kukhona igebe phakathi kwawo.  Imvamisa ziba cishe ngama-80 km obukhulu futhi zihambe ngemisinga ye-convection eshiwo ngenhla engubeni.  Njengoba lezi zingcwecwe zihamba, zivame ukwehluka zombili futhi zishayisane.  Ngokuya ngobuningi bazo, enye ingacwila nakwezinye.  Isibonelo, amapuleti asolwandle anesisindo esiphakeme kunesezwekazi.  Ngakho-ke, yibo lapho, lapho womabili amapuleti eshayisana, behlisela ngaphansi kwelinye.  Lokhu kunyakaza nokungqubuzana kwamapuleti kukhiqiza umsebenzi omkhulu wokuma komhlaba emaphethelweni amapuleti.  Ngakho-ke, lezi zindawo zithathwa njengezisebenza ngokukhethekile.  Imikhawulo yamapuleti siyithola: • Imikhawulo yokuguqula izinto.  Kule mikhawulo kulapho amapuleti ama-tectonic eshayisana khona.  Lokhu kungadala ukuthi ipuleti elisindayo lishayisane nelilula.  Ngale ndlela, okwaziwa ngokuthi indawo engaphansi kwe-subduction kudaliwe.  Ipuleti elilodwa liwela kwelinye.  Kulezi zindawo lapho lokhu kwenzeka khona, kunenqwaba enkulu yentaba-mlilo ngoba lokhu kuncipha kubangela ukuthi i-magma ikhuphuke ngoqweqwe.  Ngokusobala, lokhu akwenzeki ngomzuzwana.  Kuyinqubo ethatha izigidigidi zeminyaka.  Yile ndlela okwakhiwe ngayo imengamo yentaba-mlilo.  • Imikhawulo ehlukanisayo.  Ziphikisana ngokuphelele nezinguquko.  Kulezi zingcwecwe zisesimweni sokuhlukana.  Unyaka ngamunye bahlukanisa okuthe xaxa, kwakha indawo entsha yolwandle.  • Imikhawulo yenguquko.  Kule mikhawulo amapuleti awahlukani noma ajoyine, ashelela kuphela ngendlela efanayo noma enezingqimba.  • Izindawo ezishisayo.  Yizifunda lapho ingubo yasemhlabeni etholakala ngaphansi kwepuleti inokushisa okuthe xaxa kunezinye izindawo.  Kulezi zimo, i-magma eshisayo iyakwazi ukukhuphukela phezulu futhi ikhiqize izintaba-mlilo ezisebenza kakhulu.  Imikhawulo yamapuleti ibhekwa njengezo zindawo lapho kugxilwe khona umsebenzi womhlaba kanye nowentaba-mlilo.  Ngalesi sizathu, kuyinto ejwayelekile ukuthi izintaba-mlilo eziningi nokuzamazama komhlaba kugxilwe eringini lomlilo lasePacific.  Inkinga kuba lapho kuzamazama komhlaba olwandle futhi kuholele kwi-tsunami ene-tsunami ehambisanayo.  Kulezi zimo, ingozi inyuka ize ifike ezingeni lokuthi ingadala izinhlekelele ezifana naleyo eyenzeka eFukushima ngo-2011.  Umsebenzi we-Pacific Ring of Fire Njengoba kungenzeka ukuthi uqaphele, izintaba-mlilo azisatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo kuyo yonke iplanethi.  Ngokuphambene nalokho.  Ziyingxenye yendawo lapho umsebenzi we-geological mkhulu khona.  Uma lo msebenzi ubungekho, izintaba-mlilo bezingeke zibe khona.  Ukuzamazama komhlaba kubangelwa ukuqongelela nokukhululwa kwamandla phakathi kwamapuleti.  Lokhu kuzamazama komhlaba kuvame kakhulu emazweni lapho sitholakale khona eduze kwePacific Ring of Fire.  Futhi ukuthi lendandatho yomlilo igxila kuma-75% azo zonke izintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo emhlabeni wonke.  Ukuzamazama komhlaba okungu-90% nakho kuyenzeka.  Kuneziqhingi eziningi neziqhingi ezihlangene ndawonye nezintaba-mlilo ezahlukahlukene ezinokuqhuma kobudlova nokuqhuma.  Amakhothamo entaba-mlilo nawo ajwayelekile.  Bangamaketanga ezintaba-mlilo alele phezu kwamapuleti okuqothula.  Leli qiniso lenza abantu abaningi emhlabeni jikelele babe nokuthakazelisa nokwesaba leli bhande lomlilo.  Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amandla abenza ngawo makhulu futhi angaveza izinhlekelele zemvelo zangempela.

I-Pacific Ring of Fire

Kulesi sihloko sizokukhombisa izici eziyinhloko zendandatho yomlilo yasePacific, imvelaphi nokubaluleka kwayo. Ungaphuthelwa!

Izici zomongo womhlaba

Umongo Womhlaba

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sichaza ngokuningiliziwe izici, ukwakheka kanye nemvelaphi yengqikithi yoMhlaba. Faka ukwazi konke ngakho.

Amandla kazibuthe omhlaba

Amandla kazibuthe omhlaba

Kule ndatshana sizochaza ukuthi iyini amandla kazibuthe womhlaba, enzelwe wona nokuthi aqala kanjani. Faka lapha ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngeplanethi yethu.

Ukuqhuma kwezwekazi kanye nolwandle

Ukuqhuma kwezwekazi

Kule ndatshana sichaza ngokuningiliziwe konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana noqweqwe lwamazwekazi nokwakheka kwawo. Ungaphuthelwa!

I-Pegmatite

I-Pegmatite

Faka lapha ukuze ufunde ngokuningiliziwe konke mayelana ne-pegmatite. Ungafunda ngezici zayo, imvelaphi nokusetshenziswa okuyinhloko.

i-panoramic yeshalofu lezwekazi

Ipulatifomu yezwekazi

Ishalofu lezwekazi libaluleke kakhulu kohulumeni njengoba linikeza izinsiza zemvelo eziningi, ngena lapha ufunde ngazo.

Aconcagua

Aconcagua

Sichaza ngokuningiliziwe konke odinga ukukwazi nge-Aconcagua. Ngena lapha ukuze wazi ubukhosi balezi zintaba. Ungaphuthelwa!

ISandstone

ISandstone

ISandstone yidwala eliningi kakhulu emhlabeni. Faka lapha ukwazi konke ngaleli dwala. Ukusetshenziswa, ukuqeqeshwa kanye nokuhlukaniswa.

Izimila Zezintaba ZaseBasque

Izintaba zaseBasque

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe ungathola imininingwane enemininingwane mayelana nezintaba zaseBasque. Funda nge-geology, uhlaza nesimo sezulu salezi zintaba.

IMontes de León

IMontes de León

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe ungathola imininingwane emihle kakhulu ngeMontes de León. Uzokwazi ukwazi izintaba zayo ezinkulu neziqongo nesimo sezulu esikhona.

Izintaba ZaseMalaga

Izintaba ZaseMalaga

Kulesi sihloko ungathola umlando, izici nobuhle beMontes de Málaga. Faka lapha ukuze ukwazi ngokujula.

Yini ongayibona ezintabeni zaseToledo

IMontes de Toledo

Kulesi sihloko sikukhombisa ongakubona ezintabeni zaseToledo. Sikunikeza incazelo yezindawo eziyinhloko ongazivakashela. Ungaphuthelwa!

Izintaba ZaseGalicia

Izintaba ZaseGalicia

Kule ndatshana sikukhombisa yonke ingcebo yokwakheka kwezintaba zaseGalician. Funda ngezici nokubaluleka kwayo lapha.

Izintaba Zomhlaba Wonke

Izintaba Zomhlaba Wonke

Kulesi sihloko uzokwazi ukuthola izici zokwakheka kwezintaba ze-Universal Mount, ngaphezu kokwazi enye yemizila ehamba phambili.

Izintaba zase-Ural

Izintaba zase-Ural

Sikutshela izici eziyinhloko zezintaba ze-Ural kanye nokwakheka kwazo, ukubaluleka komnotho, izitshalo nezilwane. Ungaphuthelwa!

UNicolas Steno

UNicolas Steno

Kulesi sihloko sichaza yonke i-biography kaNicolas Steno kanye nezenzo zakhe eziphambili. Thola konke ngobaba wegeology.

UJames Hutton

UJames Hutton

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe sikutshela ngokuningiliziwe i-biography kanye nokutholwa okunikezwe nguJames Hutton ku-geology. Yazi konke ngaye.

UCharles Lyell

UCharles Lyell

Kulesi sihloko, uzohlangana noCharles Lyell, ongomunye wabasunguli be-geology yanamuhla. Faka futhi ufunde ngomsebenzi wakhe nangalokho akutholile.

Uhambo lwe-Orinoco

Umfula i-Orinoco

Faka lapha futhi ufunde konke mayelana noMfula i-Orinoco. Ungomunye wemifula emikhulu emhlabeni futhi ubaluleke kakhulu kuyo yonke iNingizimu Melika.

Ukwakheka kwezintaba

Orogenesis

Sichaza ngokuningiliziwe konke okuhlobene ne-orogenesis. Funda ukuthi izintaba zakhiwa kanjani. Ngena manje!

Amachibi ama-5 amakhulu

Amachibi Amakhulu ENyakatho Melika

Amachibi amakhulu ama-5 aseNyakatho Melika anezici ezihlukile emhlabeni jikelele. Ngena lapha wazi zonke izimfihlo zayo. Sikutshela konke.

ububanzi bomhlaba

Uyini ububanzi bomhlaba?

Kulesi sihloko uzokwazi ukwazi ukuthi ububanzi bomhlaba buyini nokuthi ulinganiswe kanjani. Faka lapha futhi ufunde konke ngakho.

Izintaba ZaseCarpathia

Izintaba ZaseCarpathia

Izintaba zeCarpathia yizona ezibhekiswe emisebenzini eminingi yezivakashi ngenxa yezici zazo ezihlukile. Lapha ungazi konke odinga ukukwazi nokukubona.

ulwandle lwe-aegean nemibono yalo

Ulwandle i-Aegean

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe uzokwazi ukwazi uLwandle i-Aegean ngokujule, ukuthi luyini nokuthi lutholakalaphi kuya kokuhlukahluka kwezinto okukhona kanye nezinsongo zalo. Ngena uzokwazi.

ukwakheka komhlaba

Wadalwa kanjani uMhlaba

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe ungafunda konke mayelana nokuthi umhlaba wenziwa kanjani. Funda kabanzi ngeplanethi yethu nokuthi iguquke kanjani eminyakeni edlule.

amabhishi olwandle olubomvu

Ulwandle olubomvu

Kulokhu okuthunyelwe uzofunda ukuthi uLwandle Olubomvu lwakhiwa kanjani nokuthi unjani umbala wesici. Ngabe ufuna ukufunda ngakho? Faka lapha.

ama-geological agents angaphandle

Ama-Geological agents

Ama-Geological agents aphethe ukuguqula ukwakheka komhlaba kanye nokukhululeka. Funda ukuthi ziyini nokuthi zisebenza kanjani lapha.