Blaise Pascal

uBlaise pascal

Namuhla sizokhuluma ngomunye wamadoda oke waba nesikhathi esinzima kunazo zonke ukuthi abonwe njengongqondongqondo owaziwayo kuwo wonke amadoda amangalisayo emlandweni. Ingabe mayelana Blaise Pascal. Wayengusolwazi wezibalo, isazi sefilosofi, isazi sefilosofi, isazi sebhayoloji, isimilo sokuziphatha kanye nokuphikisana. Yize kungekho noyedwa owake wakwazi ukuxoxa ngempumelelo yakhe enkulu kwezengqondo, kwakubiza kakhulu kuye ukwamukelwa njengongqondongqondo owaziwayo. Ube negalelo elithile kwesayensi nasemphakathini jikelele. Imishwana yakhe eminingi njengomcabangi omuhle isekhona emphakathini wethu namuhla.

Ngakho-ke, sizonikezela le ndatshana ukukutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-biography nemisebenzi kaBlaise Pascal.

UBlaise Pascal Biography

isazi sezibalo kanye nokucabanga

Ukuthuthuka kwesayensi kwenze uBlaise Pascal waduma njengengcweti yezibalo, kepha ufihle imicabango yakhe isikhathi eside, futhi le micabango ibandakanya zonke izinkinga ezingaba khona. Ngenhlanhla, umlando ukwazile ukuvuselelwa. UPascal wayeyindoda endala ngesikhathi sakhe, uma kuqhathaniswa uRené Descartes wakhe wesikhathi sakhe, ukuguqulwa okumnyama nokungahambi kahle.

UBlaise Pascal wazalwa ngoJuni 19, 1623 eClermont Ferrand, eFrance, futhi wayengowomndeni ophansi wezicukuthwane endaweni. Ngaphandle kukaBryce nabazali bakhe, lo mndeni wawunodadewabo uGilbert (umbhali wezincwadi zakhe zokuqala) noJacqueline omncane, futhi baba nobuhlobo obuseduze naye. Ikakhulukazi ebuntwaneni bakhe, impilo kaPascal yayibonakala ngokuba buthakathaka ngokomzimba.

Ngaphambi kokuba abe neminyaka emibili ubudala, wayesevele enesifo esasibangela izifo zamathumbu kanye ne-muscle atrophy, futhi eminyakeni edlule waba nama-phobias angajwayelekile (njengokungabekezelelani endlini yokugezela noma ukubona abazali bakhe begona), okwamenza wahlaselwa yimizwa. Lezi zimo zabonakala zinyamalala kamuva, kodwa ikhanda, ukudangala nobuhlungu kwaqhubeka ukuba khona futhi kungathinta impilo nefilosofi yakhe.

Wanikwa imfundo ecophelelayo ukuze ezizwe ekwazi ukufeza zonke izinhloso zakhe. Uthole ukufundwa kwezincwadi zakudala zamaGrikhi nezesiLatin nemibhalo yabasizi abaphambili besintu, futhi ubaba wakhe wahlukanisa ngokweqile phakathi kwemibuzo yesayensi nenkolo.

Amandla kaBlaise Pascal

blaise pascal umdwebo

UBlaise Pascal waqala ukukhombisa ezinye izinkomba zomqondo wakhe omuhle ikakhulukazi emkhakheni wezibalo. Ngesikhathi eneminyaka engu-11 nje kuphela, wahlangana nesiphakamiso sama-32 sencwadi kaEuclid ethi Elements, esisinikeza isibonelo esihle samakhono akhe okucabanga. Wayekhombisa impela umthamo wakhe wezinombolo.

Kodwa umsebenzi wakhe awukhawulelwanga kumcabango. Ukusiza uyise, owayengumthelisi futhi edinga izibalo eziningi, wenza "umshini wezibalo" eneminyaka engu-19: umshini wokubala. Ithuba lokuthi lokhu kungqubuzana lisabalale ngokulinganisela ngo-1642 futhi laqala ukubonakala ngokushesha.

Ngo-1647 kwenzeka umcimbi ongokomlando: Ekugcineni uPascal noDescartes bahlangana. Bavele bazondana. Encwadini yakhe enkulu yefilosofi ethi "Ingqondo", uPascal ubhekise kubaba "wamagama eMethodological" njengo "ongenamsebenzi futhi ongaqinisekile", kanti uDescartes uthatha umsebenzi kaClermont Ferrand "njengongenalutho ekhanda lakhe." Ekekho neyodwa". Ngaleso sikhathi, ukuba khona kwesikhala kungenye yezihloko ezishisa kakhulu kwezesayensi, ikakhulukazi ngoba kwakuvame ukwaliwa: Kungenzeka kanjani ukuthi “okuthile” kube “ngeze”?

Ngo-1648 uPascal waqala ukuhlola kwakhe ngenhloso ecace bha: ukukhombisa ukuthi lokho esikubiza ngokuthi "akukho lutho" empeleni "kuyinto", ukuthi kuyinkinga ebonakalayo, hhayi nje eyomqondo. Ubufakazi buvela encwadini yakhe. Ubudlelwano phakathi kwesilingo esikhulu sokulingana kuketshezi, buchaza ukuthi ingcindezi yasemkhathini iyimbangela "yokwethuka kokushaywa umoya" kwezinto, ibingenye yezinto ezenzeka ngaleso sikhathi. Isisindo sakho nomfutho womoya. UPascal uqobo wayeziqhenya ngemiphumela futhi wachaza umsebenzi wakhe "njengowokunquma kunazo zonke okungenziwa ngale ndaba."

Omunye weminikelo emikhulu kwezibalo nguBlaise Pascal kwakuyi-calculus yamathuba.

Isikhathi sefilosofi nenkolo

ukumelwa kwempilo kaPascal

Ngaleso sikhathi kwaqala isigaba sesibili sempilo kaPascal, sishiya izibalo nesayensi eceleni, futhi sanikela ngamandla amaningi kwifilosofi. Washiya ucwaningo lwakhe oluqhubekayo, waba nentshisekelo kwezenkolo, wabhala okuningi. UPascal uthanda kakhulu ukusebenzisa inkolo nenkolelo njengamathuluzi aphambili okuthola imibono evela ekujuleni komphefumulo.

Kwakungalesi sikhathi lapho aqala khona ukuqoqa imibhalo ayiveza emcabangweni wakhe. Umsebenzi awukaze uphele noma ushicilelwe, wawuzophrintwa ngesihloko esithi "Imicabango" ngesikhathi sokufa kwakhe, futhi kungumsebenzi wefilosofi obaluleke kunayo yonke anayo.

Cishe ngonyaka ka-1656 umJansenist u-Antonie Arnaud, owayesolwa ngokuba yinkolo kaCalvin, wasiza umngani wakhe. Ngangimbhalela lokho okwaziwa ngokuthi Izincwadi zesifundazwe, obekungagcina kungomunye wemisebenzi ephezulu yezincwadi zaseFrance. Izincwadi zenze kwaba nesasasa elikhulu eFrance ngoba bekungokokuqala ukuthi inkolo nefilosofi kukhishwe emitatsheni yezincwadi nasemakilasini kunikezwe abantu ngolimi lwabo olulula. UPascal udonsela ukunaka komphakathi emibuzweni ebaluleke ngokwengqondo.

Ifa

UBlaise Pascal umele ongqondongqondo abahlanganisa ngokuphelele ukholo nesayensi, ukuqagela nokuzama okunzima. Ukunaka kwakhe kugxile kuzo zonke izindawo zolwazi: izibalo, imfundiso yenkolo, ifilosofi, njll. Yonke imininingwane ibiwusizo kuye.

Ngokungafani nabanye abantu abasekela lonke ulwazi lomuntu ekucabangeni, wayengafuni ukushiya ingxenye engokomzwelo, futhi ukuvikela ulwazi kumele kube yinhlanganisela ephelele yesizathu nenhliziyo. NjengoSchopenhauer kamuva, wasola umphakathi ngokusobala ukuthi awuliqondi iqiniso ngokuwohloka kokuziphatha, okwenza kube nesibopho sako. Ngakho-ke, kufanele simkhumbule futhi simubeke endaweni yokuhlonishwa. Umgxeki / umhlonishwa wakhe uFriedrich Nietzsche wamhlonipha: «UPascal, engimthandayo, ungifundise izinto ezingapheli. Ukuphela komKristu onengqondo emlandweni ”.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngomlando nange-biography kaBlaise Pascal


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.