Amaplanethi angaphakathi

Lapho sikhuluma ngawo wonke amaplanethi azungeza ilanga futhi akha i uhlelo lwelanga, sibahlukanisa amaplanethi angaphakathi namaplanethi angaphandle. Amaplanethi angaphakathi yiwo atholakala engxenyeni esondele kakhulu elangeni. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izinto zangaphandle yilezo ezikude kakhulu. Phakathi kweqembu lamaplanethi angaphakathi sinakho okulandelayo: Umhlaba, Mars, Venus y K Es Es Escha! Escha Escha! Escha Escha! Escha!. Eqenjini lamaplanethi angaphandle sinakho okulandelayo: Saturn, I-Jupiter, Neptune y I-Uranus.

Kule ndatshana sizogxila ekutadisheni zonke izici zamaplanethi angaphakathi.

Izici zamaplanethi angaphakathi

I-Sistema yelanga

Njengoba sishilo ekuqaleni kwendatshana, kumayelana nalawo maplanethi asendaweni esondele kakhulu yelanga. Ngaphezu kokwabelana ngale ndawo maqondana nelanga, iqembu lamaplanethi angaphakathi anezinye izici ezifanayo. Phakathi kwalezi zici sithola usayizi ofanayo, ukwakheka komoya waso noma ukwakheka kwengqikithi yayo.

Sizohlaziya ukuthi yiziphi izici ezahlukahlukene zamaplanethi angaphakathi. Okokuqala, mancane ngosayizi uma siqhathanisa nosayizi wamaplanethi angaphandle. Zaziwa ngegama lamaplanethi anamadwala kwazise ingaphezulu lawo lakhiwe ngama-silicates. Lawa ma-silicates amaminerali akha amatshe. Njengoba kwakhiwa lokhu kugxila kakhulu kwamaminerali, kungashiwo ukuthi la maplanethi anamatshe anokuxinana okuphezulu. Amanani wobuningi ayahluka phakathi kuka-3 no-5 g / cm³.

Esinye isici samaplanethi angaphakathi ukuzungeza kwawo ku-eksisi. Ngokungafani namanye amaplanethi, ukujikeleza ku-eksisi yalo kuhamba kancane. Lokho kwamaplanethi iMars noMhlaba kuthatha amahora angama-24 ukuziphendukela kukodwa, ngenkathi leyo yeVenus izinsuku ezingama-243 kanti eyeMercury yizinsuku ezingama-58. Lokho wukuthi, ukuze uVenus noMercury bakwazi ukuziphendulela oksisi wabo, zonke lezo zinsuku kumele zidlule.

Amaplanethi angaphakathi aziwa futhi ngegama le- amaplanethi we-telluric. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ingqikithi yala maplanethi yakhiwe umhlaba nedwala. Okuwukuphela kwawo anomkhathi yiMars, iVenus, noMhlaba. La maplanethi abonakala ngokukhipha amandla amancane kunalawo abawathola elangeni. Elinye igama la maplanethi aziwa ngalo igama lamaplanethi amancane. Leli gama livela ngosayizi walo uma liqhathaniswa nobukhulu obukhulu bamaplanethi okugcina asohlelo lwelanga.

Zinezici ezithile ezifanayo, ezifana nokwakheka okufanayo nokwakheka, i-nucleus yengxenye emaphakathi nezendlalelo ezahlukahlukene ezihluka ngokulingana ukusuka kwiplanethi eyodwa kuya kwenye.

Amaplanethi angaphakathi

K Es Es Escha! Escha Escha! Escha Escha! Escha!

Kungowokuqala ohlwini lwamaplanethi angaphakathi. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi yiplanethi esondele kakhulu kunazo zonke ezisohlelweni lonke lwelanga. Itholakala ebangeni elingaba ngu-0.39 amayunithi wezinkanyezi ukusuka elangeni. Ukuba seduze kakhulu nelanga nokuthola inani elikhulu lamandla, kushoda ngomkhathi. Lokhu kwenza izinga lokushisa elingaphezulu kwaleplanethi liphakeme kakhulu emini futhi liphansi kakhulu ebusuku. Amazinga okushisa ama-430 degrees emini nama -180 degrees ebusuku kungabonakala. Njengoba ungalindela, ngaleli banga lokuhlangana kwamazinga okushisa, iqiniso lokuthi kukhona impilo kule planethi cishe alingabazeki.

Esinye sezici iMercury enaso ukuthi inamandla amakhulu kakhulu ngaphakathi kwamaplanethi angaphakathi. Ingqikithi yayo yenziwe ngensimbi ephakeme kakhulu futhi ingqikithi yayo ithatha ingxenye enkulu yawo wonke ubukhulu beplanethi. Ayinayo i-satellite ezungeza yona futhi esinye sezici esenza sithakazelise inani lemigodi nezimbobo ezinobuso bayo. Lawa ma-craters akhiwe ngenxa yenani lezinto ezishayisanayo nayo ngoba ayinakho ukuvikeleka njengoba ingenawo umoya. Enye yezimbobo ezinkulu esezakhiwe icishe ibe ngamakhilomitha ayi-1600 ububanzi futhi ibizwa ngePlatina Caloris. Njengoba kungaziwa kahle kahle, kucatshangwa ukuthi kungaba ithafa lentaba-mlilo.

Venus

Yiplanethi yesibili eqenjini lalabo abasondele kakhulu elangeni. Itholakala ebangeni elingamayunithi wezinkanyezi angu-0.72 ukusuka elangeni. Ubuningi bayo nobubanzi bayo obuseduze busondele kulabo boMhlaba. Ngokungafani neMercury, iVenus inomoya. Iqukethe ikakhulukazi i-carbon dioxide, i-nitrogen futhi ngokulingana namanye amagesi afana ne-hydrogen sulfide.

Kungabonakala isembozo samafu esingaguquguquki nesiphikelelayo. Lezi zici zibangelwa umoya wazo kwazise iyiplanethi kushisa kakhulu ngamazinga okushisa angaphezu kwama-460 degrees. Ingcindezi yayo yasemkhathini izungeze amanani aphakathi kwama-93 kuya ku-200 hPa. Kucatshangwa ukuthi esikhathini esedlule bekungaba namanzi angamanzi, kepha lowo mbono ulahliwe namuhla. Esinye sezimanga ukuthi le planethi inakho ukuthi ukunyakaza kwayo kokuhumusha kufushane kunokujikeleza.

Umhlaba

I-Orbit yamaplanethi angaphakathi

Kuncane ukusho ngale planethi esingayazi kakade. Kodwa-ke, sizokwenza ukubuyekeza okuthile kwezici. Itholakala iyunithi eyodwa yezinkanyezi evela elangeni. Inesathelayithi eyaziwa ngeNyanga. Ikhava ye- ubuso bomhlaba benziwe ngamanzi angama-76%. Inenkambu kazibuthe enamandla afanelekayo. Yiplanethi kuphela lapho impilo yaziwa khona njengokuzala, okuguqukayo, amandla we-metabolic futhi okwazi ukuthatha amandla emvelweni oyizungezile.

Inomkhathi owenziwe nge-nitrogen ngezilinganiso eziphakeme nomoya-mpilo. Ngezilinganiso ezincane sithola amanye amagesi afana ne-carbon dioxide, umusi wamanzi, i-argon nezinhlayiya zothuli ngokumiswa. Ukuzungezisa kulingana nesikhathi emahoreni angama-24 futhi ukuhumusha kuthatha cishe izinsuku ezingama-365.

Mars

Kungokugcina kweqembu lamaplanethi angaphakathi. Zikude ngamayunithi wezinkanyezi angu-1.52 maqondana nelanga. Inombala obomvu ngakho-ke ibizwa ngeplanethi ebomvu. Isikhathi sokujikeleza ngamahora angama-24 nemizuzu engama-40, kanti ukuhumusha okuzungeze ilanga kukusebenzisa ngezinsuku ezingama-687. Lo mkhathi siyabona ukuthi wenziwe yi-carbon dioxide ikakhulu, futhi ngezilinganiso ezincane amanzi, i-carbon monoxide, i-oxygen, i-nitrogen ne-argon.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana namaplanethi angaphakathi nezimpawu zawo eziyinhloko.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.