Yini i-cenote

izindawo zemvelo ezinamanzi

I-cenotes iyindawo ebaluleke kakhulu eheha izivakashi eNhlonhlweni yaseYucatan eMexico futhi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ivakashelwa kaningi, idume kakhulu futhi ithandwa yibo bonke abawavakashelayo. Nokho, abantu abaningi basanqotshwa yila machibi emvelo amahle. Abanye abazi Yini i-cenote.

Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, sizonikezela lesi sihloko ukuze sikutshele ukuthi iyini i-cenote, izici zayo nobuhle bayo.

Yini i-cenote

Yini i-cenote

Igama layo livela kuMayan "tz'onot" okusho umhume onamanzi. Kuthiwa ama- cenotes akhiwa ngokwengxenye ngenxa yama- meteorite abulala izibankwakazi., kusukela lapho beshaya bakha uchungechunge lwemigede engenalutho, okuyinto ehlobene nenkathi yokugcina yeqhwa.

Lapho iNhlonhlo YaseYucatan iyidwala lamakhorali elimbozwe ulwandle, izinga lolwandle lehla kakhulu kangangokuba ladalula yonke le zixhobo, kwabangela ukuba life, lishiye ihlathi elinemvula ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Lapho imvula ifika, iqala ukuhlangana nenani elikhulu le-carbon dioxide eyayisemkhathini ngaleso sikhathi, yakhe i-carbonic acid, eshintsha ubumuncu bayo lapho ihlangana nomhlabathi. Lapho amanzi ahlanzekile ehlangana nosawoti wasolwandle, aqala ukushaya i-limestone, kancane kancane ayincibilikise futhi enze izimbobo kuwo. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, izimbobo zaqala ukwandisa insimu yazo, zakha imigudu nemigudu yamanzi, efana nemifula engaphezulu.

Igama elithi cenotes noma i-Xenotes livela ku-dzonot yama-Mayan, okusho umgodi wamanzi. KumaMeya, lezi zindawo zazingcwele ngoba zaziwukuphela komthombo wamanzi ahlanzekile ehlathini. ENhlonhlweni yaseYucatan kuthiwa kunezinhlamvu ezingaphezu kuka-15,000 ezivulekile nezivaliwe. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ePuerto Morelos, imizuzu engu-20 ukusuka edolobheni laseCancun emgwaqweni omkhulu oya eRiviera Maya, iRuta de los Cenotes edumile, enemisebenzi eminingana eyahlukene kuye ngohlobo lwayo. Kwezinye izindawo ungakwazi ukuhamba nge-snorkel noma i-kayak futhi umangale indawo enhle ezinikezwa yi-crystalline waters, kuyilapho kumagumbi angaphansi ungazijwayeza ukwehla noma ukweqa mahhala kulabo abafuna ukuvakasha kwe-adventure. Umsebenzi okahle.

Ama-cenotes aqala kanjani e-Riviera Maya?

I-Mayan Riverside cenotes

Empeleni akuwona umsuka, i-cenote isivele ikhona, umbuzo oqondile uwukuthi, i-cenote yatholwa nini? I-cenote encane yaziwa ngokuguguleka kwemvelo, i-cenote enomnyango ovuleke kakhudlwana isho ukuthi indala, iye yabhekana nenqubo yokuguguleka okukhulu futhi yabhidlika.

Ngokuvamile, ama-cenotes e-Riviera Maya adalwa isihlahla esibizwa ngokuthi i-banyan, isihlahla "esiyisinanakazana" esifuna amanzi amaningi njengoba izimpande zawo zikhula, ngakho izimpande zawo zicwila edwaleni futhi isihlahla siqala ukukhula futhi. iqala ukuba nzima kakhulu ize idilike futhi leyo mbobo yenziwe futhi ngaleyo ndlela i-cenote yaqala ngayo.

Izimbali nezilwane

iyini i-cenote yemvelo

Izitshalo nezilwane ze-cenote zihlukile. kanye ne-cenote ngokwayo. Ngenxa yokuthi izitshalo nezinhlobo ezihlala kuzo zenza indawo ezungezile ibe yindawo ye-oasis yangempela ehlathini laseMayan. Ama-guppies kanye ne-catfish yizinhlanzi ezibhekwa kakhulu kuma-cenotes.

Kukholakala ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi ama-guppies athuthelwe emanzini ngenxa yalesi siphepho, lapho zivamile khona, kuhlanganise nezinsikazi ezithile ezinamaqanda, futhi lezi zinhlobo zihlala ama-cenotes amaningana. Ukufika kwe-catfish nakho kuyamangaza: kunenkolelo yokuthi zivela olwandle, ngokusebenzisa imisinga engaphansi komhlaba exhumana namanye ama-cenotes, kanye namanye ama-crustaceans asolwandle.

Ngokuqondene nezitshalo ze-cenotes, ziyahlukahluka kuye ngokuthi zikude kangakanani nogu. I-cenotes yasogwini izungezwe imihlume, izihlahla zesundu kanye nama-fern, kanti kwamanye ama-cenotes i-guaya, i-coconut, i-cocoa kanye nezihlahla zenjoloba zivame kakhulu. Emigedeni, kuvamile ukuthi izimpande ezinde zalezi zihlahla zihlangane nendawo yama-stalactites nama-stalagmites. Lezi zehla kusukela ophahleni ophahleni zize zifike emanzini.

izinhlobo ze-cenotes

Njengoba amazinga olwandle eshintsha, eminye imigede iba nalutho, okubangela ukudilika kophahla, okuyindlela avuleka ngayo ama-cenotes. Ngakho-ke singasho ukuthi kunezinhlobo ezintathu zama-cenotes:

Vula

Kwezinye izimo, izindonga zawo ziyi-cylindrical ukuze zivumele ilanga, nakuba kungadingeki ukuthi abe yi-cylindrical. Kukhona amanye ama-cenotes avulekile abukeka njengamachweba angenabo izindonga zanoma yiluphi uhlobo, amanzi acwebile nje.

Iningi lalawa ma-Cenote anobuhle bemvelo njengoba ezungezwe izilwane eziwanikeza umbala ogqamile. I-Cenote Azul iyisibonelo esicacile se-cenote evulekile, njengoba ivezwe ngokuphelele phezulu futhi imisebe yelanga ingena emanzini ngokugcwele.

Kuvaliwe

Lawa ma-cenotes "amancane" ngoba amanzi ambozwe imigede. Lokho akusho ukuthi amanzi aso anombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka noma oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ungabona uma kukhona noma yiluphi uhlobo lokukhanya, okwemvelo noma ugesi. Eqinisweni, umphakathi ukwazile ukufaka amalambu ngaphakathi kwala ma-cenotes ukuze izivakashi nabantu bendawo bazizwe bephephile futhi bezolile. Isibonelo salolu hlobo lwe-cenote yi-Cenote Choo Ha enhle, evakashelwe kakhulu futhi yathandwa izinkulungwane zezivakashi.

ivulekile ingxenye

Abasebancane noma bandala kangako ngenxa yokuthi amanzi awakavulwa yisimo sezulu, kodwa ingxenye yawo vumela ukukhanya kungene ngqo ku-cenote futhi mhlawumbe ubone ubuhle bayoEzinye zazo zize zibe namanzi acwebile kangangokuthi ungabona izitshalo nezilwane ezihlala kuzo. Isibonelo, i-Cenote Ik kil, ukuma kwayo kuyamangalisa, kusukela ekungeneni ungabona ukuthi le ndawo inhle kangakanani.

Njengoba ubona, uma usuwazi ukuthi i-cenote iyini, ngokuqinisekile ibidlula ekhanda lakho futhi ihambela lezi zindawo ezinhle kakhulu. Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nokuthi iyini i-cenote, izici zayo kanye nemvelaphi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.