UNicolaus Copernicus

Umbono wesikhungo sendawo yonke

Emhlabeni wesayensi yezinkanyezi, kunabantu abenze izinto eziningi ezithola inguquko eyenza konke okwakwaziwa kuze kube manje. Lokhu kwenzeka UNicolaus Copernicus. Imayelana nesazi sezinkanyezi sasePoland esazalwa ngo-1473 esakha i inkolelo ye-heliocentric. Wayengaziwa nje kuphela ngokusungula lo mbono, kodwa ngokuqala uguquko oluphelele lwesayensi lapho kubhekene nesayensi yezinkanyezi ngaleso sikhathi.

Ngabe ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngoNicolás Copernicus nokuxhaphaza kwakhe? Sichaza konke kuwe.

I-Biography

Umbono weCopernicus

Inguquko kwezesayensi yezinkanyezi eyalethwa nguCopernicus ibizwa ngokuthi inguquko yaseCopernican. Lokhu kuguqukela kwafinyelela ekubalulekeni okungaphezulu kakhulu kwendawo yesayensi yezinkanyezi nesayensi. Kubeke ingqophamlando emlandweni wemibono namasiko omhlaba.

UNicolás Copernicus wazalelwa emndenini ocebile owawunomsebenzi omkhulu kwezentengiselwano. Kodwa-ke, waba yintandane eneminyaka eyi-10. Ebhekene nesizungu, umalume wakhe ongumama wamnakekela. Ithonya likamalume wakhe lasiza uCopernicus kakhulu ukuba athuthukise esikweni futhi avuse ilukuluku lokwazi nge-Universe. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi wayenguCanon eFrauenburg Cathedral noMbhishobhi waseWarmia.

Ngo-1491 wangena eNyuvesi yaseKrakow ngenxa yemiyalo kayisekazi. Kucatshangwa ukuthi, ukube akazange abe yintandane, uCopernicus ubengeke abe ngumthengisi njengomndeni wakhe. Kakade esethuthuke kakhulu eyunivesithi, waqhubeka nokuya eBologna ukuyophothula ukuqeqeshwa kwakhe. Wenza izifundo zomthetho we-canon futhi wafundiswa ngobuntu base-Italy. Yonke iminyakazo yamasiko yangaleso sikhathi yayithathe isinqumo sokuthi akhuthazwe ukuthi athuthukise inkolelo-mbono yelanga eyavumela uguquko.

Umalume wakhe wadlula emhlabeni ngo-1512. UCopernicus waqhubeka esebenza esikhundleni sobufundisi sohlu lwezincwadi zeBhayibheli. Kwakusekuqaleni kuka-1507 lapho enaba ukuchazwa kwakhe kokuqala kombono osenkabeni yelanga. Ngokungafani nalokho okwakucatshangwa ukuthi uMhlaba uyisikhungo seMvelo nokuthi wonke amaplanethi, kuhlanganise neLanga, ayezungeza wona, okuphambene kwavezwa obala.

Umbono we-Heliocentric

Umbono we-Heliocentric

Kule mbono kuyabonakala ukuthi iLanga liyisikhungo se- Uhlelo lomkhathi futhi Umhlaba unamzungezo wawo. Kule mbono yelanga, kwaqala ukwenziwa amakhophi amaningi abhalwe ngesandla futhi asakazwa yibo bonke labo abafunda ngezinkanyezi. Ngenxa yale mbono, uNicolás Copernicus wayebhekwa njengesazi sezinkanyezi esivelele. Lonke uphenyo alwenze kwi-Universe kwakudingeka alwenze ngesisekelo sombono lapho amaplanethi ayezungeza khona iLanga.

Kamuva, waqeda ukubhala umsebenzi omkhulu owaguqula konke okwaziwa kusayensi yezinkanyezi. Imayelana nomsebenzi On the revolutions of the celestial orbs. Kwakuyisivumelwano sezinkanyezi esanwetshwa ukuze sichaze ngokuningiliziwe futhi sivikele inkolelo-mbono yelanga. Njengoba bekulindelekile, ukuze kudalulwe umbono oguqula zonke izinkolelo zamanje nge-Universe, bekufanele uvikelwe ngobufakazi obungahle buphikise lo mbono.

Emsebenzini ubukubona lokho I-Universe yayinesakhiwo esilinganiselwe futhi esiyindilinga lapho konke ukunyakaza obekuvelele bekuyisiyingi, ngoba bekuyiyona kuphela efanele isimo semvelo yezinkanyezi. Encwadini yakhe yethisisi, ukuphikisana okuningi kungatholakala ngokuqanjwa kwe-Universe kuze kube yileso sikhathi. Yize uMhlaba wawungasekho maphakathi namaplanethi awuzungezanga kuwo, sasingekho isikhungo esisodwa esivamile kuyo yonke iminyakazo yasezulwini ohlelweni lwawo.

Umthelela womsebenzi wakhe

UNicolaus Copernicus

Wayazi ngaso sonke isikhathi ngenani lokugxekwa ukuthi lo msebenzi ungavusa lapho wenziwa obala. Unalokho kwesaba kokugxekwa, akakaze anikeze umsebenzi wakhe ukuphrinta. Okwenzayo ukuthi ukushicilelwa kwasabalalisa ukubonga ngokungenelela kwesazi sezinkanyezi esingumProthestani. Igama lakhe kwakunguGeorg Joachim von Lauchen, owaziwa njengoRheticus. Wakwazi ukuvakashela iCopernicus phakathi kuka-1539 no-1541 no yamqinisekisa ukuthi akwazi ukuphrinta lesi sivumelwano futhi aselule. Lokho bekufanele ukufundwa.

Umsebenzi uhambe obala emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambi kokushona kombhali. Kuze kube yileso sikhathi, ukucabanga komhlaba nendawo yonke kwakukhona ngenye indlela. UPtolemy nombono wakhe wokuma komhlaba kwase kuyisikhathi esivelele emakhulwini eminyaka ayi-14 omlando. Lo mbono wawaziwa njenge I-Almagest. Kule mbono ungabona ukuthuthukiswa okuphelele kwazo zonke izindlela ezasungulwa endaweni yonke.

El I-Almagest Uthe iNyanga, iLanga namaplanethi azinzile azungeza uMhlaba. Sasisesimeni esigxilile futhi zonke ezinye izidalwa zasezulwini zazizungeza thina. Kwaba nengqondo ngempela ngaphandle kokubona kwangaphandle. Kumele ubone ukuthi simile, asiqapheli ukujikeleza koMhlaba futhi, ngaphezu kwalokho, yiLanga "elihamba" esibhakabhakeni emini nasebusuku.

NgoNicolás Copernicus, iLanga laliyoba isikhungo sokunganyakazi sendawo yonke futhi uMhlaba uzoba nokunyakaza okubili: ukuzungezisa uqobo, okwenza kube semini nobusuku, nokuhumusha, okwenza kudlule izinkathi zonyaka.

UNicolaus Copernicus nokubhujiswa kwesayensi yezinkanyezi yasePtolemaic

UNicolaus Copernicus nokubona kwakhe

Yize le mbono yayilungile kakhulu ngesikhathi futhi kucatshangelwa ubuchwepheshe bangaleso sikhathi, indawo yonke yaseCopernican yayisenomkhawulo futhi inqunyelwe yilokho okuthiwa Umkhakha wezinkanyezi ezihleliwe zesayensi yezinkanyezi yasendulo.

Ukucekelwa phansi kohlelo lukaPtolemaic nakho kwenzeka kalula kakhulu kwazise uhlelo lokushisa komhlaba lukaCopernicus lusize ekwehliseni inani lezinto eziguquguqukayo ezizocatshangelwa ukuqonda indawo yonke. Njengoba uhlelo lwendabuko lwalusebenza amakhulu eminyaka ayi-14, kwaholela enqubekweni yakhe ngokubheka okuchaza ukunyakaza kwamaplanethi ayi-7 azulazulayo. UNicolás Copernicus wacabanga ukuthi umbono wakhe uzokwenza kube lula ukuqonda indawo yonke. Isikhungo kuphela esishintshele iLanga.

Ngiyethemba lolu lwazi lungakusiza ukwazi okuningi ngoNicolaus Copernicus kanye nomthelela wakhe emhlabeni wesayensi yezinkanyezi nesayensi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.