Kuyini ukuzamazama komhlaba futhi kukalwa kanjani?

Ukuzamazama komhlaba eChile

Ukuzamazama komhlaba okunyakazise maphakathi neNhlonhlo Yase-Iberia namuhla kungasenza singabaze ukuthi iyini ngempela futhi ukuthi kwenzeka kanjani lesi simo sezulu ukuthi izikhathi eziningi kube ngumlandeli wezindaba.

Ngena iso lokuzamazama komhlaba nami ukuze ufunde kabanzi ngakho.

Kuyini lokhu?

Amapuleti eTectonic

Ukuzamazama komhlaba yinto ebangelwa i- ukuzamazama koqweqwe lomhlaba ngenxa yokushayisana kwamacwecwe e-tectonic ukuthi, nakuba kungabonakali, kuyingxenye yomhlaba wethu. Nomaphi lapho kunomphetho wepuleti khona, ungathola kusuka ebangeni lezintaba, kuye kulokho okwaziwa njengamaphutha, okuyinto eyenzekayo lapho amapuleti amabili ehlukana. Icala elaziwa kakhulu liseNyakatho Melika, lapho kunephutha laseSan Andrés.

Lezi zindawo zibhalisa ukuzamazama komhlaba okubhubhisa kakhulu, kuze kufinyelele ukuba namandla we-7.2 esikalini sikaRichter. Futhi ngikhuluma ngezikali ...

Kukalwa kanjani ukuzamazama komhlaba?

Yize isikali esaziwa kakhulu yileso se- Richter okulinganisa kuphela ubukhulu besimo, ochwepheshe basebenzisa i- Isikali seMercalli ukukala imiphumela emvelweni, futhi isikali seismological okwamanje ukuhlola ukuqina kwedwala nebanga elihambile.

Imephu yengozi

Kule mephu Ungabona ukuqina okungaba nokuzamazama komhlaba uma kuthinta inhlabathi yaseSpain ngokwesikali sikaRichter, okusho ukuthi:

  • Ukuqina kwe-3 noma ngaphansi: akuvamisile ukuzwakala, kepha kuyarekhodwa. Imvamisa ayibangeli monakalo obonakalayo.
  • Ukuqina kusuka ku-3 kuye ku-6: kuyakhombisa. Kungadala ukulimala okuncane.
  • Ukushuba 6 kuye ku-7: Kungadala umonakalo omkhulu emadolobheni wonke.
  • Amandla 7 kuya ku-8: Ukulimala kubaluleke kakhulu. Ingalimaza indawo engaphezu kwamakhilomitha ayi-150.

Ukuzamazama komhlaba okungaphezu kwamadigri ayisishiyagalombili kungadala ukulahleka kwezinto ezibonakalayo endaweni engamakhilomitha amaningana. Kepha awukho umlando wokufinyelela ubukhulu obunje ezweni lethu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.