Izintaba ze-Appalachian

Ukuwela ama-Appalachians

Namuhla siza nesihloko se-geology esinesifiso sokufuna ukwazi nesimangazayo. Ake sikhulume nge- Izintaba ze-Appalachian. Uhla lwezintaba olubaluleke kakhulu oluphakathi kweNyakatho Carolina ne-United States. Igama lalo ngesiNgisi yizintaba i-Appalachian futhi liyintaba enezinga elikhulu lokuma komhlaba nokwakheka komhlaba. Inezinhlelo eziningana ezineziqongo ezidlula amamitha ayi-1000 ngaphezu kogu lolwandle.

Ngabe ufuna ukwazi zonke izici ezibaluleke kakhulu nezimfihlo mayelana nezintaba ze-Appalachian? Kulokhu okuthunyelwe ungathola konke. Kumele uqhubeke ufunde 🙂

Izici eziyinhloko

Izintaba ze-Appalachian

Yize zonke iziqongo zawo zingamamitha ayi-1.000 XNUMX ngaphezu kogu lolwandle, kunesiqongo esisodwa esigqame ngaphezu kwazo zonke ezinye. Imayelana neMount Mitchell futhi itholakala eNyakatho Carolina. Linganisa amamitha angu-2037 futhi liyindawo ephakeme kunazo zonke eNyakatho Melika.

Umsuka wayo wenziwa ekupheleni kwenkathi yePaleozoic ngenkathi kwakhiwa iPangea. IPangea ayilutho olunye ngaphandle kwezwekazi lezwe elikhulu elakhiwa emhlabeni uMhlaba futhi okwakungaleso sikhathi cishe cishe wonke umhlaba owawukhona ngaleso sikhathi. Lokhu kwaziwa ngokubonga ku- umbono wezwekazi wokukhukhula de U-Alfred Wegener.

Njengoba iNyakatho Melika ngaleso sikhathi yayixhunyaniswe neYurophu neNyakatho Afrika, uhla lwezintaba olwalunama-Appalachians lwaluyingxenye yentaba efanayo naleyo kulezi zinsuku eSpain yaziwa njengeLas Villuercas kanye ne-Atlas eMorocco.

Njengoba isikhathi siqhubeka futhi amazwekazi agudluka ngemuva kokuhlukana kwePangea, nakho kwahlukana futhi kanjalo kwakha nohla lwamanje lwezintaba. Kubukeka kungakholeki ukuthi kumazwekazi amathathu ahlukene namuhla kukhona uhla lwezintaba olunezici ezifanayo, olwakheke lapho izwe elikhulu lasePangea lihlanganisa wonke umhlaba.

Umnotho e-Appalachia

ukukhweza mitchell

Lolu haba lwezintaba lungu-protagonist wemithombo emikhulu yemvelo, ngakho-ke, yezinsizakusebenza zomnotho emphakathini. Lawa amadiphozi amakhulu amalahle e-anthracite namalahle e-bituminous. Izakhamizi zasePennsylvania ziphethe ukukhishwa nokuxhashazwa kwamalahle. Amasimu atholakala entshonalanga phakathi kweMaryland, i-Ohio, iKentucky neVirginia. Zonke lezi zingosi zigcwele imali yamalahle.

Kunendlela yokukhipha amalahle leyo kubeka engcupheni iziqongo zezintaba zase-Appalachian. Futhi kunendlela yokususa phezulu kwentaba ezimayini zamalahle ezibangela ukucekelwa phansi kwezindawo ezinkulu kanye nemvelo ebalulekile yesifunda sezintaba. Lokho okwenziwa yile ndlela ukuqeda isiqongo saleyo ntaba ngokuqukethwe kwekhabhoni ephezulu ukunciphisa ubungozi bezimayini nokwenza ngcono izimo zabasebenzi.

Ukutholakala kwalezi zimali zamalahle kwenzeka ngo-1859 futhi yilapho imboni yesimanje yaqala ukudayiswa futhi yafika kulezi zindawo. Izinkambu zegesi yemvelo yezentengiselwano nazo zisanda kutholwa, ngakho-ke imboni kawoyela isibuyisele amehlo ayo e-Appalachia.

Iqiniso ukuthi kuyadabukisa ukuthi isiza esinenani elingaka lemvelo nomlando woMhlaba ngale ndlela sonakaliswe isandla somuntu. Kufanele ucabange ukuthi lolu hlobo lwezintaba luphethe ingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yocwaningo loMhlaba.

Zingaphezu kuka-500 izintaba ezikhuniwe ezithathwa zibekwa ezinkwalini futhi zisebenzise amalahle ngokugcwele. Le misebenzi idala ukuthi indawo yokuqala ingatholakali. Inani elikhulu lokubhidlizwa komhlaba okwenzekile kulezi zindawo likhiphe inani elikhulu lezinto ezinobuthi ezinjenge-ion nezinsimbi ezisindayo ezidale umonakalo omkhulu ekuhlukeni kwezilwane emifuleni nasezigodini zezintaba.

I-Geology, i-flora nezilwane

Ubukhosi be-Appalachian

Izintaba ze-Appalachian zihlukaniswe kabili: Ama-Appalachians aseNingizimu naseNyakatho. Esimweni ngasinye kunesimo sezulu esihlukile nezinqubo zokwakheka komhlaba. Kokuqala, ukuphakama okuphansi kunenqwaba yemifula egelezela olwandle i-Atlantic futhi yakha imifudlana eminingi. Isimo sezulu sivamile ogwini nasomswakama. Kunezinhlobo ezintathu zokuguguleka komhlaba: umoya, iqhwa kanye nomfula.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, sinama-Appalachians aseNyakatho nathi kunokuguguleka okugelezayo, okuneqhwa nomoya, yize isimo sezulu sinomswakama futhi sinezintaba.

Imifula etholakala ezintabeni zase-Appalachian inezici ezikhethekile. Futhi ukuthi zigeleza ngejubane elikhulu zikhiqize izimpophoma ezinhle. Okubaluleke kakhulu YiHudson, iDelaware nePotomac. Le mifula ayikho mide kakhulu kodwa inokugeleza okukhulu okudala ukwakheka kwezimpophoma. Kukhona ithafa eliphakathi nendawo lapho imifula eminingi yenza khona umnikelo futhi futhi inezigodi ezijulile ezibukeka njengezihosha. Sithola iTennessee ne-Ohio. Lezi zinkokhelo ezimbili ziyiminikelo ebalulekile yemifula eya eMississippi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amanzi awo asezingeni eliphakeme futhi ayakwazi ukufaka umquba kuwo wonke amazwe akulesi sifunda.

Mayelana nezimbali sinezihlahla ezinjenge-fir, i-beech, i-birch, i-cypress, umsedari, i-larch, i-redwood, i-pine emhlophe nephuzi, i-oki, i-chestnut, i-ash, i-maple, i-elm, i-poplar, i-linden, njll. Endaweni esenyakatho ye-Appalachian kunezinhlobo eziningana ezisabalele ezikhula ezindaweni ezinamadlwane ezifana yizimpungushe, i-marten ne-mink. Inyakatho inenqwaba yezinhlobo ezifana ne-elk, i-reindeer, i-elk, ibhere, i-antelope, i-lynx, impisi, njll.

Izindawo ezifakiwe

Amahlathi e-Appalachian

Ngaphandle kokuthi izintaba zase-Appalachian ziyisikhumbuzo semvelo ngokuphelele, zigqamile ngezindawo ezithile ezifanele ukuvakashelwa. Esokuqala iMnyuziyamu i-Appalachian. Kulenyuziyamu ungafunda kabanzi ngezikhali, amathoyizi, ukukhiqizwa kobumba, njll. Yini eyayikhona ngaleso sikhathi.

Ngemuva kwalokho sinezinye izindawo ezifana:

  • IShaker Village. Yindawo enamahektha angama-3000 omhlaba futhi inomnyuziyamu, amahhotela okuhlala, izindawo zepikiniki nezitolo.
  • Imigede yaseLuay. Lezi yizakhiwo ezinhle ze-calcite lapho amachibi abekwe khona ngaphakathi kwemihume.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, izintaba zase-Appalachian ziyisimangaliso semvelo okufanele usibone. Wake waba noma ungathanda ukuhamba?


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.