I-Big Bang Theory

I-Big Bang Theory

Yini eyadala ukwakheka kwezinkanyezi, amaplanethi nemithala? Lena ngeminye yemibuzo ebuzwe izigidi zabantu kuwo wonke umlando. Ngokuqondile, ososayensi bafuna ukuthola incazelo yazo zonke izehlakalo ezikhona. Kusuka lapha kuzalwa Ithiyori enkulu yeBang. Kulabo abangazi okwamanje, ngumcabango ochaza imvelaphi yendawo yonke. Ibuye iqoqe nencazelo yokuba khona kwamaplanethi nemithala.

Uma ufuna ukwazi futhi ufuna ukwazi ukuthi indawo yethu yonke yakhiwa kanjani, kulokhu okuthunyelwe sizokutshela konke. Ngabe ungathanda ukwazi inkolelo-mbono ye-Big Bang ngokujulile?

Izici zethiyori ye-Big Bang

Ukuqhuma okwadala indawo yonke

Kuyaziwa nangokuthi Umbono we-Big Bang. Yiyo egcina ukuthi indawo yethu yonke njengoba sazi ukuthi yaqala izigidigidi zeminyaka eyedlule ekuqhumeni okukhulu. Zonke izinto ezikhona endaweni yonke namuhla zazigxile endaweni eyodwa.

Kusukela ngomzuzu wokuqhuma, udaba lwaqala ukwanda futhi lusenza njalo nanamuhla. Ososayensi balokhu bephinda ukuthi indawo yonke iyanda. Ngalesi sizathu, inkolelo-mbono ye-Big Bang ifaka inkolelo-mbono yendawo yonke enwebekayo. Izinto ezigcinwe endaweni eyodwa azange ziqale ukwanda kuphela, kepha zaqala nokwakha izakhiwo eziyinkimbinkimbi. Sibhekisa kuma-athomu nama-molecule, kancane kancane, ayakha izinto eziphilayo.

Usuku lokuqala kweBig Bang lulinganiswe ososayensi. Inomsuka wayo cishe eminyakeni eyizigidi eziyi-13.810 edlule. Ngalesi sigaba lapho indawo yonke yadalwa khona nje, ibizwa ngokuthi indawo yokuqala. Kuyo, izinhlayiya kufanele zibe namandla amakhulu kakhulu.

Ngalokhu kuqhuma, kwakhiwa ama-proton okuqala, ama-neutron nama-electron. Ama-proton nama-neutron ahlelwa ngama-nuclei ama-athomu. Kodwa-ke, ama-electron, anikezwe imali yawo kagesi, ahlelwa abazungezile. Ngale ndlela udaba lwavela.

Ukwakhiwa kwezinkanyezi nemithala

Ukwakhiwa kwezinkanyezi nemithala

Esethu uhlelo lwelanga ingaphakathi umthala owaziwa ngokuthi iMilky Way. Zonke izinkanyezi esizaziyo namuhla zaqala ukwakheka ngemuva kwesikhathi eside kweBig Bang.

Izinkanyezi zokuqala kukholakala ukuthi zaqala ukwakheka eminyakeni eyi-13.250 billion edlule. Cishe eminyakeni eyizigidi ezingama-550 ngemuva kokuqhuma aqala ukuvela. Imithala emidala kunayo yonke yaqalwa eminyakeni eyizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-13.200 edlule, okwenza nayo ibe mdala. Isimiso sethu sikanozungezilanga, iLanga namaplanethi kwakhiwa eminyakeni engu-4.600 billion edlule.

Ubufakazi bendawo enwebekayo nokuqhuma

Ukunweba indawo yonke

Ukufakazela ukuthi umbono weBig Bang unengqondo, kumele kubikwe ubufakazi bokuthi indawo yonke iyanda. Lobu yibo ubufakazi kulokhu:

  • Indida ka-Olbers: Ubumnyama besibhakabhaka ebusuku.
  • Umthetho kaHubble: Kungafakazelwa ngokubheka ukuthi imithala isuka kude komunye nomunye.
  • Ukufana kokusatshalaliswa kwendaba.
  • Umphumela weTolman (ukushintshashintsha kobuso besicwebezelisi).
  • I-supernovae ekude: Ukuhlulwa kwesikhashana kubonakala emigqeni yayo elula.

Ngemuva komzuzu wokuqhuma, inhlayiyana ngayinye ibikhula futhi isuka komunye nomunye. Okwenzeke lapha bekufana nokuthi kwenzekani lapho siqhumisa ibhaluni. Njengoba singenisa umoya omningi, izinhlayiya zomoya zikhula ngokwengeziwe zize zifinyelele ezindongeni.

Izazi ze-physics ziye zaphumelela ukwakha kabusha lesi sikhathi sokulandelana kwemicimbi kusukela ngo-1 / 100th wesekhondi ngemuva kwe-Big Bang. Yonke into eyakhishwa yayiqukethe izinhlayiya eziyisisekelo ezaziwayo. Phakathi kwabo sithola ifayela le- ama-electron, ama-positron, ama-meson, ama-baryon, ama-neutrinos, nama-photon.

Ezinye izibalo zakamuva zikhomba ukuthi i-hydrogen ne-helium kwakuyimikhiqizo eyinhloko yokuqhuma. Izakhi ezisindayo kamuva zakhiwa ngaphakathi kwezinkanyezi. Njengoba indawo yonke ikhula, imisebe eyinsalela evela ku-Big Bang iyaqhubeka nokuphola ize ifinyelele ezingeni lokushisa elingu-3 K (-270 ° C). Le mikhondo yemisebe enamandla ye-microwave background yatholwa izazi zezinkanyezi zomsakazo ngo-1965. Yilokhu okukhombisa ukwanda kwendawo yonke.

Okunye ukungabaza okukhulu kososayensi ukuxazulula ukuthi ngabe indawo yonke izokwanda unomphela noma izophinde ingene futhi. Indaba emnyama ibaluleke kakhulu kuyo.

Abatholi neminye imibono

Izinhlobo zezinto ezazikhona endaweni yonke

Umbono wokuthi umkhathi uyanda yaqanjwa ngo-1922 ngu-Alexander Friedmann. Wayesuselwa kumbono ka-Albert Einstein wokuhlobana okujwayelekile (1915). Kamuva, ngo-1927, umpristi waseBelgium uGeorges Lemaître wasebenzisa umsebenzi wososayensi u-Einstein noDe Sitter futhi wafinyelela eziphethweni ezifanayo nezikaFriedmann.

Ngakho-ke, ososayensi abafinyeleli kwesinye isiphetho, kuphela ukuthi umkhathi uyanda.

Kuneminye imibono mayelana nokudalwa kwendawo yonke engabalulekile njengalena. Kodwa-ke, kunabantu emhlabeni abakholwayo futhi abababheka njengabangeqiniso. Sizibhala ngezansi.

  • Umqondo omkhulu we-Crunch: Le mbono isekela isisekelo sayo eqinisweni lokuthi ukunwetshwa kwendawo yonke kuzokwehla kancane kuze kuqale ukuhoxa. Imayelana nokusikwa kwendawo yonke. Lesi sivumelwano sizophela ngokufaka okukhulu okwaziwa ngeBig Crunch. Abukho ubufakazi obuningi obusekela le mbono.
  • Umkhathi oshukumisayo: Imayelana nomhlaba wethu oscillating ku-Big Bang ne-Big Crunch engapheli.
  • Isimo esimile nokudalwa okuqhubekayo: Ithi indawo yonke iyanda nokuthi ubukhulu bayo buhlala bunjalo ngoba kunendaba ekudalweni okuqhubekayo.
  • I-inflation theory: Kususelwa kuzici ezifanayo ne-Big Bang kepha ithi bekukhona inqubo yokuqala. Le nqubo ibizwa nge-inflation futhi ukunwetshwa kwendawo yonke kuyashesha.

Okokugcina, kunabantu abathile abacabanga ukuthi indawo yonke yadalwa uNkulunkulu noma into ethile yaphezulu.

Ngalesi sihloko uzofunda kabanzi ngokwakhiwa kwendawo yethu yonke nokwanda. Ngabe ucabanga ukuthi ngolunye usuku indawo yonke iyoyeka ukunweba?

I-athikili ehlobene:
Antimatter

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-7, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   ULuis Pulido kusho

    Ngemvelaphi yendawo yonke
    Kunemibono nemibono eyehlukene mayelana neMvelaphi Yomhlaba, kepha kimi, indawo yonke ihlukile, futhi iyohlala ikhona, ukuthi ibikhona futhi isazoba khona; nokuthi kuhlala kuguquka njalo, nokuthi siyingxenye yakho; lapho isikhathi singekho, uma kungenjalo siguqukela kumzuzu wamanje, lapho izinguquko esiphila khona zenzeka khona; Uma usesha indawo yonke ngokudlule noma esikhathini esizayo awusoze wakuthola, ngoba kukhona kuphela futhi kukhona esikhathini samanje somphefumulo wethu, umoya, ingqondo nomcabango. Izilinganiso zesikhathi kumane kungukudala kwenhlangano yabantu. Akekho ongacabanga esikhathini esedlule noma adlulele kukho, uma kungenjalo emcabangweni walokho esikubonile futhi sikubhalise njengenguquko kusuka kulokho esasiyikho kuya kulokho esiyikho namuhla, ngenqubo yokuguquka ngokungagunci nokuqhubekayo nokuziphendukela kwemvelo, lapho sibeka khona amathemba ethu ukuze uphile kangcono. Isidalwa esingumuntu akusona esokuqeda uMkhathi; futhi uzoba ngumenzeli omncane wenguquko kuphela, azifunele impilo engcono. Uma ngelinye ilanga abantu bengadala amandla okwazi ukubhubhisa iplanethi, kuzofanele bangene emnyombweni wayo ukuze bayiqhume, nokuthi lowo mngani wami othandekayo, ngicabanga ukuthi kungenzeka futhi ngeke kwenzeke, futhi kube isenzo sangempela sokuzibhubhisa. Yile ndlela engibona ngayo!

  2.   UCarlos A. Pérez R. kusho

    Amazwana kufanele abonakale (ungakushicileli lokhu)

  3.   Anyi kusho

    Ngiyakholelwa kuNkulunkulu. Manje ngichazeleni umbono wokuthi sakhiwe kanjani esibelethweni sowesifazane nokuthi kungani indoda kunguye okhulelisa owesifazane, uma sidalwa i-bing bang ngoba abanye abantu bazalwa ngocansi

  4.   UJaime Ferrés kusho

    Kubonakala kimi ukuthi ukukholelwa ekudalweni kwe-Universe kuhambisana ngokuphelele nomqondo weBig Bang. UNkulunkulu wayekhona ngaphambi kweBig Bang, futhi nguyena owadala ukuqhuma okukhulu: nguyena owenza konke okubalulekile nawo wonke amandla ngaleso sikhathi. Kwabe sekuqala ukwanda okukhulu, nokupholisa ososayensi abasichazela kona.
    Kepha uMdali uNkulunkulu uyachaza ukuthi kungani kuqhume lokhu kuqhuma.
    EBhayibhelini kuchazwa ngolimi olungokomfanekiso ukuthi indalo yenziwa ngezigaba. Leyo ncazelo engokomfanekiso iyahambisana nencazelo ye-Big Bang.

    1.    Leongm21 kusho

      Ukube uNkulunkulu wadala u-Adamu no-Eva ekuqaleni kwakho konke, futhi baphinde bazala futhi kamuva izingane zabo nabazukulu, kodwa uNkulunkulu akavumelani nobudlelwano phakathi kwemindeni, ngabe konke kuqhubeka kanjani ukuvela?

  5.   UBenito Albares kusho

    Ukuqhuma okukhulu kudala indawo yonke, impilo ivela ngesimo sezinto ezincane eziphilayo, izinto eziphilayo ezincane ziyaguquka (kungachaza konke onakho kepha kubonakala sengathi ingqondo yakho ayinikezi okuningi) izinto eziphilayo zithola ukuthi indlela ephumelela kakhulu yokuzala kabusha isendleleni ethandekayo, ngalokho Kudingeka izidalwa ezi-2 owesilisa nowesifazane, isidoda neqanda ziyahlangana futhi zakhe esinye isidalwa esiphilayo KWAMANYE AMAZWI ASINGADALWANGA NGABAKHULU BANG, IBHODI ELIKHULU LADALA INDAWO YONKE NAWE ASIDALWANGA NGALOKHU.

  6.   UJesu kristu kuqala kusho

    Ukuhlanganiswa kwemibono.
    UNkulunkulu: Ngingu-Alfa no-Omega. (Big Bang) UGenesise: Ukudalwa Komkhathi. Ekuqaleni uNkulunkulu wadala amazulu - (okusho ukuthi, indawo yonke ngoba isibhakabhaka akusona ungqimba lwe-Ozone oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka) - ... futhi ubumnyama - (ubumnyama) - bumboza ugongolo lwakwalasha- (ize) - .. uNkulunkulu wathi: kukhona ukukhanya futhi kwakukhona ukukhanya (ama-electron. ama-neutron. ama-proton) ... futhi wakuhlukanisa nobumnyama (ukuqhuma nokwanda) kuya ekukhanyeni okubizwa ngemini nobusuku ebusuku (kusukela ekuqhumeni kwavela umkhiqizo oyinhloko okwakuyi-hydrogen ne-helium (ukudalwa kwamanzi) bese konke okunye bakwazi ngebhayibheli ... uNkulunkulu unezingelosi zasemhlabeni ezibizwa ngokuthi izingelosi futhi ucela ivolontiya bese kunikelwa uLuz Bella "Lucifer" ukuze ngesinqumo esingokomoya umuntu odaliwe alingwe ukuba akhethe okuhle nokubi ... okuphelele esikhona njengamanje Ama-reptilians avakasha emthaleni wesithathu futhi ashiya imininingwane yokuthi uNkulunkulu esikholwa ukuthi uyiNdalo, umoya, amanzi, umhlaba, umlilo, phakathi kwabanye ... sigcwele imibono futhi kunqunywa ngabantu abanobufakazi kuphela bokuthi sizalwa futhi sifa ukuqala nokuqeda u-Alfa no-Omega Big Bang