Amaplanethi angaphandle

umbono wamaplanethi angaphandle

Lapho sihlaziya wonke amaplanethi we uhlelo lwelanga, kufanele sizihlukanise zibe izinhlobo ezimbili ngokwesimo sakho: amaplanethi angaphakathi y Amaplanethi angaphandle. Namuhla sizogxila ekuchazeni ukuthi yimaphi amaplanethi angaphandle nezimpawu zawo eziyinhloko. Lawa maplanethi yilawo atholakala ngale kwebhande le-asteroid. La maplanethi aziwa ngegama lamagesi amakhulu.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ngezici zamaplanethi angaphandle kanye nezinye izifiso.

Amaplanethi angaphandle

Amaplanethi angaphandle

Njengoba sishilo ekuqaleni kwendatshana, amaplanethi angaphandle yiwo lawo zitholakala ngemuva kwebhande le-asteroid. Phakathi kwezinto eziyinhloko la maplanethi anazo ukuthi zaziwa ngegama lama-giants gas. Leli gama livela ku-morphology yalo. Futhi ukuthi la maplanethi ayizinkumbi ezinkulu zamagesi ajikeleza ilanga. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi la maplanethi anomnyombo oqinile. Kodwa-ke, uma ungadluli enkabeni yeplanethi uzokwazi ukudlula kuzo.

Kumele kukhunjulwe ukuthi, kuze kube namuhla, Pluto ayithathwa njengeplanethi. Phakathi kweqembu lamaplanethi angaphandle sithola okulandelayo: I-Jupiter, Saturn, I-Uranus y Neptune. Wonke la maplanethi abelana ngezici ezifanayo. Ukuze umzimba wasezulwini uthathwe njengeplanethi, kufanele uhlangabezane nemithetho ethile. Okokuqala ukuthi ayikwazi ukuba nokukhanya kwayo. Okwesibili ukuthi kukhulu ngokwanele ukuthi amandla adonsela phansi awahlali ekwakheni isimo. Okokugcina, umthetho wesithathu ukuthi kufanele ube mkhulu ngokwanele ukuze amandla adonsela phansi akwazi ukuheha yonke into nxazonke futhi asuse eminye imizimba endaweni yayo yokuhamba.

Enye imfuneko engashiwongo ngokuvumelana nomphakathi wesayense ukuthi kufanele izungeze inkanyezi. Ezinye zezici la maplanethi angaphandle ahlanganyela ngazo ukuthi zizungezwe izindandatho futhi zinamasathelayithi amaningi. Sizohlaziya iplanethi ngayinye bese sitshela ukuthi yiziphi izici eziyinhloko.

I-Jupiter

IJupiter yiplanethi enkulu kunazo zonke kuso sonke isimiso sonozungezilanga. Ubukhulu bayo buphindwe kabili kunabo bonke amaplanethi ahlanganisiwe. Uma siqhathanisa ubukhulu nosayizi weplanethi yomhlaba, I-Jupiter inkulu ngokuphindwe izikhathi eziyi-1317. Uma uya phezulu ungakubona lokho, lapho kuthuthuka kakhulu kuya emgodini wayo, kukhona amagesi acindezelwayo. Lawa magesi yi-hydrogen, i-helium ne-argon. Lawa magesi amathathu yizinto eziyinhloko ezikhona kuJupiter. Uma sisondela ku-nucleus, la magesi ayacindezelwa futhi abukeka njengokwakhiwa kwamatshe.

Kamuva, i-nucleus, siyabona ukuthi ifomu elinamadwala elenziwa yilezi zakhi kepha esimweni seqhwa. Alikho idwala elinjalo elitholakele kuze kube manje. Kungakho igama lomdondoshiya wegesi. Enye yezinto eheha kakhulu iJupiter indawo yayo enkulu eyindilinga nebomvu. Le ndawo ikhombisa a isiphepho esinamandla esibonakala sakhiwe ngaphezu kwamakhulu amathathu eminyaka futhi sisasebenza nanamuhla. Ngokuya ngobukhulu beplanethi, indawo ebomvu ibonakala incane. Kepha uma sikuqhathanisa nobubanzi bomhlaba, bukhulu.

Le planethi inokunyakaza okuzungezayo okushesha kakhulu kuso sonke isimiso sonozungezilanga. Usuku kule planethi luthatha kuphela amahora ayi-10. Kodwa-ke, kuthatha iminyaka eyi-12 ukuzungeza ilanga. Inezinyanga ezingaphezu kwezingama-60 kanti zonke zidume kakhulu. Yiplanethi endala kunazo zonke kuso sonke isimiso sonozungezilanga.

Saturn

ISaturn yiplanethi eyaziwa kakhulu ngamasongo ayo. Yiyo kuphela enamasongo abonakala phansi. Ubukhulu beSaturn buqhathaniswa noMhlaba bukhulu ngokuphindwe izikhathi ezingama-750. Emzungezweni wayo sithola cishe iziphuphutheki ezingama-62. Esinye sazo saziwa kahle ngegama leTitan futhi saziwa ukuthi sasinomoya ofana nowethu kudala. Akuyona iplanethi kuphela enamasongo, kepha inakho kakhulu. Izindandatho zakhiwa ngezinto ezincane kakhulu ezilingana nohlamvu lwesihlabathi. Siphinde sathola ezinye izakhi ezilingana nentaba.

Akwaziwa kahle ngesikhathi sokujikeleza ngoba ayinayo indawo eqinile. Umkhathi wayo ujikeleza ngejubane elihlukile. Lesi sivinini sincike ebangeni. Njenge-Jupiter, i-hydrogen ne-helium yizona gesi eziphambili kulo mkhathi. Inhlangano yokuhumusha ineminyaka engama-30.

Esinye sezici leplanethi evelele ngaso yimimoya yaso enamandla. Futhi lokhu kungatholakala amafu akhiwa amakristalu e-ammonia nomoya onamandla ofinyelela kumamitha angama-450 ngomzuzwana. Esigodini sayo esisenyakatho kunokwakheka kwefu isayensi engakabi nayo impendulo yako. Kuyaziwa njenge-hexagon yeSaturn.

I-Uranus

Iplanethi i-Uranus ine-nucleus kodwa umehluko nalawo angaphambilini ukuthi imbozwe ngengubo ebandayo efinyelela phezulu. Umkhathi wakhiwe ikakhulukazi nge-hydrogen ne-helium. I-nucleus incane kakhulu ngosayizi. Kumele kushiwo ukuthi leplanethi inombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngoba cishe yonke iplanethi iqhwa.

Ukunyakaza kwayo kokuhumusha kuyiminyaka eyi-84 yoMhlaba futhi itholakala ebangeni elijwayelekile ukusuka elangeni lamakhilomitha ayizigidi ezingama-3.000. Ukunyakaza okujikelezayo akwaziwa kahle ngoba akuhambisani nakancane nobubanzi. Esinye sezici iplanethi ehlukile ngaso ukuthambekela kwe-eksisi yayo. Lokhu kwenza esinye sezigxobo sihlale sibheke ilanga. Kuyisizathu esenza u-Uranus Inezikhathi zeminyaka engu-42 yokukhanya neminye iminyaka engama-42 yobumnyama.

Neptune

Kungokugcina kweqembu lamaplanethi angaphandle. Yiplanethi ekude kakhulu kuso sonke isimiso sonozungezilanga. Kubuye kube ngosayizi omncane kunabo bonke, yize kusengowesine ngobubanzi kuso sonke isimiso sonozungezilanga. Inamandla adonsela phansi afana ncamashi neplanethi yethu naphezu kobukhulu bayo obuncane. Ingqikithi yayo enamadwala yakhiwa ngama-silicates, i-nickel ne-iron. Ingubo enkulu eneqhwa nomoya oqukethe ikakhulu i-hydrogen, i-helium negesi yemethane yilokho okubusa kule planethi.

Lo mkhathi sithola neziphepho ezinodlame lapho sithola khona imimoya enejubane elifinyelela kumakhilomitha angama-2200 XNUMX ngehora. Iziphuphutheki eziyi-14 njengamanje zaziwa ngokuyijikeleza. Okudume kakhulu kubo yiTriton.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana namaplanethi angaphandle nezimpawu zawo eziyinhloko.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.