Zingaphi iisathelayithi enazo iSaturn?

zingaphi iisathelayithi enazo isaturn

ISaturn ineenyanga ezininzi, kwaye ziza kwiindidi ezininzi. Ngokobukhulu, sineenyanga ezisuka kumashumi eemitha ukuya kwi-Titan enkulu, ethatha i-96% yazo zonke izinto ezijikeleza uMhlaba. abantu abaninzi bayazibuza zingaphi iisathelayithi enazo isaturn.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, siya kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela xa iSaturn ineesathelayithi, iimpawu zomntu ngamnye kunye nendlela eziye zafunyanwa ngayo ngenxa yeteknoloji yesayensi.

iimpawu zeplanethi

zingaphi iisathelayithi iplanethi enesaturn

Masikhumbule ukuba iSaturn yiplanethi yesithandathu ekufutshane nelanga kwisixokelelwano selanga, iphakathi kweJupiter kunye ne-Uranus. Yiplanethi yesibini ngobukhulu kwisixokelelwano selanga. Inobubanzi obuyi-120.536 yeekhilomitha kwi-ikhweyitha.

Ngokuphathelele ukumila kwawo, ngandlel’ ithile icolwa ngezibonda. Oku kuqhekeka kungenxa yesantya sayo sokujikeleza ngokukhawuleza. Iringi ibonakala kuMhlaba. Yiplanethi enezona asteroids zininzi eziyijikelezayo. Ngenxa yokwakhiwa kwayo kwegesi kunye nobuninzi bayo be-helium kunye ne-hydrogen, ihlelwa njengesigebenga segesi. Ngenxa yokufuna ukwazi, igama layo lithatyathwe kwisithixo samaRoma uSaturn.

Iplanethi ineeasteroids eziyijikelezayo kwiziphumo zomxhuzulane. Okukhona isijikelezi-langa sisiba sikhulu, kokukhona sitsala ngamandla womxhuzulane kwaye kokukhona ii-asteroids ezisijikelezayo zinokuzamkela. Isijikelezi-langa sethu sinesathelayithi enye esijikelezayo, kodwa sikwanamawakawaka amaqhekeza amatye atsalwa ngummandla wethu womxhuzulane.

Zingaphi iisathelayithi enazo iSaturn?

iinyanga zelanga

Iinyanga zeSaturn zihlulwe zibe ngamaqela ahlukeneyo ngokusekelwe kwindlela ezijikeleza ngayo iplanethi (umgama abahamba ngayo, ulwalathiso, ukuthambekela, njl.). Kukho ngaphezu kwe-150 yeenyanga ezincinci ezintywiliselwe kwizangqa zayo. (ezibizwa ngokuba zii<em>circummollites ), kunye neenkozo zamatye nothuli oluzibumbayo, ngoxa ezinye iinyanga zijikeleza ngaphandle kwazo nakwimigama eyahlukahlukeneyo.

Ukufumanisa ukuba zingaphi iisathelayithi zeSaturn ngoku kunzima. Kuqikelelwa ukuba zineenyanga ezingaphezu kwama-200, nangona kunjalo ezingama-83 kuzo sinokuzigqala njengeenyanga ngenxa yokuba ziyazazi ii-orbits kwaye zifumaneka ngaphandle kwezangqa. Kwezi 83, ziyi-13 kuphela ezinobukhulu obukhulu (ngaphezu kweekhilomitha ezingama-50).

Iinyanga ezininzi zinokufunyanwa ngokuhamba kweminyaka. Olunye lwezinto eziye zafunyaniswa zamva nje ngo-2019 yayikukudityaniswa kweesathelayithi ezingama-20 kolu luhlu. Uninzi lweenyanga zeSaturn zibonakalisa imihlaba eyahluke kakhulu kwinto esinayo apha eMhlabeni, nangona ezinye zinokuxhasa uhlobo oluthile lobomi. Ngezantsi, siza kukuthatha singene nzulu kwezinye zezona ziphawuleka ngakumbi.

Titan

I-Titan yinyanga enkulu, enomkhenkce nomphezulu wayo osithwe bubushushu obubugolide.. Inkulu kakhulu kunenyanga okanye iMercury. Yinyanga yesibini ngobukhulu kwisixokelelwano selanga emva kwenye yeenyanga zeJupiter, ebizwa ngokuba yiGanymede.

Ukongeza kubukhulu bayo, ikwaphawuleka ngokuba yiyo kuphela indalo yasezulwini (ngaphandle koMhlaba) enezixa ezibalulekileyo zolwelo olusisigxina kumphezulu wawo. I-Titan inemilambo, amachibi, iilwandle, kunye namafu apho i-methane kunye ne-ethane ziphuma khona, zenza umjikelo ofana nowamanzi asemhlabeni.

Kwiilwandlekazi ezinkulu, kusenokubakho iintlobo zobomi ezisebenzisa iikhemikhali ezahlukeneyo kunezo siziqhelileyo. Okwesibini, Ngaphantsi kweqokobhe elikhulu lomkhenkce likaTitan, sifumene ubukhulu becala ulwandlekazi lwamanzi olunokuthi lukwazi ukuxhasa izinto eziphilayo ezincinci ezifana nezo ziseMhlabeni.

Enceladus

Olona phawu lwahlukileyo lwe-Enceladus kukuba sinokufumana iintsika ezinkulu zamanzi anetyuwa aphuma kumbindi wolwandlekazi ongaphantsi komhlaba ngaphantsi kweqokobhe lomkhenkce ngokutyhubela iintanda.

Ezi ntsiba zishiya ngasemva umzila wamasuntswana omkhenkce awayekwazi ukufikelela kwi-orbit, enze enye yezangqa zeSaturn. Intsalela iwela phezu komhlaba njengekhephu., okwenza kube nokwenzeka ukuba le nyanga ibe neyona ndawo imhlophe, icwebezelayo, okanye iqaqambe ( albedo ) kuzo zonke izijikelezi-langa.

Ukusuka kwiisampulu zale mibhobho, kunokugqitywa ukuba, ukongeza kubukho bemichiza eyimfuneko ebomini, kusenokubakho imingxuma ye-hydrothermal efana naleyo isezantsi kolwandle eMhlabeni, nayo ekhupha amanzi ashushu. Ngoko ke, I-Enceladus kunokwenzeka ukuba ixhase ubomi.

URhea, uDione kunye noThetis

iinyanga ezijikeleza isaturn

I-Rhea, i-Dione, kunye ne-Tethys zifana kakhulu ekubunjweni nasekubonakaleni: zincinci, zibandayo (ukuhla ukuya kwi-220ºC kwiindawo ezinomthunzi), kwaye azinamoya (ngaphandle kwe-Rhea), kunye nemizimba ebonakala ngathi i-snowballs engcolileyo.

Ezi nyanga zodade zintathu zijikeleza ngesantya esifanayo neSaturn kwaye zihlala zibonisa iSaturn ubuso obufanayo. Zikwaqaqambile kakhulu nangona ingekho kangako njenge-Enceladus. Kukholelwa ukuba zenziwe ikakhulu ngomkhenkce wamanzi.

Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, iRhea ayinamoya: unomoya oethe-ethe kakhulu omngqongileyo, ozele yioksijini kunye neemolekyuli zecarbon dioxide (CO2). I-Rhea ikwayeyesibini inyanga enkulu yeSaturn.

Iapetus

U-Iapetus ubeka indawo yesithathu phakathi kweenyanga zeSaturn. Yahlulahlulwe yaba zii-hemispheres ezimbini ezihlukeneyo: enye eqaqambileyo kwaye enye imnyama, yenye yezona mfihlelo ezinkulu zesixokelelwano sokukhanya kwelanga. Ikwaphawuleka "kwi-equatorial ridge" yayo, ebandakanya iintaba eziphakamileyo ezili-10 km ezijikeleze i-ikhweyitha.

IMimas

Umphezulu weMimas ugutyungelwe ziimpembelelo ezinkulu zemingxuma. Elona likhulu, kwiikhilomitha ezili-130 ububanzi, lithatha phantse isithathu sobuso benyanga, inika inkangeleko efana kakhulu neNkwenkwezi yokuFa evela kwiNkwenkwezi. Ikwahlala inobuso obufanayo noSaturn kwaye incinci kakhulu. (198 km ububanzi). Ikufuphi ne-Enceladus kune-Enceladus.

UFibhi

Ngokungafaniyo neenyanga ezininzi zikaSaturn, uFibhi yinyanga enomfiliba edibana nenkqubo yelanga. Yenye yezona nyanga zikude kakhulu zeSaturn, malunga ne-13 yezigidi zeekhilomitha ukusuka kwiSaturn, phantse ngokuphindwe kane kunommelwane wayo okufutshane, i-Iapetus.

Ijikeleza iSaturn kwicala elichaseneyo kwezinye iinyanga ezininzi (kwaye ngokubanzi kwezinye izidumbu kwinkqubo yelanga). Ngoko ke, i-orbit yayo kuthiwa ibuyela emva.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba zingaphi iisathelayithi zeSaturn kunye neempawu zazo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.