Yintoni idlelo?

yintoni idlelo

Idlelo yi-ecosystem okhe weva ngayo ngokuqinisekileyo. Into ebaluleke kakhulu kukuba enye yemithombo yendalo yelizwe lethu ehambelana nokuzala kwehagu yase-Iberia. Imvelaphi yedehesa isukela kwiReconquista, xa abafuyi baloo ndawo baqala ukubiyela amasimi abo ukuze bakhuseleke kwimfuyo ebhadulayo. Igama elithi "dehesa" lisuka kwigama lesiLatini elithi "defensa," eliguqulela njengokhuselo okanye umhlaba olungiselelwe iinjongo zokutyisa. Eli gama libhekisa kukwabiwa ngokwejografi kwamadlelo.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yintoni idlelo, iimpawu zayo, ukubaluleka kunye nokunye okuninzi.

Yintoni idlelo

idlelo

Ifumaneka kumazantsi-ntshona e-Iberia Peninsula, idlelo ligqame ngokuba yindawo engenakuthelekiswa nanto. Eli hlathi leMeditera liye latshintshwa ngabom ngokungenelela kwabantu, njengoko beliya kuhlala linjalo kwaye lingasetyenziswa.

Le nto Ijongwa kakhulu e-Extremadura, eAndalusia, eCastilla y León, eCastilla-La Mancha naseMadrid. Ngokweenkcukacha ezinikezelwe nguMphathiswa wezoLimo, ummandla womhlaba oqikelelwayo uphakathi kwe-3,5 kunye ne-5 yezigidi zeehektare, ngokuxhomekeke kwiinkcazo ezithile ezisetyenzisiweyo, kunye namazinga ahlukeneyo othintelo.

Olu hlobo lwe-ecosystem, olugubungela malunga ne-1,3 yezigidi zeehektare, lukwafumaneka nasePortugal. Ngombulelo kungenelelo lomntu, i-ecosystem eyenziweyo iye yasekwa. Isebenzisa indlela ezinzileyo, le nkqubo yokuphilisana kwezidalwa iguqule umhlaba owawukade ungavelisi mveliso nongaxatyiswanga ukuba ube ngumbindi wezityalo nezilwanyana ezohlukeneyo. Ukusetyenziswa komhlaba kubandakanya indibanisela yeendlela zolimo, imfuyo nezamahlathi.

Ngokugawula inxalenye yehlathi lokuqala, kuye kwadalwa imihlaba emikhulu ukuze kumiselwe amadlelo, nto leyo eye yaququzelela ukwandiswa kwemfuyo ebanzi. Le nguqu ibenempembelelo kwintlobo-ntlobo zezityalo nezilwanyana kwindawo ezisandula ukusekwa zamadlelo.

Iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo

Kwi-Dehesa, imithi yohlobo lwe-Quercus iphambili, kubandakanya i-oki ye-holm, i-oki ye-cork, i-oki kunye ne-oki ye-gall, eyenza uninzi lwabemi bomthi kwaye ibonelele ngee-acorns ezixabisekileyo.

Nangona ukukhuhla kudlula kwaye kunqabile, kunendima ebalulekileyo ekulondolozeni amadlelo. Iimpawu eziphawulekayo ziquka i-rockrose, i-broom, i-thyme kunye ne-rosemary. Izilwanyana eziphambili zedlelo zenziwe ngeegusha, iibhokhwe, iinkomo kunye neehagu zase-Iberia, ezi zilwanyana zihamba phambili kwimfuyo yemfuyo.

Kumadlelo ezilwanyana zasendle, kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo zezilwanyana zasendle, kuquka iintlobo ezingaphezu kwama-20 zezilwanyana ezanyisayo neentlobo ezingama-60 zeentaka. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ezinye zezi ntlobo zisengozini yokuphela, njenge-lynx kunye nokhozi lobukhosi. Ingca ineenjongo ezininzi kwaye inosetyenziso olwahlukeneyo.

Amadlelo kunye neehagu zase-Iberia

I-ecosystem yeehagu zase-Iberia

Ukusukela ngo-2014, inani lezilwanyana ezifuywe emadlelweni liye landa ngokuthe ngcembe, nto leyo eyenza ukuba ibe yimpahla ebalulekileyo kuninzi. Esi silwanyana singumfuziselo wedlelo kwaye sinentsingiselo enkulu.

Kwi-2017, i-1,3 yezigidi zeengulube zase-Iberia zaveliswa, zikhuliswe kumadlelo avulekileyo kwaye zondliwa ngama-acorns. Nangona kunjalo, eli nani lincinci xa lithelekiswa ne-1,9 yezigidi zeehagu ezityebisayo zase-Iberia, ezikhuliswe ngokufanayo neehagu ezimhlophe kwiindawo zoshishino kwaye zivalelwe kakhulu kwizitali.

Ihagu yase-Iberia, ingakumbi uhlobo olusulungekileyo, sisidalwa esikulungeleyo ukutya emadlelweni, sithatha ithuba lemekobume ukuze sitye ama-acorns, ingca kunye nokusela kwimisinga ekufutshane. Esi silwanyana singaqhelekanga ukukwazi ukuphumelela ngaphandle kokuxhomekeka ekungeneleleni komntu ngokuqhubekayo.

Sikwazi ukuhamba imigama emide mihla le sikhangela indawo yokuhlala nokutya, esi silwanyana sihamba ngaphandle kobunzima kumhlaba onzima. Ngokungafaniyo noogxa babo beenkomo emadlelweni,

Eminye imfuyo

Amadlelo aseSpain alikhaya leegusha ezininzi, malunga nezigidi ezisi-8 zeegusha ezikhuliselwa ubisi, inyama kunye nokuveliswa koboya. Ngokuphathelele iibhokhwe, ndicinga ukuba inani labo le-3 yezigidi lincinci, kodwa ubukho babo obubalulekileyo emadlelweni abunakuhoywa.

Idlelo lisetyenziselwa iinjongo ezahlukeneyo, kubandakanya ukuzingela, ukongeza kwizindlu ezingaphezulu kwesigidi esi-1 seenkomo ezincancisayo, iifama ezili-1.200 ezinikezelwe ekuzalweni kweenkunzi zenkomo kunye neefama eziphantse zibe ngama-800 ezikhethekileyo ekuzaleni amahashe aseSpain acocekileyo. Ukuthandwa kokusetyenziswa kwamadlelo ekuzingeleni iinyamakazi ezincinci kuyanda kwaye kuhambelana ngokugqibeleleyo nenkqubo yokufuya imfuyo.

Uqoqosho lwamadlelo

iihagu ze-iberian

Iinzuzo zoqoqosho ezinxulumene nokuzingela iinyamakazi ezinkulu zikhokelele ekwandeni kokuthandwa kwalo kulo mmandla. Ukongezelela, ihlathi lisetyenziselwa iinjongo zokutyisa. Eyona njongo yesikhokho kukufuna kwayo kakhulu kwishishini lewayini elikhethekileyo, apho isetyenziswa kakhulu kwimveliso.

Ukusuka kwi-oki ye-oki, emva kwesiqingatha senkulungwane, isikhokho esilungele ukwenziwa kwezithinteli siyafunyanwa. ISpeyin iyodwa ivelisa malunga neetoni ezingama-88.000 30 zesikhwebu ngonyaka, nto leyo emele ama-XNUMX ekhulwini ewonke. Ukuba ubukele ividiyo yeCanal Sur uya kuqonda nzulu ngakumbi lonke uhambo lwe-cork, ukusuka ekukhuleni kwayo kumadlelo ukuya kwizicelo zayo ezahlukeneyo zorhwebo.

Imveliso yeenkuni, edlala indima ebalulekileyo ekugcineni i-ecosystem, isuka ikakhulu ekutheneni nasekuveliseni ubusi, nto leyo eyenza ukuba yomibini imisebenzi ibaluleke kakhulu.

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje kukho ukwanda okukhulu ekuqokeleleni amakhowa kunye nama-truffles, okufanelekile ukukhankanya. Ukongeza, imisebenzi yokhenketho emadlelweni nayo ibone ukwanda.

Ngokuvuselela iifama ezindala kunye ukugcinwa kwelifa lemveli lasemaphandleni, ukhenketho lwendalo luya lukhuthazwa kwaye unxibelelwano kunye nokusingqongileyo emaphandleni luyaqiniswa. Kule mimandla, eyaziwa ngemeko yoqoqosho engaphezulu komndilili, imisebenzi ecetyiswayo ihlala ibandakanya ukukhwela ihashe, ukukhwela intaba, ukuzingela okanye ukhenketho lwegastronomic. Le misebenzi inika uncedo olongezelelweyo, igalelo kuphuhliso jikelele lwezi ndawo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni idlelo, iimpawu zalo kunye nokubaluleka.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.