Yintoni i-hydrometeor kwaye zeziphi iintlobo eziphambili?

Inkungu

Ngaba wakha wazibuza ukuba yintoni i-hydrometeor? Nantsi impendulo: le nto yingqokelela yolwelo, ulwelo okanye amasuntswana aqinileyo awela emoyeni. La masuntswana anokuhlala enqunyanyisiwe, abekwe kwizinto ezisimahla, okanye awe emhlabeni de afike kumphezulu womhlaba.

Phakathi kwezona ziphambili siqaqambisa imvula, inkungu, inkungu okanye iqabaka. Masazi ezona ntlobo ziphambili ezikhoyo kwaye zibonakaliswa njani.

IiHydrometeors zixhonywe emoyeni

Zizo ezo zenziwe ngamasuntswana amancinci kakhulu amanzi okanye umkhenkce ajinga emoyeni.

  • Inkungu: yenziwe ngamathontsi amancinci kakhulu amanzi anokubonwa ngeliso lenyama. La matonsi anciphisa ukubonakala okuthe tye ukuya ngaphantsi kwe-1km. Inkungu inokuba buthathaka xa ijongwa kumgama ophakathi kwe-500 kunye ne-1000m, ukumodareyitha xa umgama uphakathi kwama-50 nama-500m, kwaye uxinene xa ukubonakala kungaphantsi kwe-50m.
  • Inkungu: Njengenkungu, yenziwe ngamathontsi amancinci kakhulu amanzi, kodwa kule meko ayizinto ezincinane. Iyanciphisa ukubonakala phakathi kwe-1 kunye ne-10km kunye nokufuma okungama-80%.

Iihydrometeors ezibekwe kwizinto ezisemoyeni

Zenzeka xa umphunga wamanzi emoyeni ujikeleza kwizinto ezisemhlabeni.

  • Iqabaka: kwenzeka xa iikristali zomkhenkce zifakwa kwizinto, namaqondo obushushu asondele kakhulu kwii-0 degrees.
  • Iqabaka: Xa ukufuma komhlaba kubanda, umaleko womkhenkce omtyibilizi, kulapho sithi khona kukho iqabaka.
  • Inkungu ebandayo: Iyenzeka kwiindawo apho kukho inkungu kwaye umoya uvuthuza kancinci. Amathontsi amanzi aba ngumkhenkce xa edibana nomhlaba.

IiHydrometeors eziwa emoyeni

Yinto esiyaziyo ngegama lemvula. Ziyinto engamanzi okanye eqinileyo ewela emafini.

  • Imvula: Zingamanzi amasuntswana amanzi enobubanzi obungaphezulu kweemilimitha ezi-0,5.
  • I-Nevada: Yenziwe ziikristale zomkhenkce eziwa kumafu emvula.
  • Isichotho: Le mpompo yenziwe ngamasuntswana omkhenkce enobubanzi obuphakathi kweemilimitha ezintlanu ukuya kwezingama-5.

Imvula efestileni

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.