yintoni i-geology

yintoni i-geology

I-Geology idla ngokubhekiselwa kuyo kwisininzi, oko kukuthi, njengenzululwazi ye-geological, kuba ibandakanya isebe elinikezelwe kwindawo ethile yoMhlaba, njengemozulu, ukuhlola izimbiwa, i-tectonic dynamics, njl. Ngokwandiswa, inokusebenza nakwezinye iinkwenkwezi ezikwisijikelezi-langa. Abantu abaninzi abazi yintoni geology kwanamasebe awo aphambili.

Ngesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela ukuba yintoni i-geology, zeziphi iimpawu zayo kunye nokubaluleka kwayo.

yintoni i-geology

amasebe ejoloji

I-Geology yinzululwazi yendalo ezinikele ekufundeni umhlaba. Injongo yalo kukuqonda ukubunjwa komzimba kunye nesakhiwo sangaphakathi nangaphandle kweplanethi yethu, kunye neenkqubo ezahlukeneyo kunye ne-dynamics eye yavumela ukuba iguquke ekubunjweni kwayo kuze kube namhlanje. Igama layo lithatyathwe kwigama lesiGrike elithi Geo, "umhlaba" kunye nelogos, "amagama okanye ulwazi".

Kwelinye icala, inzululwazi yokwakheka komhlaba iquka ulwazi lwethiyori, olufana nendlela owawuyilwa ngayo umhlaba. Kwelinye icala, ikwabonelela ngezicelo ezithile kwiinkalo ezithile zemisebenzi yabantu, efana ne-geotechnics kunye nobunjineli boluntu, kunye nasekuqondeni nasekuthinteleni iziganeko ezinkulu zomhlaba ezinje ngeenyikima.

amasebe ejoloji

ukufunda imigoqo

I-Geology ibandakanya la masebe aphambili alandelayo, kunye namanye amaninzi angakhankanywanga:

  • I-Geophysics. Njengoko igama layo libonisa, kubandakanya ukusetyenziswa kolwazi kunye neembono zefiziksi ukufunda uMhlaba. Ngale ndlela, unomdla kwizinto ezisisiseko ezisebenza kubomi eMhlabeni ngoku nakwixesha elidlulileyo, njengokubonisa kunye nokuhlaziya, ubunzima, i-electromagnetism, i-radioactivity, njl. Yahlulwe ngakumbi kwi-geophysics yangaphakathi kunye ne-geophysics yangaphandle, kuxhomekeke kubunzulu bomzimba weplanethi apho umdla wakho ulele khona.
  • Tectonics. Unomdla kubunzulu besakhiwo somhlaba, apho amatye aqala khona aguqula umphezulu womhlaba, phakathi kwezinye izinto, avumela amazwekazi ukuba ahambe ngokweetectonic plates zawo, ezikwazi ukukhuthaza ukubunjwa kweentaba kunye / okanye ukubangela iinyikima.
  • Geochemistry. Njenge-geophysics kunye nefiziksi, i-geochemistry isebenzisa ulwazi lwekhemikhali kunye nezixhobo zokuqonda umba woMhlaba, oko kukuthi, ukuqonda indlela owenziwe ngayo kwaye yintoni na, kunye nokukwazi ukwenza iprojekthi yolo lwazi kwimeko yezinye iiplanethi. neenkwenkwezi ezisesibhakabhakeni. Unomdla ekuguqulweni kwamatye kunye neempendulo ezenzekayo phakathi kwezinto ezingaphantsi komhlaba.
  • Istratigraphy. Eli sebe le-geology litolika, liququzelele kwaye liqonde iintsalela zamatye e-igneous, sedimentary kunye ne-metamorphic, kunye nokuqhubekeka kwemigangatho ethe tye eyenza umhlaba, ebizwa ngokuba yi-stratigraphy.
  • IGeology yePetroleum. Olona setyenziso lunengeniso kakhulu lwe-geology lubandakanya yonke imiba ye-oyile: ukwakheka kwayo, indawo, uqikelelo lovimba, kunye nokuhlola kunye nokutsalwa.
  • I-Hydrology. Njengoko igama layo libonisa, inomdla kumanzi, ngakumbi amanzi afakwe ngaphantsi komhlaba (amanzi aphantsi komhlaba), kunye nokusebenzisana kwawo nomhlaba, amatye, iiminerali kunye nemigxobhozo, kunye nokubonakaliswa kwayo okwahlukileyo (igesi, ulwelo kunye neqinile) kunye neenkqubo zokulawula iidiphozithi eziphantsi komhlaba kunye neentshukumo.
  • Zemozulu. Ifunda ngeziganeko ze-atmospheric kwaye izama ukuqikelela uphuhliso lwazo. Ukwenza oku, kuthathela ingqalelo izinto ezifana noxinzelelo, ubushushu, ukufuma, umoya, njl.
  • I-Speleology. Amasebe afunda ukubunjwa kunye ne-morphology yemiqolomba engaphantsi komhlaba kunye neminye imiqolomba yendalo, efuna ukuhlola, imephu kunye nokuqokelela iisampulu ukunika ulwazi olubalulekileyo malunga ne-ecosystems yommandla. Iinkqubo zayo zivame ukuqhutyelwa ngendlela yokudlala, yingakho kufuneka kubizwe ngokuba yi-caving.
  • Paleontology. Kuyo ngokwayo isebe le-geology kunye nesayensi yendalo ezinikele ekufundeni ubomi obudlulileyo kwiplanethi yethu ngobungqina befosili obufunyenwe kumhlaba ongaphantsi. Luqeqesho olwaziwa kakhulu ngokufumanisa iidinosaurs kunye nobomi bePaleozoic, nangona ikwanikezelwe ekuqondeni ubomi bemicrobial kunye nepaleobotany.
  • Inzululwazi yenyikima. Inzululwazi yeenyikima, iintaba-mlilo kunye neenyikima kunye ne-tectonic displacements ezizivelisayo. Ikwabonelela ngolwazi malunga nokusasazwa kwamaza enyikima, uthintelo lomonakalo wenyikima, kunye nokufundisa ngeenyikima.

Ukubaluleka

IJojiyoloji yinzululwazi ebanzi neyahlukeneyo. Ineentlobo ngeentlobo zezicelo kwaye inokusindisa ubomi kwiimeko ezithile, ezifana ubunjineli boluntu, i-seismology okanye ezinye iingcali. Kwelinye icala, inokusebenzisa izinto ezininzi ezinengeniso ngokwezoqoqosho ezifana nenzululwazi yepetroleum, imineralogy, nezinye ezininzi.

Ngaphezu koko, isinika ulwazi oluninzi oluxabisekileyo ngobume besijikelezi-langa sethu. I-Geology ngumthombo wolwazi malunga nexesha elidlulileyo kunye nelo langoku loMhlaba, ngengqiqo yokuba isinceda ukuba sidlulisele ulwazi lwalo kwezinye iiplanethi kunye nokuqikelela ikamva lethu.

Geology vs biology kunye nejografi

ukubaluleka kwejoloji

Ibhayoloji kunye nejoloji zineendlela ezininzi zokuhlangana. Okokuqala, badibanisa i-paleontology ukuze bafunde ngezidalwa zamandulo ezimangalisayo ekukho kuzo iifosili ezimbalwa emhlabeni. Ukongeza, kunye bafunda ubudlelwane obunzima phakathi kobomi kunye nezinto ezingaphiliyo. Banokucacisa indlela izinto eziphilayo eziziguqula ngayo, zithuthwe, zilungiswe, okanye ziziguqule xa ziluncedo, ishiya imikhwa yemichiza enokuthi ibonwe ziingcali ngokwakheka komhlaba, kwanakwizigidi zeminyaka kamva.

Ngokunjalo, utshintsho lwejoloji eMhlabeni lunempembelelo kwindlela yokuphila, ebonakala kwisiphithiphithi sendaleko: qwalasela indlela iindidi eziye zahlulwa kwezinye iintlobo ngokwahlukana kweendawo zazo zokuhlala ngenxa yetectonics yamacwecwe athathe iikhosi ezahlukeneyo zokuzivelela kunye. yaphela yaba ziintlobo ezahlukeneyo ngokupheleleyo.

Nangona zibhalwe ngokufanayo, ijografi kunye nejoloji ziinkalo ezahlukeneyo zokufundanangona besondelelene omnye komnye. Le geographer izinikele ekufundeni imeko yangoku yomhlaba, kungekhona nje ukuhlukana kwayo kwezopolitiko okanye abantu, kodwa kunye nokuhanjiswa kwemithombo yamaminerali okanye iingozi zendalo, njl.

Kwelinye icala, njengoko besitshilo, i-geologist ikakhulu ifunda inkqubo yomhlaba ukusuka ekubunjweni kwawo ukuya kwi-panorama efundwa yijografi, oko kukuthi, unomdla kwixesha elidlulileyo kunye nexesha langoku lomhlaba.. Nangona kunjalo, ezi zifundo zimbini ziyancedisana ukuze zityebise iindawo zazo zolwazi.

I-Geology yinkqubo yesidanga saseyunivesithi, isidanga se-bachelor. Ngokuqhelekileyo kuthatha iminyaka emihlanu ukuyifunda. Amacandelo ayo abandakanya ezinye izifundo ezibolekwe kwezinye iinzululwazi ezichanekileyo, ezifana nefiziksi, ikhemistri, okanye ibhayoloji, kunye nakwisayensi yezentlalo, njengejografi, imbali, okanye ezoqoqosho.

Lo msebenzi ubonelela ngoqeqesho lwendalo kunye nolungiselelo lobugcisa kwiingcali zalo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kubavumela ukuba baqonde iinkqubo eziyinkimbinkimbi zendalo yomhlaba kwaye, kwelinye icala, ukulinganisa, ukulinganisa nokusebenzisa izixhobo zayo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-geology kunye neempawu zayo.


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