yintoni umbethe

uyintoni umbethe

Ngokuqinisekileyo ubonile amawaka ezihlandlo ebusika ngexesha lobusuku beemoto ziphela zikhulelwe ngamanzi. La mathontsi amanzi aziwa ngokuba ngumbethe. Abantu abaninzi abazi yintoni umbethe kunye nendlela eyakhiwe ngayo. Kwimeteorology yaziwa njengendawo yombethe kwaye iimpawu zayo zixhomekeke kwiimeko zokusingqongileyo.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, siza kunikela eli nqaku ukukuxelela yonke into oyifunayo ukuba uyazi malunga nokuba yintoni umbethe, ukwakhiwa njani kunye neziphi iimpawu zayo.

yintoni umbethe

Indawo yombethe

Ingqikelelo yendawo yombethe ibhekisa kwixesha apho umphunga wamanzi osemoyeni ujiya kwaye uveliswe ngokuxhomekeke kubushushu, iqabaka, inkungu okanye umbethe.

Umbethe uhlala unomphunga wamanzi emoyeni, isixa esihambelana nenqanaba lokufuma. Xa ukufuma okuhambelanayo kufikelela kwi-100%, umoya ugcwele kwaye ufikelele kwindawo yombethe. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba ukufuma okuhambelanayo yikhonkco phakathi komthamo we-H2O umphunga emoyeni kunye ubuninzi bexabiso le-H2O elinokubakho kwiqondo lokushisa elifanayo.

Ngokomzekelo, xa ukufuma okunxulumeneyo kusithiwa kuma-72% kwi-18ºC, isiqulatho somphunga wamanzi osemoyeni ngama-72% owona mlinganiselo mkhulu womphunga wamanzi kwi-18ºC. Ukuba kwelo qondo lobushushu i-100% yomswakama ohambelanayo ifikelelwe, indawo yombethe ifikelelwe.

Ngaloo ndlela, iqondo lombethe lifikelelwa xa ukufuma okunxulumene noko kunyuka ngelixa iqondo lobushushu lingatshintshi okanye xa iqondo lobushushu liyancipha kodwa ukufuma okunxulumeneyo kuhlala kunjalo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

amathontsi emvula Ukongeza kuzo zonke ezi ngasentla, kuyafaneleka ukwazi ezinye iinyani ezinomdla malunga nendawo yombethe, njengale:

  • Indawo efanelekileyo yombethe ebantwini ithathwa njenge-10º.
  • Iingcali zenzululwazi ngemozulu zithi lo mba unokusetyenziselwa ukufumanisa ukuba kulula kangakanani okanye nokuba ubushushu kangakanani na ubushushu bolusu olungaphandle.
  • Kwezo ndawo apho kujongwa ukuba kukho iindawo zombethe eziphezulu, ezinje ngaphezulu kwe-20º, fumanisa ukuba imvakalelo yokufuma kunye nobushushu obutshisayo buvakala kakhulu. Oko kuthetha ukuba kunzima ukuba umzimba womntu ubile kwaye uzive ukhululekile.
  • Ukufezekisa le mpilo, Kuqikelelwa ukuba indawo yombethe kufuneka ibe phakathi kwe-8º kunye ne-13º, ngelixa kungekho moya, iqondo lobushushu liya kufikelela kumaxabiso phakathi kwe-20º kunye ne-26º.

Ngokukodwa, itafile yangoku yamanqaku ombethe kunye nokuhlelwa kwawo ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

  • Umoya owome kakhulu: Indawo yombethe phakathi kwe -5º kunye -1º.
  • Umoya owomileyo: 0 ukuya ku-4º.
  • impilo eyomileyo: 5 ukuya kwi-7.
  • Ubuninzi bempilo entle: 8 ukuya ku-13º.
  • Impilo efumileyo. Kule meko, indawo yombethe iphakathi kwe-14º kunye ne-16º.
  • ubushushu obumanzi: 17 ukuya ku-19º.
  • Ukufunxa ubushushu obufumileyo: 20 ukuya ku-24º.
  • Ubushushu obunganyamezelekiyo kunye nokufuma okuphezulu: 25º okanye ngaphezulu indawo yombethe.

Ukuba sibuyela kumaxabiso angaphambili, sinokuthi ukuba ubushushu buhlala kwi-18ºC kwaye ukufuma okuhambelanayo kufikelela kwi-100%; indawo yombethe iya kufikelela, ngoko ke amanzi asemoyeni aya kuxinana. Ngoko kuya kubakho amathontsi amanzi (inkungu) emoyeni kunye namathontsi amanzi (umbethe) phezu komhlaba. Ewe, oku kunqunyanyiswa okanye amathontsi amanzi kumphezulu awabi manzi njengemvula (imvula).

imilinganiselo yombethe

uyintoni na umbethe kwizityalo

Ukuxinana kumoya ocinezelweyo kuyingxaki njengoko kunokukhokelela kwimibhobho evalekileyo, ukusilela komatshini, ungcoliseko kunye nomkhenkce. Ukunyanzeliswa komoya kwandisa uxinzelelo lomphunga wamanzi, okwandisa indawo yombethe. Oku kubalulekile ukukugcina engqondweni ukuba ukhupha umoya emoyeni ngaphambi kokuba uthathe imilinganiselo. Indawo yombethe kwindawo yokulinganisa iya kwahluka kwindawo yombethe kwinkqubo, iqondo lombethe lobushushu kumoya ocinezelweyo liyahluka kwiqondo lobushushu begumbi nakwiimeko ezikhethekileyo ukuya kutsho kwi- -80 °C (-112 °F).

Iinkqubo zeCompressor ezingenawo amandla omisa umoya zikholisa ukuvelisa umoya oxinanisiweyo oxineneyo kwiqondo lobushushu begumbi. Iinkqubo ezinezixhobo zokomisa umkhenkce zigqithisa umoya oxinanisiweyo ngesixhobo sokufudumeza esipholileyo esikhupha amanzi ngaphandle komsinga womoya. Ezi nkqubo zikholisa ukuvelisa umoya onombethe omalunga ne-5°C (41°F). Iinkqubo zokomisa i-Desiccant zifunxa umphunga wamanzi kumlambo womoya kwaye zinokuvelisa umoya onombethe ongu-40°C (-40°F) kwaye wome xa ufuneka.

Ubudlelwane neqabaka kunye nenkungu

Alithandabuzeki elokuba uhlaza olumanzi luye lwakhuthaza abafoti bendalo abaninzi. Kwaye, nangona ukuya kwinqanaba elingaphantsi, isenokubonwa kwezinye iidolophu ezixhathisa ukuhla kweethemomitha. Kwezi meko zinethamsanqa, uya kukwazi ukubona ekukhanyeni ukuba amagqabi kunye nezinye iiwebhu zesigcawu zifumana amandla amatsha kwindalo. Ngumbethe, umboniso onika umdla wokudityaniswa kwamanzi nezityalo.

Umbethe yinto ephakathi kwefiziksi kunye nemeteorology eyenzeka kuphela xa umoya ugcwele. Oko kukuthi, xa igqithile kumthamo wayo omkhulu wokugcina amanzi kwindawo yomphunga. Emva kokuba lo mda ugqithisiwe, umoya ugcwele kwaye amathontsi amanzi aqala ukwenza kwaye ahlale kwiziseko zendalo. Le yeyona ndlela isisiseko yokwenza umbethe.

Ukulahleka kobushushu kumphezulu kunokubangela ukuba la mathontsi amanzi emveli enze ukuba ukufuma okungqongileyo akukho phezulu kakhulu. Kodwa ukuba bonke ubumanzi obusemhlabeni buba ngumphunga ngokuthe ngqo, la mathontsi mancinane adala inkungu edumileyo.

Umbethe ubonakala ngesibhakabhaka esicacileyo, esingenamoya kunye nomoya omanzi ebusuku, ngakumbi entwasahlobo nasekwindla.. Kodwa le yinkqubo efuna iimeko ezingqongqo zokusingqongileyo. Ukuba iqondo lobushushu likufuphi nendawo yombethe, ukumila kombethe kuphantse kuqinisekiswe xa umphunga wamanzi usemoyeni uqala ukujiya, kodwa ungabi ngaphezu okanye ngaphantsi kwendawo yombethe. Kodwa ukuba iqondo lobushushu lihlala lingaphantsi kombethe, kusenokwenzeka ukuba kubekho inkungu. Ekugqibeleni, xa amaqondo obushushu ehla ngaphantsi kwe-0°C, iqabaka yesintu iyamila.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi uye wakwazi ukucombulula zonke iintandabuzo zakho malunga nokuba yintoni amazolo, yenziwe njani kunye neziphi iimpawu ezinayo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.