Imithombo eluhlaza yaseSpain

umthombo oluhlaza waseSpain

Ummandla osemantla wephondo laseBurgos, ngakumbi iLas Merindades kunye nommandla wePáramos, unenani elikhulu leendawo ezinomtsalane. Ithathwa njengeyona ndawo ifanelekileyo kwabo bathanda indalo kunye nejiyoloji ngenxa yobuninzi beendlela zokwakheka kwekarst, eziphakathi kwezona ziphawuleka kakhulu zohlobo lwayo kwiPeninsula yase-Iberia nakwilizwekazi lonke laseYurophu. Enye yezona zinto ziphawuleka kwaye zinomtsalane yi-Ojo Guareña complex eyaziwa ngokuba yi Imithombo eluhlaza yaseSpain.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into enomdla malunga neziphumo zayo kwi-Blue eye yaseSpain.

Ifumaneka phi

indawo yokufikela yendalo e-covanera

Nangona ubukhulu bayo, kukho iikona zobuhle obumangalisayo obungalindelekanga. KwiHoces de los Ríos Ebro kunye neRudrón Natural Park, iindwendwe zinako ngqina imiwonyo echukumisayo, iingxangxasi, imithombo ecocekileyo, iilali ezintle, amahlathi amahle kunye nemibono enomtsalane..

IBlue Well yaseSpain ikwiTubilla del Agua, kamasipala waseBurgos. Igama ngokwalo libonelela ngomkhondo obalulekileyo wokuba sinokulindela ukukufumana ntoni na apho. Kufuphi yiPoza de la Sal, idolophu eyaziwa ngenqaba yayo, imigodi yetyuwa nokuba yindawo awazalelwa kuyo uFélix Rodríguez de la Fuente. I Isixeko esiyimbali saseBurgos singaphezulu nje kweekhilomitha ezingama-40 kude.

ICovanera, idolophu yasemaphandleni enomtsalane ephantsi kolawulo lweTubilla del Agua. Nantsi indawo engaqhelekanga engaziwa kakuhle luluntu ngokubanzi, kodwa isabonwa njengendawo engcwele ngabantywizi bemiqolomba abanamava. Le ndawo yiBlue Well engakholelekiyo. Kutshanje, iqula laseAzul laziwa ngokuba yi "cove" okanye "unxweme" lweBurgos, ubukhulu becala ngenxa yamanzi acwebe ngendlela emangalisayo.

Iimpawu zeBlue well yaseSpain

umthombo oluhlaza waseSpain

I-karst spring iyamangalisa ngokwenene njengoko inokuvelisa amanzi angaphaya kwama-4.500 eelitha ngomzuzwana ngamaxesha emvula enkulu. Ngaphandle kwamaqondo obushushu abandayo, ukusuka kwi-9 kunye ne-11 degrees celsius unyaka wonke, ihlala iyindawo yokubhukuda ehlobo ethandwayo, nangona kuphela isibindi. La manzi alikhaya leentlanzi ekuthiwa zii<em>trout kwaye akumgangatho okhethekileyo. Umthombo uqukuqela kumlambo iRudrón emva kokwenza umsinga omncinane. Iqula laseAzul ngumzekelo obalaseleyo wokunyuswa kwekarst, ngamaqondo okuqukuqela ahluka kakhulu ngokuxhomekeke kwimvula. Ubushushu bayo obuzingileyo buphakathi kwe-9 kunye ne-11 ngokukaCelsius phantse unyaka wonke.

Umjelo, omalunga neemitha ezi-8 ububanzi, Ibekwe phantsi kodonga olukhulu lwelitye lekalika. Kucetyiswa ukuba undwendwele indawo kwiimeko ezifanelekileyo zokukhanya kunye nendawo yelanga, kuba unokujonga phantsi kwaye ujonge ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10 yeemitha ubunzulu. Kuyaphawuleka ukuba ukusuka kobu bunzulu, ihlabathi elintsonkothileyo kunye nelikhulu elingaphantsi kwamanzi lilindele ukuphononongwa.

Uhambo lwangaphantsi kwamanzi ngeBlue Well yaseSpain

imiqolomba kakuhle

IBlue Well, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi "Everest of speleodiving", Ngumsebenzi omangalisayo wokuhlola ngaphantsi kwamanzi. Le nkqubo yomqolomba inkulu yenziwe yilabyrinth yeepaseji ezingaphantsi kwamanzi kunye neesiphon ezinomtsalane ezikhokelela kwezinye iigalari, ezinye zazo zomile.

Uhambo lonyaka luyenziwa ukuveza iinkalo ezintsha zalo mqolomba mkhulu, kodwa ifikeleleka kuphela kubantu abahlukeneyo abanamava kunye nabaphandi ngenxa yobunzima kunye nobude benkqubo. Nangona kunjalo, ukufikelela ngeenyawo ukusuka eCovanera kulula kwaye kufutshane. Ukuphononongwa kokuqala kwequla lase-Azul e-Covanera kwaqhutywa ngexesha le-1960s, kodwa ukusuka kwi-1990 ukuya phambili, iingcali zesiNgesi, zesiDatshi kunye neSpanishi zangena nzulu ngezixhobo ezingcono.

Ngo-2010, i-Azul shaft yaseSpain yamisela irekhodi lehlabathi lokungena ngaphantsi kwamanzi ixesha elide, iqinisa imeko yayo njengomqolomba owona mgama ude uphantsi kwamanzi emhlabeni. Kwi-2014, ilungu laseBrithani kunye neDatshi leqela leQela leQela lokuDibela Baye bongeza ngempumelelo ikhilomitha e-1 kuphononongo lonyaka ophelileyo, emva kokuchitha iintsuku ezine ezilandelelanayo phantsi komhlaba. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, umgama uwonke ophononongweyo wenkqubo yomqolomba ufikelela kwi-14 yeekhilomitha ezinomtsalane. Nangona kunjalo, ngabantu abasixhenxe kuphela emhlabeni wonke abaye bakwazi ukuwela iikhilomitha zokuqala ze-6 zomqolomba, kwaye ngabantu abathathu kuphela abaphumelele umsebenzi omangalisayo wokuhlola umqolomba ukuya kwiikhilomitha ezili-14.

Ngenxa yendlela enzima, lo mqolomba ufanelekile kuphela kwiingcali eziqeqeshwe kakhulu. Ngaphandle koko, Umqolomba unentsomi yawo, ebalisa ibali lenenekazi elihle elineenwele ezinde elihlala ngaphakathi kweBlue Well., ebekwe kweyona ndawo inzulu yomqolomba. Ulusu lwayo olukhanyayo lukhanyisa iigalari ezimnyama njengoko idlula kuzo. Ngokutsho kwentsomi, eli nenekazi lalikade lisisidwangube liyokudibana nentandane yalo enkundleni xa lawela equleni kwindawo yokumisa endleleni laza alizange liphinde libonwe. Kukholelwa ukuba le ntombazana isajonge ukudibana nesithandwa sayo, kwaye ngalo lonke ixesha ibona ubukho bomfana oselunxwemeni lweBlue Well, okomzuzwana iphuma kubunzulu bayo ukujonga ukuba luthando na ekudala ilindelwe. .

Gqibezela utyelelo

Nangona ukutyelela kwiBlue Well yaseSpain kunomtsalane kakhulu, uhambo lugqitywe ngokuzonwabisa kwiidolophu ezikufutshane. Kunconywa ukuba ugcine inxalenye yosuku ukutyelela idolophu yaseCovanera, enezitalato zayo ezintle zamatye kunye nebhulorho eyakhiwe apha phezu koMlambo iRudrón. Ngaphantsi kwemizuzu engama-20 ngemoto esuka e-Orbaneja del Castillo, le dolophu idume ngeengxangxasi ezihamba kuyo.

Ungayonwabela i-gastronomy yedolophu yaseCovanera ukuphumla kwaye uzame okona kutya kwasekhaya kwindawo.

Njengoko ubona, iSpain ineendawo ezibonakala ngathi liphupha kwaye ziyindalo ngokupheleleyo, zilungele ukuhamba kunye nokonwabela ubume belizwe lethu. Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neBlue Well yaseSpain, iimpawu zayo, ukubunjwa kunye nezinto ezinomdla.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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