umnyama wenyanga

umnyama wenyanga

Siyazi ukuba kukho iindidi ezahlukeneyo zemeteorology engaqhelekanga kunye nembonakalo yeziganeko ezinokuboniswa okanye zingaboniswa ngokuxhomekeke kwindlela esinethamsanqa ngayo kunye neemeko zokusingqongileyo ezikhoyo ngelo xesha. Enye yezona zinto zinomdla kakhulu yi umnyama wenyanga. Yinto efana nokwenzeka kumnyama wesiqhelo kodwa ebusuku.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela indlela umnyama wenyanga owenziwe ngayo, zeziphi iimpawu zayo kunye nendlela ongayibona ngayo.

Yintoni umnyama wenyanga?

umnyama wenyanga ebusuku

Ngumnyama odalwa kukukhanya kwenyanga ebusuku. Yenza ngendlela efanayo nesiganeko sasemini, ngaphandle kokuba kule meko, ukukhanya kwelanga akuphazamisi ngokuthe ngqo. Umnyama wenyanga awukhanyi kangako kunelanga kuba inyanga ikhupha ukukhanya okuncinane kunelanga. Ngamanye amaxesha umbala wabo awubonakali emehlweni abantu, kwaye ii-arcs ezimhlophe kuphela ziyakwazi ukwahlula. Nangona kunjalo, ngekhamera yokuvezwa ende, unokufumana imifanekiso ebukhali kakhulu.

Yenziwa njani

Ukuze lo mnyama ubonakale ebusuku, iimeko ezithile ezikhethekileyo kufuneka kuhlangatyezwane nazo, nto leyo engenzeki rhoqo. Iimeko zokuba oku kwenzeke zezi:

  • Ukufuma kwendawo kuphezulu. Ngokuqhelekileyo, entwasahlobo nasekwindla, imvula iyanqongophala kwaye uxinzelelo lomoya oluphezulu lunceda ukudala inkungu exineneyo neziqhubekayo. Xa udibana nala mathontsi mancinane axhonyiweyo, ukukhanya kwenyanga kuyajika kube yimibala eyahlukahlukeneyo kuwo wonke amabala abonakalayo. Esi siphumo sibizwa ngokuba yi-refraction.
  • Ukukhanya kwenyanga kunamandla ngokwaneleyo. Isathelayithi yendalo yesi sijikelezi-langa sethu sityhubela izigaba ezine kuwo wonke umjikelo waso. Ukuze wenze umnyama uze utsalwe liliso lomntu okanye ikhamera, kufuneka ube kwisigaba senyanga epheleleyo, xa ukhupha ukukhanya okukhulu. Ngexesha le-supermoon, amathuba ayanda xa into isondela ngokusondeleyo kwiplanethi yethu. Kakade ke, isibhakabhaka kufuneka sicace.
  • I-angle yokukhanya efanelekileyo. Inyanga kufuneka iphantsi kakhulu ukuze ukukhanya kwayo kubethe inkungu nge-engile ethe ngqo. Oku kudla ngokwenzeka ngorhatya, isithuba sexesha ngaphambi kokuphuma kwelanga nasemva kokutshona kwelanga. Abantu abathanda ukufota kunye nemozulu baphawula olu suku njengeyure eluhlaza.

Apho ukubona umnyama wenyanga

umnyama wenyanga

Ukuthetha ngokuthe ngqo, imvula ebusuku inokuvela phantse kuyo nayiphi na indawo yomhlaba, ukuba nje ezi mfuno zingasentla ziyafezekiswa. Nangona kunjalo, kukho iindawo apho umswakama ophezulu (ingakumbi ngenxa yobukho bamanzi amakhulu) kunye isibhakabhaka esicacileyo sihlala sihleli, sinyusa amathuba ombono onjalo.

Le yimeko yeNiagara neCumberland Falls eUnited States neYosemite National Park, iVictoria Falls, ekumda ophakathi kweZambia neZimbabwe, kunye nePlitvice Lakes eCroatia. Ifunyenwe ngakumbi ngamaxesha athile eKauai, ngokukodwa ebudeni bemvula, naseKohala, imimandla emibini kwiZiqithi zaseHawaii; iindawo kwiiPhilippines.

Iimvula zeLunar nazo zihlala zibonwa kumahlathi amafu aseSanta Elena naseMonteverde. Lo mmangaliso wokukhanya nombala udla ngokubonwa kwinkungu yemimandla ekhuselweyo yaseCosta Rica ngobusuku benyanga epheleleyo ebusika. Ukufuma kuxhaphakile ngoDisemba nangoFebruwari ngenxa yemimoya ezisa inkungu kummandla weCaribbean.

Eminye iminqweno

umnyama uyawa

Ifumana igama layo ngenxa yokuba iziganeko zibonwa ngobusuku benyanga epheleleyo kwaye zityhafile kangangokuba ngamanye amaxesha kunzima ukuzibona ngeliso lenyama. Imvula yenyanga yenziwa kukukhanyelwa kokukhanya kwenyanga kwaye inokubonwa kwelinye icala lokukhanya kwenyanga.

Ziyakha ebusuku ngelixa iinyanga ezizeleyo zenza xa ziqaqambe kakhulu. Ukuba ngaphambi kokuba sithe kufuneka kube sebusuku, akukuphela kwento efunekayo ukuyibumba. Isibhakabhaka kufuneka siphantse sicace, okanye ubuncinane singabi namafu amaninzi amnyama. Ukongezelela, inyanga imele ibe kwisigaba sayo esipheleleyo, kuxa iqaqamba kakhulu yaye ikufutshane elundini phayaa. Kungaba emva kobumnyama okanye ngaphambi kokusa, kwaye ukufuma kuphezulu, okuyimeko eyimfuneko yokubunjwa kwemvula yenyanga.

Ukuba sikwindawo eneengxangxasi, kusenokwenzeka ukuba sibone le mnyama, kuba kukukhanya kwenyanga ngomphunga omncinci wamanzi, kwaye ukuba uqala ukubala imibala yomnyama, nangona kunzima kakhulu, kwaye akulula ukwahlula ngenxa yokungabikho kokukhanya. Enyanisweni, inyanga kulula ukuyibamba ngekhamera kunangeliso lomntu, umnyama ubonwa bhetele ngekhamera, nto leyo ebangela ukuba kube nzima ukuyibona ngeliso lomntu, oku kubangelwa kukuba kwiimvula zasebusuku, ukunqongophala kokukhanya koko kuvumela. ukuze bakhe. Ezona zinconyiweyo ziifoto zokuvezwa ezinde, yiyo loo nto zikwabizwa ngokuba ziimvula ezimhlophe.

Eminye iminyama enomdla

Ngokungafaniyo nemvula eqhelekileyo, umnyama wenkungu zisisiphumo sokusasazwa kokukhanya, hayi ukuchasa kunye nokubonakalisa.

Ngokungafaniyo namathontsi emvula, amathontsi emvula akwinkungu mancinane kangangokuba awakwazi kubonakalisa umbala, ngoko ayaphela kwaye ukukhanya kungabi nambala, nto leyo eyenza umnyama wealbhino. Kodwa into yokuba ayinambala ayenzi ukuba ibe mnandi kangako.

Sikwanayo umnyama we-brocken. Nangona ibizwa ngokuba yiBrocken, into oya kuyibona sisithunzi sakho, sikhulu kwaye sandisiwe kwaye siboniswa emafini kwelinye icala lelanga. I-specter ibonakala xa ilanga likhanya emva kwakho kwaye ujonge kwinkungu.

Usenokuba nengxaki yokuzazi ukuba ungubani na ngenxa yokuba imbono igqwetha isithunzi; kwakhona, ukuba awenzi njalo, kunokwenzeka ukuba ihambe ngokujijayo kuba ilifu eliqikelelwa kulo liyashukuma kwaye ukuxinana kwalo akufani.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nomnyama wenyanga kunye neempawu zayo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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  1.   Cesar sitsho

    Ndimangaliswe sesi sihloko, ngenene bendingabazi ubukho be "nyanga yomnyama"... Ndiyakumema ukuba uqhubeke uphinda-phinda ulwazi olunjalo olubonisa ulwazi jikelele... Imibuliso