ukukhanya kweenyawo

ukukhanya kweenyawo

Amaxesha amaninzi isibhakabhaka siyasimangalisa ngeembono ezimangalisayo. Ngamaxesha amaninzi siye sayeka ukucinga ngokutshona kwelanga okumangalisayo ngenxa yombala wemibala yesibhakabhaka. Kukho isenzeko semeteorology eyaziwa ngokuba ukukhanya kweenyawo ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-flushed neyaziwa ngokunika umdla. Sisibhakabhaka esivuthayo, esinemibala enemibala ebomvu, e-orenji, epinki kunye nemfusa. Ukubanjwa kwezulu kunomdla kakhulu kuba ngamanye amaxesha ungaya kubakhangela kodwa ubafumane.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga ne-candilazo, kutheni ibizwa ngokuba yiloo nto kwaye ziphi iimpawu zayo.

Yintoni isibane

kuhle ukutshona kwelanga

Ngokuchasene noko kuthatyathwa yinkcubeko ye-pop, ayingomafu amnyama "ayeza," kodwa i-palette yokukhanya kwelanga ngokusemandleni ayo. Kodwa ... kutheni ungababoni emini? Ngabaphi oothunywashe abaya kwenza lo mcimbi uqaqambe? Makhe sijonge ezona zinto zinefuthe kakhulu ekuphuhliseni nasekuqineni kwayo: ukusasazeka kokukhanya kwelanga kunye ne-angle yayo yeziganeko emhlabeni, iindidi zamafu esibhakabhakeni kunye nobungakanani bamasuntswana okanye ukufuma kwiatmosfera.

Ukukhanya kwelanga kwenziwa ngayo yonke imibala “yembonakalo ebonakalayo,” yaye imibala esiyibona kumnyama ingumzekelo omhle. Njengokuba, yonke le mibala ithe saa kakhulu okanye kancinci kakhulu, exhomekeke ubukhulu becala kwi-engile yeziganeko zemitha yelanga kwiatmosfera yethu, njengoko kubonisiwe ngezantsi:

  • Xa Imitha yelanga ixhomekeke kwiatmosfera, Okukhona ilanga liphezulu elundini phayaa (ilanga lelanga eminith emini), kokukhona ukuqina kunye nobude obufutshane bokukhanya okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka (ngaphantsi kwe-500 nm) kuya kuthi saa kwi-atmosfera. I-atmosphere iphumelele ngakumbi, ikhukula isibhakabhaka (esibhakabhaka) kunye namafu (amhlophe okanye angwevu) ngaloo mbala.
  • Xa imitha yelanga ikhomba kwiatmosfera ngendlela "ehambelana ngakumbi", kwenzeka ntoni ngorhatya okanye ngofifi, ukukhanya okuluhlaza kuya kusasaza kamva kwaye kulahleke endleleni. Kule meko, ukukhanya okubomvu kuya kuba kude.Kulawula ubude be-wavelength (> 600 nm), kukhanyisa amafu "ukusuka ngaphantsi".

Ilifu

ukutshona kwelanga evalencia

Ngaphandle kwamafu bekungayi kubakho totshi; njengoko sinokubona ngokubonakalayo ekupheleni kwecandelo elidlulileyo. Sidinga iseyile apho siza kuveza isibane esibomvu ukuze sikwazi ukubona ukukhanya okuvela esibhakabhakeni. Ngokuqhelekileyo kwi-meteorology sithetha ngeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zamafu ngokobude bawo esibhakabhakeni: ephantsi, ephakathi kunye nephezulu.

Ewe, ukwazi le nto, sixhomekeke kubukho bezimbini zokugqibela: eziphakathi (isiseko esikhulu kuneemitha ezingama-2000) kunye nephezulu (isiseko esikhulu kune-5000 okanye i-6000 yeemitha). Kule meko, amafu asezantsi akanakusinceda kuba aya kuyivala ngokupheleleyo imitha yelanga. Kufuneka sivumele ukukhanya kudlule kumafu angaphantsi kwawo kwaye kukhanyise ukusuka ezantsi kwawo. Ngamanye amaxesha kwanencopho yelifu elikhulu le-cumulonimbus ikhanyisa.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba amanye ama-nuances ale nto anokutshintsha iimeko zokubonisa le nto:

  • Ukufuma okuphezulu kutsala inxalenye yemitha yelanga, egudileyo. Oku kuqhele ukwenzeka xa usebenzisa isibane emva kokuna kwemvula, ngakumbi ngexesha leemvula.
  • Amasuntswana angcolisekileyo aya kwenza "ukuvutha" kuqine ngakumbi. Emva kwemisebenzi ye-anthropological engcolise kakhulu, izinto ezidla ukwenzeka rhoqo emva kwemini.

Ngaba inokuxelwa kwangaphambili?

candilazo phakathi kwamafu

Kuya kufuneka ukuba ulahlekile ngaphezu kwesihlandlo esinye, ubukele ukutshona kwelanga okuphuphayo okanye ukuphuma kwelanga kufotwe, onke la mafu akhanyiselwa bubomvu obunzulu kunye neorenji, akunjalo? Ikhamera inokuguqula nayiphi na ifoto ye-landscape ibe ngumsebenzi wokwenene wobugcisa.

Kodwa, zingaphi izihlandlo oye wamangaliswa ngumbane kwimoto, ekhaya okanye emsebenzini? Ngokuqinisekileyo amaxesha amaninzi. Mangaphi amaxesha apho uphume neqela lakho ukuya kubamba ukuphuma kwelanga okanye ukutshona kwelanga kwindawo entle kunye namafu obucinga ukuba angakhanya ajike abe ngwevu? Ewe baninzi abanye.

Ke ngoko, umbuzo obuzwa ngulowo umfoti welizwe ngaxa lithile ebomini bakhe uthi: Ngaba unokuqikelela isibane? Singazi njani i-100% ukuba ukuphuma okanye ukutshona kwelanga kuya kuba ngumboniso wemibala? Kulungile impendulo elula kulo mbuzo kukuba hayi, ayinakuxelwa kwangaphambili, noko hayi ncam.

Kodwa ewe, zininzi izinto ezinokubangela le nto. Nje ukuba uziqonde ezi zinto, unokuzama ukuqikelela ukuphuma kwelanga okumnandi kunye nokutshona kwelanga kwaye uzibambe ngekhamera kwindawo oyithandayo ngaphambi kokuba yenzeke.

Ngokungabikho kwamafu, phantsi kweemeko eziqhelekileyo, ubunzulu bebomvu kunye ne-orenji ekutshoneni kwelanga bukhulu kunexesha lokuphuma. Oku kungenxa yokuba kukho amasuntswana amaninzi ahamba emoyeni emva kwemini, kuba isiphithiphithi esinesiphithiphithi ngexesha lasemini sikhulu kufutshane nomhlaba. ukuba ebusuku, izinto ezininzi zibalekela kwiatmosfera esasaza ukukhanya.

Ugqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo lukhupha amasuntswana amaninzi kwistratosphere kangangokuba athi asasazeke ngokukhawuleza emhlabeni, nto leyo ebangela ukutshona kwelanga okumangalisayo nokuphuma kwelanga, kwezinye iimeko kangangeenyanga. Ezi zibane zibonakaliswa kwimibala yesibhakabhaka eboniswe kwimizobo emininzi yamaxesha ahlukeneyo, ukuseka unxibelelwano olunomdla phakathi kokupeyinta kunye nemozulu.

Isibhakabhaka esibomvu asibangelwa kubukho bamasuntswana emvelaphi yentaba-mlilo emoyeni, kodwa sisiphumo sokusasazeka kokukhanya kwangokuhlwa xa amafu esivalile. Kwiimeko ezininzi, into yokuba la mafu aqhele ukunxulunyaniswa nomphambili ingqina iqhalo ebesikhe salikhankanya ngaphambili (“Candilazo ekutshoneni kwelanga, amanzi ekuphumeni kwelanga”).

Isazi ngemozulu saseBritane uAlan Watts uthe: “Isibhakabhaka sakusasa sisichaza kakuhle imozulu kunaxa kurhatyela. Isibhakabhaka kwicala elingasempuma kufuneka sicace kwaye amafu abe phezulu. Oku kwenzeka xa imida eshushu okanye imiqobo isiya ngasempuma. Imeko, ngoko uqikelelo lolwemozulu embi. Uphononongo olwenziwa eLondon ngeminyaka yee-1920s lwabonisa ukuba isifingo esigungxulwayo kwalandelwa yimvula kwiiyure ezizayo ezingama-24 ama-70 ekhulwini exesha, nokuba ukutshona kwelanga okugungxulwayo kwakulandelwa yimozulu eyomileyo kanye ngokufuthi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-candilazo kunye neempawu zayo.


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