Ukhukuliseko lomoya kunye nento oluyenzayo kumatye

ukhukuliseko lwendalo

Xa siqalisa uhambo ngeendawo zendalo okanye iindlela ezinqumlayo, sidibana neziphumo eziguqukileyo zeenkqubo zokhukuliseko. Ukhukuliseko luvelisa utshintsho kumphezulu woMhlaba, luwohloka ngokuthe ngcembe kwaye lubangele ukuwohloka kwawo. Kukho iindlela ezininzi zokhukuliseko, ezinye zinamandla ngakumbi kunezinye. Oku kuquka ukhukuliseko olubangelwa ngumoya, amanzi kunye nomxhuzulane, kunye nokhukuliseko olubangelwa yimisebenzi yabantu, olwaziwa njengokhukuliseko lwe-anthropogenic, olwahlulwe kumandla endalo akhankanywe ngasentla. Abantu abaninzi bafuna ukwazi malunga nale ngxaki ukhukuliseko lomoya kwaye yintoni ebangela amatye.

Ngoko ke, kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into oyifunayo ukuba uyazi malunga nokukhukuliseka komoya kunye nokuba yintoni amatye abangelayo, kunye neentlobo zokukhukuliseka ezikhoyo.

Yintoni ukhukuliseko lomoya?

amatye akhukulisiweyo

Ukhukuliseko lomoya lubhekiselele kwinkqubo apho amandla omoya abangela ukhukuliseko oluthe ngcembe kunye nokufuduswa komhlaba nezinye izinto. Igama elithi "aeolian" lisuka kwigama lesithixo samaGrike uAeolus, owayesongamela umoya. Xa sithetha ngokhukuliseko lomoya, sibhekisa ngokukodwa kwinkqubo yokuwohloka nokwehla komgangatho okwenzeka isiphumo sentshukumo yomoya kwaye, ekugqibeleni, iguqule uqweqwe lomhlaba.

Ukhukuliseko lomoya, nangona lungaphantsi kakhulu xa luthelekiswa nokhukuliseko lwamanzi, yinkqubo kancinane efuna umhlaba ongenazityalo ukuqinisekisa ukhukuliseko olungaphazanyiswa. Olu hlobo lokhukuliseko lwenzeka ikakhulu kwimimandla ephawulwa kukuguquguquka okubalulekileyo kobushushu, okuququzelela ukuqhekeka kwamatye kunye Ivumela umoya ukuba ube nempembelelo enamandla ngakumbi kubo.

Iindawo eziphakamileyo zeentaba kunye neentlango zichaphazeleka ngakumbi kukhukuliseko lomoya, njengeendawo ezingenazityalo okanye ezigqunywe kumhlaba ongenanto. Ubukho bezityalo buya kuthintela impembelelo yokukhukuliseka yomoya, nto leyo ekhokelela kwinkqubo yokhukuliseko oluthambileyo okanye olungekhoyo.

Zazi oonobangela bokhukuliseko lomoya

ukhukuliseko lomoya kunye nento oyenzayo kumatye

Ukhukuliseko lomoya lubangelwa ikakhulu yintshukumo yomoya kumphezulu womhlaba. Le nkqubo inokwenzeka kwizikali zamaxesha ahlukeneyo nakwiindawo ezahlukeneyo, ukusuka kwintlango eyomileyo ukuya kwimimandla eselunxwemeni nakwimimandla eyinkqantosi.

Isantya somoya ngumba ophambili kukhukuliseko lomoya. Okukhona siphezulu isantya somoya, kokukhona amandla amakhulu okuthutha amasuntswana entlenga. I imimoya Amasuntswana anamandla aphakamisa kwaye athuthe amasuntswana amakhulu, anzima, okukhokelela kukhukuliseko olukhulu.

Ubungakanani, imilo kunye nobunzima bamasuntswana entlenga nawo aphembelela ukhukuliseko lomoya. Amasuntswana amancinci, alula, anjengesanti ecolekileyo kunye neentlenga, asengozini yokuthuthwa ngumoya kwimigama emide. Awona masuntswana makhulu kwaye anzima, anje Iinkozo zesanti ezirhabaxa kunye namaqhekeza amatye afuna imimoya enamandla ukuba iphakanyiswe kwaye ihanjiswe.

Ubukho bentlenga kumphezulu womhlaba yinto efunekayo kukhukuliseko lomoya. Iindawo ezinemihlaba engenazityalo, ezinjengeentlango, iilwandle kunye neendawo ezisandul’ ukucocwa, zichaphazeleka ngakumbi kukhukuliseko lomoya, kuba akukho zityalo okanye ezinye izinto ezisigqumayo zokukhusela umhlaba kwisenzo somoya.

Ngokucacileyo, yonke into iya kuxhomekeka kwimozulu yendawo apho ukhukuliseko lwenzeka khona. Imimandla eyinkqantosi nebharhileyo, apho uhlaza luluncinane kwaye ukufuma kunqongophele, ithanda ukuba nokhukuliseko olukhulu lomoya. Kwelinye icala, ukuguquguquka kwamaxesha onyaka kwisantya somoya kunye nendlela oya ngakuyo kunokuchaphazela ubunzulu bokhukuliseko lomoya ngamaxesha ahlukeneyo onyaka.

Iintlobo zokhukuliseko lomoya

ukhukuliseko eolic

Sele sibonile ukuba ukhukuliseko lomoya luzibonakalisa ngeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeenkqubo zomoya. Inkqubo yokhukuliseko lomoya ingahlelwa ngokwamanqanaba amathathu awohlukeneyo, ngalinye libandakanya iindidi ezimbini eziphambili zokhukuliseko lomoya okanye iinkqubo zomoya. Isenzo sokhukuliseko sibonisa ukubonakaliswa kweenkqubo ezimbini ezahlukeneyo okanye iintlobo zokhukuliseko lomoya.

Ngenxa ye-abrasion

Ngenkqubo yokhukuliseko lomoya ngokukrazuka, Umphezulu wamatye uyasikwa kwaye aphuculwe ngokuthuthwa kwesanti kunye nezinye izinto ngomoya. Lo mkhwa udala iipateni zomoya ezahlukeneyo kumphezulu kwaye uvelise iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokumila, kubandakanywa ii-ventifacts, i-yardangs, ii-taffonis kunye namatye okungunda.

Ngenxa ye-deflation

Inkqubo yokhukuliseko lomoya eyaziwa ngokuba yi-deflation ibandakanya ukuhamba kwamasuntswana emhlabeni ngenxa yesenzo sokuvuthela, ukutshayela, ukurhuqa, okanye ukuphakanyiswa emoyeni. Olu hlobo lokhukuliseko lunokwahlulwa lube ziindlela ezintathu ezohlukeneyo zothutho: ityuwa, ukumiswa kunye nokuqengqeleka okanye ukurhuqa. Njengomphumo wokhukuliseko lomoya, ukwakheka kwendlela yokuhamba ngeenyawo yentlango kwenzeka, okukhokelela kwiintlobo ezintathu ezahlukeneyo zeentlango: ireg okanye intlango enamatye, ierg okanye intlango enesanti, kunye namatye okanye iintlango ezinentaba.

Yintoni amatye akhukulisiweyo?

Amatye akhukulisiweyo ngawona atshintshiweyo okanye anxitywa yinkqubo yendalo efana nomoya, amanzi, umkhenkce, kunye nesenzo sezinto eziphilayo ngokuhamba kwexesha. Oku kunxitywa kunokuzibonakalisa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo, njenge ukulahlekelwa ngamaqhekeza elitye lokuqala, utshintsho kwimilo okanye ukuthungwa, okanye ukubunjwa kwemingxuma kunye neentanda.

Iindidi ezahlukeneyo zamatye zinokukhukuliseka ngeendlela ezikhethekileyo, njengoko ukwakheka kweeminerali kunye nokwakheka kwazo kuphembelela ukuxhathisa kwazo kwi-erosive agents. Umzekelo, amatye entlenga, abunjwe kukuqokelelana kunye nokudityaniswa kwentlenga, ahlala echanabeke ngakumbi kukhukuliseko ngenxa yobume bawo obunoburhovu kunye nokuthamba okunxulumeneyo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amatye avuthayo, akhiwe ngokupholisa kunye nokuqina kwe-magma, anokumelana ngakumbi ngenxa yokwakheka kwekristale kunye nesakhiwo esincinci.

Ngawaphi amatye enziwa lukhukuliseko lomoya?

Amatye adalwe lukhukuliseko lomoya aziwa ngokuba ngamatye e-aeolian okanye amatye e-aeolian sedimentary. La matye avela ukuqokelelana kunye nokufakwa kwesamente kwentlenga ezithuthwa ngumoya, inkqubo eyaziwa ngokuba yi-aeolian.

Umzekelo oqhelekileyo wamatye e-aeolian ziindunduma zesanti, ezenza xa umoya uthutha kwaye ubeka isanti kwiinduli zeempawu. Ngokuhamba kwexesha, ezi ziduli zinokuqina zibe ngamatye entlenga abizwa ngokuba ngamatye esanti e-aeolian.

Omnye umzekelo ngamatye aziwa ngokuba yi-loess, aziidiphozithi zentlenga ecolekileyo, enentlenga ethuthwa ngumoya ize igalelwe kumaleko ashinyeneyo. Lamatye angatyeba kakhulu kwaye asoloko esetyenziselwa ezolimo, kodwa ayakwazi nokukhukuliseka xa evezwe kwintshukumo yamanzi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni ukhukuliseko lomoya kunye nendlela oluchaphazela ngayo amatye.


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