ukubunjwa kweplanethi

Inkqubo yeplanethi

Funda ngakumbi malunga nendalo kunye nenkqubo yeeplanethi. Sichaza iimpawu zayo kunye nokubunjwa kwayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ingaba isandi esimnyama somngxunya

Uvakala njani umngxuma omnyama?

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ukuba uvakala njani umngxuma omnyama kunye nendlela iNASA yafumanisa ngayo. Funda ngakumbi malunga nendalo yethu apha.

UAlpha Centauri

UAlpha Centauri

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga ne-Alpha Centauri kunye neempawu zayo. Sikuxelela ngakumbi malunga nendalo yethu.

yintoni i-orbit

yintoni i-orbit

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ukuba yintoni i-orbit kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngendalo esingqongileyo.

inkqubo yelanga

yintoni iplanethi

Kweli nqaku sikuxelela ukuba yintoni iplanethi, yintoni iimpawu zayo, iintlobo kunye nokuhlelwa. Funda ngakumbi apha.

iindlela zokubona isibhakabhaka

isebenza njani iteleskopu

Funda indlela iteleskopu esebenza ngayo ukuze ukwazi ukujonga isibhakabhaka kwaye wazi awona makroza abalaseleyo. Funda ngakumbi apha.

intshukumo yokujikeleza komhlaba

ukujikeleza komhlaba

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nokujikeleza koMhlaba. Funda ngakumbi ngokubaluleka kwayo.

arcturus

IArcturus

Yazi nzulu yonke into malunga neArcturus yenkwenkwezi, eyona iqaqambe kuwo wonke umntla wezulu. Apha sikuchazela yonke into. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

iimpawu zesiphepho selanga

Izaqhwithi zelanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into oyifunayo ukuba uyazi malunga neziphepho zelanga kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi apha.

ibhanti yeyiper

Ibhanti yaseKuiper

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga nebhanti ye-Kuiper kunye neziphi iimpawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Tycho Brahe

Tycho brahe

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha yonke i-biography kunye neentshukumo zikaTycho Brahe njengesazi ngeenkwenkwezi. Funda ngakumbi ngokubaluleka kwayo apha.

jonga indalo iphela

Iirokhethi zasemkhathini

Kweli nqaku, sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga neerokethi zasemkhathini kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi apha.

inkwenkwezi ye-neutron

Inkwenkwezi yeNeutron

Kweli nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga inkwenkwezi neutron, yintoni na kunye neempawu zayo.

Ibhanti likaOrion

Ibhanti likaOrion

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela nzulu yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nebhanti yeOrion kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Amanqanaba okusitheka kwelanga

Yintoni ukusithwa kwenyanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela ukuba yintoni ukusithwa kwenyanga, iimpawu, amanqanaba, imvelaphi kunye nembali ethile. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

iintlobo zeemeteorites

Yintoni imeteorite

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nokuba yintoni i-meteorite, iimpawu zayo, ukwakheka kunye neentlobo.

inyanga

Yintoni isathelayithi

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nokuba yintoni isathelayithi kunye nokuba zeziphi iintlobo ezikhoyo.

ukufumba kweenkwenkwezi

I-Andromeda Galaxy

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nomnyele weAndromeda kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Akunabuncinci kwaye osa bukhulu

Bhele elincinci

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu, ukubaluleka kunye neentsomi ze-Ursa Minor constellation. Funda nzulu apha.

wenziwa njani umngxuma omnyama

Wenziwa njani umngxunya omnyama

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ukuba umngxuma omnyama wenziwe njani kwaye ziimpawu zini. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ubundlobongela

Ukunyaniseka

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-heliocentrism kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

yintoni indalo yonke

Yintoni iphela

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nokuba yintoni indalo kunye neempawu zayo. Yazi zonke iimfihlelo apha.

Amakhonkco kaSaturn

Amakhonkco kaSaturn

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga namakhonkco kaSaturn, iimpawu kunye nokufumanisa kwabo.

uyikhetha njani iteleskopu

Uyikhetha njani iteleskopu

Sikunika iingcebiso ezilungileyo zokukhetha iteleskopu kuhlahlo-lwabiwo mali, amanqaku kunye namava. Funda nzulu apha.

ibhanti ye-asteroid

Ibhanti ye-Asteroid

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nebhanti ye-asteroid kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi malunga nenkqubo yelanga apha.

izihloko zeenkwenkwezi

Yintoni umnyele

Kule nqaku sikuxelela ukuba yintoni umnyele kwaye zithini iimpawu kunye neentlobo ezikhoyo. Funda ngakumbi ngendalo apha.

Inkqubo yeCassini

Inkqubo yeCassini

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neprojekthi yeCassini kunye nokufumanisa kwayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ihelikopta ukuya kwimars

Ubulumko bukaMars

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga ne-Ingenuity Mars kunye neempawu zayo. Funda nzulu malunga nokuhlola iMars apha.

yintoni ilanga

Liyintoni ilanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nelanga kunye neempawu zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

geminidas kunye neempawu zazo

Geminids

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neeGeminids kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

iqela le-gemini

I-constellation gemini

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neqela leGemini kunye neempawu zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

inkwenkwezi eqaqambileyo esibhakabhakeni ebusuku

Inkwenkwezi Vega

Sikuxelela nzulu yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ngenkwenkwezi yeVega kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Iinkwenkwezi eziphambili zeVirgo

Iqela leVirgo

Kule nqaku sikufundisa yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neqela le-Virgo kunye neempawu zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Constellation leo

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-constellation Leo kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngeenkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni apha.

comet Neowise

Comet Neowise

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into malunga neComet Neowise. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Iqela le-scorpio

Iqela leScorpio

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neqela le-scorpio kunye neempawu zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Iinkwenkwezi ezidubulayo

Iinkwenkwezi ezidubulayo

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neenkwenkwezi zokudubula, imvelaphi kunye neempawu. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Iqela leenkwenkwezi

Izihlambo

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neqela lePleiades kunye neempawu zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Umzobo we-hertzsprung-russell

Umzobo kaHertzsprung-Russell

Sikuxelela yonke into oyifunayo ukwazi ukutolika umzobo kaHertzsprung-Russell. Funda ngakumbi ngeenkwenkwezi apha.

ukukhula kweenkwenkwezi

Iinkwenkwezi zeNeutron

Sikuxelela yonke into oyifunayo malunga neenkwenkwezi ze-neutron. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

ukongezwa

Yintoni eyongezelelweyo

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nokwandiswa kunye nokubaluleka kwayo ekwakhiweni kweenkwenkwezi. Funda ngayo apha.

Iiplanethi ezinamatye elanga

Iiplanethi ezinamatye

Sikuxelela zonke iimpawu kunye nokuhlelwa kweeplanethi ezinamatye. Funda ngako konke apha.

Umngxunya omnyama

Umnyhadala womsitho

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nesiphelo somsitho kunye nokubaluleka kwako ekufumanekeni kwemingxunya emnyama.

Umnyama omhlophe

Umnyama omhlophe

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nenomhlophe, iimpawu kunye nokwakheka kwayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha

iigesi ezinkulu

Iiplanethi ezinerhasi

Sikuxelela yonke into odinga ukuyazi malunga neeplanethi ezinegesi kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Amaza omxhuzulane

Amaza omxhuzulane

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ngamaza omxhuzulane, iimpawu zawo kunye nokubaluleka kwawo. Yazi yonke into apha.

iinkwenkwezi ezimbini

Iinkwenkwezi eziphindwe kabini

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neenkwenkwezi eziphindwe kabini kunye neempawu zazo. Funda kabanzi malunga neenkwenkwezi.

iintlobo zeenkwenkwezi kunye neempawu

Iindidi zeenkwenkwezi

Kule nqaku sikuxelela zonke iimpawu kunye nokuhlelwa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeenkwenkwezi ezikhoyo.

Iimpawu zeminyele yomjikelezo

Umnyele wokomoya

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-galaxy ehamba kunye neempawu zayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

umnyama omdaka

Umdaka omdaka

Sikuxelela iimpawu, ukubunjwa kunye nomnqweno womntu omdaka omdaka. Funda ngakumbi malunga nale nto yasezulwini.

iisathelayithi zendalo

Isatellites zeJupiter

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neesathelayithi zeJupiter kunye neempawu zazo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

nasa noosomajukujuku

NASA

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ngeNASA kunye neyona mishini mihle kwimbali. Funda ngako konke apha.

Uhambo lwe venus

Uhambo lweVenus

Sikuxelela konke ngohambo lweVenus kunye nendlela omele uyibone ngayo. Funda ngakumbi ngale nto yeenkwenkwezi.

ukulungelelaniswa kweeplanethi ezizodwa

Ukulungelelaniswa kweplanethi

Sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nokulungelelaniswa kweeplanethi. Funda ngakumbi malunga nokuba kwenzeka nini le nto.

ugqatso lwasemajukujukwini

Umdyarho wasemajukujukwini

Sikuxelela inyathelo ngenyathelo yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nogqatso lwendawo kunye nenkqubela phambili yoluntu.

exoplanets

Exoplanets

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ukuba zeziphi ii-exoplanets kwaye zeziphi ezona mpawu ziphambili. Funda indlela yokuzifumanisa.

Iisathelayithi zetyhefu

Iisathelayithi zeVenus

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela ezinye zeengcamango malunga neesetellites zeVenus kwaye ukuba uye wakwazi ukufumana. Dibana nemfihlakalo apha.

iinkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni

Zithini iinkwenkwezi

Kule nqaku sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ukuba zeziphi iinkwenkwezi kunye nendlela ezakhiwe ngayo. Funda ngakumbi ngendalo apha.

uyanyamezela ngo-Agasti

Ukunyanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nePerseids kunye nemvelaphi yabo. Funda ngakumbi malunga neMeteor Shower.

Iminyele engaqhelekanga

Iminyele engaqhelekanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nemithala engaqhelekanga kunye nokwenziwa kwayo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

isaturn neeringi

Iiplanethi ezineeringi

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu kunye nokwakhiwa kweeplanethi ngamakhonkco. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

Indlela yokusebenzisa isicwangciso sezulu

Umhlaba weplanethi

Kule nqaku sikuxelela ukuba yintoni iplanethi yasezulwini, isetyenziswa njani kwaye yenziwa njani. Funda ngokujonga isibhakabhaka.

Iqela le-andromeda

Ikroza leAndromeda

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha ezinkulu yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neqela le-Andromeda. Funda ngakumbi malunga nokuseta kweenkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni.

Iindidi zeminyele

Iintlobo zegalaksi

Sikuxelela zonke iimpawu kunye nokuhlelwa kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zegalaksi ezikhoyo. Funda ngakumbi ngendalo apha.

Ucwangco lweeplanethi

Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nokulandelelana kweeplanethi kunye neempawu zenkqubo yelanga.

ilanga neenkwenkwezi

Iimpawu zelanga

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu zelanga, kunye namacandelo alo, imvelaphi kunye nezinto zalo. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha

Iqela leenkwenkwezi

I-Constellation Aries

Sikuxelela yonke into malunga neqela lama-Aries esibhakabhakeni. Funda ngakumbi malunga neentsomi kunye nemvelaphi yeli qela leenkwenkwezi.

Iqela le-Aquarius

Iqela le-Aquarius

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu, imvelaphi kunye neentsomi zeenkwenkwezi ze-Aquarius. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

iisathelayithi zendalo inyanga

Iisathelayithi zendalo

Kule posi sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neesathelayithi zendalo kunye neempawu zazo eziphambili. Funda nzulu apha.

umbono weeplanethi zangaphandle

Iiplanethi zangaphandle

Sikuxelela ukuba zeziphi iiplanethi zangaphandle kunye neempawu zazo eziphambili. Funda nzulu ngenkqubo yelanga iphela.

Iiplanethi zangaphakathi

Kule posi sikubonisa ukuba zeziphi iiplanethi zangaphakathi kunye neempawu zazo eziphambili. Funda ngakumbi ngayo apha.

iimpawu zesiphepho selanga

Isaqhwithi selanga

Kule nqaku sikuxelela ukuba yintoni isaqhwithi selanga kwaye ungawuchaphazela njani uMhlaba. Funda konke malunga nezi zinto zilapha.

Amaqela eesetyhula

Kule posi sikuxelela zonke iimpawu kunye nendlela yokubona amaqela eesetyhula. Funda kabanzi malunga neenkwenkwezi apha.

Uyazi njani i-constellation Pisces

Iinyanda zeenkwenkwezi

Kule nqaku siza kukufundisa yonke into oyifunayo malunga nePisces yeenkwenkwezi. Funda ngakumbi ukuba ungayikhangela njani esibhakabhakeni.

Ikroza leSagittarius

Ikroza leSagittarius

Sikuxelela yonke into odinga ukuyazi malunga neqela le-Sagittarius. Funda apha zonke iimpawu kunye neentsomi zeli qela leenkwenkwezi

Ubushushu belanga kunye nokuqaqamba kwawo

Ubushushu belanga

Kule nqaku sichaza ubushushu beLanga kwaye libalwa njani. Funda ngakumbi malunga neenkwenkwezi ezilawula inkqubo yethu yelanga.

Ubuso bujonge eNyangeni

Iikhrasi eNyangeni

Kule posi sichaza ngokweenkcukacha ukuba iicrafti zenziwa njani eNyangeni kwaye zeziphi iimpawu zenyanga.

Iqela leTaurus

Iqela leTaurus

Kule posi unokufumana ulwazi olupheleleyo malunga neqela leTaurus. Funda ukuyichonga kunye neentsingiselo zayo.

Ilifa

Iiteleskopu zeSkywatcher

Senza ezona teleskopu zibalaseleyo zeSkywatcher kunye nothelekiso ukuze ukwazi ukukhetha eyona ikufaneleyo.

Umgama ukusuka eMhlabeni nenyanga

Sikufundisa imfihlelo yomgama ukusuka eMhlabeni ukuya enyangeni. Funda ukutolika umgama wokwenene phakathi kwezi zinto zimbini zezulu.

Iiplanethi ezincinci

Iiplanethi ezincinci

Sikufundisa ukuba zithini iiplanethi ezincinci zenkqubo yethu yelanga. Funda ukuba zeziphi izinto abanazo apha.

Anaximander

I-Biography ka-Anaximander

Kule nqaku unokufumana i-biography kunye nezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu kwifilosofi nakwisazi ngeenkwenkwezi uAnaximander. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

Uphi umda weRoche

Umda weRoche

Funda ukuba yintoni umda weRoche kunye nokubaluleka kwayo kwi-astronomy. Kule nqaku sikuxelela yonke into ngokweenkcukacha.

Umnyele esihlala kuwo ubizwa ngokuba yiMilky Way.  Ngokuqinisekileyo ubusele uyayazi loo nto.  Kodwa wazi kangakanani ngale galaxy esihlala kuyo?  Kukho izigidi zeempawu, ukuthanda ukwazi kunye neekona ezenza iMilky Way ibe ngumnyele okhethekileyo.  Likhaya lethu lasezulwini emva kwayo yonke loo nto, kuba kulapho iSolar System kunye nazo zonke iiplanethi esizaziyo zibekwe khona.  Umthala esihlala kuwo uzele ziinkwenkwezi, i-supernovae, i-nebulae, amandla, kunye nezinto ezimnyama.  Nangona kunjalo, zininzi izinto ezihlala ziyimfihlakalo kwanezazinzulu.  Siza kukuxelela izinto ezininzi malunga neMilky Way, ukusuka kwiimpawu zayo ukuya ekuthandeni ukwazi kunye neemfihlakalo.  Iprofayile yeMilky Way Lo ngumnyele owenza ikhaya lethu kwindalo iphela.  I-morphology yayo ifana nokuhamba kunye neengalo ezi-4 eziphambili kwidiski yayo.  Yenziwe ngamabhiliyoni eenkwenkwezi zazo zonke iintlobo kunye nobukhulu.  Enye yezo nkwenkwezi liLanga.  Ngombulelo kwilanga ukuba sikhona kwaye ubomi benziwe njengoko sazi njalo.  Iziko lomnyele likumgama weminyaka yokukhanya engama-26.000 ukusuka kwiplanethi yethu.  Ayaziwa ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba kunokubakho ngaphezulu, kodwa kuyaziwa ukuba ubuncinci umngxunya omnye ophakathi kwe-Milky Way.  Umngxunya omnyama uba liziko lomnyele wethu kwaye ubizwa ngokuba yiSagittarius A.  Umthala wethu waqala ukubakho malunga ne-13.000 yezigidi zeminyaka eyadlulayo kwaye uyinxalenye yeqela leminyele engama-50 eyaziwa njengeQela laseKhaya.  Umnyele wethu ongummelwane, obizwa ngokuba yiAndromeda, ukwayinxalenye yeli qela leminyele emincinci ekwabandakanya ne-Magellanic Clouds.  Kuselucalulo olwenziwe ngumntu.  Uhlobo oluthi, ukuba uhlalutya umxholo wendalo iphela kunye nolwandiso lwayo, ayonto.  Iqela laseKhaya elikhankanywe apha ngasentla ngokwalo liyinxalenye yendibano enkulu kakhulu yeminyele.  Ibizwa ngokuba yiVirgo supercluster.  Igama lomnyele wethu ubizwa ngegama lokukhanya esinokulibona ngeenkwenkwezi kunye namafu egesi ahamba ngaphezulu kwesibhakabhaka esiwuMhlaba.  Nangona uMhlaba ungaphakathi kwe-Milky Way, asinakho ukuqonda ngokupheleleyo ubunjani bomnyele njengoko ezinye iinkqubo zangaphandle zeenkwenkwezi zinako.  Ubukhulu becala umnyele ufihlwe ngothuli oluninzi oluphakathi kweenkwenkwezi.  Olu thuli aluvumeli iiteleskopu ezibonakalayo ukuba zijolise kakuhle kwaye zifumanise ukuba kukho ntoni.  Singaluchaza ulwakhiwo sisebenzisa iiteleskopu ezinamaza erediyo okanye infrared.  Nangona kunjalo, asinakukwazi ngokuqinisekileyo ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba yintoni kwingingqi apho kufunyanwa khona uthuli lweenkwenkwezi.  Sinokubona kuphela iifom zemitha yokungena ngaphakathi emnyama.  Iimpawu eziphambili Siza kuhlalutya kancinci ezona mpawu ziphambili zeMilky Way.  Into yokuqala esiza kuyihlalutya bubungakanani.  Yenziwe njengomoya ovaliweyo kwaye enobubanzi beminyaka yokukhanya eyi-100.000-180.000.  Njengoko bekutshiwo ngaphambili, umgama oya embindini wegalaksi umalunga neminyaka engama-26.000 yokukhanya.  Lo mgama yinto abantu abangasokuze bakwazi ukuyihamba kunye nobomi bobomi kunye netekhnoloji esinayo namhlanje.  Ubudala bokwakheka buqikelelwa kwi-13.600 yezigidigidi zeminyaka, malunga ne-400 yezigidi zeminyaka emva kweBig Bang (ikhonkco).  Inani leenkwenkwezi lo mnyele kunzima ukulibala.  Asinakubala nganye nganye sibala zonke iinkwenkwezi ezikhoyo, kuba ayiloncedo kangako ukwazi ngokuchanekileyo.  Kuqikelelwa ukuba kukho iinkwenkwezi ezingama-400.000 ezigidi kwiMilky Way kuphela.  Esinye sezinto ezibangela umdla lo mnyele kukuba uphantse wacaba.  Abantu abathi uMhlaba uthe tyaba baya kuba neqhayiya ukuba kunjalo.  Kwaye kukuba umnyele ungamawaka ali-100.000 1.000 okukhanya kodwa uneminyaka eli-XNUMX XNUMX yokukhanya.  Ingathi yidiski ethe tyaba kwaye ijijekile apho iiplanethi zingene kwiingalo ezigobileyo zerhasi nothuli.  Into enje ngale yinkqubo yelanga, iqela leeplanethi kunye nothuli kunye neLanga embindini oxhonywe iminyaka engama-26.000 yokukhanya ukusuka kwiziko elixakekileyo lomnyele.  Ngubani ofumene iMilky Way?  Kunzima ukwazi ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba ngubani ofumene iMilky Way.  Kuyaziwa ukuba uGalileo Galilei (ikhonkco) wayengowokuqala ukuqaphela ubukho bebhendi yokukhanya kumnyele wethu njengeenkwenkwezi ezizodwa ngonyaka we-1610.  Olu yayiluvavanyo lokuqala olwaqala xa isazi ngeenkwenkwezi salatha isibonakude saso sokuqala esibhakabhakeni kwaye sabona ukuba umnyele wethu ubunjwe ziinkwenkwezi ezingenakubalwa.  Kwangowe-1920, uEdwin Hubble (ikhonkco) wayengoyena wanika ubungqina obaneleyo bokwazi ukuba i-nebulae yomoya esibhakabhakeni yayiyiminyele yonke.  Le nyaniso incede kakhulu ekuqondeni ubume bokwenyani kunye nokumila kweMilky Way.  Oku kuncede ekufumaneni ubungakanani bokwenene kunye nokwazi ubungakanani bendalo yonke esibhaptizwe kuyo.  Asiqinisekanga ngokupheleleyo ukuba zingaphi iinkwenkwezi iMilky Way inayo, kodwa ayikonwabisi ukuyazi.  Ukuzibala ngumsebenzi ongenakwenzeka.  Izazi zeenkwenkwezi zizama ukufumana eyona ndlela yokwenza.  Nangona kunjalo, iiteleskopu zinokubona inkwenkwezi enye ngokuqaqamba kunezinye.  Iinkwenkwezi ezininzi zifihlwe emva kwamafu erhasi nothuli esikhankanye ngaphambili.  Enye yeendlela abazisebenzisayo ukuqikelela inani leenkwenkwezi kukujonga ukuba zihamba ngokukhawuleza kangakanani iinkwenkwezi kumnyele.  Oku kubonakalisa ukutsala ubunzima kunye nobunzima.  Ukwahlula ubunzima bomthala ngobukhulu obuqhelekileyo beenkwenkwezi, siya kuba nempendulo.

Indlela yobisi

Sikuxelela yonke into enomdla malunga neMilky Way, umnyele wethu. Ngena apha ukuze ufunde okungakumbi ngendalo esihlala kuyo.

Olunye lomaleko womoya osikhusela yi-ionosphere.  Ngummandla oqukethe inani elikhulu leeathom kunye neemolekyuli ezihlawulwa ngombane.  La masuntswana ahlawulisiweyo ayenziwa ngenxa yemitha evela esibhakabhakeni, ngakumbi kwinkwenkwezi yethu iLanga.  Le radiation ibetha ii-atom ezingathathi hlangothi kunye neemolekyuli zomoya ezisemoyeni kwaye ziphela zibahlawulisa ngombane.  Ionosphere ibaluleke kakhulu ebantwini kwaye, ke ngoko, siza kuyinikela le posi kuyo.  Siza kuchaza yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neempawu, ukusebenza kunye nokubaluleka kwe-ionosphere.  Iimpawu eziphambili Ngelixa iLanga likhanya ngokuqhubekekayo, ngexesha lomsebenzi walo ivelisa isixa esikhulu semitha ye-electromagnetic.  Le radiation iwela kumaleko eplanethi yethu, ihlawula iiathom kunye neemolekyuli ngombane.  Nje ukuba onke amasuntswana ahlawuliswe, iifom zomaleko esizibiza ngokuba yi-ionosphere.  Olu luhlu lubekwe phakathi kwe-mesosphere, i-thermosphere kunye ne-exosphere.  Ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi uyabona ukuba iqala kubude obumalunga neekhilomitha ezingama-50 ngaphezulu komphezulu womhlaba.  Nangona iqala ngeli nqanaba, apho igqitywa khona kwaye ibaluleke ngaphezulu kwe-80 km.  Kwimimandla esikuyo kwiindawo eziphezulu ze-ionosphere sinokubona amakhulu eekhilomitha ngaphezulu komphezulu owandisa amashumi amawaka eekhilomitha emajukujukwini yinto esiyibiza ngokuba yimagnetosphere.  Imagnetosphere bubume bomoya esiwubiza ngale ndlela ngenxa yokuziphatha kwawo ngenxa yomhlaba womazibuthe (isibophelelo) kunye nokusebenza kwelanga kuwo.  I-ionosphere kunye ne-magnetosphere zihambelana neentlawulo zeengqungquthela.  Inye ineendleko zombane enye inezinto ezibizayo.  Umaleko we-ionosphere Njengokuba besesitshilo ngaphambili, nangona i-ionosphere iqala nge-50 km, inamacandelo ahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke koxinaniso nokwakheka kwee-ion eziyenzileyo.  Ngaphambili, i-ionosphere bekucingelwa ukuba yenziwe ngamanqanaba ahlukeneyo achongwe ngoonobumba D, E, no-F.  Uluhlu lwe-F lwahlulwe lwangamacandelo amabini aneenkcukacha ngakumbi awayeyi-F1 kunye ne-F2.  Namhlanje, ulwazi oluthe kratya luyafumaneka kumbono we-ionosphere kuphuhliso lwetekhnoloji kwaye kuyaziwa ukuba la maleko ahlukile kakhulu.  Nangona kunjalo, ukuze ungenzi abantu ukuba babe nesiyezi, isikimu sokuqala esasikho ekuqaleni sigcinwa.  Siza kuhlalutya inxenye ngenxalenye yamacandelo ahlukeneyo e-ionosphere ukubona ngokweenkcukacha ukubumba nokubaluleka kwazo.  Ummandla D Eli lelona candelo lisezantsi kuyo yonke i-ionosphere.  Ifikelela kubude obuphakathi kwama-70 nama-90 eekhilomitha.  Ummandla D uneempawu ezahlukileyo kunengingqi E no-F.  Kungenxa yokuba ii-elektroniki zasimahla ziphantse zanyamalala ngokupheleleyo ngobusuku.  Bavame ukunyamalala njengoko badibanisa neion oxygen ukwenza ioksijini zeoksijini ezingathathi cala ngombane.  Ummandla E Lo ngumaleko okwaziwa ngokuba yiKennekky-Heaviside.  Eli gama linikezelwe ukuhlonipha injineli yaseMelika u-Arthur E.  Kennelly kunye ne-English physicist u-Oliver Heaviside.  Lo maleko wanda ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi ukusuka kwi-90 km, apho umaleko D uphelela kwi-160 km.  Umahluko ocacileyo wommandla we-D kwaye i-ionization ihlala ubusuku bonke.  Kufuneka kukhankanywe ukuba kuncitshisiwe.  Ummandla F Unobude obuqikelelweyo ukusuka kwi-160 km ukuya esiphelweni.  Yeyona nxalenye ineyona ndawo iphakamileyo yoxinaniso lwee-elektroniki zasimahla kuba ikufutshane nelanga.  Ke ngoko, ibona ngakumbi ukusasazeka kwemitha.  Inqanaba layo le-ionisation alunatshintsho lukhulu ebusuku, kuba lukhona utshintsho kunikezelo lweeon.  Ngexesha lasemini sinokubona izaleko ezibini: umaleko omncinci owaziwa njenge-F1 ophakamileyo phezulu, kunye nolunye uluhlu oluphezulu lwe-ionized eyaziwa ngokuba yi-F2.  Ngethuba lobusuku bobabini baxubene kwinqanaba le-F2 eyaziwayo ngegama likaAppleton.  Indima kunye nokubaluleka kwe-ionosphere Kwabaninzi, ukuba nomaleko womoya ohlawuliswa ngombane akunakuthetha nto.  Nangona kunjalo, i-ionosphere ibaluleke kakhulu kuphuhliso loluntu.  Umzekelo, enkosi kolu nwebu sinokusasaza amaza erediyo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo emhlabeni.  Singathumela imiqondiso phakathi kweesathelayithi kunye noMhlaba.  Enye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo zokuba kutheni i-ionosphere isisiseko ebantwini kungenxa yokuba isikhusela kwimitha eyingozi evela esibhakabhakeni.  Enkosi kwi-ionosphere sinokubona izinto ezintle zendalo ezinjengezibane zaseMantla (ikhonkco).  Ikwakhusela iplanethi yethu kumatye esesibhakabhakeni angena kwiatmosfera.  I-thermosphere isinceda sizikhusele kwaye silawule ubushushu boMhlaba ngokufunxa ezinye zemitha ye-UV kunye ne-X-ray ekhutshwa liLanga.  Kwelinye icala, i-exosphere ngumgca wokuqala wokhuselo phakathi kweplanethi kunye nemitha yelanga.  Amaqondo obushushu kolu luhlu lufunekayo aphezulu kakhulu.  Ngamanye amanqaku sinokufumana i-1.500 degrees Celsius.  Kobu bushushu, ngaphandle kwento yokuba akunakwenzeka ukuba uphile, kungatshisa yonke into yabantu edlulayo.  Yiyo le nto ibangela ukuba uninzi lweemeteorites ezibethe iplanethi yethu zitshatyalaliswe kwaye zenze iinkwenkwezi zokudubula.  Kwaye kukuba xa la matye edibana ne-ionosphere kunye nobushushu obuphezulu apho ikwiindawo ezithile, sifumanisa ukuba into iba yinto engathethekiyo kwaye ijikelezwe ngumlilo ide iphele ichithakala.  Ubungqingqwa obuyimfuneko kakhulu kubomi bomntu bokukhula njengoko sisazi namhlanje.  Ke ngoko, kubalulekile ukuba simazi ngakumbi kwaye sifunde indlela aziphethe ngayo, kuba besingenakuphila ngaphandle kwakhe.

Ionosphere

Kule posi sikubonisa ukuba zeziphi ezona mpawu ziphambili ze-ionosphere kunye nokubaluleka kwayo ebantwini.

Ikhathalogu yeMessier

UCharles Messier

Kule nqaku sikubonisa i-biography kunye nokuxhaphaza kukaCharles Messier. Funda apha malunga nobomi bale nkwenkwezi.

Iinyanga zeemars

Iinyanga zeemars

Kule posi sikuxelela ukuba zithini iinyanga zikaMars, iimpawu zazo, imvelaphi kunye nezinto ezibonisa umdla. Ungaphoswa ngakumbi ngayo!

I-Biography kaEdmund Halley

UEdmund halley

Kule posi sikubonisa i-biography ka-Edmund Halley. Ngena apha ukuze wazi lonke igalelo lakhe kwisayensi nakwizinto awazifumanisayo.

Amakhonkco kaSaturn

Iinyanga zelanga

Yazi yonke into oyifunayo kwaye ungazi malunga neenyanga zikaSaturn. Iplanethi erinjiweyo ifunyenwe kubunzulu kule post. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

I-supernova eqaqambileyo

supernova

Sichaza yonke into oyifunayo malunga ne-supernova. Ngena apha ukuze ufunde izinto ezibangela umdla kunye neemfihlo zokuqhuma kweenkwenkwezi.

Inyanga nomphezulu wayo

Imisebenzi ka-Apollo

Kweli nqaku siza kuchaza iimpawu kunye nokubaluleka kwemishini yeApollo eluntwini.

UAristarko waseSamos kumfanekiso oqingqiweyo

UAristarko waseSamo

Kule nqaku sichaza ukuxhaphaka kunye ne-biography ka-Aristarco de Samos. Ngena apha ukuze ufunde yonke into malunga nalo mbalo wezibalo kunye neenkwenkwezi.

Ubuso benyanga esibubonayo kuphela

Iintshukumo zenyanga

Apha sichaza ngokweenkcukacha ukuba zintoni na ukuhamba kwenyanga kunye neziphumo zazo emhlabeni. Bazi kakuhle.

asteroid

Iiasteroids

Kule nqaku sikufundisa yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-asteroids kunye nokwenziwa kwazo. Sikwacacisa amathandabuzo akho malunga neemeteorites.

I-Eratosthenes

I-Eratosthenes

Kule posi unokufumana i-biografi yonke ka-Eratosthenes. Funda malunga nokufumanisa kwakhe kunye negalelo lakhe kwinzululwazi.

UGalileo Galilei kunye negalelo kwi-astronomy

UGalileo Galilei

Sikuxelela ngokweenkcukacha zonke i-biography kaGalileo Galilei. Ngena apha ukuze ubone bonke ubomi kunye nomsebenzi kaGalileo.

Umcimbi kunye nokungqubana kwe-antimatter

Antimatter

Kule posi unokufumana yonke into enxulumene ne-antimatter. Ngena apha kwaye ufumane iimfihlelo zayo kunye neemfihlakalo. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

UJohannes kepler

UJohannes kepler

Ngena apha ukuze wazi ngokweenkcukacha ngobomi bukaJohannes Kepler. Dibana nesazinzulu ngeenkwenkwezi esayila imithetho kaKepler.

yengelo

I-Astrolabe

Ngena apha ukufumanisa ukuba yintoni i-astrolabe, zeziphi iimpawu ezinazo, ukuba isebenza njani kwaye zeziphi iintlobo ezikhoyo. Sukuphoswa yiyo!

Imingxunya emnyama yomngxunya

Imingxunya emnyama

Kule posi sichaza ukuba yeyiphi imingxunya emnyama kwaye yenziwe njani. Ngena apha ukuze udibanise iintsomi zemingxunya emnyama.

Iziko lomhlaba wendalo iphela

Ithiyori yeGeocentric

Ngena apha ukuze ufunde yonke into malunga nethiyori ye-geocentric. Funda ngeempawu zayo uze uthelekise ezinye iinkalo neBhayibhile.

Ithiyori yeziko lendalo iphela

UNicolaus Copernicus

Sichaza ngokweenkcukacha ngobomi bukaNicolás Copernicus. Ngena apha kwaye ufunde konke malunga nomsebenzi wakhe kwithiyori yelanga.

Linganisa umgama phakathi kweenkwenkwezi

Azimuth

Sichaza ukuba zeziphi iikhonsepthi ze-azimuth, ukuphakama kunye nesihloko nokuba zeziphi. Ukongeza, sikufundisa izixhobo zokulinganisa esibhakabhakeni.

Indawo yoMhlaba ekujikelezeni kwayo

IPerihelion kunye neaphelion

Ngena apha kwaye ufunde yonke into malunga nokubaluleka kweperihelion kunye neaphelion kumgangatho womhlaba. Sikuxelela yonke into ngokweenkcukacha.

Ubomi bobomi kwezinye iiplanethi

UFermi uphikisana

Kule posi sichaza yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nefermi paradox. Ngena kwaye wazi isisombululo esinokubakho kubomi.

UGiordano Bruno

UGiordano Bruno

Kweli nqaku sichaza ngembali kunye nempumelelo yeGiordano Bruno. Ngena kwaye ufunde konke ngobomi bakhe kunye nokufa kwakhe ngokukhohlakeleyo.

Uphawu lweentshulube

Iintshulube

Kule nqaku sichaza ukuba zintoni iimpethu kwaye zisebenza njani. Ngena apha kwaye ufunde malunga nayo kwaye ukuba sinako ukubuyela emva ngexesha.

INtaba iOlimpus

INtaba iOlimus ukusuka eMars

INtaba iOlimus ibekwe kwisijikelezi-langa uMars. Yeyona inkulu kule nkqubo iphela yelanga. Apha sikuxelela yonke into ngaye ngokweenkcukacha.

Iplanethi neptune

Iplanethi yeNeptune

Sikuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ngeplanethi yeNeptune. Yeyona planethi inde ukusuka kwiNkqubo yeLanga. Ngena kwaye ufumane zonke iimfihlelo zayo.

ICassiopeia W imilo

Iqela leCassiopeia

ICassiopeia lelinye lawona makroza adumileyo esibhakabhakeni kwiNtla yeIkhweyitha. Ngena apha kwaye wazi zonke iimpawu zayo kunye neentsomi.

Halley comet

Uhambo lukaHalley

IHalley's Comet yeyona idumileyo yakha yabonwa. Kule nqaku uza kufunda yonke into ngaye kunye nemvelaphi yakhe.

inyanga eluhlaza

Inyanga eblue

Inyanga eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka sisiganeko seenkwenkwezi esenzeka xa kukho inyanga ezimbini ezipheleleyo kwinyanga enye. Ngena apha kwaye wazi yonke into malunga nayo.

Inkwenkwezi yePolar

Inkwenkwezi yePolar

I-Polar Star yeqela le-Ursa Minor. Ngena apha kwaye ufunde yonke into malunga noncedo lwayo, imbali kunye nendlela yokuchonga.

Apho ilanga liphuma khona

Apho ilanga liphuma khona

Sisoloko sizibuza ukuba ilanga liphuma phi kwaye litshona phi. Kule posi uya kuba nakho ukwazi inyani ngalo mbandela. Ngena kwaye ufunde yonke into.

Ukuqina kweenkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni

Imbali yeqela lePerseus

I-constellation esiyibonayo esibhakabhakeni sasePerseus inembali emva kwayo yimbali yamaGrike. Ufuna ukudibana naye? Ngena apha.

iinkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni

Imilaza esibhakabhakeni

Amakroza ziimilo zentelekelelo ezenziwa ziinkwenkwezi esibhakabhakeni ebusuku. Ngena apha kuba sicacisa yonke into malunga nabo.

ukumila komhlaba

Wadalwa njani uMhlaba

Kule posi ungafunda yonke into malunga noMhlaba owenziwe ngayo. Funda ngakumbi ngeplanethi yethu kunye nendlela eguquke ngayo ukutyhubela iminyaka.

Iplanethi yeUranus

Umhlaba u-Uranus

Iplanethi engu-Uranus yenye yezo zinto zakha inkqubo yelanga, kunye nokuba yenye yezona ndawo zikude. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ngakumbi ngaye?

Igalelo ekwandisweni kwendalo yeHubble

UEdwin hubble

U-Edwin Hubble wayengusosayensi owenza igalelo elikhulu kwi-astronomy esekho nanamhlanje. Ngena apha ukuze wazi yonke into ngaye.

Izigaba zenyanga

Izigaba zenyanga

Amanqanaba enyanga awaziwayo yinyanga entsha, ikota yokuqala, inyanga epheleleyo kunye nekota yokugqibela. Yazi apha yonke into malunga nabo.

IPluton

"Iplanethi" iPluto

UPluto wayeqwalaselwa njengeplanethi iminyaka engama-75 emva kokufunyanwa kwayo. Yazi apha zonke iimpawu kunye nomnqweno.

Nebulae

Nebulae

I-Nebulae ngamafu othuli lwe-stellar kunye negesi efumaneka kwi-Universe yethu. Lwazi uqeqesho lwabo kunye neentlobo kule posi.

Iplanethi venus

Iplanethi yeVenus

Iplanethi iVenus yeyona yesibini ikufutshane neLanga kwiNkqubo yethu yeLanga. Inokufana nomhlaba wethu. Ngaba uyafuna ukufumana yonke into malunga neplanethi?

Iplanethi yeSaturn

Iplanethi yeSaturn

Iplanethi yeSaturn yenye yezona zinto zinomdla kakhulu kwinkqubo yonke yelanga kwaye idume ngamakhonkco ayo. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi yonke into ngaye? Ngena apha.

IPlanethi kaMars

UMars

Kule posi sihlalutya ngokunzulu zonke iimpawu zeplanethi ye-Mars kunye nobukho obunokubakho bobomi. Ngena kwaye ufunde yonke into ngaye.

IPlanethi yeMercury

Iplanethi yeMercury

Iplanethi iMercury yeyona incinci kwaye isondele kwiLanga kwinkqubo yethu yelanga. Funda zonke iimpawu zayo kunye nomdla.

Iplanethi Jupiter

Iplanethi yaseJupiter

Iplanethi yaseJupiter yeyona inkulu kwisistim sombane. Funda zonke iimpawu, ukwakhiwa kunye namandla kweli nqaku.

Bhele enkulu

Bhele enkulu

I-Big Dipper lelona qela laziwayo kwihlabathi. Funda yonke imbali yayo, uyibona njani kwaye phi kweli nqaku. Ingena :)

Ithiyori enkulu yeBang Bang

Ithiyori enkulu yeBang Bang

Inkolelo ye-Big Bang yaziwa kwihlabathi liphela kwaye yiyo le nto icacisa ngemvelaphi yendalo iphela. Ngaba uyafuna ukuyazi kwifomathi eshwankathelwe? Ngena apha.

Inkqubo yesola

Inkqubo yelanga

Inkqubo yelanga yenziwe siseti yeeplanethi, iLanga, kunye nezinye izinto. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi okungakumbi malunga nenxalenye yendalo yonke esihlala kuyo?

Ikhalenda yenyanga ka-2018

Ikhalenda yenyanga ka-2018

Apha ungayazi imihla ngqo yezigaba ezahlukeneyo zenyanga unyaka wonke. Funda iposti ukuba ufuna ukwazi ikhalenda yenyanga ka-2018.