Ichibi leSkeleton

Iimpawu ze-skeleton lake

Isijikelezi-langa sethu sizele zizinto ezinomdla nezitsala umdla wabantu abaninzi nekunzima ukuzichaza. Enye yezi zinto yiSkeleton Lake. Yindawo efumaneka kwiiHimalaya egcwele amathambo abantu. Zininzi iithiyori kunye nezifundo eziye zaqhutywa kweli chibi.

Ngesi sizathu, siza kukuxelela zonke izinto ezinomdla, ubungqina kunye nezifundo malunga ne-Skeleton Lake.

Ibali leSkeleton Lake

skeleton lake

Ngo-1942, ngexesha leMfazwe Yehlabathi II, umlindi waseIndiya ogama linguHari Kishan Madhwal wakhubeka kwinto ebalulekileyo efunyenweyo ngelixa wayehamba nzulu kwiiHimalaya. Kwintlambo ephakathi kweentaba, kumphakamo weemitha ezingama-4.800 XNUMX, wabona ichibi elinamathambo abantu angamakhulu edada kulo. Lichibi laseRoopkund e-Uttarakhand, eIndiya, indawo enesitayile kwinkcubeko yaseIndiya kunye nendawo yakudala yamabali asentsomini.

Ekuqaleni, abasemagunyeni ababephanda ngokufunyaniswa bakholelwa ukuba amathambo ayengawamajoni aseJapan awayengene kuMmandla waseIndiya ukuze alwe nabemi baseBritane. Noko ke, amathambo awonakele kangangokuba agqiba kwelokuba ahlala ixesha elide apho.

Ngelo xesha, iingcamango ezahlukahlukeneyo zaziqwalaselwa. Omnye wabo wanxulumanisa umsitho kunye nohambo lwe-Nanda Devi Raj Jat, uhambo lweeveki ezintathu olusasetyenziswa nanamhla ukunqula izithixo zaseIndiya. Enye into yokuba izidumbu zezohambo olukhulu lomkhosi lwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX olwaphela ngokubulalayo, kodwa ukufumana izidumbu ezininzi zabafazi, abafazi abangazange babhalise ngaloo minyaka, lo mbono awuphumelelanga. Ukuqhekeka kwafunyanwa kumathambo amathambo ngexesha lokuhlolwa kwesidumbu, kwaye uphando lwagqiba ukuba bafa kwisichotho esikhulu, iphephancwadi elingaphandle libike.

"Iintsalela zaba bantu ayingomntu omnye kwindawo ethile eIndiya, kodwa ngabantu abahlala kwilizwekazi elingaphantsi."

Ngoku, ngaphezu kweminyaka engama-70 kamva, uphando olutsha olwapapashwa kuNxibelelwano lweNdalo luyayichasa ithiyori yamva nje, inika umkhondo wokuba kutheni amadoda nabafazi abaninzi besifa eRoopkund Lake, ebizwa ngokuba yiSkeleton Lake. Ingcaciso ecace ngakumbi.

Iimbangela kunye nemvelaphi ye-Skeleton Lake

roopkund iimfihlakalo

Kuphononongo, abaphandi basebenzise i-radiocarbon ukuthandana ukuhlalutya ngokwemfuza iintsalela ezingama-38 ezifunyenwe echibini, ekugqibeleni bafumanisa ubudala bokwenyani bamathambo kunye nendlela abafika ngayo apho. "Ekuqaleni, iziphumo zazibhekiselele kumathambo aqala ngenkulungwane yesi-XNUMX, kodwa kamva safumanisa ukuba akunjalo," utshilo u-Éadaoin Harney, umbhali okhokelayo wesifundo kunye nomfundi ogqirha kwiSebe le-Organic and Evolutionary Biology kwiYunivesithi yaseHarvard. . Imizimba esechibini ayizange ife kwisiganeko esinye esiyintlekele, kodwa kwiminyaka eyahlukeneyo. "Abanye bebekho malunga namakhulu eminyaka, kwaye abanye sele bekho ngamawaka eminyaka."

Eyona mpumelelo inkulu yabaphandi ibikukubonisa amandla amakhulu abantu bamandulo bokuhamba imigama emide kangako.

Uhlalutyo lwemfuza lubonise ukuba amathambo ayengamaqela amathathu ahlukeneyo, ukusuka kubemi baseMzantsi Asia kwiminyaka engaphezu kwe-1.000 eyadlulayo ukuya kubemi baseGrike nabaseCretan kwiminyaka engama-200 eyadlulayo. Iqela lesithathu lalinomntu omnye kuphela waseMpuma Asia. Iyonke, imizimba ye-23 yavela eMzantsi Asia kwaye enye i-14 ivela kwiMeditera.

UHaney ucacisa esithi: “Amasalela aseMzantsi Asia anomnombo owahluke kakhulu. "Ayingabanye abantu abasuka kwenye indawo eIndiya, kodwa ngabantu abahlala kulo lonke ilizwekazi." Iziphumo zohlalutyo lwe-isotopic nazo zibonise ukuba ngamnye ulandele uhlobo oluthile lokutya. Malunga nendlela abasweleke ngayo, uHaney neqela lakhe abakasazi esona sizathu.

“Ekuphela komkhondo esinawo kukuba iLake Roopkund iphakathi kwendlela yokundwendwela ebisetyenziswa kwinkulungwane edlulileyo,” batsho abaphandi. Kutheni la mabhodlo emdala kangaka kwaye loo ndlela ingekho? “Sisabhidekile kwaye sidinga ulwazi oluthe kratya ukuze siqonde ukuba ngaba babhubha bani kanye kanye,” uvale ngalo mazwi.

Ekubeni lo iyindawo enomhlaba ongqwabalala nowona magqagala, izazinzulu ziye zayivavanya ingcamango yazo yokuba kusenokwenzeka ukuba zibulewe yimiphumo yento ethile eqinileyo, enoba sisichotho esiqatha okanye ukuwa kwamatye ngempazamo. Eyona mpumelelo inkulu yabaphandi, ukongeza ekuzameni ukufumanisa unobangela wokufa (ongekacaci okwangoku), kukubonisa amandla amakhulu abantu okuhamba imigama emide kumaxesha amandulo, xa kujongwa ukuba kude kwelizwekazi laseAsia. Siyazi ukuba kusoloko kukho ukufuduka okukhulu, kodwa oku kusenza sicinge ngokutsha ukubaluleka kwabo kwimbali yonke,” uqukumbela ngelithi uHaney.

Curiosities

roppkund

Iqela lokuqala laliquka abantu abangama-23 ookhokho babo ababenxulumene nabemi banamhlanje baseIndiya, ababevela kumaqela amaninzi ahlukeneyo kwaye bahlala malunga no-AD 800. Iqela lesibini (ngokukodwa i-14) lafa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, kwaye i-genetics ibonisa ukuba izihlobo zabo ezisondeleyo. siphila namhlanje kwimpuma yeMeditera, ngakumbi eGrisi naseKrete.

Kodwa babesenza ntoni abahambi abavela kummandla weMeditera woBukhosi baseOttoman kwiinkulungwane ezimbini ezidlulileyo kumachibi eHimalaya angaphezulu kweemitha ezingama-5.000 XNUMX ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle? Omnye unokucinga ukuba iintsalela zala bantu basemzini zinokuba yinzala yamajoni athimba ummandla kunye no-Alexander Omkhulu kwiinkulungwane ezadlulayo, kodwa uhlalutyo lwabo lwe-DNA alubhabhisi umxube wemfuza omele ukuba wenzeke kwiminyaka engaphezu kwewaka eyadlulayo eIndiya. Ekugqibeleni, kwiqela lesithathu, kukho umntu omnye kuphela oyinzalelwane yakuMzantsi-mpuma Asia, naye owayephila ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Ngokuka-Ayushi Nayak weMax Planck Institute yeSayensi yezeMbali yoLuntu, ukwakha kwakhona ii-isotopes ezizinzileyo ezifumaneka emathanjeni kusivumela ukuba sifunde ngakumbi malunga nokutya kunye neendawo zokuhlala zaba bantu, ngelixa siqinisekisa ubukho bamaqela ahlukeneyo ahlukeneyo. Amathambo abantu abanxulunyaniswa neIndiya abonise ukutya okwahlukileyo kakhulu, ebonisa ukuba bangamaqela ahlukeneyo ezoqoqosho kuMzantsi Asia. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, abantu bomnombo weMeditera babonakala bengatyanga kangako nge millet, inkozo yaseIndiya.

Ngokutsho kwabaphandi, uhambo oluqhutywa lunqulo lubonakala luyenye ingcaciso evakalayo: “Uhambo ngezonqulo kula machibi, okanye kwiintlambo okanye iincopho zalo mmandla, belusoloko lusenzeka kangangeenkulungwane, ngoko sicinga ukuba kusenokwenzeka ukuba okushiyekileyo kuphelela apho. . Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kwenani elikhulu lamachibi e-Himalayan afana ne-Roopkund abaluleke kakhulu ngokonqulo, akukho ntsalela yabantu eyaziwayo efunyenweyo malunga nayo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-Skeleton Lake kunye neempawu zayo.


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    Kuyathakazelisa kum ukwazi HISTORY eninzi kangangokuba iPlanethi yethu yoMhlaba ayikayazi kwaye sihambahamba kwiNdalo yonke entle kwaye kuninzi ekufuneka sikufumene.