Iziqithi zaseLeeward

iziqithi zaseLeeward

Kwiplanethi yethu yonke kukho iindawo ezininzi ezinomtsalane omkhulu. Ezi ndawo zintle ziindawo zabakhenkethi kwaye zinobuhle obungenakubalwa. Phakathi kwezi ndawo sinazo iziqithi zaseLeeward. Ezi ziqithi zeze-Lesser Antilles. Liqela leziqithi ezisasazwa phakathi kweNetherlands neVenezuela.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iiLeeward Islands kunye neziphi iimpawu zazo.

Iziqithi zaseLeeward

Iimpawu zeLeeward Islands

IZiqithi iLeeward liqela leziqithi zeNetherlands neVenezuela, nazo ezikunxweme lwaseVenezuela, kweyona ndawo isempuma yePuerto Rico. Ngokuphathelele iVenezuela, kufuneka sicinge ukuba iVenezuela ayiqulunqwanga nje ngethiyori yayo yomhlaba, kodwa inempembelelo kuLwandle lweCaribbean, ingumnini kunye nomlawuli welizwe. kwiziqithi ezingama-89 zaseVenezuela. Kule nto, kukho imimandla yomanyano yaseVenezuela.

Imimandla yomanyano yaseVenezuela ibandakanya zonke iithiyori ezingaqukwanga phakathi kwequmrhu lomanyano lwaseVenezuela kunye nommandla oyikomkhulu, kunye neziqithi ezakhiwe kumanzi ommandla waseVenezuela.

Ukuhlonipha imimiselo efanelekileyo yeCaribbean, iVenezuela inokusebenzisa iziqithi kumanzi ayo ommandla wokuzonwabisa, imali, imidlalo kunye neminye imisebenzi emininzi, nje ukuba ayiphuli imiqobo okanye imithetho yamazwe ngamazwe.

IVenezuela iyayazi indlela yokumakisha imigca yemimandla yaselwandle kunye namanye amazwe amahlanu aneziqithi kwiCaribbean, la mazwe alandelayo: IMelika, iFransi, iNetherlands, iDominican Republic kunye neTrinidad neTobago.

Iimpawu zeLeeward Islands

indalo eyodwa

Ezi ziqithi ezikummandla wolwandle lwaseVenezuela nezizezeqela leziqithi zaseLeeward zidla ngokuva la maqondo obushushu alandelayo: 26 kunye no-28ºC, leyo iya kuba yimiyinge yonyaka, kwaye malunga nama-300 kunye nama-500 eemilimitha zemvula ngonyaka. Ngokobalo lwabantu olwenziwa ngo-2015, inani elipheleleyo labemi bezi ziqithi abangena kumanzi aseVenezuela kuphela 6.500, indawo engahlali bantu kwithiyori yaseVenezuela.

Emva kokuba iSpain yamkele iVenezuela njengelizwe elikhululekileyo elizimeleyo, ilizwe lalawula iziqithi ezikumazantsi mpuma oLwandle lweCaribbean kwaye lawisa umthetho wokwahlulwa komhlaba kunye nezopolitiko ngo-1856, apho iphondo laseMargarita lasekwa khona. ngoku eyaziwa ngokuba nguMargarita.

Kangangeminyaka emininzi abongameli abaninzi babefuna ukuhlela iziqithi ezizezelizwe laseVenezuela kwaye bazityeshela ezinye iziqithi. Nangona kunjalo, abongameli kamva baqonda ukuba ezi ziqithi zingabandakanywayo zikwayinxalenye yelizwe lolwandle. Ezi ziqithi zezi: Isla Pájaro, Isla Coch neMargarita Isla.

Ngexesha lokuhlala kwabo, uJoaquín Crespo, uCipriano Castro kunye nabanye baye baqaphela ukuba ezi ziqithi ziyimimandla yaselwandle yaseVenezuela kwaye bathathe amanyathelo ayimfuneko, ngoko ke, babonwa njengenxalenye yeVenezuela.

Ichwebakazi lamaNgqina

iziqithi zendalo

I-Archipelago iLos Testigos liqela leziqithi zeSiqithi saseSotavento kunye nommandla womdibaniso waseVenezuela, ngoko ke iphantsi kolawulo kunye nokongamela abasemagunyeni baseVenezuela.

Imi kumntla-mpuma weSiqithi saseMargarita, ngokobalo luka-2001 abemi bayo ngabantu abayi-197, uninzi lwazo zisuka kwiSiqithi saseMargarita kwaye zihlobene. Ezi ziqithi zinokufikelelwa ngephenyane nangeenjini. Iqulethe iziqithi ezisi-8 zizonke, kunye nommandla jikelele malunga ne-6,53 yeekhilomitha zeekhilomitha. Iqela leziqithi ezizezeArchipelago Los Testigos zezi zilandelayo:

  • Isiqithi esikhulu samaNgqina: Yeyona inkulu kwichwebakazi.
  • Isiqithi soMvundla: Yeyesibini ngobukhulu kweli chwebakazi.
  • Iiiguana: Ime kumazantsi-ntshona echwebakazi kwaye iyeyesithathu ngobukhulu ngokufanayo.
  • Isiqithi saseMorro Blanco: Sisiqithi esisemazantsi sazo zonke kwaye akuhlali mntu.
  • Isiqithi saseMntla-mpuma: Imi kumntla-mpuma wesiqithi esikhulu kwaye sesona sikwanti kuzo zonke.
  • Iqhekeziwe: Ime kwimpuma yesiqithi esikhulu kwaye inolwahlulo olucacileyo kwinduli eyibumbayo, ebangela igama layo elikhethekileyo.
  • Ibhokhwe: Ifumaneka kwimpuma yeIsla Iguana.
  • Ilitye langaphandle: Sesinye sezona ziqithi zincinci okanye amatye echwebakazi.

Imbali ethile

Ngaphambili, ezi ziqithi zaziziindawo ezibalulekileyo zezobupolitika nezonqulo, yaye ukusuka apho ezinye iziqithi zasePolynesia zazingamathanga. Iinkosi ezinkulu zaseTahiti zineengcambu zazo kwezi ziqithi. IRaiatea liziko lonqulo elinetempile ebhekisa kwezinye iziqithi. I-Bora Bora inabemi abakhohlakeleyo kunye nefuthe elikhulu lezopolitiko.

Umntu wokuqala waseYurophu ukubatyelela wayengumDatshi uJacob Roggeveen ngowe-1722. Kodwa uJames Cook waseBritani wahlola iziqithi ezikhulu izihlandlo eziliqela phakathi kowe-1769 nowe-1779 waza wazibiza ngokuba ziZiqithi zeSociety. Wachaza ukuba eli gama lalibangelwa kukuba ezi ziqithi zaziqhubekayo, kodwa omnye umntu wachaza ukuba yayikukukhumbula iRoyal Society yaseLondon eyayixhasa ngemali olu hambo. Kamva eli gama lasasazeka kulo lonke elo chwebakazi.

Emva kokuba iFransi imisele ithanga kwiZiqithi zoWindy ngowe-1880, iZiqithi zaseLeeward zala ukumanyana yaye zaba nomona ngokukhululeka kwazo. Phakathi kowe-1889 nowe-1897 kwakukho imeko ende yovukelo-mbuso kwinto eyayibizwa ngokuba yiMfazwe yesiQithi saseLeeward.

IJografi yeZiqithi zaseLeeward

Eli chwebakazi lineziqithi ezihlanu kunye neeatolls ezine ezilungelelaniswe zaba ziindawo ezisixhenxe. Ukusuka empuma ukuya entshona zezi:

  • I-Huahine, yenziwe njenge-commune.
  • I-Raiatea, yahlulwe yaba ziindawo ezi-3, kunye ne-Uturoa njengekomkhulu.
  • I-Tahaa, yenziwe njengendawo yokunxibelelana.
  • I-Bora Bora, yenziwe njenge-commune.
  • ITupai, eBora Bora exhomekeke kwi-atoll.
  • I-Maupiti, yenziwe njengendawo yokusebenzela.
  • I-Maupihaa, i-Maupiti exhomekeke kwi-atoll.
  • I-Motu One, i-atoll exhomekeke kulawulo lommandla.
  • IManuae, isiqithi esixhomekeke kulawulo lommandla.

Ngaphandle kwezona ziqithi zincinane, zonke ezi ziqithi ziintaba-mlilo. Zenziwe nge-trachyte, i-diabase, kunye ne-basalt. Intabamlilo iye yathula ixesha elide kwaye icrater iye yakhukuliseka kakhulu, yenze iintlambo ezinzulu. Zijikelezwe ziingqaqa zekorale, ezivala ichibi lamanzi anetyuwa zize zikhusele unxweme oluchumileyo.. Ummandla opheleleyo womhlaba ofunyenweyo uphantse ube ziikhilomitha ezingama-400.

Uhlaza lubandakanya iziqhamo zesonka, ivanilla kunye nemithi yekhokhonathi. Izilwanyana ezihlala emhlabeni ziphelele kwiihagu zasendle, iimpuku neenewt. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, imisebenzi yokuloba kwiingqaqa zekorale ityebile yaye yahlukahlukene.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neziqithi ze-leeward kunye neempawu zazo.


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