Izilwanyana ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid

Izilwanyana ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid

Ukufumanisa umfuziselo weZilo eziKhuselweyo zoLuntu lwaseMadrid kufana nokudibana nelitye elihle lendalo. Ngaphakathi kwemida yoLuntu lwaseMadrid kukho i-ecosystems ezohlukeneyo ezilishumi elinambini, nganye izaliswe kukwahluka kwebhayoloji eninzi. Kule meko, sigxininise kwi-Fauna eKhuselweyo yoLuntu lwaseMadrid, kuba isebenza njengobungqina bolu luhlu lwezinto eziphilayo eziphawulekayo, ngaloo ndlela inika ixabiso elikhulu kwizilwanyana kunye nemigudu yazo yokulondoloza. Kwaye kukho ezininzi izilwanyana ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid.

Ke ngoko, siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi izilwanyana eziphambili ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid kwaye imeko nganye ikuyo.

Izilwanyana ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid

Izilwanyana ezanyisayo

Iberian Desman

Iberian desman

I-Iberian Desman, ngokwesayensi eyaziwa ngokuba yiGalemys pyrenaicus, luhlobo olunokufumaneka kwi-Iberian Peninsula. Yeyodidi lwe izilwanyana ezisengozini. Ngaphakathi kwintsapho yaseTalpidae, ebandakanya zombini i-moles kunye ne-gophers, ihlala isilwanyana esanyisayo esincinci esinegama lokuba siSesichengeni kuLuntu lwaseMadrid kwaye sisesichengeni kwiCatalog yeSizwe.. Olu hlobo oluthile lukhula kakuhle kwiindawo zokuhlala zasemanzini, ngokukodwa kwimisinga yamanzi aphuma emanzini acwengileyo, ahlala equkuqela. Ukutya kwesi silwanyana sanyisayo sincinane siquka ikakhulu izilwanyana zasemanzini ezingenamqolo, ngakumbi iimpukane zecaddis.

I-lynx yaseIberia

I-lynx yase-Iberia, eyaziwa ngokwesayensi njenge-Lynx pardina, isimboli sezilwanyana ezisengozini eziye zaba ngumxholo wemigudu ebalulekileyo yokulondoloza, okukhokelela kwindlela ethembisayo yokuphila kunye nokwenzeka kwizizukulwana ezizayo ze-lynx. Kwisithuba nje seminyaka engamashumi amabini, abemi baye bafumana ulwando Okuphawulekayo ukususela kubantu abangama-90 ngowama-2002 ukuya kutsho phantse kwi-1.400 namhlanje.

I-otter yaseYurophu

I-otter yaseYurophu, eyaziwa ngokuba yiLutra lutra, yiyona kuphela ilungu lentsapho ye-mustelid efumaneka eYurophu. Ngaphakathi koLuntu lwaseMadrid, olu hlobo luhlelwa njengeNgozi kwaye lufakwe kwi-LESRPE kwinqanaba likazwelonke. Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, abemi bayo babonise utyekelo oluthembisayo. Ekuqaleni, Kwakukho abantu abangama-25 kuphela ababevalelwe kwiindawo eziphezulu zemilambo iJarama kunye neLozoya.. Nangona kunjalo, ngoku baye bakwazi ukwandisa ukusasazwa kwabo kulo lonke uluntu lwaseMadrid, kuquka imilambo efana neGuadarrama kunye neManzanares.

Aves

El Ukutshintsha kwemozulu kuchaphazela iintaka ezifudukayo kwaye ibaluleke kakhulu ekulondolozweni kwayo.

I-Iberian Imperial Eagle

I-Iberian Imperial Eagle

USingasiqithi we-Iberia likhaya lika-Aquila adalberti, intaka eyaziwayo edla inyama eyaziwa ngokuba lukhozi lwase-Iberia. Esi sidalwa sibalaseleyo, esigqalwa njengenye yezona ntaka zibalaseleyo nezisemngciphekweni wokuphela, sikwindawo ekhethekileyo kwiikhathalogu neendibano zengingqi, zelizwe nezamazwe ngamazwe, kuquka i-Birds Directive, i-Berne Convention, i-Bonn Conventions kunye ne-CITES. Uluntu lwaseMadrid luye lwabona ukwanda okubonakalayo kwinani lezibini ezibhalisiweyo zokhozi, zinyuka ukusuka kwi-32 kwi-2009 ukuya kwi-83 ephawulekayo ekuqaleni kwe-2023. Ngaphesheya kwe-Peninsula yase-Iberia, Ngoku kukho izibini ezingama-841 zokhozi ezibhalwe ngo-2023.

Ukhozi lukaBonelli

Ukhozi lweBonelli, ngokwesayensi eyaziwa ngokuba yiHieraetus fasciatus, yintaka enkulu edla inyama. Luhlobo oluphawulekayo lwe-raptor ehlala kummandla weMeditera. Le ntaka inomtsalane yeyosapho lweAccipitridae kwaye ineempawu zomzimba ezahlukeneyo.

Ixhalanga laseYiputa

Ixhalanga laseYiputa, ngokwenzululwazi elaziwa ngokuba yiNeophron percnopterus, yintaka etya inyama enokubonwa kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zaseSpain. Ngeempawu zayo ezimangalisayo, eziquka iintsiba ezimhlophe ubukhulu becala, intloko engenantsiba kunye nomlomo otyheli ogobileyo, Eli xhalanga linenkangeleko ekhethekileyo neqondakala lula.

Ixhalanga Elimnyama

Intaka ebizwa ngokuba yiAegypus monachus, eyaziwa ngokuba lixhalanga elimnyama, ifumaneka kwimimandla ethile yaseSpeyin yaye iyintaka entle edla inyama. Ngeentsiba zayo ezimnyama kunye nentloko enentsiba, eli xhalanga libonakala njengenye yezona ntlobo zininzi eYurophu.

Ingwamza emnyama

ESpeyin unokufumana ingwamza, uhlobo lweentaka ezifudukayo ezihlala kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo. Le ntaka intle ibalasele ngobungakanani bayo obumangalisayo, ine amaphiko anokodlula iimitha ezi-2. Ngokungafaniyo nengwamza, ingwamza emnyama ubukhulu becala ineentsiba ezimnyama, ezihonjiswe ngamabala amhlophe esiswini namaphiko.

i-kestrel encinci

I-kestrel encinci, ngokwesayensi ebizwa ngokuba yi-Falco naumanni, luhlobo lwe-falcon encinci enokubonwa kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zaseSpain. Iimpawu zayo ezikhethekileyo ziquka ubude bayo obuncinci kunye nombala wayo ubukhulu becala obumdaka kunye nongwevu kunye neentsiba, ezihonjiswe ngeempawu ze-chestnut esifubeni.

Izilwanyana

Ufudo lwaseYurophu lweGalapagos

Ufudo lwaseYurophu lweGalapagos, olukwabizwa ngokuba yiTurtle yomlambo yaseYurophu, luhlobo lofudo lwasemanzini olujongene nosongelo olusondeleyo lokuphela koluntu lwaseMadrid. Ngelinge lokukhusela esi sidalwa singaqhelekanga, iKhathalogu yeSizwe ithathe inyathelo eliqinisekileyo ngokuphucula iwonga laso lokhuseleko ukuya kwi-Vulnerable ngoMyalelo weTED/339/2023, okhutshwe nge-30 kaMatshi. Iyaziwa ngeempawu zayo ezizodwa kunye nokukwazi ukuphumelela kwiindawo zokuhlala zasemanzini, Olu fudo lububungqina bemimangaliso yokuziqhelanisa.

inyoka yenkomo

Inyoka yenkomo yasentshona, ekwaziwa ngokuba yiMacroprotodon brevis, yinyoka ephakathi ngokomlinganiselo, inobude obumalunga nama-60 ukuya kuma-90 eesentimitha ubude. Umzimba wayo ubhityile kwaye mde, uhonjiswe ngamaxolo athambileyo nabengezelayo ngeethowuni ezimdaka okanye ezingwevu. Uphawu olwahlukileyo lwale nyoka kubukho bophawu olumnyama “lwe-cogull” olubekwe ngasemva kwentloko yayo.

Amphibians

ialpine newt

ialpine newt

I-Mesotriton alpestris, eyaziwa ngokuba yialpine newt, luhlobo lwenewt oluhlala kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zaseYurophu. Inokufumaneka eSpain, nangona ubukho bayo kuLuntu lwaseMadrid bukhawulelwe kwindawo encinci ngaphakathi kwePeñalara Massif. Oku kusasazwa kubekelwe imiqathango mhlawumbi kusisiphumo sentshayelelo eyenzeka ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane yama-20.

Umthi waseYurophu isele

Isele elimithi yaseYurophu, elikwabizwa ngokuba lisele laseSan Antonio okanye iRana de San Antón, lincinci ukuya kubukhulu obuphakathi. Imalunga ne-2 ukuya kwi-3 yeesentimitha ubude. I-Hyla molleri ngaphambili kwakukholelwa ukuba luhlobo oluthile lwe-Hyla arborea, kodwa uphando lwe-phylogeny lwakutsha nje lubonise ukuba iintlobo ezincinci ezifumaneka kwi-Iberian Peninsula yi-Hyla molleri.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nezilwanyana ezisengozini yokuphela eMadrid kunye nesimo sazo sangoku.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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