Ixesha lesaqhwithi sango-2017, sesona sisebenza ngaphezulu kwenkulungwane

Iqhwithi iIrma njengoko idlula kwiiVirgin Islands

INkanyamba iIrma.
Umfanekiso - NOAA

Ngexesha le-2017 kuye kwakho iinkanyamba ezininzi ezenze umonakalo omkhulu, hayi kuphela izinto ezibonakalayo kodwa kunye nelahleko yomntu. Nje Irma, Udidi 5, oluqale nge-30 ka-Agasti ukuya kwi-15 kaSeptemba, lushiye i-118 lamawaka eedola ilahleko kunye ne-127 yokufa. Yayiyeyona ibiza kakhulu ukusukela ngoKatrina, 2003. Kodwa asizukukhumbula iIrma kuphela: akhona amanye amagama ekungasayi kuba lula ukuwalibala, anje ngala Harvey o María.

Kwimpelaveki ephelileyo besinayo bile, eyaqala ukuba sisiphango esitshisayo esitshabalalise iCosta Rica, iNicaragua neHonduras saya kwinkanyamba yeCandelo 1 eyayisongela iMexico nenxalenye yonxweme lwaseMelika. Ngale nto, Okwangoku kukho iinkanyamba ezili-9 ezisebenzayo zexesha lonyaka, yeyona isebenzayo ngaphezulu kwenkulungwane.

Nangona ukubonwa kwakukhe kwenziwa kumhlaba okanye kwizikhephe, nto leyo eyenza kubenzima kakhulu ukwazi ukuba ngaba iinkanyamba ezilishumi zenzeka ngonyaka othile, inyani yile ixesha le-2017 lisebenza ngokukodwa kwiAtlantic, ukusukela ubuncinci nge-1893. Kodwa ngoba?

Iingcali sele ziqikelele ukuba eli xesha lonyaka liya kusebenza ngakumbi kunesiqhelo. Iqondo lobushushu eliphakathi kumphezulu woLwandlekazi lweAtlantic, kudityaniswe nobuthathaka bento El Niñozivumele iinkanyamba ezininzi ukuba zenzeke, ezinye zazo zinamandla kakhulu.

Umonakalo ePuerto Rico obangelwe yiNkanyamba uMaría

Umonakalo wenkanyamba uMaria ePuerto Rico.
Umfanekiso-UCarlos García / Reuters

Izaqhwithi zitya ubushushu beelwandle. Ukuphakama kobushushu bolwandle, kulindeleke ukuba iinkanyamba zibekho. Kodwa, ukongeza, ukuba siyaqhubeka nokusebenzisa iilwandle njengendawo yokulahla inkunkuma, asizukubeka nje ubomi bezilwanyana zaselwandle emngciphekweni kuphela, kodwa kwanokusinda kwethu. Iplastiki yinto eqokelela ubushushu kwaye inokunyusa ubushushu bamanzi. Kutshanje ukufumana yesiqithi esitsha senkunkuma yeplastiki ePacific, esilingana neMexico kwaye sikhulu kuneSpain, kufanele ukuba isincede sibeke amanyathelo asebenzayo ukuqala ukuhlonipha iplanethi esihlala kuyo.

Ukuba asiyenzi, kuyakufuneka siziqhelanise nemozulu etshabalalisayo.


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