Isebenza njani ikhampasi?

uqhelaniso

Ikhampasi ibisoloko iyinto enomdla, ehlala ihambelana ne-adventure, ukuhlola kunye nangaphandle. Yayikade isetyenziswa ngokuyintloko ngoomatiloshe nabakhenkethi kuhambo lwabo lokujikeleza ihlabathi okanye ngabazingeli bobutyebi ababekhangela ubutyebi obufihliweyo. Noko ke, kule mihla, ikhampasi iye yatshintsha ngaphaya kokuba sisixhobo nje sokuqhuba iinqanawa. Namhlanje, abakhenkethi badla ngokuyisebenzisa ngexesha lezifundo zokuqhelanisa abantu, ngoxa abahambi ngeenqanawa nangeenqwelo-moya beyisebenzisela ukuziqhelanisa. Abantu abaninzi abazi indlela ikhampasi esebenza ngayo.

Ngoko ke, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela indlela ikhampasi esebenza ngayo, iimpawu zayo kunye nemiba ekufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo.

Yintoni ikhampasi

ikhampasi kwiimephu

Ikhampasi sisixhobo esisebenza sisebenzisa imagnethi yomhlaba. Yenziwe ngenaliti enemagnethi exhonywe kwi-pivot, eyivumela ukuba ijikeleze ngokukhululekileyo. Ipali engasentla yenaliti ikhomba kwipali yasemantla yemagneti yomhlaba kwaye, ngenxa yoko, Ikhampasi inokusetyenziselwa ukujonga icala lemagnethi emantla. Ukuhamba kwenaliti kuphenjelelwa yimikhosi yamagnetic eyenziwa kuyo yintsimi yamagnetic yomhlaba, ibangela ukuba ihambelane nolwalathiso lwentsimi. Ngoko ke, ngokusebenzisa ikhampasi, umntu unokwazi ngokuchanileyo indawo akuyo aze ahambe kumhlaba ongaziwayo.

Ukuba nolwazi malunga nendlela ikhampasi esebenza ngayo kubalulekile xa uhamba kwiindawo ezivulekileyo, ngakumbi ngamaxesha obunzima okanye xa uqhagamshelwano lwe-GPS lungenakwenzeka. Izalathiso zeKhadinali kunye nokusebenzisa i-bevel kunye nenaliti yokwalatha zizakhono ezibalulekileyo zokusinda ukuba unokuthatha isigqibo sokuphuma uye endle ukukhangela i-adventure.

Ukusebenza kwekhampasi kudala kuyimfihlakalo, kodwa ukusebenza kwayo kwangaphakathi kulula kakhulu. Ikhampasi isebenza ngokusekwe ekusebenzisaneni phakathi kwemagnethi yomhlaba kunye nenaliti encinci yamagnetic ngaphakathi kwesixhobo. Le naliti ixhonywe ngendlela evumela ukuba ihambe ngokukhululekileyo kwaye ihambelane ne-Earth magnetic north pole. Ukulandela ukujongwa kwenaliti, Umsebenzisi unokumisela elakhe icala xa lithelekiswa nemagnethi engasentla.

Isebenza njani ikhampasi?

Isebenza njani ikhampasi ukukuqhelanisa nawe?

Kuqhelekile ukuba abantwana babuze ngobuchwephesha bekhampasi xa beqala ukudibana nayo. Ngethamsanqa, inkcazo yokusebenza kwekhampasi ilula kakhulu. Ikhampasi isebenza ngenxa yemagnethi yomhlaba. Ngoko ke, ikhampasi elula yamagnetic, edla ngokuthwalwa ngabantu abanyuk’ iintaba nabakhweli beentaba, isebenza ngomgaqo olula. Inaliti ehambayo ngaphakathi kwekhampasi idibana nemagnethi, eneneni enguMhlaba. Oku kubangelwa kukuba isijikelezi-langa sethu siqulethe isixa esibalulekileyo se-iron ngoko ke sinemagnethi. Inaliti encinci ehambayo yekhampasi isebenzisa le propati ukubonisa isalathiso seNyakatho neMzantsi.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela, nangona kunjalo, ukuba lo matshini usebenza kuphela ukuba ikhampasi ayisondelanga kakhulu kuzo naziphi na ezinye iimagnethi. Inaliti yekhampasi ngokuqhelekileyo yenziwe ngentsimbi yamagnetic kwaye ngokubanzi ibonelela ngokumalunga nolwalathiso olungasentla, nangona kungekhona ngokuchaneka okupheleleyo. Nangona kunjalo, esi sixhobo siluncedo kakhulu ukuziqhelanisa ngokukhawuleza. Ukuze isebenze ngokugqibeleleyo, kubalulekile ukuba inaliti ixhonywe ngokukhuhlana okuncinci ukuqinisekisa ukuba ihamba ngaphandle kokuphazanyiswa. Ukuba inaliti ayifakwanga ngokuchanekileyo, inokubangela ukuba utolo lubonise indlela engasentla ngendlela engafanelekanga.

Ubuchwephesha obusemva kwemagnethi yomhlaba sisihloko esintsokothileyo. Ingcaciso emfutshane ibandakanya ingcamango yokuba uMhlaba unayo intsimbi eqinileyo embindini wayo ejikelezwe yintsimbi etyhidiweyo. Intshukumo yale ntsimbi engamanzi idala imisinga yombane eyenza umhlaba wemagnethi. Le magnethi ikhusela uMhlaba kumoya oyingozi welanga kunye nemitha yelanga ebinokubeka esichengeni isijikelezi-langa sethu.

Ukuziphatha kwenaliti

isebenza njani ikhampasi

Ukuphonononga nzulu kubuxhakaxhaka, ingcaciso yokuziphatha kwenaliti yekhampasi, esoloko ikhomba emntla, intsonkothile ngandlel’ ithile. Iipali zemagnethi zomhlaba kunye nemagnethi ehamba nazo zinceda ukujongisa inaliti. Ipali yemagnethi engalunganga yomhlaba yomelele kufutshane nepali esemantla yejografi, inyanzelela inaliti yekhampasi yemagnethi ukubonisa icala lenene emantla. Kwimeko, Inaliti yekhampasi ngokwayo umazibuthe ohambelana nemigca yomhlaba wemagnethi.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba izibane ezisenyakatho zizinto zendalo ezivela kwintsimi yamagnetic yomhlaba. Ezi zibane zidalwe ngamasuntswana anamandla aphezulu adibana nemagnethi yomhlaba, ebangelwa yimimoya yelanga. Kuyafaneleka ukuba uqaphele ukuba ezi auroras zinokufumaneka kwi-hemisphere esemazantsi, apho zaziwa ngokuba yi-Australian auroras.

Ukubaluleka kwemagnethi yomhlaba

Iipali ezimbini ezahlukileyo zemagnethi yomhlaba yiGeographic North Pole kunye neMagnetic North Pole. Ngelixa i-Geographic North Pole ikweyona ndawo isemantla kwi-axis yoMhlaba, iMagnetic North Pole kulapho umhlaba wemagnethi ukhomba ngokuthe nkqo ezantsi. Ezi zibonda zimbini azihambelani kwaye izikhundla zazo azilungiswanga. Kuyaziwa ukuba i-magnetic North Pole, ngakumbi, Ihamba ngenxa yotshintsho kumhlaba wemagnethi woMhlaba.

Umntu usenokungayinanzi isibakala sokuba iJografi yaseNorth Pole kunye nemagnethi yaseNorth Pole azisoloko zinendawo ebonakalayo efanayo. Imagnethi iNorth Pole Ihamba malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-60 ngonyaka ngenxa yentshukumo yentsimbi kumbindi woMhlaba, enokubangela umahluko weekhilomitha eziliqela phakathi kweNyaniso yoMntla kunye noMntla weMagnetic. Nangona oku kuguquguquka, azibalulekanga xa kuziwa ekuhambeni, njengoko ikhampasi ayichanekanga ngokwaneleyo ukukhomba indawo echanekileyo yeNorth Pole.

"Ukuncipha kwemagnethi" kubhekisa kumahluko phakathi kwepoli yoMntla wejografi kunye nencam yemagnethi, enokwahluka kancinane ngokuxhomekeke kwindawo nganye ekhoyo emhlabeni. NgoSeptemba 2019, Ezi zibonda zimbini zazibekwe kwindawo enye kanye okwesihlandlo sokuqala ngaphezu kweenkulungwane ezintathu ezinesiqingatha. Esi siganeko safumana umdla kumajelo eendaba ezentlalo ngenxa yokuba iikhampasi zaseRoyal Greenwich Observatory zalatha ngakuMntla weNyaniso kuneMagnetic North. IRoyal Greenwich Observatory inembali ende yokufunda umhlaba wemagnethi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nendlela ikhampasi esebenza ngayo kunye nendlela yokuyisebenzisa.


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