IPerito Moreno Glacier

iperito moreno glacier

Kwiplanethi yethu kukho izinto ezimangalisayo zendalo esifanele sizibone. Enye yazo yi IPerito Moreno Glacier. Yisiqwenga somkhenkce esikwiphondo laseSanta Cruz kwaye sidityaniswe kwiLos Glaciares National Park. Utshintsho lwemozulu lubangela utshintsho olukhulu kule glacier kwaye luyabuya.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga nePerito Moreno Glacier, iimpawu zayo, ukubunjwa nokubaluleka kwayo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

usingasiqithi weemagallanes

Ukuqhubela phambili kwale bhlokhi enkulu yomkhenkce ngummeli weBrazo Rico efumaneka kwiLake Argentino. Inokufikelela kubude obumalunga ne-30 yeemitha ukuphakama kunalo lonke eli chibi, inika uxinzelelo olukhulu kumkhenkce okhoyo.

Unokubona itonela enendawo egudileyo ngaphezulu kweemitha ezingama-50 apho amanzi ehla khona ade afike kwiLake Argentino. Ngenxa yokhukuliseko lomhlaba olubangelwe yile ndawo, i-vault ekugqibeleni iyawa. Lo ngomnye wemiboniso ebabazekayo enokuthi ingqinwe, yiyo loo nto abakhenkethi kufuneka bahlawule imali eninzi ukuze bakwazi ukupasa nokuba bengenawo umhla.

Yinkqubo yendalo ephindaphindwe ngokungaqhelekanga kule minyaka idlulileyo. Ukwahlukana kokugqibela okurekhodiweyo kwenzeka ngoMatshi 2016. Ngo-Matshi 2018, kwabakho ikhefu elitsha kwiPerito Moreno Glacier, kodwa kwenzeka kusasa. Ngelishwa, akukho zithombe okanye iirekhodi zevidiyo ezinxulumene nesiganeko ezinokufunyanwa kuba ipaki yayivaliwe ngelo xesha kwaye kwakungekho amangqina okanye amangqina.

Ngosuku nje ngaphambi kokuqhekeka, i-glacier yayilahlekelwe sisibini kwisithathu sevolumu yayo, ebonisa ukuba loo nyaka (2018) le nto yenzeke ngokukhawuleza kunakwiminyaka edlulileyo, kodwa akukabikho bungqina. Oku kungenxa yokufudumala kwehlabathi kunye notshintsho lwemozulu olwenzekileyo iminyaka eliqela.

Abanye oososayensi abaye bafunda ngePerito Moreno Glacier ixesha elide baqinisekile ukuba le nto yinto nje eqondakalayo kwaye ayinanto yakwenza nento eyenzekayo kwindalo esingqongileyo, kuba umkhenkce omkhenkce awuzange ubonakaliswe uchaphazeleka lutshintsho lwemozulu, kwaye xa umkhenkce ushukume wafuduka.

Imozulu kwiPerito Moreno Glacier

izilayidi zomkhenkce

Imozulu yomile kwaye iyabanda, kwaye Imvula yonyaka ngama-300 mm kuphela. Nangona kunjalo, kwipaki yesizwe edumileyo, imi kude nentshona apho ikhoyo iPerito Moreno Glacier, kwaye imvula ityebe kakhulu, malunga ne-1500 mm ngonyaka.

Xa kuthelekiswa nethafa lasePatagonian elihlala kulo, uninzi lweemeko zalo luyinika imozulu encinci. Ime kunxweme lweLake Argentino, kwithambeka elijonge emantla kwaye likhuselwe ngamahlathi aqhubela phambili. Imozulu yomile kwaye namaqondo obushushu ayatshintsha phakathi kwe 20º C ehlotyeni kwaye ngaphantsi kwe - 3º C ebusika.

Iqondo lobushushu lahluka kakhulu ngokuxhomekeke kwixesha lonyaka, kuba ehlotyeni ungonwabela malunga neeyure ezili-17 zokukhanya, ngelixa emini ebusika imfutshane kakhulu, ineeyure ezisi-8 kuphela.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zePerito Moreno Glacier

I-perito moreno glacier kwi-patagonia

Malunga nehektare ezingama-260.000 zale paki zigutyungelwe ngumkhenkce, ke ngoko akukho zityalo, kwaye phantse Iihektare ezingama-95.000 nazo zigutyungelwe ngamachibi. Yonke indawo enamaplanga ipaki imalunga neehektare ezingama-79.000, ekulawula kuzo itsheri, ñire kunye nelenga.

Iintyatyambo ezifumaneka eLos Glaciares National Park zihambelana nommandla osemazantsi weMagallanes. I-notro yenye yezona zihlahla zithandekayo, ineentyatyambo ezintle ezibomvu. I-El Calafate eneziqhamo ze-violet kunye neentyatyambo ezityheli iyamangalisa, ngelixa ikwindawo ezinomoya ophezulu, umtyholi odumileyo kaSathana.

Ngokubhekisele kwizilwanyana, le paki ineentlobo ezithile zamahlathi kunye namahlathi. Lawula ubukho bokhozi olumnyama, amaxhalanga, iiguanacos, iikopi kunye neepumas. Akukho lwazi lungako lwaziweyo malunga neentlobo ze-vertebrate ezihlala kuyo yonke ipaki. Uninzi lolwazi lufumaneka kwiintaka.

Ukuqhekeka kunye nokuqina

Ukuqhekeka kwale glacier yenye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo kwindalo. Nangona kunjalo, akukho parameter yamaxesha athile yokwazi ukuba leliphi ixesha lekhefu. Abakhenkethi abaninzi bahlawula isixa esikhulu semali ukuze babone ikhefu, nangona bengazi ncam ukuba iza kuba nini.

La maqhekeza omkhenkce angatyelelwa nangaliphi na ixesha enyakeni. Kuxhomekeka kwixesha lonyaka olindwendwelayo, uyakufumanisa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo, ezizodwa kunye nezibalaseleyo. Nangona kunjalo, Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba imozulu kwindawo yomkhenkce iyabanda kwaye yomile ixesha elininzi.

Kubalulekile ukuthathela ingqalelo ubushushu, kuba kwiinyanga zasebusika ukusuka kuJuni ukuya ku-Agasti abantu abayiqhelanga kubanda kakhulu, ukongeza kwinto yokuba iintsuku zihlala zimfutshane kwaye ayizizo zonke izinto zokuzonwabisa zangaphandle ezinokwenzeka. Ubushushu obumndilili yi -2º C. Ebusika, ungonwabela ipanorama egqunywe likhephu, kwaye ungonwaba kwaye udlale ekhephini. Ngexesha lasehlotyeni phakathi kukaDisemba noMatshi, iqondo lobushushu litshintsha ngesiquphe ukuya kwi-15ºC.

Uninzi lwamaqhwa angama-49 abumba iPatagonia esemazantsi baqale ukubuyela umva kule minyaka ingama-50 idlulileyo. Oku kubangelwe lutshintsho lwemozulu kwaye luxanduva olupheleleyo loluntu, kuba ngabantu ababangela iingxaki kwezendalo kwaye babangela ubushushu behlabathi. IPerito Moreno Glacier yenye yezomkhenkce onganyibilikiyo phantsi kweemeko zobushushu behlabathi kunye notshintsho kwindalo esingqongileyo. Kwaye ayikhuli iimitha ezi-3 ngosuku ngokweenkolelo zalapha. Eli glacier liphantsi komjikelo wokuqokelelwa kunye nokuhlanganiswa okugcina ibhalansi egqibeleleyo ngexesha lenkqubo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi ngePerito Moreno Glacier, iimpawu zayo kunye nefuthe elinokubakho lotshintsho lwemozulu.


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.