Intlango yaseArabhiya

intlango yeempawu ze-arabia

El intlango yaseArabia Ikummandla osemazantsi-ntshona eAsia kwaye igubungela ummandla omkhulu we-Arabia, equka amazwe aliqela anjengeSaudi Arabia, iUnited Arab Emirates, Oman, kunye neYemen. Inolwandiso olumalunga nezigidi ezi-2 zeekhilomitha kwaye ithathwa njengenye yezona ntlango zinkulu emhlabeni.

Ke ngoko, kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu, iintyatyambo, izilwanyana kunye nokunye okuninzi kwentlango yaseArabia.

Indawo yaseArabia

intlango yaseArabia

Imi phakathi komNayile noLwandle oluBomvu, iNtlango yaseArabia isuka eYemen ukuya kwiPersian Gulf nokusuka eOman ukuya eJordan naseIraq; uninzi lwayo luseSaudi Arabia, kodwa lungaphakathi Jordan, Iraq, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Yemen kunye neArabia. Yindawo ebalulekileyo kwintsimi ye-United Arab Emirates.

Yintlango etyebileyo ngezimbiwa ezifana igolide, ubhedu kunye namatye anqabileyo, kunye neoli kunye negesi yendalo. Embindini yi-Al-Rubar Khali (okanye iNtlango engenanto), enye yezona zidumbu zikhulu eziqhubekayo zesanti, inxalenye ye-Palearctic Realm's scrub kunye ne-desert biome.

Intlango yaseArabia yayiyenye yeemfazwe ezaziphalaza igazi ngasekupheleni kwenkulungwane yama-XNUMX, ezaziwa ngokuba yi "Desert Storm," ishumi leminyaka emva kokuba uzwilakhe wase-Iraq uSaddam Hussein woyisiwe waza wagwetyelwa ukufa xa wayehlasela iKuwait.

Intlango yaseArabia ibaluleke kakhulu kwihlabathi, ibisoloko iyijelo lonxibelelwano lwezorhwebo phakathi koMbindi Mpuma kunye noMntla Afrika. Kodwa ikwaqulethe iidipozithi ezityebileyo kwiihydrocarbons, ezifana neoyile negesi, isulfure kunye neephosphates. Iindawo zokugcina i-hydrocarbon eziqinisekisiweyo zaseSaudi Arabia zeyesibini ngobukhulu emhlabeni emva kweVenezuela, kuqikelelwa kwi-267 yeebhiliyoni zemiphanda.

Iimpawu eziphambili

isithili esingenanto

Le ntlango ineyona ndawo imangalisayo kuyo nayiphi na intlango. Ibonisa iinduli zesanti zegolide ezinwebekayo ukuya kuthi ga kwiliso elinokubona, yonke indlela ukuya kumathafa amakhulu kunye neentaba eziphakamileyo. Iingqumba zentlabathi zinemilo eguqukayo ehlala ilungiswa sisenzo somoya. Abanye bafikelela kwiindawo eziphakamileyo, bedala umboniso ofanele ukubonwa.

Imozulu yentlango yaseArabia yome kakhulu kwaye ibonakala bubushushu obukhulu. Amaqondo obushushu emini angafikelela ngokulula ama-50 degrees celsius ehlotyeni, ngelixa ubusuku bunokubanda. Imvula iphantsi kwaye, kwezinye iindawo, iminyaka inokuhamba ngaphandle kokufumana nethontsi lemvula. Nangona kunjalo, xa imvula enqabileyo inetha, ivelisa into emangalisayo eyaziwa ngokuba 'yintlango edubulayo', apho izityalo ezileleyo zihluma kwaye zidubule ngokukhawuleza, zipeyinta imbonakalo-mhlaba ngemibala ecacileyo.

Intlango yaseArabia ikwalikhaya lobutyebi obunomdla benkcubeko kunye nembali. Ibilikhaya lempucuko yamandulo kwaye ibone iindlela zorhwebo ezibalulekileyo ukutyhubela iinkulungwane. Izixeko zamandulo zasePetra nasePalmyra, umzekelo, babengamaziko ezorhwebo achumileyo awayechumile kumbindi wentlango. Ukongezelela, le ntlango iye yakhuthaza intaphane yamabali neentsomi, eziye zadluliselwa kwizizukulwana ngezizukulwana.

i-geology yomhlaba

Yintlango enayo yonke into ukusuka kwiindunduma ezibomvu ukuya kwintlabathi ebulalayo, njengaleyo yerub al-Jali. Ubume bendawo yayo iye yatshintshwa luluhlu lweentaba, kumphakamo omalunga neemitha ezingama-3.700, ijikelezwe ngamawa angama-3.

Ubuncinane isinye esithathwini sale ntlango sigqunywe yintlabathi, njengesanti yerub al-Jali, engummandla ongeyondlwan’ iyanetha, eshushu kakhulu nenemozulu eyomileyo enganyamezelekiyo. Ifumaneka kakhulu eSaudi Arabia kwaye inqumla kumazwe akhankanywe ngasentla, ahluka ngokweendawo, njenge-ecoregion ebandakanya uninzi uSingasiqithi weSinayi waseYiputa kunye neNtlango iNegev esemazantsi kuSirayeli ongummelwane.

Intlango yeRub Khali yindawo ekumzantsi-mpuma-mpuma-mpuma kwiqonga laseArabia. Ngeenduli zesanti eziziimitha ezingama-250 ukuphakama elunxwemeni, iWahiba Beach eOman yenza ulwandle lwesanti olujikeleze unxweme olusempuma.

ITuwaiq Cliffs ineekhilomitha ezingama-800 zamawa ekalika ajikajikayo, iimesa kunye nemiwonyo. I-Yemen ayinamanzi asisigxina, kodwa inenkqubo yomlambo iTigris-Euphrates emantla kunye nomlambo waseWadi Hajr emazantsi.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana kwintlango yaseArabia

iintaba zesanti

Flora

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zentlango yaseArabia kuye kwafuneka ziguquke kwaye ziphumelele ukuziqhelanisa nokumelana neemeko ezimandundu zemo engqongileyo. Uhlaza lwasentlango luqulathe ubukhulu becala izityalo ezomeleleyo njengemithi yentlaka yokuqhumisa, iitamarindi, nomnga, baye baphuhlisa iindlela zokugcina amanzi kwizicubu zabo kwaye baphile kumhlaba owomileyo kunye nesanti.

Omnye weyona mithi yaziwayo kwintlango yaseArabia yidate palm. Le mithi yesundu ingumthombo obalulekileyo wokutya, umthunzi, nezinto zokwakha kuluntu oluhlala entlango. Ukongezelela, ziluphawu lobomi nempumelelo phakathi kwemekobume ebonakala ingenabubele.

izilwanyana

Ngokubhekiselele kwizilwanyana, intlango yaseArabia likhaya leentlobo ngeentlobo ezimangalisayo zeentlobo eziqhelaniswe nokunqaba kwamanzi kunye nobushushu obugqithisileyo. Inkamela yedromedy sesona silwanyana sibalaseleyo entlango. Ezi zilwanyana zilungelelaniswe ngokugqibeleleyo ukuze ziphile kwiimeko ezinzima, kunye nemilenze yazo emide evumela ukuba bahambe ngokulula ngesanti kunye ukukwazi kwayo ukugcina amanzi amaninzi kwindawo yayo.

Ezinye izilwanyana ezanyisayo ezifumaneka kwintlango yaseArabia ziquka i-orix yaseArabia, i-antelope eneempondo ezi-spiral-horned, kunye ne-desert fox, eziye zavelisa izakhono zokuzingela kunye nokuziqhelanisa nomzimba ukuze zimelane namaqondo aphezulu. Kwakhona, unokufumana iimpuku ezincinci ezifana ne-gerbil, eziphuhlise imilenze emide yangasemva ukuba ixhume ngokukhawuleza kwaye ibaleke kumarhamncwa.

Ke zona iintaka, nakuba kusenokungabi njalo; le ntlango yindawo yokusabela kwiintlobo ezininzi ezifudukayo. Unokuzibona iintaka ezinkulu ezitya inyama, njenge<em>peregrine falcon nokhozi olugolide, kwakunye neentaka ezincinane njenge<em>kestrel ne<em>sandgrouse ehlala ihleli. Ezi ntaka zifumana ukutya entlango kwaye zisebenzisa imisinga yomoya enyukayo ukubhabha imigama emide ngexesha lokufuduka kwazo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nentlango yaseArabia kunye neempawu zayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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