Funda yonke into malunga neTecapa Volcano

ichweba lentaba-mlilo ye-tecapa

El Tecapa Volcano ibekwe kwisixeko sase-Alegría, kwiPhondo lase-Usulután, e-El Salvador. Ubude buziimitha ezili-1.593 kwaye yinxalenye yeentaba zeTecapa-Chinameca. I-caldera yayo iqulethe iLaguna de Alegría, ejikelezwe yimithombo eshushu kunye ne-fumaroles. Le ndawo iyindawo yokukhenketha kwaye ibizwa ngokuba yi "Emerald of America" ​​yimbongi uGabriela Mistral. Ukongeza, kwithambeka elingasentla lentaba-mlilo kukho izakhiwo ezibizwa ngokuba yi "El Bufadero", "Tronador", "Tronadorcito", "Loma China" kunye ne "El Pinar".

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba zeziphi iimpawu, i-geology kunye nogqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo iTecapa.

Iimpawu kunye nejoloji yentaba-mlilo yeTecapa

indlela yentaba-mlilo etecapa

Indlela esuka kwisixeko saseAlegría ukuya eLaguna de Alegría Yasungulwa ngentsimbi yeshumi kusasa yabhengezwa nguMongameli uPío Romero Bosque ngoDisemba 10, 29.. Kunxweme lwechweba, abahlali baseAlegría nabasemagunyeni basekuhlaleni bakha iholo yobugcisa apho abemi abaninzi basempuma babehlanganisana khona. Phakathi kwabo, umongameli wahamba neqela lakhe ukuze avakalise umbulelo wakhe kurhulumente, ikomiti enoxanduva nabemi basekuhlaleni. Abasemagunyeni banoxanduva lokwakhiwa kweendlela ezintsha.

Isakhiwo esidala apho i-Tecapa volcano ikhona khona siye safumana ukudubula kwentaba-mlilo kabini. EBerlin kukho icrater yakudala eyimveliso yogqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo yamandulo kwiminyaka eyi-100.000 eyadlulayo. Ukuqulunqwa kwesakhiwo seTecapa samanje senzeke emva kokuqhuma kweRoca Pomez Rosada Dacitic, ukuqhuma kwePlinian eqhumayo eyakhupha i-7,8 cubic kilometers yomlotha, okwenza i-IEV 5,9 iqhume.

Ugqabhuko-dubulo lokugqibela lwenzeka malunga ne-61.000 BC Yayilugqabhuko-dubulo olukhulu lwePlinian kunye nentsika yogqabhuko-dubulo oluziikhilomitha ezingama-32 ubude kwaye yagxothwa i-10,4 yeekhilomitha zesikwere sothuthu lwentaba-mlilo kwaye yayiphawulwe njengogqabhuko-dubulo lwe-IEV 6. Ugqabhuko-dubulo olongezelelweyo akwaziwa, kodwa i-volcanic edifice kunye ne-cinder cone ejikelezileyo Baye bakhula ecaleni kwempazamo. .

Ukusekwa kwentaba-mlilo yaseTecapa

indlela yentaba-mlilo etecapa

Ukubunjwa kwentaba-mlilo yeTecapa inxulumene nomsebenzi we-tectonic kunye nentaba-mlilo oye wabonakalisa ummandla waseMbindi waseMelika kwizigidi zeminyaka. Intaba-mlilo yeTecapa iyinxalenye yeApaneca-Lamatepec Mountain Range, inkqubo yeentaba enabela kuyo yonke intshona ye-El Salvador.

Imvelaphi yayo ibuyele kwinkqubo yokuthotywa kwepleyiti yeCocos phantsi kweplate yeCaribbean, isiganeko sokwakheka komhlaba esikhokelele ekusekweni kweentaba-mlilo ezininzi kulo mmandla. Ukuthotywa kwepleyiti yeCocos kuvelise indawo yokuthotywa kunxweme lwePasifiki, apho ipleyiti yolwandle izika ngaphantsi kwepleyiti yelizwekazi.

Le nkqubo yokuthotywa ibangele ukunyibilika kwenxalenye yengubo yoMhlaba phantsi koqweqwe lwelizwekazi, okubangele ukuvela kwe magma. Le magma, incinci kakhulu kunamatye ayingqongileyo, inyukela phezulu ngokuqhekeka kunye neentanda kuqweqwe loMhlaba, nto leyo ebangela ukwakheka kweentaba-mlilo.

Intaba-mlilo yeTecapa yenziwa ngenxa yogqabhuko-dubulo olunxulumene nale nkqubo yokuthotywa. Ngexesha le geological, Ukuqokelelwa kwezixhobo ze-volcanic, ezifana ne-lava, uthuthu kunye ne-pyroclasts, yakhe i-volcanic cone ye-Tecapa.. Ngaphaya koko, intsebenziswano phakathi kogqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo kunye neenkqubo zokhukuliseko luyimodeli yokumila kwayo ngoku.

Utsalo lwezotyelelo

Intaba-mlilo yeTecapa imele umtsalane obalulekileyo wabakhenkethi kuMbindi Merika. Ubuhle bayo bendalo, zidityaniswe nembali yayo yentaba-mlilo kunye nobutyebi benkcubeko yoluntu olukufutshane, buyenza ibe yindawo ethandwayo yokusingwa kubathandi bendalo kunye ne-adventure. Enye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane kubakhenkethi kwintaba-mlilo yeTecapa yintaba-mlilo yayo entle, enika umbono omangalisayo wepanoramic ukusuka kwingqungquthela yayo. Iindwendwe zinako Konwabele ukuhamba okukhokelwayo kunye nohambo ngeendlela ezigcinwe kakuhle, uphonononga iintlobo ngeentlobo zeentyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana ezihlala kumathambeka azo.

Ukongeza, intaba-mlilo yeTecapa inothotho lwemithombo eshushu kunye nemithombo eshushu kwindawo eyingqongileyo, yondliwa ngumsebenzi we-geothermal. Le mithombo eshushu inika iindwendwe ithuba lokuphumla kunye nokuvuselela kwiindawo ezimangalisayo zendalo, ukubonelela ngamava ayingqayizivele entlalontle kunye nokudibanisa nendalo.

Ummandla ongqonge intaba-mlilo iTecapa yaziwa ngenkcubeko yayo etyebileyo kunye nembali. Uluntu lwemveli oluhlala kufutshane nentaba-mlilo lugcina izithethe zamandulo kwaye lunika iindwendwe ithuba lokufunda malunga nelifa lenkcubeko yabo ngemibhiyozo, ubugcisa kunye nokutya kwasekhaya.

Ummandla unikezela ngemisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yangaphandle, kubandakanywa ukuhamba, ukubukela iintaka, ukuhamba ngebhayisikili, kunye ne-rafting kwimilambo ekufutshane.

Iimpawu zeLaguna de la Alegría

ichibi lovuyo

ILaguna de la Alegría yenye ubucwebe bendalo obuxhasa ubuhle bentaba-mlilo yaseTecapa kunye neendawo eziyingqongileyo. Eli chibi, elikwabizwa ngokuba yiLaguna de Alegría, Ibekwe kwicrater yentaba-mlilo iTecapa kwaye yenye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane kulo mmandla.

Yintoni eyenza iLaguna de la Alegría ikhetheke kakhulu kukungafani kwejoloji kunye neempawu ezizodwa. Kuthiwa eli chibi litshintsha umbala ngamaxesha athile, ukusuka eluhlaza ukuya eluhlaza okanye iithowuni ezibomvu, kuxhomekeke kwizinto ezininzi ezifana nexesha lemini, ixesha lonyaka kunye neemeko zemozulu. Le nto yendalo inika umtsalane owongezelelweyo kwaye yenza indawo enomdla kwiindwendwe.

Ukongeza kubuhle bayo obubonakalayo, iLaguna de la Alegría iyaziwa ngonyango kunye neempawu zayo zokuphilisa. Amanzi echweba aneeminerali eziphezulu kunye nezinye izinto eziluncedo eluswini nakwimpilo ngokubanzi. iindwendwe ezininzi Bathontelana ukuya kunxweme lwayo ukuze bazintywilisele emanzini ayo baze banandiphe iingenelo ezingokwempilo ekucingelwa ukuba zizifumana.

Ichweba likwabonelela ngamathuba emisebenzi yolonwabo njengokuhambahamba ujikeleze umjikelezo walo, ukubukela iintaka kunye nokufota imbonakalo yomhlaba enomtsalane. Ukongeza, ukusondela kwayo kwezinye iindawo ezinomtsalane kubakhenkethi, ezinje ngemithombo eshushu kunye neendlela zokuhamba intaba kwiTecapa Volcano, kuyenza ibe yindawo ekufuneka ibonwe ngabo bajonga lo mmandla.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nentaba-mlilo yeTecapa kunye neempawu zayo.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.