Yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo ehlabathini

Intaba ephezulu ye-Everest emhlabeni

Xa sithetha nge intaba ephakamileyo ehlabathini sihlala sicinga ngentaba Everest. Kukho iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokulinganisa ukuphakama kwentaba kwaye iqela labavavanyi lagqiba ekubeni lilinganise ukuphakama kwazo zonke iintlanganiso Uluhlu lweentaba zehealayan. Baba nomdla kwintaba eyodlula zonke ezinye. Yayiyi-XV ephezulu.

Eli nqaku liza kukuxelela yonke into oyifunayo malunga nentaba ephezulu emhlabeni kwaye siza kufumanisa ukuba i-Everest yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni.

Yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo ehlabathini

Intaba-mlilo yaseChimborazo

Xa i-India yayilithanga lase-Bhritane, iqela labaphenyi laqala ukulinganisa ukuphakama kwazo zonke iincopho zeHimalaya. Babala umphakamo ngeemitha ezingama-9.000 ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle weSummit XV. Oku kuyenze eyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni. Ngo-1865 batshintsha igama lalo mzala laba ngu-Everest. Eli gama livela kuGeorge Everest, ingcali yase-Welsh eyayiphethe ukulinganisa phantse yonke indawo e-India. Ukusukela ngaloo nyaka, inani elikhulu labantu abanyukayo lizamile ukoyisa incopho yalo ukubonisa umhlaba ukuba balubekile unyawo lwentaba ephezulu ehlabathini.

Siyawazi amabali azo zonke iintlobo ekungakhange kubekho siphelo sihle kuwo. Kwaye kukuba ukufikelela kwezi ndawo ziphakamileyo ezinyaweni zethu kuthwala umngcipheko omkhulu. Ukusuka kubude obuthile, iimeko zokusingqongileyo azilungelanga ukuba umntu ahlale ixesha elide. Uxinzelelo luyancipha ukuphakama njengobushushu. Njengotyani obuncinci, uxinzelelo oluncinci kunye neoksijini encinci, ukuhlala kwiindawo eziphakamileyo kunzima. Kule nto songeza ubunzima bezinga lokunyuka kwentaba njengoko sikhula ekuphakameni.

Zonke ezi zizathu ngumxube ogqibeleleyo wenani elikhulu leengozi ezikhoyo kwimbali yabo bazamile ukunyuka eyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni.

Iindlela zokulinganisa intaba

intaba ephakamileyo ehlabathini

Ukuba silinganisela i-Everest kumphakamo wolwandle, siyabona ukuba yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo ehlabathini. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ezinye iintaba eziphakamileyo kunale ukuba nje sisebenzisa enye ipharamitha ukubala ukuphakama kwayo. Siyazi ukuba nayiphi na indlela yokulinganisa ixhomekeke kwinqanaba lokujonga. Enye into ekufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo kuyo nayiphi na indlela yokulinganisa yindawo ekubhekiswa kuyo esiyikhethayo.

Ukuba sisebenzisa isalathiso esisekwe kwezi ntaba, siyabona ukuba I-Kilimanjaro eTanzania kunye neMauna Kea volcano neHawaii ziphezulu kune-Everest. Njengoko ubona, kuxhomekeke kwindawo ekubhekiswa kuyo esisisebenzisa ukulinganisa ubude esinokubona ukuba eyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni ayisiyiyo. Kuya kuba sengqiqweni ngakumbi ukusondela kwindawo ekubhekiswa kuyo kwisiseko apho intaba ihleli khona endaweni yokuthatha umphakamo ongaphezulu komgangatho wolwandle njengendawo ekubhekiswa kuyo.

INtaba iKilimanjaro ihleli kumathafa ase-Afrika asondele kumphakamo wolwandle. Ukuba silinganisela le ntaba kwisiseko sibona ukuba ingaphezulu kwe-Everest. Kwelinye icala, ukuba sihlalutya iMauna Kea sibona ukuba ingaphezulu. Kwaye sisiseko sayo emazantsi olwandle. Ukuba yintaba-mlilo, siyabona ukuba isiseko sasinzulu ngaphezu kwenqanaba lolwandle. Logama nje sihlalutya ukuphakama ukusuka kwisiseko apho intaba ihleli khona, eyona iphakamileyo iya kuba yiMauna Kea.

Ukusekwa kwentaba ephezulu kakhulu emhlabeni

iintaba

Ukuba sithatha inqanaba lolwandle njengendawo ekubhekiswa kuyo, i-Everest yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni. Kwaye yile, imfihlelo yokuphakama kwe-Everest ayikho kwindibano yayo ukuba ayikho phantsi komhlaba. Indlela ekwakhiwe ngayo le ntaba yayikukuba ikwazi ukuhlala kwindawo ephakame kangako. Kwiminyaka engama 50 ezigidi eyadlulayo ipleyiti yelizwekazi lase India yangqubana nelizwekazi lase Asia. Ukusukela yonke imbali yomhlaba, ibiyeyona ntlekele inkulu kule minyaka ingama-400 yezigidi idlulileyo. Ingqubano enjalo yayinogonyamelo kangangokuba ipleyiti yaseIndiya ayishwabananga nje kuphela, kodwa yatyibilika phantsi kwelizwekazi laseAsia. Ngale ndlela, le plate, enqumlayo kwilizwekazi, yonyusa ubunzima bomhlaba esibhakabhakeni, yenze i-Everest.

Nangona iipleyiti zeetekoni zingqubana kwihlabathi liphela, okwenzekileyo phantsi kweEverest kwahlukile. Ngesi sizathu, le ntaba yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo ehlabathini xa ilahlekile kumgangatho wolwandle.

Iintaba ezindala

Uluhlu lweentaba zeHimalaya luselula kakhulu kwiminyaka eyi-50 yezigidi kuphela. Njengoko iipleyiti zityhala i-Indian plate emantla naphantsi kwe-Asiya, iintaba zeHimalaya ziyaqhubeka nokunyuka. Okwangoku, amandla atyhalela phezulu makhulu kunefuthe lokukhukuliseka komhlaba. Njengoko sisazi, ukhukuliseko lomhlaba olubangelwa ngamanzi nomoya, phakathi kwezinye izinto zejoloji iqala ukunciphisa ukuphakama kweencopho zokuvezwa kubo. Enye yeendlela zokulinganisa iminyaka yentaba kukubona inqanaba lokukhohlisa kunye nokuwohloka okujamelene neengqungquthela zayo.

Uninzi lwabantu abanyukayo bonyukela encotsheni ye-Everest benza oko ngeqhayiya ukubonisa ukuba bayakwazi ukunyuka eyona ntaba iphakamileyo emhlabeni. Nangona kunjalo, le ntaba iyaqhubeka ikhula nanamhlanje. Iindawo ezisezantsi zentaba zenziwe ngegranite, lelinye lawona matye anamandla emhlabeni. Ndiyabulela kolu lwakhiwo, bakuvumela ukuba kumelane nokhukuliseko lomhlaba ngcono ngakumbi kunezinye iintaba ezinganzima kangako.

Emva kwenyikima yokugqibela eNepal, zonke iintaba ezikumantla eKathmandu baphakama malunga nemitha. Ke ngoko, i-Everest inokuba yehle kancinci. Le nto incinci ayinanto kwaphela kubude obupheleleyo. Isantya sokhukuliseko lomhlaba sikwiqondo elithile okanye ekukhuleni okubangelwa kukutyhalwa kwamacwecwe. Nangona zisekhona izigidi zeminyaka zokuhamba, i-Everest izakuphulukana nesihloko sentaba ephezulu ehlabathini.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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