Yintoni ukubanda komoya kwaye kubalwa njani?

Ukuziva ubushushu

Sonke siyivile intetho nokuba ziimeteorologists, usetyenziso olushukumayo olusixelela imozulu okanye inkcubeko nje ngokubanzi, ukuba "bubushushu obunje ngovuyo olunje." Oko uvakalelo lobushushu inokuthi okanye ingohlukani nobushushu obukubo ngoku.

Ngaba siyayazi ngokwenene ukuba yintoni le ipholileyo kwaye njani ngaba ababhali bemozulu bayayibala?

Ebusika okanye ehlotyeni sukuva ubushushu obufanayo okanye ingqele ukuba kubetha umoya, kufumile okanye kuyanetha. Mhlawumbi sikwimini yobusika enamaqondo obushushu ayi-9 kodwa kungekho moya, konke kuzolile kwaye kunelanga kwaye akufani nemini enye enobushushu obufanayo kodwa kuyana okanye kunomoya wasentla. Ngulo mahluko esiwubiza ngokuba yimvakalelo yokufudumeza. Ngaba kubanda okanye ubushushu esibubonayo ngaphandle kobushushu obububo apho indalo ikhoyo.

Lo mahluko kumaqondo obushushu akhoyo phakathi kovakalelo lolusu, okusingqongileyo okusingqongileyo kunye nesantya somoya kuko okumisela ubungakanani bobushushu esiphulukana nabo emzimbeni kwaye kuko okusenza sizive sibanda okanye sishushu. Ebusika siyazi ukuba indibaniselwano yengqele kunye nomoya kwezona ndawo zivelileyo emizimbeni yethu kuko okumisela ubungakanani bobushushu esiphulukene nabo. Kungenxa yoko le nto kubalulekile ukuba unxibe iimpahla ezifudumeleyo ukunciphisa umphezulu obonakaliswe kolu tshintsho kubushushu kunye nelahleko yobushushu bomzimba. Ngokwesiqhelo, Amalungu omzimba abhenceke kolu luvo lubushushu zizandla, ubuso kunye neenyawo ngamanye amaxesha.

Izithuthuthu zovakalelo lobushushu

                                                Ebusika umoya kunye nokufuma kuchaphazela isithuthuthu ngakumbi

Olu luvo lwe-thermal luvusa umdla kunye nomdla kubemi, kuba ngamanye amaxesha kunye nokuhamba rhoqo, sizifumana kwiintsuku zobusika apho sijonga khona ithemometha kwaye sigcina ubushushu obungabandi kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, siyabanda. Kungenxa yokuba ukuba ikhona ukufuma okuphezulu okanye umoya obandayoKufuneka sizisonge kakuhle kuba iimeko ezifanelekileyo ziya kunikwa kulusu lwethu ukuba luphulukane nobushushu bomzimba wethu.

Ke, njengesishwankathelo sinokuchaza uvakalelo lobushushu njenge iqondo lobushushu elisekwe kwisalathiso sokuphulukana nobushushu bomzimba obubangelwa kukudibanisa ubushushu, umoya kunye nobushushu obuncinci.

Ubalwa njani umoya opholileyo?

Siyazi ukuba ubushushu okanye ubushushu bunokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwimeko yemozulu yomoya, ukufuma, njl. Kodwa ubalwa njani umoya obandayo womoya?

Kukho iitafile ezibala ubushushu obusekwe kwi isantya somoya kunye nobushushu. Ngokucacileyo ukuba sisebenzisa igama elithi ukubanda njengomoya, ezi tafile azinakuba luncedo kangako. Oko kukuthi, umntu ngamnye unoluvo lwakhe kunye nokunyamezela ebusweni kubanda nobushushu. Ngamanye amaxesha, kukho abantu abanokuba kwimikhono emifutshane nge-10 ° C kunye nabanye abafuna indawo yokuhlala eninzi kubushushu obufanayo. Oku akuthethi ukuba ubushushu bemozulu bungaba yi-10 ° C, kodwa ubushushu obushushu, ngenxa yomoya okanye ubumanzi, yi-7 ° C. Oko kukuthi, nangona ubushushu bokwenene buli-10 ° C, thina siyibona ngokungathi ibiyi-7 ° C.

Itafile yokuziva ubushushu

Umzekelo, ngokwezi tafile, kubushushu obungu-0 ° C kunye nomoya ozolileyo, ngekhe sizive sibanda kakhulu ukuba sisongelwe kakuhle. Nangona kunjalo, ngobushushu obufanayo kodwa ngumoya omalunga ne-40 km / h, ubushushu obuya kubakho buya kuba -15 ° C kwaye kuya kubanda kakhulu. Njengomdla, ukuba sihlala kwi-0 ° C nakwimimoya engaphezulu kwe-65 km / h kunokusibangela iingxaki zempilo.

Itafile ebandayo yomoya

Ukubalwa kwemvakalelo ye-thermal akukho lula, kuba sijonga iitafile kwaye kunjalo, kodwa abalwa njani la maxabiso? Ewe, ngasekupheleni kweminyaka ye-1930, umhloli wamazwe UPaul Siple iseke indlela kwifomula yokuqala yezibalo yokubala uvakalelo lwe-thermal okoko yabona ukuba kwimimandla esemajukujukwini, ukuba amaqondo obushushu asezantsi ayadityaniswa nemimoya enamandla, ukubanda kwabakho msinyane kwaye ngenxa yoko iimeko zengozi enkulu zadalwa .

Le fomyula iphuculwe ukutyhubela iminyaka de yafikelela kumda wayo ngo-2001 ngemvumelwano phakathi kwezazinzulu zaseCanada naseMelika. Ifomula eqinisekileyo yokubala uvakalelo lwe-thermal yile:

Tst = 13.112 + 0.6215 Ta -11.37 V0.16 + 0.3965 Ta V0.16

Ukuba songeza amaxabiso kwifomula yethu, sinokuqikelela ubushushu esiza kuziva ngabo xa siphuma, ngale ndlela siyakwazi ukunxiba ngcono ukuchitha ingqele encinci kangangoko kwaye siphephe ukubanda.


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  1.   david sitsho

    Leyo yindlela yokwenza ngobuqhetseba, kuba ubushushu bungafani nomntu ngamnye, kuthatha ikhompyuter ephezulu ukulinganisa imvakalelo yabemi.

    1.    Ugqirha h sprenger sitsho

      Ngaphandle, imvakalelo yokufudumeza ayinxulunyaniswa noxinzelelo, ke ngoko ayinakulinganiswa nemvakalelo yokuthuthuzeleka, intlalontle, ukoyisa, njl.njl.