Ufunda kwaye uqonde imephu yemozulu

Imephu yemozulu

Ukubona imo yezulu yinto esiyenza mihla le. Nangona kunjalo, asinakuqonda kakuhle xa umntu wezulu akhomba kwimephu. Sibona imephu yaseSpain enemigca emininzi, iisimboli kunye namanani. Ithetha ukuthini yonke le miqondiso?

Apha ungafunda yonke into ekufuneka uyazi funda imephu yemozulu kwaye uyiqonde ngokugqibeleleyo. Kuya kufuneka uhlale ufunda kwaye ubuze ukuba unemibuzo na

Imigaqo esisiseko yemephu yemozulu

imephu yemozulu kumabonakude

Iimephu zemozulu zisinika umzekeliso olula ngokwentetho yemozulu yangoku okanye uqikelelo lwemozulu kwindawo ethile. Eyona ixhaphakileyo kukuhlalutya umphezulu, kuba kulapho imozulu isichaphazela khona. Iingcamango eziqhelekileyo zeemeteorology kulula ukuyiqonda. Uninzi lwabantu lufuna ulwazi ngaye.njengemvula, imimoya, ukuba kukho izaqhwithi, isichotho, ikhephu, Njl

Ezi zinto zibaluleke kakhulu xa kufikwa kumba wokuqonda. Kuthatha ntoni ukuze imvula, kutheni isenzeka, kwaye ibaluleke kangakanani. Ukuqonda ukusebenza kweemeko ezininzi zemozulu kubaluleke kakhulu ukwazi Uxinzelelo lomoya. Uxinzelelo lomoya, kwiimeko ezininzi, luchaza imozulu. Kwiindawo apho uxinzelelo lweatmosferi luphezulu, imeko yezulu elungileyo neyomileyo iyabakho. Ngokuchasene noko, ukuba iphantsi, kuya kubakho umoya ofumileyo kunye nemozulu embi.

Ukubaluleka koxinzelelo lomoya

Iinkqubo eziphezulu nezisezantsi zoxinzelelo

Xa kukho inkqubo yoxinzelelo ephezulu imalunga ubunzima bomoya obukhulu ngakumbi. Kungenxa yokuba umoya upholile kwaye womile kunomoya ojikelezileyo. Xa oku kusenzeka, umoya onzima uwela kwinkqubo yoxinzelelo. Ngeli xesha, kuxa unemozulu elungileyo kwaye unamafu ambalwa.

Kwelinye icala, xa sinenkqubo yoxinzelelo esezantsi, oko kuthetha ukuba ubunzima bomoya bungaphantsi. Kungenxa yokuba umoya ufumile ngakumbi okanye ushushu. Ke, umoya ojikelezileyo uya ngaphakathi, embindini wenkqubo, ngelixa umoya okhanyayo unyukela phezulu. Xa ukukhanya, umoya ofudumeleyo unyuka kwaye udibana neendawo ezipholileyo, uye ungene kumafu. Njengamafu akhula ngokuthe nkqo, amafu adumileyo enza imvula.

Kwiinkqubo apho uxinzelelo ziphantsi kakhulu iinkqwithela ziyenziwa. La mafu azakwenza kwaye ahambe esibhakabhakeni. Ukuze la mafu enze, umoya oshushu nofumileyo kufuneka unyuke ngokwaneleyo ukuze uvelise nkqo nkqo.

Xa ubona imephu yemozulu zama ukuhlalutya indlela abalinganisa ngayo uxinzelelo. Imalunga nokulinganisa ubunzima bomoya emhlabeni. Iyunithi yokulinganisa yi-millibar. Oku kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba uninzi lweepateni zemozulu zinxulunyaniswa noxinzelelo lomoya. Ixabiso elithethiweyo loxinzelelo kwinqanaba lolwandle li-1013 mb. Xa sinenkqubo yoxinzelelo oluphezulu, ihlala ifikelela kumaxabiso angama-1030 mb. Nangona kunjalo, xa inkqubo iphantsi koxinzelelo, amaxabiso anokuhla aye kuthi ga kwi-1000 mb okanye nangaphantsi.

Iimpawu kwimephu yemozulu

Izaqhwithi ngenxa yoxinzelelo oluphantsi

Ukuze ufunde ezona mpawu zibalulekileyo kwimephu yemozulu, kuya kufuneka unike ingqalelo kwiimpawu zoxinzelelo. Ukufunda uxinzelelo lwe-barometric yomphezulu, jonga isobars. Le yimigca ephawula ixabiso elifanayo loxinzelelo lomoya kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo. Oko kukuthi, ukuba sibona imephu apho imigca ye-isobar isondele kakhulu komnye nomnye, kuya kubakho imozulu embi. Kungenxa yokuba kumgama omfutshane, amaxabiso oxinzelelo ayatshintsha. Ke ngoko, kukho ukungazinzi komoya.

Imigca ye-isobar iphawula isantya kunye nendlela oya kuyo umoya. Iimoya zibhekiswa kwiindawo apho kukho uxinzelelo lweatmosferi ukuya apho kukho ukungaphantsi. Ke ngoko, siya kuba nakho ukwazi olu lwazi ngokuhlalutya amaxabiso esobar. Xa sijonga ii-isobars ezibekwe kwizangqa ezincinci, iziko libonisa indawo yoxinzelelo. Isenokuba phezulu, isimboli A, kunye nezantsi, kunye nophawu B.

Kuya kufuneka sazi ukuba umoya awuhambi uye ezantsi koxinzelelo lwegradi. Ihamba ijikeleza ngenxa yesiphumo seCoriolis (sokujikeleza komhlaba). Ke ngoko, ii-isobars ezihamba ngendlela ejikelezayo zii-anticyclonic flow and a cyclonic flow. I-anticyclone iyafana namaqondo aphezulu obushushu kunye nemozulu elungileyo. Inkanyamba kukungazinzi komoya oguqula isiqhwithi. Ukusondela kwee-isobars omnye komnye, kokukhona isantya somoya somelele.

Ukutolikwa kwesixokelelwano soxinzelelo esisezantsi nesiphezulu

Uxinzelelo oluphezulu nolusezantsi

Xa kukho inkanyamba ihlala ikhapha izaqhwithi kunye nokwanda kwamafu, imimoya, amaqondo obushushu kunye nemvula. Oku kumelwe kwimephu yemozulu eneesobars ezipakishwe kakhulu. Utolo luhamba malungana nexesha emantla ikhweyitha kunye "T" phakathi isobar.

Iimeko zoxinzelelo oluphezulu azimelanga imvula. Umoya uyomisa kwaye bamelwe ngu-H kumbindi we-isobar. Iintolo zijikeleza kwicala lomoya. Kwindlela ejikeleze iwotshi kwi-hemisphere esemantla.

Iindidi zangaphambili

Iindidi zangaphambili zemozulu

Kwiimephu zemozulu ezibonisa thina kumabonwakude, imida ibonakala. Ukuba imida idlula kwindawo, kunokwenzeka ukuba imozulu iya kwahluka. Iintaba kunye namanzi amakhulu anokuyigqwetha indlela yakho.

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi zemigca kwaye zimelwe kwimephu yemozulu ngeesimboli ezahlukeneyo. Eyokuqala iphambi kobandayo. Xa umphambili obandayo udlula kwindawo, kunokwenzeka ukuba imvula iya kuba sisiphango kunye nomoya onamandla. Kwiimephu zemozulu zimelwe yimigca eluhlaza kunye noonxantathu kwicala lendlela yokuhamba ukusuka ngaphambili.

Uhlobo lwesibini luphambili olufudumeleyo. MnaKuthetha ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu njengoko kusondela kuwo. Isibhakabhaka sihamba ngokukhawuleza njengoko umphambili ugqitha. Ukuba umoya oshushu awuzinzanga, ezinye izaqhwithi zinokwenzeka. Zimelwe kwimephu yemozulu enemigca ebomvu kunye neesemicircle kwicala apho ziya khona.

Uhlobo lokugqibela luphambili ngaphambili. Yenziwa xa umphambili obandayo ugqitha ofudumeleyo. Banxulunyaniswa neziphumo zezulu ezinje ngezaqhwithi. Kungakho ubushushu obufudumeleyo okanye ukubanda. Xa umphambili ovalelweyo ungena, umoya uya usoma. Zimelwe ngumgca omfusa kunye nee-semicircles kunye noonxantathu kwicala lomoya.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ukutolika imephu yemozulu. Nayiphi na imibuzo, yishiye kwizimvo. Siya kukuvuyela ukuphendula


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  1.   Maro sitsho

    Enkosi ngokuchazwa kakuhle, ndibambekile ekufundeni ukutolika ixesha kakuhle.

  2.   UFernando sitsho

    Enkosi kakhulu ngevidiyo kunye nesicatshulwa. Ndifunde lukhulu kwaye bendifuna eminye imizekelo.
    Ngesaqhwithi osichazileyo ukuba simi emantla e-Itali, sithathela ingqalelo umoya oya kuthi ubange, xa umoya uvela kwilizwekazi laseYurophu, ingaba ingumoya owomileyo ongenamvula incinci?
    Gracias!