Iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo eMexico

imihlaba yendalo

Iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo ziindawo apho ukhathalelo lwendalo kunye nokugcinwa kobutyebi bendalo, kunye nezityalo nezilwanyana, zibekwe phambili. Zininzi iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo eMexico abanale njongo nabanokutyelelwa ukuze banandiphe ngokupheleleyo indawo ebangqongileyo.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela malunga neempawu zeendawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo eMexico, ukuba zibaluleke kangakanani kunye nokunye okuninzi.

Ziziphi iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo

iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo e-mexico

Indawo yendalo ekhuselweyo (ANP) ngummandla oye wamiselwa waza wasekwa ligunya likarhulumente ukulondoloza izinto eziphilayo ezahlukeneyo kunye nemithombo yendalo ebalulekileyo ukuze umntu aphile i-ecosystem kunye neentlobo ezihlala kuzo. Ezi ndawo zisisixhobo esingundoqo kulondolozo lwendalo kunye nokulwa nokutshintsha kwemozulu.

Iimpawu ze-ANP zinokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo lwendawo ekhuselweyo kunye neemfuno ezithile zolondolozo lwengingqi ekuyo. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ezinye iimpawu eziqhelekileyo ezihlala zikhona kuzo zonke iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo:

  • Ulondolozo lwezityalo nezilwanyana ezohlukeneyo: Enye yeenjongo eziphambili ze-ANP kukukhusela i-biological diversity yommandla apho zikhoyo. Oku kuquka ukukhuselwa kwezilwanyana nezityalo, kunye neendawo zazo zokuhlala zendalo.
  • Ukukhuselwa kobutyebi bendalo: Ii-ANPs nazo zijolise ekukhuseleni ubutyebi bendalo bommandla, njengemilambo, amachibi, amahlathi, phakathi kwabanye. Ukugcinwa kobu butyebi kubalulekile ukugcina umgangatho wobomi babantu kunye nezilwanyana kunye nezityalo.
  • Izithintelo kunye nemimiselo: Ii-ANPs zihlala zinezithintelo ezithile kunye nemimiselo yokukhusela i-biodiversity kunye nemithombo yendalo yommandla. Ezi zithintelo zinokuquka ukwalelwa kokuzingela, ukuloba, okanye ukombiwa kobuncwane bendalo.
  • Uphando nemfundo: Ii-ANP ezininzi zineenkqubo zophando kunye nezemfundo ezivumela abatyeleli kunye nabaphandi ukuba bafunde ngakumbi malunga neentlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo zommandla kunye nemithombo yendalo. Ezi nkqubo zinokubandakanya ukhenketho olukhokelwayo, iikhosi kunye neendibano zocweyo.
  • Ukhenketho oluzinzileyo: Ii-ANPs zinokuba ziindawo ezithandwayo zabakhenkethi ngenxa yobuhle bazo bendalo kunye neentlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukuba ukhenketho luzinze kwaye alonakalisi iintlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo zommandla okanye ubutyebi bendalo.

Ummandla wendalo okhuselweyo sisixhobo esibalulekileyo solondolozo lweentlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo kunye nemithombo yendalo. Ukhuseleko lwale mimandla lubalulekile ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuphila kweentlobo zezityalo nezilwanyana eziphilayo kunye nokunciphisa utshintsho lwemozulu.

Iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo eMexico

iindawo ezintsha zendalo ezikhuselweyo e-mexico

IMexico ineendawo ezininzi zendalo ezikhuselweyo, eziquka iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo nezityalo. Ezinye zeentlobo zeendawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo ezikhoyo eMexico zichazwe ngezantsi:

  • Oovimba beBiosphere: Le mimandla ikhuselweyo isekwe ukuze ikhusele kwaye ilondoloze izinto zendalo ezikhethekileyo neziethe-ethe, kwakunye nezilwanyana nezityalo ezihlala kuyo. Ezinye zezona ndawo zibalulekileyo zokugcina izinto eziphilayo eMexico ziquka iCalakmul Biosphere Reserve, iSian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, kunye neMonarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve.
  • IiNdawo zoKhuseleko lweFlora kunye neFauna: Le mimandla imiselwe ukukhusela iintlobo ezithile zezityalo nezilwanyana, kunye neendawo zazo zokuhlala zendalo. Imizekelo yale mimandla ibandakanya iCuatrociénegas Flora kunye neFauna Protection Area, i-El Triunfo Flora kunye neFauna Protection Area, kunye neLaguna de Términos Flora kunye neFauna Protection Area.
  • Iipaki zeSizwe: Le mimandla ikhuselweyo imiselwe ukukhusela nokugcina imbonakalo-mhlaba eyodwa yendalo kunye nenkqubo yendalo, kunye nokubonelela ngamathuba okuzonwabisa nawemfundo kubakhenkethi. Ezinye zezona paki zidumileyo eMexico ziquka iPaki yeSizwe ye-Iztaccíhuatl-Popocatépetl, iLagunas de Montebello National Park, kunye neCumbres de Monterrey National Park.
  • Izikhumbuzo zendalo: Le mimandla imiselwe ukukhusela iimpawu ezizodwa nezibalulekileyo zejoloji okanye ulwakhiwo lwendalo, olufana neentaba, imiwonyo, imiqolomba, okanye iarches zamatye. Ezinye zezona zikhumbuzo zendalo ezibaluleke kakhulu eMexico ziquka iSikhumbuzo seNdalo se-El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, iSikhumbuzo seNdalo saseCañón del Sumidero, kunye neSikhumbuzo seNdalo se-El Sótano de las Golondrinas.
  • IiNdawo zoKhuseleko lweMithombo yeNdalo: Le mimandla imiselwe ukukhusela nokulondoloza ubuncwane bendalo bommandla othile, njengemilambo, amachibi, iilwandle namahlathi. Ezinye zezona ndawo zibalulekileyo zokukhusela izixhobo zendalo eMexico ziquka i-Cabo Pulmo Natural Resource Protection Area, i-Isla Contoy Natural Resource Protection Area, kunye ne-Sierra de San Pedro Mártir Natural Resource Protection Area.

IMexico ineendawo ezininzi zendalo ezikhuselweyo ezahlukeneyo, nganye ineseti yayo yeenjongo kunye neempawu ezizodwa. Le mimandla ibalulekile ekulondolozweni kwezityalo nezilwanyana eziziintlobo ngeentlobo zeli lizwe, kwaye zingumthombo oxabisekileyo wemfundo, ulonwabo nokhenketho oluzinzileyo.

Iimpawu zezi meko

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana

Ukongeza kwiindidi zeentlobo zeendawo ezikhuselweyo zendalo ezikhoyo eMexico, zonke zabelana ngeempawu ezithile eziphambili ezenza zibe zizodwa. Ezinye zezi mpawu zichazwe ngezantsi:

  • Izinto eziphilayo: Imimandla yendalo ekhuselweyo yaseMexico ilikhaya kwinani elikhulu leentlobo zezityalo nezilwanyana, uninzi lwazo luhlala lukhona (oko kukuthi, lufumaneka kuphela kuloo mmandla). Ezi nkqubo zendalo zibalulekile kulondolozo lwezityalo nezilwanyana ezohlukeneyo kwinqanaba lesizwe nelamazwe ngamazwe.
  • Iinkonzo zokusingqongileyo: Iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo zibonelela ngeenkonzo ezibalulekileyo zokusingqongileyo, ezifana nolawulo lwemozulu, ulondolozo lomhlaba namanzi, kunye nokhuseleko kwiintlekele zendalo. Ezi nkonzo azixhasi kuphela iintlobo ezihlala kule mimandla, kodwa kunye noluntu olukufutshane lwabantu.
  • Ilifa leNkcubeko: Iindawo ezikhuselweyo zendalo zaseMexico zinokubaluleka okubalulekileyo kwenkcubeko nembali, njengoko uninzi lwazo zilikhaya kuluntu lwemveli oluye lwaphila ngokuvisisana nendalo kangangeenkulungwane. Ukongezelela, ezinye iindawo ziqulethe iintsalela ze-archaeological kunye neendawo ezibalulekileyo zenkcubeko.
  • Ukhenketho kunye nolonwabo: Iindawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo zithandwa ngabakhenkethi kunye neendawo zokuzonwabisa, ezibonelela ngamathuba okubukela izilwanyana zasendle, ukukhwela intaba, ukukhempisha, ukufota, kunye neminye imisebenzi yangaphandle. Ukhenketho oluzinzileyo kule mimandla lunokwenza ingeniso kuluntu lwasekuhlaleni kwaye luncede nokuxhasa ngemali ulondolozo lweendawo ezikhuselweyo.
  • Ulondolozo: Umsebenzi ophambili weendawo zendalo ezikhuselweyo kulondolozo lwendalo kunye neentlobo ezihlala kuzo. Ukuze kuphunyezwe olu sukelo, le mimandla iphantsi kwemithetho nemiqathango engqongqo ngokuphathelele imisebenzi yabantu, njengokwakha, ukuxhaphaza ubuncwane bendalo nokuzingela.

Njengoko ubona, iindawo ezikhuselweyo zendalo eMexico ziyinxalenye ebalulekileyo yelifa lemveli nenkcubeko yelizwe, kwaye zibalulekile kulondolozo lweentlobo-ntlobo zezinto eziphilayo kunye neenkonzo zokusingqongileyo. Ukongeza, banikezela ngamathuba okhenketho kunye nolonwabo, kwaye bangumthombo webhongo kunye noqhagamshelwano kuluntu oluhlala kwezi ndawo okanye kufutshane nazo.


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