Yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga neehymrometer

iigrometri kunye nokufuma okukufutshane

Kwimozulu ukuguquguquka kwemozulu okumisela imozulu kuyaqhubeka kulinganiswa. Izinto ezibaluleke kakhulu luxinzelelo lomoya, ukufuma, imitha yelanga, indlela kunye namandla omoya, njl. Umahluko ngamnye kwimozulu ubonelela ngolwazi oluxabisekileyo malunga nemozulu kwaye ikuvumela ukuba uqikelele ukuba imozulu izakuba njani kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezizayo.

Namhlanje siza kuthetha I-hygrometer, isixhobo esisetyenziselwa ukulinganisa ukufuma. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba isebenza njani kunye nayo yonke into enxulumene nolwazi olunokubonelela ngemozulu?

Iimpawu eziphambili, imbali kunye nezinto eziluncedo

hygrometer

I-hygrometer ayikho enye into ngaphandle kwesixhobo esisetyenziselwa ukulinganisa ubungakanani bomswakama emoyeni, emhlabeni nakwizityalo. Siyakhumbula ukuba ukufuma sisixa somphunga wamanzi kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ukuze ukufuma kugcwale, iqondo lobushushu kokudibana kufuneka libe sezantsi. Ngale ndlela, umphunga wamanzi emoyeni uyajiya kwaye unike umbethe.

I-hygrometer isetyenziselwa ukulinganisa ubungakanani bomphunga wamanzi emoyeni. Kukho iindidi ezininzi zehmrometer kuxhomekeke ekusebenzeni kwazo, nangona zonke zinenjongo enye.

I-hygrometer yaqulunqwa yi I-physicist yaseFransi uGuillaume Amontos ngo-1687. Yathi kamva yaphuculwa yaze yalungiswa yiFahrenheit phakathi kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMXth. Isebenzisa izinzwa ezibona kwaye zibonise umahluko kwinqanaba lokufuma, zombini igesi kunye nomoya ngokubanzi. Ezindala zakhiwa ngovavanyo lweentlobo zoomatshini. Ezi zivamvo zibonelela ngeempendulo kwizinto ezichaphazela ukwahluka kobushushu, ezinje ngeenwele zabantu.

Ukusetyenziswa kwayo kubanzi kakhulu. Zisetyenziselwa ukulondolozwa kweemveliso ezisemngciphekweni kakhulu wokufuma okungathethekiyo, ukwazi ukusondela kwemvula enokubakho kunye nemozulu embi ngokubanzi, ukuba nococeko olulungileyo ngokwazi ubungakanani bomswakama ngaphakathi emagumbini nasemagumbini. Isetyenziswa kwiinkqubo ezininzi zorhwebo ezifuna ukufuma njengokuvelisa amalaphu athile, iphepha kunye nesilika.

Iikhonsepthi eziyimfuneko malunga nokufuma

iimpawu ukufuma

Ukuqonda ukusebenza ngokuchanekileyo kwehmrometer, kufuneka uyazi ezinye iikhonsepthi zokufuma kunye nendlela esebenza ngayo.

Ngokomzekelo, Ubuntu bezizalwane Ingumbono abantu abaninzi abangacacanga kakuhle ngawo. Umphunga wamanzi uveliswa yimisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yabantu kwaye, ngokubanzi, ngayo nayiphi na into ephilayo. Emakhaya, umphunga wamanzi uveliswa ngokupheka ekhitshini, imvula, ukubila kwizityalo, ukuphefumla, njl.

Lo mphunga wamanzi uveliswayo utsalwa ngumoya ngokuxhomekeke kwimeko yokusingqongileyo, nto leyo ebangela ukonyuka kokufuma emoyeni. Ke ngoko, ubuninzi bomphunga wamanzi onokulingana emoyeni ngaphandle kokuhlutha (oko kukuthi, ukujiya) kuxhomekeke kubushushu bemo. Ukufudumeza komoya, kokukhona umphunga wamanzi uxhasa ngaphandle kokugcwaliswa kukufuma. Lo nto Ubumanzi obunxulumene nesixa somphunga wamanzi emoyeni ngepesenti.

Omnye umxholo onxulumene nokufuma. Ngumthamo womphunga wamanzi oqulathe imitha yetyhubhu yomoya kwaye ibonakaliswe kwiigrama kwityhubhu yemitha nganye. I-Hygrometers nazo ziyakwazi ukulinganisa indawo yokugcwala kwendalo ngokuxhomekeke kubushushu. Indawo yokugcwalisa lelona nani liphezulu lomphunga wamanzi onokubakho emanzini kubushushu obuthile kunye noxinzelelo ngaphandle kokujija komphunga wamanzi.

Iindidi zehygrometer

Kuxhomekeke kuhlobo lokusebenza kwehygrometer kunye neempawu abanazo, kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo.

I-hygrometer yeenwele

iinwele ezimvaba

Olu hlobo lwe-hygrometer yaziwa ngokuba yi-hygroscope. Ukusebenza kwayo kubaluleke kakhulu. Kuquka ukujoyina iqela leenwele eziqokelelwe ngohlobo lwentambo. Iinwele zisabela kutshintsho olwahlukileyo kubumanzi obhaliswe emoyeni ngokujijwa okanye ukungangqinelani. Xa oku kusenzeka, kusebenze inaliti ebonisa ubungakanani bokufuma kwindalo esingqongileyo, kodwa ayikwazi ukubonisa ipesenti. Ke ngoko, ayinako ukulinganisa ukufuma okuhambelana.

Ukutsalwa kwegrigmeter

Ukutsalwa kwegrigmeter

Olu hlobo lwe-hygrometer lusebenza ngezinye zeekhemikhali ze-hygroscopic ezinokwazi ukufunxa okanye ukukhupha ukufuma okusingqongileyo, kuxhomekeke kwinto ekhoyo. Izinto ze-Hygroscopic zezo zibophelela kumathontsi omphunga wamanzi kwaye zezona zenza imvula.

Isihlanganisi sombane

Isihlanganisi sombane

Isebenza ngee-electrode ezimbini zelonda lokujikeleza. Phakathi kwee-electrode ezimbini kukho izicwili ezifakelweyo kwi-lithium chloride exutywe namanzi. Xa kutshintshiswana ngombane kusetyenziswa ii-electrode, izicwili ziyafudunyezwa kwaye amanye amanzi axutywe ne-lithium chloride ayaphuma.

Kwiqondo ngalinye lobushushu kumisela ulungelelwaniso phakathi kobungakanani bamanzi abumphunga ngokushushubeza ilaphu kunye nelo lifunxwa ukufuma kwendalo, kuba ikufutshane ne-lithium chloride, into enobuchwephesha kakhulu. Njengoko imeko itshintsha, iqondo lokufuma lokusingqongileyo limiselwa ngokuchaneka ngakumbi.

Ukujiya ihygrometer

Ukujiya ihygrometer

Le mitha isetyenziselwa ukumisela ipesenti yokufuma emoyeni. Ukwenza oku, isebenzisa ubushushu apho umhlaba opholileyo ungcolisayo ubangela ukuba iqondo lobushushu lehliswe ngokungeyonyani.

Iidigrometri zedijithali

Iidigrometri zedijithali

Ngawona maxesha anamhlanje akhoyo kwaye asebenzise imijikelezo ye-elektroniki ukuguqula ukwahluka kwamandla ombane okubangelwe kukungafani kwezinto ezithile ezibonakalayo kumanani aboniswe kwiscreen. Ezinye iimodeli zezi hygrometers zisebenzisa izinto ezizezazo ezizezazo olutshintsha umbala luxhomekeke kubushushu obukhoyo. Ngale nto banokufumana imilinganiselo echanekileyo yokufuma.

Njengoko ubona, i-hygrometer inokusetyenziswa okuninzi kwimeteorology kwaye hayi kuyo kuphela, kodwa kubomi bemihla ngemihla kumashishini amaninzi, kumakhaya nakwizakhiwo. Kubalulekile ukwazi ukufuma okukufutshane kwaye yeyiphi indlela ebhetele kunokusebenzisa iihmometri ukuyilinganisa.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.