UYA kwisathelayithi

UYA kwisathelayithi

Ukhe weva malunga nesatellites yokujonga indawo kumabonwakude. Zizizixhobo ezinophuhliso lobuchwephesha obuphezulu kakhulu kwaye ezinako ukusinika ulwazi olukhulu malunga nokuba yintoni ekwindalo iphela kwaye kwenzeka ntoni kwiplanethi yethu. Kule meko, sithetha ngesathelayithi IIMPAWU. Esi sethelayithi siyasinceda ekuqikeleleni imozulu kakhulu. Kwaye kuqikelela ukuba imozulu yinto entsonkothileyo. Ayisiyiyo kwaphela into enokubanjiswa okanye ukuba ngezinye i-algorithms iyasebenza. Ngesi sizathu, kuyaziwa ukuba amaxesha amaninzi "indoda yemozulu iyasilela."

Kweli nqaku, siza kukubonisa ukuba kutheni i-GOES iyeyona satellite yemeteorological ebekwe kumjikelezo walo lonke ixesha.

Kufuneka uqikelele imozulu

Uqikelelo lwemozulu olungcono

Ukuxela kwangaphambili imozulu yinto esiyidingayo ukuze senze imisebenzi yethu okanye sicwangcise iminyhadala. Kuxhomekeke kubume bemozulu, ezinye izehlo ziyenziwa okanye hayi. Ke ngoko, ukwazi uqikelelo lwemozulu kubalulekile. Nangona kunjalo, Ayingomsebenzi ulula. Inzima kakhulu kuba izinto eziguquguqukayo zomoya zinokutshintsha rhoqo kumcimbi weeyure. Nangona namhlanje kukho ezininzi Iinkqubo zokusebenza kwemvula kwaye singazi ukuba ngomso kuyanetha kwindawo yethu, ezi datha zihlala zisilela.

Kwaye nangona uqikelelo lwemozulu ngamanye amaxesha lusilela, kuyinto eqhelekileyo. Ixesha liyaziwa ukuba lichaphazeleka ngokuguquguqukayo okuninzi kwaye imozulu. Ukujonga okwenzekayo kwiatmosfera yethu, sinezinye iintyatyambo zokujonga imozulu. Ezi satellites zikhathalela amandla bazi iinkqubo zemozulu ezihlala zikhona maxa onke kwaye bakwazi ukuqikelela ukuvela kwazo.

Isathelayithi i-GOES yaphehlelelwa ukuba ikwazi ukuqikelela imozulu ngendlela echanekileyo nechanekileyo. Ayiboneleli nje kuphela ukuba, ibonelela kakhulu.

Yintoni iGoES?

GOES umthamo

I-GOES sisifinyezo se Isatifikethi sokuSebenza sokuSingqongileyo. Esi sathelayithi sithathe inguquko phakathi kwazo zonke iisethelayithi zolu hlobo. Kukho iiplanethi ze-orbit ze-polar kunye nezinye iisathelayithi zokujikeleza ze-geostationary. Le yokugqibela yeyabo abo ujikelezo lwabo luhambelana nesantya apho sijikeleza khona uMhlaba. Oku kuthetha ukuba ihlala isinika umfanekiso ofanayo wehlabathi. Iyakwazi ukugcina ukubhabha ngaphezulu kweendawo ezithile kwiplanethi yethu. Oku kwenziwa kuba eyona njongo yayo iphambili kukunikezela ngokwahluka kwemozulu ukuze ukwazi ukuqikelela utshintsho oluza kwenziwa.

Imodeli ye-GOES-R ekuthethwa ngayo lolona tshintsho lukhulu ukusukela izixhobo zohlaziyo kunye nomthamo wokuqhubekeka kwedatha. Iyakwazi ukuqhubekekisa ulwazi ngobungakanani obukhulu kunye nesantya, ke oko kusinika inkonzo enomgangatho ophezulu kunye nokuchaneka. Oku kunyanzelekile ukuba sifuna ukufumana ukuchaneka xa silungiselela iingxelo zemozulu ngaphandle kokufumana impazamo.

Kwakhona, inesisombululo somhlaba amaxesha ama-4 amakhulu kunesiqhelo kunye nokugubungela ngokukhawuleza kahlanu. Imephu yexesha lokwenyani yemibane iyamangalisa. Oku kunceda ukwanda kuqikelelo lwezaqhwithi kwaye kuphucula amaxesha apho ungalumkisa ngokubakho kwenkanyamba. Oku kufanelekile kwabo bafunda iinkanyamba okanye abo "bazingela iinkanyamba." Kwelinye icala, iyanceda ekuphuculeni ukuqikelela kwenkanyamba kunye nokuqina kwayo, ulawulo olungcono lwee-X-ray fluxes ezivela elangeni, njl.

Umgangatho ongcono kunye neempazamo zokuxela kwangaphambili

Imijelo yokujonga imozulu

Yintoni ephunyeziweyo ngesathelayithi yeGoES kukuba nomgangatho ongcono xa ufumana idatha yemeteorological kunye nomda osezantsi wempazamo. Umbuzo abantu abaninzi abazibuze wona xa bebeka kwi-orbit ngu ukuba besinezibikezelo ezingaphumeleliyo kunezo zangaphambili. Kuyakhathaza ngokwenene ukwazi ukuba izakunetha ngolu suku, rhoxisa izicwangciso ngenxa yayo kwaye ekugqibeleni ibe lusuku olunelanga ngcono kunakuqala. Okanye ngokuchaseneyo, ukuba siye kusela kwaye ngequbuliso siwe Iishawa unamandla.

Uqikelelo lwemozulu lufumaneka kwiimodeli ezenza ukulinganisa kwinto ezakwenzeka. Ukwenza oku kulinganisa kuyimfuneko ukwazi amaxabiso ezinto eziguquguqukayo zemozulu ngalo mzuzu kunye notyekelo abanalo lokuguqula la maxabiso. Oko kukuthi, ukuba iqondo lobushushu, uxinzelelo lomoya kunye namaxabiso omoya ayaqhubeka ukutshintsha njengoko esenza ngoku, sinokuqikelela ukubakho kweemvula. Nangona kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukuba la maxabiso atshintshe imeko yabo ngolunye uguquko. Yiyo le nto eyenza ukuba impazamo ihlale ikhona.

Ukuze ezi modeli zihambe ngcono kwaye zibonelele ngeenkcukacha ezichanekileyo, sifuna idatha engaphezulu ukufaka kwigalelo. Ukuchaneka ngakumbi kwezi datha, uqikelelo olungcono olunokwenziwa yi-GOES satellite. Ngezixhobo zayo, isathelayithi ingabona ngexesha lokwenyani, ngaphandle kokungaphumeleli kwaye ngokuqhubekekayo, umphezulu womhlaba kwiibhendi ezili-16 zembonakalo. Ukongeza, Ibandakanya amajelo abonakalayo, ama-4 kufutshane namajelo e-infrared kunye namanye amajelo e-infrared ali-10. Bonke obu buchule bukunika indawo encinci yempazamo.

Ukujongwa kwendawo

UKUQALISWA kweSatellite

Uncedo lwesi sathelayithi yotshintsho olululo kukuba ayisiqwalaseli kuphela uMhlaba kunye nokujongwa kwemozulu. Ikwanayo nomsebenzi wokunxibelelana nonxibelelwano lwangaphandle. Linoxanduva, umzekelo, lokwazi iipateni zomhlaba ezinje nge umoya welanga. Ikwahlalutya nokuqwalaselwa kwemitha enokubenzakalisa oosomajukujuku ukuba asikho emhlabeni.

Ukongeza kuvavanyo olunokubakho koosomajukujuku, olu lwazi lungasetyenziselwa ukulumkisa ngeziganeko ezinobungozi ezinokwenzeka. Ke, omnye umonakalo kunxibelelwano lwefowuni unokuthintelwa. Inemagnethi yemagnethi inoxanduva lokulinganisa umazibuthe kunye namandla ashukunyiswa ngamasuntswana ahlawuliswa ngaphandle.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi nge-satellite yeGoES, eyona ilungileyo ikhoyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.