Iglasi yeStorm

iimpawu zeglasi yesaqhwithi

Umntu ebesoloko efuna ukwazi indlela yokuqikelela imozulu. Kukho izinto ezininzi eziqanjiweyo ezidalwe ukuzama ukuqikelela oko. Omnye wabo ngu Iglasi yeStorm. Ikwaziwa njengekristale yesiphango kwaye sisixhobo esinomdla esisetyenziselwa ukuqikelela imozulu. Nangona yaziwa kuphela phakathi kwabalandeli be-meteorology, i-X yayisele isetyenziswa ngabahambi ngeenqanawa ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni iStorm Glass, zeziphi iimpawu zayo kunye nendlela esetyenziswa ngayo.

Yintoni iStorm Glass

isiphango

Esi sixhobo sinomdla sisikhongozeli seglasi esivaliweyo esizaliswe ngumxube wolwelo olwahlukeneyo, olu lwelo luthatha iimilo ezahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwiimeko zemozulu kwaye lunokuqikelela imozulu ngexesha elifutshane. Amacandelo aphambili alo mxube Ngamanzi adibeneyo kunye ne-ethanol. Kwakhona iqulethe ixabiso elincinci le-nitrate ye-potassium, i-ammonium chloride, kunye ne-camphor. Kufuneka uqaphele ngomyalelo womxube, kuba ukuba ukongezwa kwenziwa ngenye iodolo, iqhuma.

Ungayiqikelela njani imozulu?

qi kelela ixesha

Utshintsho kwiqondo lokushisa lomoya kunye noxinzelelo lwe-atmospheric lunokubangela utshintsho kwi-solubility yomxube, onokubangela utshintsho kwimbonakalo yolwelo. I-turbidity enkulu okanye encinci esekwe nguFitzroy okanye ubukho okanye ukungabikho kwezikali, iikristale okanye izakhiwo zefilamentous. iyatshintsha ekuhambeni kwexesha kwiiyure ezimbalwa ezizayo. Ulwelo olucacileyo, ngaphandle kokungcola, luphawu lwesibhakabhaka esiluhlaza kunye nendawo enelanga, kwaye ukuba iqala ukugquma, iya kuba lilifu kwaye imvula.

Ukuba amabala amancinci avela kulwelo, inkungu okanye inkungu inokulindeleka, ngelixa ikhephu, inokufika (kwimozulu entle) apho kuya kubakho iintsiba ezincinci ezimhlophe, ezifana neentsiba ezithi ngamanye amaxesha zenze umkhenkce. Ukuba ezi kristale zinye zivela kulwelo olunamafu endaweni yolwelo olucacileyo, ngoko siya kudibana nesiphango okanye isiphango. Ukutolikwa okuchanekileyo kolu kwakheka kuya kuvumela iimeko zemozulu ukuba ziqikelelwe kwiiyure ezingama-24 ukuya kwezingama-48 kwangaphambili.

Umqambi weStorm Glass

qi kelela ixesha

Ngaphandle komqambi weglasi yesaqhwithi, Fritz roy ukwangumntu obalulekileyo kuphuhliso lwemeteorology. Njengoko kugunyaziswe yiRoyal Society, kwasetyenziswa uthungelwano lwezikhululo zemozulu ezingama-24 ukuze kuthunyelwe inkcazelo eLondon ngetelegram. Njengoko wayeqala uhambo lwakhe lwesibini lweBeagle, uFitzRoy wayenxibe ii-barometers ezingenakubalwa kunye neewotshi ze-astronomical ezingama-22 ukulungisa ukubala kobubanzi obukhoyo.

Wenza iimephu zemozulu ukuze ube nomfanekiso-ngqondweni wemisinga ye-atmospheric kunye neentshukumo zazo. Kodwa ukuthanda kwakhe kokwenyani kukuxela imozulu, ukuyikholelwa kunokusindisa ubomi. Ngale ndlela, waphembelela abahleli bephephandaba laseLondon iThe Times ukuba bafake iingxelo zemozulu kwiimpapasho zabo. Ngoko ke, ngo-Agasti 1, 1861, inxalenye yokuqala yemozulu yembali yapapashwa.

Uqikelelo kunye nokuziphatha

Ngenxa yotshintsho kwimbonakalo yomxube ngenxa yeenguqu kwi-atmospheric, iglasi ivumela ukuba senze uqikelelo lwemozulu yendawo, yexesha elifutshane. Ngokomzekelo, ukuba imozulu ilindeleke ukuba izinzile, yomile kwaye inelanga, iglasi ibonakala ingenakho ukungcola kwaye icacile. Ukuba lisibekele, luphawu lokuba kukho amafu kunye nemvula enokwenzeka. Ukuba kukho amabala amancinci ngaphakathi kulwelo, kusenokubakho inkungu okanye inkungu.

Ngomhla ocacileyo, ukuba uqala ukubona iintsiba ezincinci ezimhlophe, ezinje ngespike zenza iikristale zomkhenkce, amathuba okuba imozulu iba mandundu kwaye ekugqibeleni kuya kuba nekhephu. Ekugqibeleni, ukuba ezi kristale zinye zivela njengolwelo olunamafu endaweni yokuba zicace, sisibhengezo esicacileyo sesiphango - yiyo loo nto kuthiwa yiStorm Glass.

Uyenza njani iglasi yeStorm

Ukwenza i-Storm Glass, kufuneka ulinganise ngokuchanekileyo ityuwa kunye ne-camphor, kwaye ulinganise umthamo wotywala kunye namanzi. Xa ulinganisa, ungasebenzisa isikali sobucwebe baseTshayina ngokuchaneka kwe-0.01 G. Ungasebenzisa isilinda esiphumeleleyo okanye ityhubhu yokulinganisa ukulinganisa umthamo, okanye unokulinganisa ulwelo ngokusekelwe kubuninzi bayo.

Ungongeza kwangoko i-camphor kwisitya esilungiselelwe izixhobo kwaye wongeze utywala, okanye ungayinyibilikisa kwi-2/3 yomthamo obaliweyo wotywala, Dlulisa isisombululo kwisitya seglasi kwaye uhlambulule ngotywala obusele. Emva koko uchithe ityuwa emanzini, yongeza isisombululo setyuwa kwisisombululo se-camphor kwaye ugxobhoze ngokulinganayo (ungavala i-cork kwaye uyiguqule okanye uyigubungele amaxesha amaninzi). Kufuneka kubekho isivalo somoya phakathi kwesisombululo kunye nezantsi. Kule meko, i-camphor iya kuwa ngendlela ye-white precipitate, ebonisa ukulungiswa kwentshukumo.

Emva koko uvale isixhobo ngesiciko ukuze onke amaqamza omoya adadayo, zivule ixeshana ukulinganisa uxinzelelo, vala kwaye usebenzise i-sealer, kwaye uyikhuphe de ipholile. I-windshield egqityiweyo kufuneka ilungiswe ngokuthe nkqo kwimvelaphi emnyama ye-matte kwaye ibekwe kude nefestile, kodwa kude nenkqubo yokufudumala kunye nezinye izixhobo zokufudumeza. Emva kweveki, i-camphor precipitate iya kudibanisa kwaye i-crystals eyahlukileyo iya kuvela.

Unokufumana iingcebiso ezingachanekanga okanye eziyingozi okanye ushiyo. Ndiza kudwelisa ezinye zazo:

  • Akunakwenzeka ukugubungela iglasi yesiphango ngesithinteli serabha, nto leyo eya kubangela ukuba umxube ujike ube tyheli, kwaye ixesha elide, umbala uya kuba ugcwele.
  • Emva koko uvale isixhobo ngeplagi, vumela onke amaqamza ukuba adande, vula okomzuzwana ukulinganisa uxinzelelo, vala kwaye usebenzise isitywini, susa ukubanda.
  • Iglasi yeStorm egqityiweyo kufuneka ilungiswe kwindawo ethe tye kwimvelaphi emnyama ye-matte kwaye ibekwe kude nefestile, kodwa kude neenkqubo zokufudumeza kunye nezinye izixhobo zokufudumeza. Emva kweveki, i-camphor precipitate iya kudibanisa kwaye i-crystals eyahlukileyo iya kuvela.
  • Kukulungele ukutywina isikhongozeli ngomxube, ukuba akunakwenzeka ukuyitywina, ungasebenzisa isivalo seglasi yomhlaba ngaphandle kokuthambisa, okanye isivalo se-fluoroplastic / polyethylene, isivalo kufuneka siqinisekise ukuqina ngokupheleleyo kwesikhongozeli, kukulungele ukuba ekugqibeleni uyilungise nge-epoxy resin, uyisebenzise. kwinqanaba lokutyeba kumphezulu wekepusi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neGlass yeStorm kunye neempawu zayo.


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