Iinduli zeBavaria

ihlathi elimnyama kunye ne-bavarian alps

Los Iinduli zeBavaria, ezikumazantsi eJamani, ziludederhu lweentaba ezineempawu ezikhethekileyo ezitsala izigidi zabatyeleli nyaka ngamnye. Bazizityebi kwiintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana kwaye bamkela imbonakalo yomhlaba emangalisayo.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela zonke iimpawu, izityalo, izilwanyana kunye nemvelaphi ye-Bavarian Alps.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Iingqungquthela zaseJamani

Nazi ezinye zezona mpawu ziphawulekayo ze-Bavarian Alps:

  • Imbonakalo-mhlaba enomtsalane: I-Bavarian Alps iyaziwa ngeendawo zazo zeentaba eziphakamileyo, amachibi acwebileyo kunye namahlathi ashinyeneyo espruce. Lo mmandla ulikhaya kwezinye zezona ncopho ziphakamileyo zaseJamani, njengeZugspitze, Watzmann, kunye neHochkönig.
  • Imidlalo yasebusika: I-Bavarian Alps yindawo ethandwayo yemidlalo yasebusika. Ngobuninzi be-ski, i-snowboard, kunye neendlela zokuhamba ngee-sledding, iindwendwe zinokonwabela ikhephu kulo lonke ixesha lobusika.
  • Ukhenketho lwasehlotyeni: Kwiinyanga ezifudumeleyo, i-Bavarian Alps inikezela ngemisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yangaphandle, kuquka ukuhamba, ukunyuka, ukuhamba ngebhayisikili, kunye ne-rafting.
  • iilali zaseAlpine: Lo mmandla uneelali ezintle zealpine ezinezindlu zesiNtu zaseBavaria kunye nezitrato ezinamatye. Enye yeedolophu ezaziwa kakhulu yiGarmisch-Partenkirchen.

Imvelaphi yeeAlps zaseBavaria

ihlathi elimnyama kunye ne-bavarian alps

Imvelaphi yayo ibuyela kwixesha leMesozoic geological, malunga neminyaka engama-250 yezigidi eyadlulayo, xa iYurophu yayigutyungelwe lulwandle olungekho nzulu olubizwa ngokuba yiTethys. Ngeli xesha, amandla etectonic abangela ukuphakanyiswa nokusongwa koqweqwe lomhlaba, nto leyo eyakhokelela ekuyilweni kweentaba zokuqala zealpine. Ekuhambeni kwexesha, ukhukuliseko olubangelwa yimimoya, imvula nokunyibilika komkhenkce lwenza ummandla weeAlps waseBavaria, nto leyo eyabangela ukuba kubekho iindawo ezintle zomhlaba.

Ukusekwa kweeAlps zaseBavaria kwenzeka ngezigaba eziliqela. KwiTriassic, malunga nezigidi ezingama-250 zeminyaka eyadlulayo, udederhu lweentaba olusuka kuMntla Afrika ukuya kumbindi Yurophu lwaqalisa ukumila. Ngexesha leJurassic, malunga nezigidi ezingama-200 zeminyaka eyadlulayo. I-African tectonic plate yangqubana ne-European tectonic plate, ibangela ukuba iiAlps ziphakame.

Ngexesha leCretaceous, malunga ne-100 yezigidi zeminyaka edlulileyo, iiAlps zafumana isigaba esitsha sokunyusa, esakhokelela ekubunjweni kweendawo eziphezulu. Ngexesha lokugqibela lomkhenkce, elaphela malunga ne-10.000 leminyaka eyadlulayo, umkhenkce wagubungela uninzi lwe-Bavarian Alps, uvelisa iintlambo kunye namachibi anomtsalane.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zaseBavaria Alps

Lo mmandla ulikhaya kwiintlobo ngeentlobo zeendawo zokuhlala, ukusuka kumadlelo e-alpine ukuya kumahlathi ane-coniferous kunye ne-glacierss, eyenza ibe yindawo efanelekileyo yezilwanyana zasendle. Phakathi kweentlobo zezilwanyana ezinokufumaneka kwi-Bavarian Alps, zivelele amaxhama, ihagu, iimpungutye, imbila, imbila, oombila. IiAlps zaseBavaria zikwalikhaya kwizilwanyana ezizingelayo ezinje ngeengcuka, iilynx kunye neebhere ezimdaka ngebala, nangona ubukho bazo buye buqatsela.

I-Trout, i-crayfish kunye nezinye izilwanyana zasemanzini zinokufumaneka kwimifudlana kunye nemilambo ehamba nge-Bavarian Alps. Iintlobo ngeentlobo zeentaka zinokufunyanwa kumadlelo e-alpine namahlathi, kuquka i-capercaillie, i-golden eagle, i-eagle owl, i-woodpecker kunye ne-woodpecker enkulu.

Ngokuphathelele izityalo, iiAlps zaseBavaria zineentlobo ngeentlobo zezityalo nemithi. Amadlelo eAlpine azele ziintyatyambo zasendle, kubandakanywa i-edelweiss, intyatyambo yesizwe yaseOstriya. Emahlathini, eyona mithi ibalaseleyo yi<em>spruce, ipayini, nebirch. Unokufumana iintlobo zemithi ezifana ne-maple, i-oki kunye nothuthu.

Ukongeza kwiintlobo ngeentlobo zeentyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana, iiAlps zaseBavaria zikwayindawo edumileyo yemidlalo yangaphandle efana nokunyuka intaba, ukutyibilika, ukukhwela ikhephu, kunye nokunyuka.

Ukubaluleka kwezoqoqosho

salzburg

Lo mmandla uyindawo ethandwayo yabakhenkethi kubathandi bendalo, imidlalo yasebusika kunye nenkcubeko yaseBavaria. Ukusuka kwimbono yezoqoqosho, i-Bavarian Alps ngumthombo obalulekileyo wengeniso yengingqi kunye nelizwe. Ukhenketho lolona shishino luphambili kule ndawo, lutsala izigidi zabakhenkethi nyaka ngamnye. Aba bakhenkethi banegalelo elikhulu kuqoqosho lwasekuhlaleni, bechitha imali kwiihotele, kwiindawo zokutyela, kwizinto zokhenketho, nakwizinto ezikhumbuzayo.

Ukongeza kukhenketho, i-Bavarian Alps nayo inobukho obuqinileyo kwishishini lokutya kunye nebhiya yaseJamani. Lo mmandla udume ngeetshizi zawo, ezifana nesonka samasi i-Emmental kunye neBergkäse, kunye neebhiya zayo, ezifana nebhiya yodumo yaseOktoberfest.

Olunye ushishino olubalulekileyo kummandla wezolimo, egxile kwiindawo ezisezantsi ezingqonge iiAlps. Iimveliso zasefama zasekuhlaleni ziquka iziqhamo, imifuno, kunye nenyama, ezithengiswa kulo mmandla nakwezinye iindawo zaseJamani.

Ekugqibeleni, i-Bavarian Alps yindawo ecebileyo kwimithombo yendalo, njengamanzi, iinkuni kunye nelitye. Ezi zixhobo zisetyenziswa kwimizi-mveliso eyahlukahlukeneyo, efana neyokwakha, imveliso yombane ophehlwa ngamanzi, nokuvelisa ifanitshala.

iialps zaseBavaria zibaluleke kakhulu kwezoqoqosho kummandla nakwilizwe ngokubanzi. Indibaniselwano yezokhenketho, ukutya kunye namashishini ezolimo, kunye nemithombo yendalo yenza lo mmandla ube yinjini ebalulekileyo yezoqoqosho eJamani.

Imisebenzi yabakhenkethi kwi-Bavarian Alps

Ngokuphathelele imisebenzi yabakhenkethi, ummandla ubonelela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokundwendwela. Ngexesha lasebusika, imidlalo yasebusika ithandwa kakhulu kummandla, kuquka ukutyibiliza ekhephini, ukutyibilika ekhephini, ukutyibiliza emkhenkceni, kunye nokutyibiliza emanzini. Zininzi iindawo ekuchithelwa kuzo iiholide kwi-ski kwi-Bavarian Alps, ezitsala abatyibilizi kunye ne-snowboarders abavela kwihlabathi liphela.

Ngexesha lasehlotyeni, imisebenzi yangaphandle inomtsalane kakhulu kubakhenkethi. Ukuhamba ngeenyawo, ukuhamba ngebhayisikili, ukunyuka kunye nokukhwela i-rafting zezinye zezinto ezikhoyo kwiiAlps zaseBavaria. Ukongeza, lo mmandla unamachibi amaninzi, imilambo, neengxangxasi, ezidume ngokuqubha, ukukhwela iphenyane nokuloba.

Ukongeza kwimisebenzi yangaphandle, i-Bavarian Alps nayo Badume ngezixeko zabo zembali kunye needolophu ezithandekayo. IMunich, ikomkhulu laseBavaria, sisixeko esidlamkileyo nesinabantu abaninzi esidume ngebhiya yaso, uyilo kunye nenkcubeko yaso. Ezinye izixeko ezikhulu kulo mmandla ziquka iNuremberg, iAugsburg, kunye neRegensburg, zonke zinembali etyebileyo kunye nelifa lenkcubeko.

Iidolophu, kwelinye icala, zidume ngezithethe zazo nomoya omhle. Abakhenkethi banokujonga iidolophu ezinjengeGarmisch-Partenkirchen, Berchtesgaden, kunye ne-Oberammergau, apho zifumaneka khona izindlu ezifulelwe ngengca, iicawa zeBaroque, kunye neemarike zamafama asekuhlaleni.

Ekugqibeleni, asinakulibala umnyhadala webhiya odumileyo waseMunich, i-Oktoberfest, Itsala amawaka eendwendwe minyaka le. Lo mbhiyozo ngowona mkhulu kwaye udume kakhulu kwihlabathi, kwaye lithuba elihle lokonwabela ibhiya yaseBavaria, ukutya kunye nenkcubeko.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-Bavarian Alps kunye neempawu zabo.


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