E-Indiya, amafama azibulala ngenxa yobushushu behlabathi

Ummi waseIndiya

Ubushushu behlabathi kwezinye iingingqi zehlabathi buyatshabalalisa. Ukuncipha kwemvula kuchaphazela ezolimo nemfuyo, zinto ezo ezisisiseko kuluntu lokuba nokutya. Oku e-India bayazi kakuhle, nabo.

Amafama aqale ukuzibulala. Ngoba? Kuba "akukho mvula," watsho umhlolokazi kaRani, owasweleka emva kokutya iyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi. Okona kubi kuseza: ngokophando olupapashwe kwiphephancwadi i-Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), kule minyaka izayo ilizwe liza kuva ubunzima obunje ngokunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu kunye nembalela.

Zonke, izilwanyana nezityalo, sifuna amanzi ukuze siphile. Sisiseko sobomi, kwaye xa sinqabile, kulapho kuvela iingxabano. Izilwanyana ezingezizo ezomntu ziyisombulula ngendlela efanayo nale yethu: ukuba zinkulu kwaye zomelele, njengoko zinjalo iindlovu, umzekelo, zithatha iphuli encinci kwaye zingavumeli mntu asondele kuyo; kwaye ukuba zincinci, ziyakwazi ukusela nokuba zincinci.

Abantu, xa siswele amanzi, sinokukhetha ukwenza uthethathethwano, okanye ukuya emfazweni kunye nabo basithintelayo ukuba siwafumane. Ngapha koko, bakho abo idayisi ukuba iMfazwe yeSithathu yeHlabathi ayizukuba yeoyile, okanye eyommandla, kodwa yeyamanzi. Kodwa ngamanye amaxesha abantu banokubakhohlakele ngakumbi.

Umntu waseIndiya oqhuba ibhayisekile

EIndiya, umsebenzi wokufama ngumngcipheko omkhulu. Ixhasa ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha sabemi (i-1.300 yezigidigidi), yiyo loo nto amafama ethathwa njengentliziyo nomphefumlo welizwe. Ngaphandle koku, ifuthe lezoqoqosho liye lehla kule minyaka ingama-30 idlulileyo. Yiyo ke loo nto, iphumile ekumeleni isithathu semveliso e-India, ukuza kuthi ga ngoku simele i-15% kuphela, efikelela kwi-2.260 yezigidigidi zeedola.

Zininzi izizathu zokuba kutheni amafama ekhetha ukuzibulala: isivuno esibi, ukonakala kwemali kunye namatyala, inkxaso encinci yoluntu ... Abanye basela izitshabalalisi njengendlela yokuphuma ematyaleni amakhulu, kuba urhulumente kwezinye iimeko uqinisekisa ngemali yamalungu osapho asaphilayo, esisikhuthazo esigqwethekileyo sokuzibulala.

Ngonyaka wama-2050, iqondo lobushushu eliphakathi liza kunyuka malunga ne-3ºC, isenza imeko ibe mandundu.

Ungasifunda isifundo apha.


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