I-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain

I-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain

Kwinkalo yemeteorology eSpain kuya kuxhaphaka ukuva igama elithi DANA. Kwaye ngalo lonke ixesha sisiva eli gama linxulunyaniswa neendaba ezimbi ukusukela oko kwenzeka ngakumbi kwimozulu embi kunye nomonakalo owenziwe zizo. I I-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain Zinxulunyaniswa njengoko siza kuba ngaphezulu nangaphezulu kwezi ziganeko.

Kule nqaku siza kukuchazela ubudlelwane phakathi kwe-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain kunye nemiphumo yayo.

Yintoni iDANA

iimvula eSpain

I-DANA, okanye i-Isolated High Level Depression, yimeko yemeteorological ebonakaliswe ngokubunjwa kwendawo yoxinzelelo oluphantsi kumanqanaba aphezulu omoya, ngokubanzi malunga ne-5-6 yeekhilomitha ukuphakama. Oku kudandatheka kuphawuleka ngokuba zodwa kunye nentshukumo ecothayo okanye ephantse imile, enokuthi ivelise iimeko ezimbi zemozulu kwiindawo ezithile iintsuku eziliqela.

Xa i-DANA ifom, ngokuqhelekileyo idibaniswa nomsebenzi onamandla we-atmospheric kummandla apho ikhoyo. Oku kunokuquka izantyalantyala zemvula, iindudumo, imimoya ebhudla ngamandla namaqondo obushushu angaqhelekanga. Ukuzingisa kunye nokuhamba kancinci kwe-DANA kudla ngokubangela ukuba iimeko zemozulu ezibi kakhulu ziqhubeke kwindawo enye ixesha elide, ezinokuthi zikhokelele kwizikhukula, ukudilika komhlaba kunye nezinye izehlo zemozulu ezimbi.

Ii-DANA zizinto zemozulu ezintsonkothileyo kwaye kunokuba nzima ukuqikelela ngokuchanekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, ukuqhubela phambili kobuchwephesha bemozulu kuye kwavumela ukuqonda okungcono kunye nokubeka iliso kwezi nkqubo, ukunceda izazi zezulu zinike izilumkiso ezichanekileyo kunye noqikelelo lokunciphisa iingozi ezinxulumene nee-DANA.

Yenziwa njani

ubudlelwane phakathi kweDANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain

Imvelaphi ye-DANA iqala kumanqanaba aphezulu e-atmosphere, apho i-zonal currents ezinamandla (ezibizwa ngokuba yi-jet streams) zihamba ngesantya esiphezulu. Oku kuhamba komoya kunokuba neenguqu ezinkulu, ezinokuthi ngamanye amaxesha kubangela ukubunjwa kwezihlwele zomoya ezibandayo eziye zibe zodwa kwi-airflow jikelele, ukudala i-DANA.

Yohluka kwezinye izinto ezifana nezaqhwithi ezimhlophe kunye nezaqhwithi ezibandayo ezizimeleyo (BFA) ngendlela ezibekwe zodwa kunye nendlela ezibonakala ngayo kwiimephu zemozulu. Ngelixa i-DANA inokufunyanwa kuphela kwiindawo eziphakamileyo, i-BFA nayo ibonise ubukho bayo kumphezulu.

Nangona ingezizo zonke ezibangela iziganeko ezigqithisileyo, amandla azo okubangela iintlekele akanakuphikiswa, ngakumbi xa edibana nomhlaba oshushu kunye namaqondo obushushu olwandle. Ukudibanisa kweMeditera kunye neDANA emva kwehlobo elishushu inokudala iimeko zemvula enkulu kunye nezikhukhula eziyintlekele.

Ngokomlando, i-DANA ibangele imvula enkulu, njengenye kwi-1973 eyachaphazela amaphondo ase-Almería, eGranada nase-Murcia, ebangela ukulahlekelwa ubomi kunye nomonakalo.

I-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain

ithontsi ebandayo

Ukunyuka kwamaza e-DANA kunye nokuqina kwemvula ehambelanayo kunxulumene ngokusondeleyo nokutshintsha kwemozulu. Ukufudumala kweMeditera ibonelela ngeemeko ezifanelekileyo zemvula enkulu, inika amandla amaninzi kunye nokufuma kwezi ziganeko.

Uphononongo lwakutsha nje lubonise ukuba imvula iyenyuka ngeentsuku zemvula enkulu kwaye le pateni kulindeleke ukuba iqhubeke kwixesha elizayo.

Impembelelo yalo mcimbi kukutshintsha kwemozulu icacile: Sibona utshintsho kwimo yezulu yemveli, kunye neemvula ezinkulu ezingaxhaphakiyo kodwa ziqatha. Nangona i-DANA inokuthi yenzeke nangaliphi na ixesha lonyaka, ukuvezwa kwabo kwiMeditera efudumeleyo kwiinyanga ezisemva kwehlobo kwenza ukuba babe namandla okubalelwa kunye nokuzisa umjikelezo weziganeko zemozulu ezikhulayo.

Kwihlabathi elijongene nokutshintsha kwemozulu okubalulekileyo, ukuqonda izinto ezifana ne-DANA kubalulekile. ISpain, ilizwe elihamba phakathi kobushushu behlobo obugqithisileyo kunye nezikhukhula, libekwe kwindawo ekhethekileyo yokufunda, ukuqonda, kunye nethemba lokunciphisa iziphumo zoku kutshintsha kwemozulu kubi.

Ngomjikelo wobomi ozimeleyo kunye nokukwazi ukudala isiphithiphithi semozulu, I-DANA luphawu olucacileyo lokutshintsha kwemozulu. Njengoko siziqhelanisa nale nyaniso intsha, kufuneka siqhubeke sizijonge ezi ziganeko, sifunde ngakumbi ngazo, kwaye sithathe amanyathelo okuzikhusela kwimiphumo yazo enokuba yingozi.

Ubudlelwane phakathi kwe-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain

Nangona ukubunjwa kwe-DANA akunakubangelwa ngokuthe ngqo kwimiphumo yokutshintsha kwemozulu, kukho ubungqina bokuba utshintsho lwemozulu lunokuchaphazela ukuphindaphinda kunye nokuqina kwezi ziganeko. Ezi ziguquguqukayo zezo zihambelana ne-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain:

  • Ukuguquguquka kweatmospheri: Ukutshintsha kwemozulu kuguqula ukusasazwa kwamaqondo obushushu emoyeni, okubandakanya ukuguquguquka kweatmospheri. Oku kuchaphazela ukubunjwa kunye nokuziphatha kwee-DANA, njengoko ezi nkqubo zixhomekeke kwiimeko ezithile ze-atmospheric ukuphuhlisa.
  • Ukonyuka kobushushu bolwandle: Ukufudumala kwehlabathi kunyuse amaqondo obushushu phezu kolwandle. Olu xinzelelo luhlala luhlala phezu kwemizimba efudumeleyo yamanzi, kwaye ukunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu olwandle kunokubonelela ngobushushu kunye nokufuma okuyimfuneko ekuphuhliseni nasekuqiniseni. Kule meko sinoLwandle lweMeditera kunye namaqondo obushushu akhulayo.
  • Utshintsho kwiipateni zokujikeleza kwe-atmospheri: Ukutshintsha kwemozulu kunokuchaphazela iipateni zokujikeleza kwe-atmospheri kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo yehlabathi. Ngokuchaphazela iipatheni zokujikeleza, iguqula i-trajectory kunye nokuqhubeka kwe-DANA, ekubeni ezi nkqubo zivakalelwa kwiinguqu zokujikeleza kwe-atmospheric.
  • Impembelelo kuxinzelelo lwemvula: Olu xinzelelo ludla ngokunxulunyaniswa nemvula enzima. Ukutshintsha kwemozulu kunokunyusa amandla omoya wokubamba kunye nokukhulula amanzi amaninzi njengemvula enkulu, enokunyusa umngcipheko wezikhukhula ezinxulumene ne-DANA.
  • Imidibaniso yengingqi ethile: Ngokuxhomekeke kwijografi, utshintsho lwemozulu kunye ne-DANA inokusichaphazela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo. Kanye njengokuba kwezinye iindawo ukuxhaphaka kwezi ziganeko kunokwanda, kwezinye iindawo kuyehla.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-DANA kunye nokutshintsha kwemozulu eSpain.


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