Yintoni kwaye yenziwa njani i-cyclogenesis eqhumayo

IHugo eqhushumbe cyclogenesis kwispain

Ngexesha lasebusika eliqela siye safumana iinkqwithela ezinobundlobongela obuye babangela umonakalo omkhulu kwilizwe lethu. Izazi ngemozulu zabhengeza ezi ntlobo zesaqhwithi njenge cyclogenesis eqhumayo. Nangona kunjalo, ngaba siyazi ukuba yintoni i-cyclogenesis? Kuxhomekeke kwintoni ukuba "iyadubula"?

Kule nqaku ungafunda yonke into malunga ne-cyclogenesis. Kufuneka uqhubeke ufunda 🙂

Yintoni i-cyclogenesis eqhumayo?

Ukuqhuma kwecyclogenesis

Ukuqonda lo mbono, kufuneka kuqala sazi ukuba zeziphi iinkanyamba. Ezi ziindawo eziphantsi koxinzelelo apho umoya ujikeleza ujikeleza ujikeleze ngokwewotshi kumantla ehlabathi. Phantse onke amaqhekeza okanye ukudakumba kuphantsi kwe-cyclogenesis ngandlela thile ngexesha lokudalwa kunye nokukhula. Kumazwe abo okuqala, akhiwa sisakhiwo sokutshangatshangiswa kokubini kubanda, kushushu kwaye kufakwe iinkqubo zangaphambili. Ixabiso elincinci loxinzelelo lomoya lincipha ngexesha lokuqala kwenqanaba lobomi.

Ngokusisiseko ukuqhuma kwecyclogenesis kunjalo ukwenziwa kwenkanyamba ngokukhawuleza okukhulu nangamandla. Oko kukuthi, ukuhla koxinzelelo lomphezulu kwisithuba esifutshane sexesha. Oku kujika kube sisikwere esinogonyamelo olukhulu kumcimbi weeyure. Ixesha eliqhelekileyo elisetyenzisiweyo kwezi nzulu zokukhawulezisa nzulu "yibhombu" yemozulu.

Kwi-cyclogenesis eqhumayo Uxinzelelo lomoya luyancipha malunga ne-24 mb ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi. Ihlala yenzeka kubude obuphakathi kwama-55 ukuya kuma-60 degrees. Kungenxa yokuba iinkqubo ze-cyclogenesis zichaphazeleka kukujikeleza komhlaba. Zenzeka rhoqo kwiilwandlekazi zeAtlantic nakwiPasifiki.

Yenziwa njani?

Imifanekiso yesathelayithi yecyclogenesis eqhumayo

Inkcazo yokusekwa kwe-cyclogenesis yesayizi enjalo akukho lula ukuyiphendula. Kuxhomekeka kububanzi. Ukuze kuqhunyiswe ibhombu yolu hlobo, isaqhwithi esinxibelelana kakuhle namanye amanqanaba aphezulu kufuneka sihlale ngexesha elifanelekileyo. Kuya kufuneka babe kumgama owaneleyo ukuze kubekho ukomeleza okanye ukuphakamisa inkqubo yoxinzelelo phakathi kwabo ngexesha elifutshane.

Abantu abaninzi bahlala bephutha i-cyclogenesis yesiqhushumbisi ngenxa yenkanyamba okanye i-typhoon. Abananto yakwenza nayo. I-cyclogenesis yenzeka kuphela phakathi embindini kwaye ingafani neenkanyamba. Nangona inegama elifanelekileyo kumdlalo bhanyabhanya, ayisosiqhwithi esifanelekileyo njengoko besitsho.

ESpain zenzeke amatyeli aliqela nangona inqabile indawo esikuyo. Ingabizwa ngokuba sisaqhwithi esinzulu ngokuqonda kwakho okukhawulezayo, kuba imimoya yayo inamandla kakhulu kwaye imimoya iphantse yaba yinkanyamba. Uqhwithela elwandle lunzulu ngakumbi kunesaqhwithi esiqhelekileyo, ke oko kudla ngokubangela iziphumo ezibi. Igama elithi iziqhushumbisi longezwa njengoko lithetha ukuba inzulu kakhulu.

Isishwankathelo kunye noqikelelo

Amaza abangelwa yimimoya enamandla

Kukho iyantlukwano phakathi kwezaqhwithi eziqhubeka kwinkqubo yokujula kunye nokuqiniswa kwale meko. Kungenxa yokuba oku kuqiniswa kuhamba kancinci kwaye akukhawulezi kangako. Kwi-cyclogenesis yokuqhuma, amandla eenkqubo ezenza ukuba akhawuleze kakhulu kwaye ayingozi. Kakhulu, kangangokuba yinto engaqhelekanga yemozulu kunye neziphumo zayo ngaphezulu.

Ukuthetha ngeMeteorologically, kuyimfuneko ukuyibiza ngenye indlela kuba zombini inkqubo yokwenziwa kwayo kunye neziphumo zayo zahlukile. Zahlulwe ngale ndlela Ukulumkisa kunye nokutsalela ingqalelo kukuphazamiseka okubi kakhulu kunye neempawu ezizodwa.

Ke ngoko i-squall eqhumayo sisixhobo esisezantsi kakhulu, kodwa hayi enye indlela. Kuba le nto ithatha iiyure kuphela ukuba yenzeke, kunzima kakhulu ukuqikelela. Akukho miqathango yokuba umntu azi kwangaphambili ukuyilwa kwale nto.

Ngokubanzi, iifom cyclogenesis eziqhumayo kwiindawo zolwandle apho kungafumaneki datha ininzi. Ayizizo zonke iimodeli ezinokubonisa iimeko kakuhle. Ukuba uqala kuhlalutyo lokuqala olunemposiso okanye olunesiphene, akunakwenzeka ukuba uqikelele le nto. Ngapha koko, iimodeli zamanani ezinesisombululo esaneleyo sendawo kufuneka zisetyenziswe. Oko kukuthi, kufuneka ivule ngokwaneleyo ukuba isebenze kwizinga elikhulu kwaye ngaxeshanye kwingingqi ukuze izehlo ezincinci zenziwe kwakhona.

Iimodeli zokusebenza ezinokukwazi ukuvelisa kwakhona i-cyclogenesis kwangaphambili zinqabile kakhulu. Nje ukuba inkqubo yokuqhushumba iqhubeke, phantse zonke iimodeli ziyayibonisa.

Ezinye izinto ezifanayo

Umonakalo obangelwe kukuqhushumba kwecyclogenesis

Kukho iimeko zemozulu ezifana necyclogenesis yokuqhuma. Enye yazo yayiyimeko ye Gordon ngo 2006. Kwakukho imimoya enamandla kakhulu eyahlasela iGalicia ne Delta. Nangona kunjalo, yayingezizo ii-cyclogenesis njengoko kucingelwa. Esibhakabhakeni kukho iimeko ezininzi ezivelisa imimoya enamandla neenkanyamba ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo: ukusuka kumanqanaba amancinci (iinkanyamba) ukuya kwizinga elikhulu (iinkanyamba neenkqwithela eziqhumayo). Olu hlobo lubanzi okanye uluhlu lweemeko zinokunika imimoya ebhudla kakhulu.

Kule meko, le mimoya yayi udidi lwenkanyamba oludidi 3 xa babekude kunxweme. Njengokuba inkanyamba isondela kumhlaba iya isiba buthathaka ngokuthe ngcembe. Yaba kuphela yinkanyamba yetropiki. Xa wangena eGalicia wabanjwa ngumoya obandayo wesaqhwithi esingaqhelekanga. Oko kuyenze yaya emantla ntshona peninsula ngaphandle kokuya kwinkqubo enje ngokuqhushumba kwecyclogenesis nangaliphi na ixesha.

Esinye isiganeko esifanayo xa senzeka I-tropical cyclone Delta ngo-2005. Imimoya ebhudlayo le nkanyamba ihamba nayo buthathaka nangona indawo yanda. Oko kukuthi, nangona babenamandla amancinci, bavuthela kwiindawo ezininzi. Emva kwexesha, yabanjwa kukuphazanyiswa okungaphaya kokuyazisa phezu kweCanary Islands. Iziphumo zalapha kunye nezobugcisa zenza imimoya ibe namandla kakhulu kwezinye zeziqithi. Akukho meko yakha yanengxaki yokuqhushumba. Ngesi sizathu, phantse imimoya yenkanyamba okanye izivunguvungu ezinamandla kakhulu zihlala zibhidaniswa ne-cyclogenesis eqhumayo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi kuye kwacaca ngokucacileyo iinkqubo kunye nefuthe elibandakanya i-cyclogenesis kwaye sinceda ekulungiseni abo bayididayo. Nayiphi na imibuzo onayo malunga nayo, ungathandabuzi ukuyishiya kumagqabaza. Ndizokuphendula kamnandi 🙂


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
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