amaza square

amaza square

Iilwandle zinika imingcipheko ethile kubantu abaqubha kuzo. Enye yale mingcipheko yile amaza square. Yinto eyenzekayo ukuba, ixesha elininzi, ayinakubonwa phezu komhlaba, kodwa yenzeka phantsi kolwandle. Ayidli ngokubanga iingxaki ngaphandle kokuba zisuka phezulu. Kwezi meko, kunokukhokelela ekufeni kwaye kuvelise umngcipheko ophezulu.

Ngesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela ukuba ngawaphi amaza asisikwere, yintoni imvelaphi yawo, iziphumo kunye nendlela yokuwaphepha.

Yintoni amaza asisikwere

ukwakheka kwamaza

I-square wave, okanye ebizwa ngokuba yi "cross Seas", Yinto eyenzekayo xa imisinga emibini yolwandle ingqubana enye kwenye ngesantya esiphezulu nangamandla amakhulu.. Elwandle, amaza afana nebhodi yechess, ngokungathi azoba imigca emanzini.

Ezi ntlobo zeziganeko zenzeka ekujuleni kolwandle, ngoko ke zinqabile kwaye ubukho bazo abuthethi ingxaki. Noko ke, xa le nto isenzeka phezu kolwandle, inokubangela iingxaki ezinzulu nokufa. Amaza alolu hlobo aqhelekile kwi-Ile de Ré eFransi, apho le "crossover" iqhele ukwenzeka. Ezi ziganeko zaselwandle zibonakala ngamaza antlitheka emanzini aze enze izikwere.

Kwiwebhusayithi yayo, i-European Space Agency icacisa ukuba:

    “Ilizwe lolwandle elinezixokelelwano zamaza ezimbini ezihamba kwii-oblique angles kuthiwa kukudumba. Ukuwela imo yolwandle ibe nomdla okhethekileyo kuluntu lwamaza olwandle. Iimeko zixhaphake kakhulu elwandle kwaye zenzeka xa kukho amaza nokudumba, okanye iinkqubo ezimbini zokudumba.”

Le yinto enqabileyo enokuthi yenze kwaye ichithe kwimizuzu embalwa, ukubunjwa kwayo kuxhomekeke kwiipatheni zemozulu kwindawo leyo, ebangela ukuba amaza enze ii-engile ezahlukeneyo, kwaye xa engqubana, adala le pateni yegridi.

Kuyenzeka kwakhona xa umoya utsalela amaza kwelinye icala aze amaza awatyhalele kwelinye icala. Ngokubhekiselele kwizazinzulu, zibona le nto njengomzekelo we-equation Kadomtsev-Petviashvili. Le yinxaki yomahluko wenxaki echaza ukuguquguquka okungahambelaniyo, okuhlala kusetyenziselwa ukuchaza unxibelelwano lweenkqubo zemozulu.

Zenziwe njani

isikwere wave ukubunjwa

Ngamaza aqhelekileyo enza igridi elwandle ngokungathi yibhodi yechess. La maza angaqhelekanga kwaye anqabileyo abunjwa kukungqubana kweelwandle ezimbini ezinzulu ngamawaka eemitha ubunzulu, kwaye ezinye izinto ezinjengomoya zibangela ukuba amaza ahambe kude kangangokuba umphezulu wolwandle ubonakale ungaqhelekanga.

Ngenxa yoko, ezi mpembelelo zenza idayimani okanye ipateni yesikweri eyenza iRé ibe yeyona ndawo ingakholelekiyo emhlabeni. Ngomdla, abantu abaninzi baya kwi lighthouse yesi siqithi, eyakhiwa ngo 1854, ukuze bajonge lo mkhwa ungakholelekiyo. Nangona amaza esikwere mahle, nawo ayingozi kakhulu, kuyacetyiswa ukuba ungaqubhi kwezo ndawo.

Ubungozi bamaza asisikwere

amaza square eziyingozi

Xa le nto isenzeka, itsala amawaka ababukeli ngenxa yombono wayo obangel’ umdla, noko ke, iingcali zilumkisa ngelithi la maza ngokwenene yimisinga yamanzi, ngoko anokuba yingozi kulo naliphi na iphenyane okanye umntu osemanzini.

Kwimeko ye-Ile de Ré, iinqanawa ezininzi ziye zabikwa zibanjwe yile misinga, nangona kunjalo, kubekho iziganeko kwezinye iindawo zehlabathi ngenxa “yolwandle olusisikwere”, apho abasemagunyeni bakhuphe isilumkiso.

Ngale ndlela, iingcali ziye zalumkisa ngeengozi zayo kwaye zacebisa ukuba xa ubona le nto, kungcono ukukuphepha ukuba selwandle ngexesha lomcimbi ukuphepha ingozi.

Xa iimeko zemozulu zivumela le nto ukuba iqhubeke ixesha elide, izikwere zinokubonwa phezu kolwandle, kodwa xa oku kusenzeka iinqanawa zinokubanjwa. Uphononongo luka-2004 olwenziwa ngu-Toffoli, ukuqokelela uluhlu lwedatha kwi-Lloyds Marine Information Services phakathi kwe-1995 kunye ne-1999, lubonise ukuba ipesenti enkulu yeengozi zeenqanawa zibangelwa ngamaza angama-square.

Kutheni zimele ziphetshwe?

Siza kuqala ngokucaphula isicatshulwa sencwadi ethi “Inzululwazi Yamaza: IiRipples, iiTsunami, kunye neeLwandle ezinezaqhwithi”:

    "Izitimela ezimbini zamaza ezinobude obufanayo kodwa ziwela kumacala ahlukeneyo (ukuwela ulwandle) zidala ipateni yokuphazamiseka ekhokelela kumaza aphezulu ngokungaqhelekanga."

Ngokutsho kophononongo, izinga apho iingozi ezininzi zeenqanawa zenzeka khona elwandle zihamba ngokukhawuleza utshintsho lwexeshana. Ngokukodwa kwiimeko ze-transoceanic, okanye emva nje kwe-transoceanic, “xa amaza nempepho yolwandle phantse zilungelelana”.

Ngamafutshane, abahlambi kunye nabaqhubi beenqanawa abazoyiki ezi ngozi ngokwabo, kodwa ngenxa yokuba babanjwe kwibhokisi enepateni. Ke ngoko, abahlanguli bacebisa ngokuchasene nokungena emanzini ukuthintela le ndlela yokuziphatha. Ukuba sele ungaphakathi kungcono ukuqubha ukuya elunxwemeni ngokukhawuleza.

Iindawo apho kukho amaza asisikwere

Amaza asisikwere luhlobo lwamaza ongafuniyo ukudibana nawo xa uqubha okanye usefa. Kodwa okumangalisayo kukuba, abantu abaninzi babesaya kubona esi siganeko sinqabileyo. Kuba la maza akhethekileyo esisiphumo sokuqhambuka kwamaza kunye nokwahluka, ayenzeka ikakhulu kwiindawo eziselunxwemeni okanye phakathi kwamatheku amancinci. Eyona ndawo idumileyo apho la maza angabonwa khona yi-Ile de Ré. Nangona kunjalo, awunokulindela ukubona i-square wave 100% yexesha. Ukuba ufuna ukubona la maza, kufuneka uqale ujonge ilog ukuze ubone ukuba ayenzeka nini na.

Kukho iindaba kunye namanqaku athi esi siqithi sincinci saseFransi yindawo kuphela apho iwela khona ulwandle, nangona kunjalo, oku kubuxoki ngokupheleleyo. Ungawabona la maza asisikwere eTel Aviv naseLisbon ePortugal. Kwezi ndawo, abakhenkethi badla ngokubhabha phezu kolwandle okanye bakhwele kwizibane ukuze babone amaza eentaka.

Kwakhona kunokwenzeka ukuba uye wabona amaza asisikwere kufuphi nonxweme kwaye awuzange uyazi. Amaza asisikwere esingekho nzulu akhuselekile kuba aphethe umsinga omncinci.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga namaza esikwere, iimpawu zabo kunye nobungozi.


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  1.   Cesar sitsho

    Ulwaneliseko lwam oluhle njengesiqhelo kwizihloko ezinomdla ngolo hlobo