Unyango

amayeza

Utshintsho lwemozulu lubangela ukwanda kuzo zombini ukwenzeka kunye nokuphindaphindeka kweziganeko zemozulu zoluhlu olungaqhelekanga. Oku kuthetha ukuba izinto ezahlukeneyo ezinjengeenkanyamba neenkqwithela ziyakwenzeka rhoqo, eziza kubangela iintlekele, imbalela ende kunye nezikhukula ezinefuthe elikhulu. Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngento a amayeza nalapho yenziwa khona. Sisiphepho-mbumbulu esenzeka kuLwandle lweMeditera kwaye sijolise eGrisi.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nokuba yintoni amayeza kwaye ziziphi iziphumo eziya kuba nazo.

Yintoni amayeza

LweMpilo

Igama elithi medicane livela kwisiNgesi saseMeditera. Kuthetha inkanyamba yeMeditera. Nangona kunjalo, ayisosisiqhwithi uqobo, kodwa isenokuba neziphumo ezifanayo. Ixesha lekwindla lelona lifanelekileyo ekubunjweni kwabo kuba kukho iimeko ezifanelekileyo zokusingqongileyo ukuze oku kwenzeke.

IGrisi yinto ekujolise kuyo kwezonyango kwaye ilungiselela ukufumana amandla esisaqhwithi setropiki esiza kwenza imali kwiziqithi ezisentshona Ionia. Esi saqhwithi sibhaptizwa ngegama likaIanos kwaye sibonakaliswa ikakhulu ngokuba nemimoya yenkanyamba kunye nemvula enkulu enokubangela ukuyilwa kwezikhukula. Isantya somoya sinokubangela ukucima kombane kwiindawo ezithile apho umoya unamandla khona. Eminye imimoya yomoya eyomeleleyo kwaye ilindelwe Baza kuba nesantya se-200 km / h. Malunga nemvula, Ubungakanani obuphakathi kwama-200 nama-400 eelitha kwimitha nganye nganye kulindeleke kwiiyure ezimbalwa.

Ngokufanelekileyo, abantu abakufutshane nemilambo kunye nemisinga kufuneka bafune enye indawo yokuhlala ukunqanda ukubandezeleka ziziphumo zemilambo. Kwelinye icala, abanye abemi kufuneka banciphise uhambo olungeyomfuneko ukunqanda ukubangela iingozi ezinkulu. Iyeza i-Ianos ithathwa njengesaqhwithi setropiki kwaye iyafana nesiphepho. Nangona kunjalo, inamandla, ukwandiswa kunye nobude obufana nenkanyamba yokwenyani. Nangona oososayensi bezama ukuqikelela kangangoko kunokwenzeka iziphumo eziqinisekileyo, ikhosi yalo mjikelo ayinakuqikelelwa ngokuchaneka ngokupheleleyo.

Uninzi lweziganeko zemozulu ezibi kakhulu

isaqhwithi sakwimedithera eshushu

Njengoko sele sikhankanyile amanqaku amaninzi, ukuphindaphinda kunye nokuqina kweziganeko ezinoluhlu olungaqhelekanga ziya kuphinda-phinda. ngenxa yeziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu. Ukuze inkanyamba ivele, kufuneka amanzi akweleenjiko ukuze imveliso yamanzi ibe phezulu kakhulu kwaye yenzeke xa kusenziwa ezi nkanyamba xa kusenziwa amafu. Ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu kuLwandle lweMeditera ikakhulu kubangelwa kukufudumala komhlaba. Oku kunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu aphakathi komhlaba kuya kubangela iyantlukwano kwiipateni zemozulu. Yile ndlela iziganeko zemozulu eziya zisiba mbi ngayo kwaye zinamandla amakhulu kunokuba siqhele ukwenza.

Akuyiyo okokuqala ukuba kubekho unyango kule ndawo. Ngo-1995 ezi nkanyamba zabonakala okokuqala eGrisi. Nangona kunjalo, kuyaziwa ukuba ngenxa yokutshintsha kwemozulu ezi ziganeko zemozulu ziye zanda ngakumbi kwiminyaka yakutshanje. Esinye isaqhwithi esifana neso sahlasela iGrisi ngonyaka ka-2018. Izikhukula ezikhawulezileyo zabonwa apha, zabulala abantu abangama-25 kwaye zashiya amakhulu engenamakhaya. Izaqhwithi zibizwa ngokuba ngamayeza kuba mfutshane kwinkanyamba yeMeditera.

Ianos kulindeleke ukuba ibethe kumaza amabini. Eyokuqala ihlala inamandla kakhulu apha, iza ilayishwe ngumswakama. Okwesibini kuya kufana nokunyikima komhlaba emva kwenyikima. Isixhenxe kwimimandla eseNtshona yeGrisi yile ibekwe kwindawo ephezulu ngaphambi kwesiphango. Ngabasemagunyeni abathatha isigqibo emva kwexesha bengakhange balumkise ummandla obanzi waseAthene, eAttica naseKorinte.

Iimeko zoqeqesho lwamayeza

iimpawu zonyango

Kuhlobo lwenkanyamba ekhula tropical, ulwandle olushushu oluphakathi kunye neshear ephantsi kunye nokusingqongileyo okufumileyo kuyafuneka. Siyazi ukuba uLwandle lweMeditera, ngenxa yobude balo kunye nobume bendawo, alulolwandle oluhlangabezana neemeko zokwenziwa kolu hlobo lwenkqubo yemozulu. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba iimeko ezithile ziyenzeka, ngakumbi ngeli xesha lonyaka, le miqathango iyimfuneko kuphuhliso lwenkanyamba engaphantsi komhlaba inokuhanjiswa. Ezi nkanyamba ziluhlobo lweebhastile eziphakathi kwetropiki nezingezizo ezetropiki.

Kwimeko yeIanos kukho ipokotho ebuthathaka yomoya obandayo ukuphakama. Njengoko kukho umhlaba ongaphantsi orography, le miqathango ikwazile ukuqala inkqubo yokuhambisa. Ngenkqubo yokuhambisa, ukwenziwa kwenkanyamba iyenzeka efumana iimpawu zesaqhwithi setropiki. Sitshilo ngaphambili, Ayikokokuqala ukuba iinkanyamba zolu hlobo zenzeke kulo mmandla. Zihlala ziveliswa umyinge we-1 okanye yesi-2 ngonyaka kwaye zihlala zibizwa ngokuba ngamayeza.

Ngenxa yobunzulu kunye neemeko zoqeqesho lwe-Ianos, le iya kuba lunyango olukhethekileyo.

Yenzeka njani inkanyamba

Ukuze inkanyamba ibekho, kufuneka kubekho isixa esikhulu somoya ofudumeleyo nofumileyo (ngesiqhelo umoya wetropiki unezi mpawu). Lo moya ufudumeleyo kwaye ufumileyo usetyenziswa yinkanyamba njengamafutha, Ukusuka apho ukuya kuthi zenziwe, ngesiqhelo, kufutshane neIkhweyitha.

Umoya uphuma phezu kolwandle, ushiya owona mmandla usezantsi unomoya omncinci. Oku kudala indawo yoxinzelelo lwemozulu esezantsi kufutshane nolwandle, kuba umoya uphantsi ngeyunithi nganye.

Kujikelezo lomoya kwihlabathi liphela, izihlwele zomoya zisuka apho kukho umoya omninzi ziye apho kuncinci khona, oko kukuthi, ukusuka kwiindawo zoxinzelelo oluphezulu ukuya koxinzelelo oluphantsi. Xa umoya ojikeleze indawo esele ushiyekile noxinzelelo oluphantsi ushukumisela ukugcwalisa loo "gap", ikwabushushu kwaye inyuke. Njengoko umoya oshushu uqhubeka ukhula, umoya ojikelezileyo ujikeleza ukuze uthathe indawo yawo. Xa umoya okhulayo upholile, ukufumile wenza amafu. Njengoko lo mjikelo uqhubeka, lonke ilifu kunye nenkqubo yomoya iyajikeleza ikhule, ibaselwa bubushushu baselwandle kwaye amanzi ngumphunga kumphezulu.

Zonke ezi meko zokusingqongileyo zinika ubushushu behlabathi unobangela wotshintsho lwemozulu.

Ndiyathemba ukuba olu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni amayeza kwaye ziziphi iziphumo.


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